Cucumber Hector F1: a tasty and productive Dutch hybrid
Dutch hybrids are known for their unpretentiousness and disease resistance, but they don't always taste good. In the Hector cucumber variety, resistance to unfavorable factors is successfully combined with the excellent taste of small crunchy cucumbers. Thanks to these properties, the hybrid quickly became popular with gardeners and farmers.
The history of growing hybrid Hector F1
Cucumber Hector F1 was bred by the well-known agrofirm Nunhems B.V. (Netherlands), a leader in its industry. In 2001, an application was submitted to conduct a state variety testing. The hybrid was entered into the State Register in 2002 and approved for cultivation throughout Russia. It is recommended for open field cultivation in private households and farms. The variety can be grown over a large area.
Description and characteristics of cucumber Hector
The type of growth is determinant (a flower raceme is formed at the top of the main stem). The plant is bushy, not sprawling, with short internodes, up to 0.8 m high. The bushes do not need to be formed, since they have few lateral lashes. The variety grows well in compact plantings and is suitable for mechanized harvesting.
Video: mechanized harvesting of the Hector hybrid in the field
The leaves are not very large, dark green. The flowering type is predominantly female (most female flowers and a small part of male flowers are formed on one plant). Pollination takes place with the help of bees. The ovaries are multiple; they begin to form after the formation of 4–5 knots.
Hybrid Hector forms many ovaries at each node
Zelentsy (fruits of a cucumber with unripe seeds) have the following characteristics:
- cylindrical shape;
- weight - 95-100 g;
- length - 10-12 cm;
- diameter - 3.0–3.3 cm;
- Green colour;
- the surface is ribbed, large tubercles (with sparse tubercles);
- the skin is thin, covered with a thick waxy coating;
- there is a rare pubescence of white thorns.
Cucumber fruits Hector are small, one-dimensional, covered with a wax coating
Dense, without voids, the flesh has a pronounced cucumber aroma. The taste is excellent, sweetish, without bitterness, the fruits are good fresh, and are also ideal for preservation, since they have the correct ratio of pulp and seed part. If removed in time, the greens do not outgrow (increase to no more than 15 cm), but the skin becomes tough. Keeping quality is good, during storage the fruits do not turn yellow, and they also tolerate transportation well.
The Hector hybrid has a balanced ratio of pulp and seed
The variety is early maturing, according to the seed producer, the ripening period is 40–44 days from the moment of full sprouting. The yield of marketable fruits has the following indicators:
- according to the State Register - 4 kg / m2;
- in the description of the originator - 4–6 kg / m2.
Fruits are formed together, the plants yield the most intensively in the first 3 weeks, and then uniform fruiting continues until August.
The hybrid is unpretentious, tolerates a short-term drop in temperature without damage. Growing on heavy soils is allowed. There is immunity to the following diseases:
- olive spot (cladosporium);
- cucumber mosaic virus;
- powdery mildew.
Cucumber Hector can be grown not only in the open field, but also in the greenhouse. However, this will require attention to pollination. Indoors, it can be achieved in two ways:
- Bees are attracted to the open door of the greenhouse, but, unfortunately, they do not fly there very willingly.
- A more reliable option (but also more time consuming) is artificial pollination. In this case, the pollen is transferred from the male flower to the female with an ordinary paintbrush.
If the bees do not want to fly to the greenhouse where Hector's cucumber grows, artificial pollination will help to get a good harvest.
Video: description of the variety of cucumbers Hector F1
Advantages and disadvantages of a hybrid
The variety has many advantages:
- compactness of the bush;
- does not need shaping;
- suitable for tight fit;
- early maturity;
- the evenness of zelentsov;
- excellent taste of fresh fruits;
- high quality of canned products;
- friendly return of the harvest;
- good keeping quality and transportability;
- high productivity;
- resistance to a number of diseases.
The hybrid has much less cons:
- you cannot collect your own seeds;
- with the outgrowth of the fruit, the skin becomes dense;
- indoors, you need to take care of pollination.
The main feature of the variety is a successful combination of endurance and unpretentiousness characteristic of Dutch hybrids with excellent consumer characteristics.
Seeds of hybrids are most often processed by the producer. In this case, they are usually covered with a bright colored shell containing nutrients and protective agents. This seed is planted directly into the ground. Untreated seeds are prepared for sowing according to the usual rules. The Hector variety is characterized by good germination (about 90%).
If the seeds are unusually bright in color, they have already been processed by the manufacturer and are ready for sowing.
Most often, the variety is cultivated by direct sowing in open ground, but a seedling method is also possible to obtain an earlier harvest. In the middle lane, seeds are sown in the ground in late May - early June, when the air warms up to 20 ° C, and the soil to 18 ° C; in mild climates, this period begins around mid-May. The approximate sowing date for seedlings is the beginning of May. The seedlings are grown within 3 weeks. If they are not planted in the ground before the expiration of one month, they will outgrow and take root poorly.
In the open field, the planting density is 5-6 plants per square meter, in the greenhouse - no more than four. Indoors, you should not thicken the plantings, so as not to provoke the development of fungal diseases. The rest of the planting rules are usual for the culture.
Features of plant care
An unpretentious hybrid does not create any special problems for the gardener; for full-fledged fruiting, the standard care for the culture is quite enough for him. Plants do not require compulsory formation and garters, but if you tie them to a trellis, ventilation will improve, and the fruits will not lie on the ground and get dirty.
The traditional components of care are as follows:
- Watering. They are carried out with warm water once every 5-7 days, in hot weather - more often, in rainy weather they are stopped.
- Loosening the soil after watering to a depth of 4–8 cm.
- Mulching with straw, peat and other organic materials.
- Weed control.
- Top dressing. If during planting all the necessary nutrients were not introduced into the soil, you need to feed the plants 3-4 times per season with complex mineral fertilizers or liquid organic matter balanced for the culture. It should be remembered that an excess of nitrogen is extremely undesirable for cucumbers, as it will accumulate in the fruit in the form of nitrates. Nitrogen fertilizers are recommended to be balanced with potassium, which prevents the accumulation of nitric acid salts in greens.
Reviews of gardeners about the variety of cucumbers Hector
The unpretentious hybrid is great for farms. It is also easy to grow it in summer cottages. With normal outdoor care, compact plants can be harvested for a long time with fresh, fragrant cucumbers. Zelentsy are equally good both in salads and in canned form.
The main characteristic of the species is that they reproduce in bunches and almost all bunches form on the main stem. Side shoots are sometimes found, but most often they are weak and do not survive. There can be more than 6-10 cucumbers on one bush and they all ripen quickly under optimal conditions. For the first time, fruits appear a month and several weeks after planting.
Cucumber variety Hector is a fairly productive type of cucumber, which has excellent fruiting and multiple fruits. The hybrid is suitable for growing, both in the open field and in greenhouses. The main thing is to follow all the standard care rules and then you can expect an excellent yield percentage. Cucumber Hector f1 is a type of cucumber that loves the sun and a warm climate for life, so it is important that the planting site is sunny. Hector cucumbers are well suited for pickling and fresh use. In addition, Hector's fruits are perfect for transportation and long-term storage, while retaining their freshness. From 1 sq. m can collect more than 4-9 kg.
Description of the plant
The Hector cucumber variety is a hybrid form of a bush, which is characterized as early maturing with the same amicable crop formation, that is, the evenness of the zelents. It is famous for its excellent taste and excellent resistance to diseases and pests. The bushes are small in size, compact and have a medium ripeness with a green type of tuft. Fruiting is constant, on average, the first fruits appear in a month.
Description of fruits
The length of the fruit reaches 9-12 cm, in shape they are oblong, large tuberous and white-thorny. Hector has a great aroma and spice. Cucumbers weigh from 90 to 110 g. The flesh is quite juicy and crunchy - this is evidenced by the description.
Planting and care rules
Connie cucumbers are grown in a seedling and non-seedling way. When growing cucumbers through seedlings, the bushes are resistant to a drop in temperature, and the crop ripens much earlier.
Sow seeds of cucumbers for seedlings in April, 2 months before planting in open ground. To do this, prepare a nutrient soil with weak or neutral acidity and start planting. To get healthy and high-quality seedlings, you must adhere to simple rules:
- cucumber seeds are kept in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 10 minutes, rinsed in water and processed in a growth stimulator
- the prepared material is planted to a depth equal to the length of 2 seeds
- for better germination, make a micro-greenhouse so that the temperature is maintained at +24 degrees
- after seed germination, the film is removed
- at the stage of 2-3 true leaves, the seedlings dive and fertilize
- if necessary, the seedlings are illuminated.
Healthy and high-quality seedlings are 3-4 brightly colored leaves and a powerful, unstretched stem.
Young cucumber seedlings are planted in open and closed ground after the spring frosts have ended. Planting is carried out in soil warmed up to + 15 degrees. The best predecessors are: legumes, pumpkin crops, tomatoes, cabbage, radish or potatoes.
Since the Connie variety is vigorous, per sq. m planted no more than 2 bushes.
Before planting the grown seedlings, prepare the beds:
- The earth is dug up, weeds are removed and spilled abundantly.
- After 2 days, prepare the landing holes in a checkerboard pattern. Chalk, wood ash or dry manure are poured onto the bottom and spilled abundantly.
- Seedlings are planted in prepared holes and left without watering for several days. This is necessary for adaptation and fast rooting.
- If the seedlings are elongated, they are planted deeper or the elongated stem is sprinkled with peat or sawdust.
- For the first time, you need to make a shelter.
Growing Connie f1 cucumbers using a seedless method
Seeds are sown in a permanent place after the ground warms up to +15 degrees. Since cucumber is a thermophilic culture, they choose a sunny place, without drafts. To obtain a generous harvest, the soil must be well fertilized.
When sowing cucumbers in a seedless way, before planting, soak the seed for 20-30 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, rinse with water and dry. The dried seeds are powdered with Trichodermin powder.
2 days before planting, I dig up the ground and fertilize. The holes are made in a checkerboard pattern, humus or compost is placed on the bottom and spilled abundantly. Prepared seeds are planted to a depth of 2 cm, 2-3 pcs. If the cucumbers are grown outdoors, cover the beds with foil for 3-4 days. After emergence, the strongest seedlings are left. The film is removed, and the plant is carefully sprinkled, sprinkling a part of the stem.
Follow-up care for cucumbers
Growing Connie F1 cucumbers is easy, even a novice gardener can handle it. But in order to get a rich harvest, you need to make a little effort and care, as well as follow simple rules of care.
When growing cucumbers outdoors:
- Watering only as the soil dries out, in the morning or in the evening. When fruit is formed, irrigation is abundant and regular.
- After watering, the soil is loosened and mulched.
- If the soil is well fertilized, no fertilizing is needed. If the soil is depleted, then at the stage of plant growth, the soil is fertilized with nitrogenous fertilizers, during the flowering period - with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, during the period of fruit formation - with complex mineral fertilizers.
- Since the bush of the Connie variety is spreading, and the whips are long, support is needed. It will simplify the collection of fruits and protect the plant from drafts.
For greenhouse cucumbers, other rules of care:
Temperature Control - Cucumber does not grow well when the temperature is too high. To regulate the temperature regime, ventilation is necessary.
But if the greenhouse is in the open sun, and the open doors do not lower the temperature, then experienced gardeners spray the walls with a weak solution of chalk. The chalk solution will create diffused light.
- Air humidity - Connie cucumbers grow well when the air humidity is at least 90%. To maintain air humidity, plants are periodically sprayed.
- Watering - cucumbers are irrigated with warm, settled water 2-3 times a week. During the fruiting period, watering is increased.
- Loosening and mulching - so that water and air can penetrate to the root system. The first loosening is carried out a month after planting, then after each watering. Mulching will save you from frequent watering, from weeds and will become an additional top dressing.
- Prevention of diseases and insect pests - regular inspection of the bush. When the first signs of the disease appear, timely treatment is necessary. In order to prevent the appearance of diseases, it is necessary to regularly ventilate, remove weeds and yellowed leaves, and observe the temperature and humidity regime.
You can increase the yield in the greenhouse for Connie cucumbers thanks to carbon dioxide. To do this, a barrel with manure and water in the fermentation stage is installed in the greenhouse.
Since the Connie cucumber variety is indeterminate (unlimited in growth), it is necessary to form a bush.
Connie variety pinching rules:
- in the axils of 4-5 leaves blinding, all flowers and leaves are removed
- over the sixth leaf, side shoots are left no more than 25 cm long
- the next 2-3 shoots are left 40 cm long
- further all shoots should be 50 cm long
- if the tip has reached its maximum length, it is pinched or twisted through the upper trellis and lowered.
Photo of nipping Connie's cucumbers in the greenhouse:
Formation and garter of cucumbers, video:
Cucumbers are very fond of fertile soil, watering. Irrigation is only in moderation, since the green plants do not tolerate excess moisture at all. Already in the fall, they begin to prepare a site for planting.
Digging up a site is not a very exciting business. But this must be done for three reasons:
- This is the fight against annual weeds.
- Parallel application of organic fertilizers.
- Creation of a favorable air regime.
The soil is dug up as deep as possible in the fall, having previously introduced organic or mineral fertilizers. Compost or humus should be at least 10 kg per square meter, and chicken manure about 25 kg per ten square meters. To obtain a large volume of yield, add mineral and organic fertilizers to the soil. Read about what should be the autumn preparation of the greenhouse for tomatoes here.
If the acidity of the soil is elevated on the site and lime must be added, then it is simply scattered around the site without burying. The rainwater will help it soak into the soil.
In the spring, the beds are harrowed very carefully. And loams and heavy soils will have to be dug up again. All legumes and corn can be the best predecessors of greens. Allowed - potatoes and tomatoes.
If the grower has decided on the variety, then no pre-sowing treatment of the hybrid seeds is needed. Even soaking. The fact is that most manufacturers treat the seeds of the Masha hybrid with antifungal drugs. For example, treated with the pesticide Thiram, they are emerald green in color. If another antifungal agent is used, the color may be different. The germination rate of seeds of the first generation of Dutch selection is high. Within 95%. Therefore, as soon as they are purchased and the soil is prepared, in the greenhouse you can immediately start planting seedlings or simply in the holes.
In order for plants to sprout well, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 21 to 25 degrees. The seeds, without pre-soaking, are sown in special containers, which are filled in advance with a non-cold substrate. The diameter of the container should not be less than 8 cm. The hybrid has good germination and therefore can be sown 1 piece per container. Embedding depth from 1.5 cm to 3 cm.
In the open field
Masha cucumbers are a greenhouse variety, but in the southern regions they can also be grown outdoors. These are heat-loving plants and if they are planted with seedlings without covering with a film, or sown in cold ground, they will simply die. Therefore, you need to wait until the soil warms up to 12-15 degrees at a depth of 5-10 cm. The planting pattern is typical for all early varieties - row spacing up to 70 cm, and spread the seeds into grooves every 10 cm. They are sealed to a depth of 1.5 to 3 cm. ...
As soon as the cucumbers begin to sprout, it is necessary to carefully loosen the soil. And when the first true leaf appears, break through the plantings, leaving the plants in a row after 20 cm. If the plantings were in the holes, then 1-2 shoots each. At the same time, fertilizing is carried out with a mullein solution (a bucket for twenty plants). This can be done again in two weeks. For the third time, it is advisable to feed the cucumbers when the lashes begin to close on the ground. Read how to water your cucumbers outdoors. Watering must be timely. That is, after three days, 350 liters of water per 10 square meters.
Read about growing tomatoes in the open field in this material.
It is better to grow cucumbers on a trellis, since the area is used ergonomically, and the lashes are evenly warmed up.
Seedlings are planted according to the scheme 60 by 80 cm. Or three per square meter are possible. It should be about 25 days old. In greenhouses, cucumbers are grown only on a trellis. The rows of trellises are placed every 1 meter. They put any stable supports and pull twine or wire on them every 40-50 cm. Cucumbers are tied to the first row, and then they themselves will pull themselves higher with antennae. This early variety differs from the others in that the main lash grows only 100-110 cm in height. It ends with an inflorescence, and then the growth of lateral shoots begins, which also need to be tied to a trellis.
All agrotechnical measures are the same as for growing crops in the open field:
- top dressing. Both organic and mineral fertilizers are used. Phosphorus is essential for the root system. Sodium nitrate is well absorbed by plants and accelerates their growth
- loosening. Some caution is required as the roots of the greens are close to the soil surface.
- watering. It is better to water in the evening or in the morning so that the sun's rays do not fall on wet leaves.
- pest and disease control.
The greenhouse must have high air humidity at all times.
Diving seedlings and caring for an adult plant
Cucumbers, like other plants, love nutritious soil, therefore, before picking seedlings, compost is introduced into the ground in the amount of 0.5 buckets per 1 m 2, as well as mineral fertilizers. Wood ash must also be added to acidic soil. Cucumbers of the Zozulya F1 variety have medium-length stems, therefore, the planting scheme in the ground involves the placement of 4 bushes per 1 m 2 of land.
Peat pots and tablets in the process of picking are embedded in the ground along with cucumber seedlings. When using other types of containers, the seedlings must first be watered and removed, keeping a lump of soil on the vine.
The first time after the pick, the cucumbers are watered daily, then once every 2 days, during the drought period, once a day. Watering should be done before sunrise or after sunset. Water should not come into contact with the cucumber leaves.
Weeding, loosening and fertilizing are prerequisites for a rich cucumber harvest. So, fertilizing with nitrogen-containing and mineral fertilizers should be carried out every 2 weeks. You can see an adult plant and hear the feedback of an experienced gardener about the Zozulya F1 variety in the video:
In the phase of active fruiting, harvesting must be carried out daily, so that the forces of the plant are directed to the formation of young cucumbers.
Growing Zozulya F1 cucumbers is not particularly difficult even for a novice farmer. Sowing cucumber seeds for seedlings in May, the peak of fruiting will be in June and July. Significant volumes of the harvest will allow you to feast on fresh cucumbers and prepare winter supplies. The taste of vegetables will surely be appreciated by even the most fastidious gourmets.