How to occupy the former garlic bed
Even people far from gardening know that garlic is a very healthy vegetable. And gardeners take advantage of the fact that garlic heals not only the human body, but also the soil, since it kills many pathogens. As a result, after harvesting the garlic, almost everything can be planted in the garden, and some of it can be done even in the current season.
Why is it important to follow the rules of crop rotation
There are several vegetables that can be planted in one place for two to three years in a row, but there are very few of them. Even garlic should not be grown in the garden more than once: next season it will be smaller, and pests that have not overcome it this summer can accumulate strength, remaining in the ground, and attack the plantings. The accumulation of diseases and pests is one of the reasons why the rules of crop rotation are categorically not advised to alternate plants from the same family in the garden bed: after all, they have only sores.
In addition, simple and clear rules say that the gardener must take into account the different nutritional needs of vegetables. After all, cabbage, for example, removes so many nutrients from the soil that it is impossible to restore the balance by simply applying fertilizers, and after it, something undemanding to nutrition must be planted.
Fortunately, garlic is not very "gluttonous", and after it you can plant almost all vegetables: both those requiring a lot of food, and those on a "diet".
The issue of crop rotation in terms of nutritional requirements is partly addressed by an approach in which vegetables with deeply penetrating roots are alternated in the garden with those whose root system lies close to the surface. And here garlic is beyond competition: its roots are at an average depth. And even green manure - herbs that restore the condition of the soil, it is not necessary to sow after garlic.
All kinds of predecessor tables are for reference only.
What can be grown in the garden after garlic
In most areas, garlic is harvested at the end of July. And if the gardener is used to saving space, he will try to plant something in the garlic beds immediately after harvesting.
In this regard, strawberries are a unique follower of garlic. Having been engaged in gardening for almost forty years, this is the only thing I do. After all, a strawberry garden needs to be updated annually, and it is more convenient to plant it in the middle lane and the Volga region precisely at the end of summer, as soon as the necessary sockets from the best mustache accumulate. Strawberries thrive in garlic beds.
If you do not need to plant strawberries, you can have time to get a harvest of early ripening green crops on this garden bed: dill, salads, cilantro. Yes, and radishes can be planted: after all, in August the days become shorter, and its shooting is already less dangerous than in the middle of summer.
If we talk about the next season, then the best options for planting in a former garlic bed look like this:
- cucumbers and any pumpkin seeds (pumpkins, zucchini, squash);
- legumes (peas, beans, beans);
- any cabbage (white cabbage, cauliflower, Savoy, Brussels sprouts, etc.);
- any greens.
Cucumbers after garlic are one of the best choices
Of course, almost any flowers will do (you should not plant bulbous ones, although, however, they are not planted in spring).
Nothing prevents you from planting root crops (radishes, carrots, beets), but for some reason they are considered quite acceptable, but not ideal followers of garlic. The same applies to tomatoes: the only reason that can be explained that they are not considered ideal crops after garlic is that garlic is sometimes grown in partial shade. Tomatoes will feel great in the sun.
What not to plant after garlic
The answer to the question about the "bad" options is simple: no onions need to be planted after the garlic. This list includes the usual onion, and the batun, and the family, and the chives ... All bulbous have the same pests (for example, onion fly), suffer from the same diseases (for example, peronosporosis), therefore, it is necessary to refrain from planting them on a garlic bed though would be a couple of years, and preferably three or four.
Planting any onion after garlic is dangerous.
Garlic is a good natural healer, but, like any doctor, sometimes he gets sick himself. Therefore, after him, you should not settle the closest relatives in the garden: any onion crops. There are no serious obstacles regarding other options.
What can be planted after onions and garlic, crop rotation table.
If you want to properly allocate your resources, and not be wasted. Do not translate planting material, and do not waste your energy and time, you need to plan planting crops in advance. You need to know which vegetables can be planted at the moment on a given site, and which are not desirable. Correct crop rotation improves yields and soil quality. Therefore you should know what can be planted after onions and garlic next year, and which crops are best planted elsewhere. Today we will talk about it, it will be interesting and informative, stay with us.
What to plant after garlic
Immediately after harvesting winter garlic, annual flowers or herbs are planted to heal the land. According to the principle of alternating tops-roots, greens are grown in the beds after garlic: dill, parsley, cilantro, caraway seeds, sorrel, chervil, spinach. Mustard and legumes are used as siderates. In late autumn, the beds are dug up along with the greens.
Garlic with its phytoncides disinfects the soil, scares off the bear, aphids, carrot flies and other pests. After it, plants from the pumpkin family, cabbage, tomatoes, carrots, beets feel good.
You can also plant strawberries or strawberries after garlic. These plants are excellent companions, planting can not only be alternated, but also combined. Neighborhood is mutually beneficial for both cultures. Garlic phytoncides accumulated in the soil protect the berry from fungal diseases. The strawberries, in turn, spur the garlic to develop the head.
Such a planting scheme is possible: several beds of strawberries, between them a bed of garlic. Every two years, the planting is alternated, in July the garlic is harvested, strawberries are planted from one garden in the vacant space in August, garlic is planted on the empty strawberry ridge in the fall. Two years later, the scheme is repeated with another bed of strawberries.
What should not be planted
In no case should you plant garlic in the same place for two or more years in a row. The same rule applies to the bow. Main reasons:
- Bulbous plants have the same diseases and pests that remain in the soil after harvest.
- Nutrients are actively selected from the upper layers of the soil, it becomes poorer.
- The lower fertile soil layers are idle for no use.
Note: the optimal time for the return of garlic to its original place is 3-4 years, during which it is necessary to plant various crops in accordance with the rules of crop rotation.
A properly organized crop planting sequence gives the following results:
- Reducing the number of pests that live and lay larvae in the soil.
- Increasing the quantity and improving the quality of nutrients in the soil.
- Reducing the negative impact on vegetable crops of mineral fertilizers applied to the soil.
If all the rules for the annual rotation of crops in the garden are observed, good results can be achieved without the use of synthetic fertilizers and chemicals for the destruction of insect pests.
What is the right way to plant after onions?
Onions, as a culture, gained fame more than 5 thousand years ago. Many varieties of onions have been bred, which differ not only in taste (more or less pungent), but also in the color of the bulbs. Onions are widely used in cooking, they are part of the preparation of many dishes. It is consumed both raw and cooked. In medicine, onions have been used since the time of Hippocrates. All peoples recognized the healing properties of onions.
Mainly because of these qualities, onions are very popular with gardeners. Almost everyone puts him in jail. Due to the fact that onions are most often fertilized with substances containing potassium and nitrogen, the soil, after harvesting onions, takes on a slightly alkaline character.
Therefore, after the onion, it is possible to plant:
- Strawberries will bear fruit perfectly if planted in the place where the onions grew before them.
- White cabbage likes the soil after planting onions.
- The next season, cucumbers can be planted after onions and they will give a good harvest. Planting tomatoes is allowed.
- A good harvest in the garden bed after planting onions is given by the peppers and eggplants planted there.
- Since onions are harvested much earlier than other vegetables, then in the same period, after harvesting, you can plant greens (lettuce, spinach, dill), radishes, and they will have time to grow before the onset of cold weather.
- It is best to plant sederats (mustard) after harvesting the onions to enrich the soil. But do not leave the garden empty.
If not next year, it is planned to plant cruciferous vegetables in the place of the onion garden, then in August you can plant rye or oats before winter. Rapeseed and mustard well disinfect the soil from root rot. Planting onions after onions is not recommended. But if there is no other place, then you can plant it, first, by enriching the soil with compost. Onions are the perfect companion for carrots. You can even plant him on her garden bed. Onions will scare off carrot flies, and carrots will scare off onions. You can plant onions in the aisles for beets, spinach, cucumbers.
To get a good harvest, you do not need to be a certified agronomist or summer resident with many years of experience. You just need to remember the main rule of crop rotation: do not plant the same plants on the same bed more often than once every 3 years.
Competent alternation of vegetable crops with others, proper planting and reasonable care, as well as compliance with all of the above recommendations, will allow you to grow high-quality garlic and create comfortable conditions for growing other crops.