Mango cultivation

Mango cultivation

Hi, can a mango plant obtained from seed, if kept in a heated apartment, give edible fruit? In Asia and America I do not think that to obtain fruit mangoes they reproduce them by grafting ... Logically, from seed it should come out a specimen of the same species with characteristics not exactly the same, but similar ...

If I get a seedling from the seed, keeping it at the best conditions I can offer (temperate Mediterranean climate, on the Cilento coast, 1.5 km from the sea), can I hope to eat its fruits tomorrow?

Thanks a lot, as always!


Hello Alice, we are pleased to note that you have returned to use the "Questions and Answers" section of our website. There is a good chance that a mango plant born from seed will give rise to a new plant capable of going against fruiting and therefore capable of producing an edible mango fruit. In Sicily and Calabria there are several mango plantations but it is a particular cultivar of this plant, suitable for the Mediterranean climate and able to withstand the hot and dry winds that blow for several months of the year in these areas. Often the mango fruits that arrive on our tables are native to these areas and therefore must be more than sure of the origins of his mango seed before hypothesizing a cultivation that reproduces the climatic characteristics of Asia and Central America. Seeds originating from these climatic zones with a subtropical climate certainly prefer an indoor cultivation or in any case a cultivation in warm areas with high humidity and totally devoid of hot dry winds. Consequently, the Mediterranean coast is not the best place for outdoor cultivation of the subtropical mango cultivar.

If your purpose is to grow mangoes, we recommend that you get a grafted mango plant or a variety of mangoes such as those grown in the southernmost areas of our peninsula. With these plants the result will be sure and will have very good fruit when the plant is ready for fruiting.

How to Grow Mango

Updated on September 16, 2015

The mango tree is native to southern Asia, but can be found in many places with a particularly hot climate, such as in Australia, Latin America, the African continent and all countries within the Mediterranean basin.

It is an evergreen tree, with rapid growth, in a few years it is able to reach even 25 meters in height, with a short stem and an extended and rounded crown. Towards the end of winter and early spring, it produces a series of large panicles, with small pink, white or orange flowers. Once the latter have blossomed, the characteristic oval-shaped fruits will be born, of different colors depending on the variety, green, yellow, red, orange some fruits can reach 400 grams or even 2 kg.

The mango tree must be grown in a particularly sunny or partially shaded area, in a climate that is not too harsh, the tree fears late frosts, or the growth of the fruit will be greatly affected by the climate. Even the rains should not exceed 300 mm per year.

Mango can be grown in two ways, from a seed or by grafting. In the first case, it will take about 8 years before the tree produces fruit, while with the graft 3 or 5 will be enough. The trees derived from grafting will be half as tall as those born from the seed, less strong and resistant but with fruits larger.

The ideal soil in which to plant a mango tree is loose, sandy and well drained, with an acid pH between 4.5 and 7, with the addition of peat annually which keeps the acidity of the soil constant. The minimum depth required is 90 cm, so as to create enough space for the roots to spread. It is not recommended to use chemical fertilizers rich in salt, which prevent fruit development. The best time to plant mangoes is in summer, but very often the variety must also be taken into account.

Before planting the seed, it must be left to dry overnight in a cool place, away from direct sunlight. Next, you will have to open the kernel with a sharp knife, and be careful not to cut too deep so as not to damage the internal seed.

Once the seed has been removed, it will be necessary to place it in a container with quality soil, and bury the concave part for about 2.5 cm. The soil will need to be moist and the container stored in a warm, shady place until the sprout comes out, which will take two to three weeks. To plant a mango tree you will need to remove the seedling from the container and place it in the previously prepared hole, then cover it with the soil.

During the first year of life, it will be useful to add natural fertilizer once a month, combining it with hot water. In the first week of life, it should be watered regularly, two tablespoons of water a day, and then decrease over time and reach once or twice a week in the first year. Weeds must be uprooted regularly, but to prevent their spread, just add a thin layer of mulch that will help the soil retain moisture. In autumn, after the fruit season, it will be necessary to cut the branches 2.5 cm from the trunk and eliminate those that are too high or wide.

Finally, some tips, in order to ensure optimal growth, it will be useful to distance the mango tree about 3.5-4 meters from the surrounding trees. It will be important not to water it excessively so as not to damage it, protect it from the winter frost by wrapping it in a tent or blanket. Finally, it will be necessary to pay particular attention to the appearance of anthracnose, a deadly disease for the mango tree, at the first signs of black spots on the fruit, use a fungicide immediately.

Origin and spread of the papaya plant

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The origins of papaya they are very far from us and in particular they go back to a region corresponding to what is now southern Mexico.
The vulgar name of pawpaw is due to the Spanish conquistadors who first described this fruit.
The history of worldwide spread begins around 1500, when the Spaniards transported the seeds to Panama and the Dominican Republic.
In the following century, Spanish and Portuguese sailors spread seeds and cultivation in the Philippines, Malaysia and India.
Subsequently, the cultivation of papaya began to spread in tropical areas, until arriving in the 1800s in Hawaii. In Florida, it arrived in the early 1900s.
Today, papaya is grown in all tropical and subtropical regions of the planet. In Europe, the largest crops are in Spain, in the Canary Islands. In Italy it is grown in greenhouses almost exclusively in Sicily.

General Mango Tree: n

The mango is a fruit of the drupe type that comes from numerous species of tropical trees belonging to the genus Mangifera, cultivated mainly for their fruit. Most of these species are found in nature in the wild. The genus belongs to the Anacardiaceae family of cashews. THE mangoes in particular are indigenous to South Asia, where the "common mango " or "Indian mango ", Mangifera indica, which has been distributed all over the world to become one of the most cultivated fruits, comes from in the tropics. Other species of Mangifera (eg Mangifera foetida) are grown in different places. The mango is the national fruit of India, Pakistan and the Philippines, and also the national tree of Bangladesh and Australia. Mango offers a great dose of vitamins (especially A, group B and C) and mineral salts including potassium, calcium and magnesium, can therefore be considered a real natural supplement anti-fatigue. It is also rich in water and fibers, particularly useful for the well-being of the intestine. One of the 4 researches presented in San Diego highlighted just how this fruit can help in case of constipation by acting decisively on the intestinal peristalsis. The orange yellow color of the mango reminds us of the presence of beta-carotene precursor of vitamin A, essential for obtaining good tanning (as it helps in the production of melanin) but also beneficial for the view . n

Mango Tree Cultivation and Care: n

Plants of mangoes must be grown inside all those particularly sunny areas even if they manage to develop very well inside places positioned in semi-shade. In the event that you choose to grow a mango plant inside a place characterized by a rather harsh climate and frequent frosts, the effect will be that of having great difficulty in bearing fruit, from since the plant will grow even very little, keeping the original size of a shrub. It is essential to understand that the minimum temperatures in order to grow the mango tree must be avoided not below 5-7 Celsius degrees. As regards the watering, in most cases mango plants are characterized by needing constant and frequent watering: we must not forget that watering must be provided only when the soil has completely dried up, taking great care to avoid formation of excess water and remembering that, during the winter season, this plant does not require special watering. The goal of cultivating healthy trees that become as healthy and strong as possible can only be achieved when they are planted inside a soil that has an excellent level of drainage, since the formation of dangerous water stagnations must be avoided.

Mango Trees With dry, brown spots on the leaves

Anthracnose is a fungal disease that affects mango trees, causing dry spots that are brown to black in color on the leaves. These spots first develop to new leaves, and eventually extend to older leaves. Spots may also be present on mango flowers and fruit as well. The spots are visible through the entire leaf tissue, on both the upper and lower leaf surfaces. As anthracnose progresses, the leaves begin to curl and wither, and the stems of the plant begin to die again. Eventually the leaves, flowers and fruits become so deformed that they fall off prematurely.
Bacterial Leaf Spot

Bacterial leaf speckling on a brown-spotted mango tree as wet on the surface of the leaves. These bubble-like spots soaked in water and are accompanied by small holes in the leaves. Eventually, the brown spots dry out and harden to a wax-like consistency. Bacterial leaf spot is caused by the pathogen Xanthomonas campestris. If allowed to progress, this disease causes deaths by dropping leaves on your mango tree.
Leaf Blight

If you notice brown spots on the underside of your leaves and yellow spots on the upper sides, leaf blight is the likely culprit. Leaf blight commonly begins on the higher growth and adult leaves of mango trees. As the disease progresses, the spots increase in size and number, and the yellow spots on the upper leaves turn pale or white. Leaf blight also results in dying, dying and dropping leaves on mango trees.
Leaf burn

Problems in the soil extend to problems with mango tree leaves, such as dry brown spots. Such problems are too much nitrogen or excessive salts in the soil. Both problems are the result of over-fertilization. Fertilizers increase the amount of salt in the soil and increase nitrogen levels. Excessive amounts of these elements cause leaf burn in your mango tree and dry leaves develop brown patches. If the leaf burn is severe, the leave can die and fall off the tree.
Cultural Care and Treatment

The best way to prevent diseases that cause dry, brown spots, wilt and leaf drop on your mango tree is to provide the best growing and care conditions. Adequate cultural assistance improves the tree's health and vigor, making it more resistant to common pathogens and diseases. A mango tree requires full sun and fertile, well-draining soil. Stick to a regular pruning schedule. Always make sure to remove and clean up fallen, dead or diseased branches and leaves to avoid overwintering fungal pathogens in leaf debris. Fertilize regularly with a slow-release fertilizer so the tree isn't exposed to heavy salts or nitrogen too quickly. Fungicides are only recommended if proper cultural care is practiced, but your fine tree suffers from dark spots caused by fungal pathogens - fungicides over an extended period of time can damage fruit quality. A copper-based fungicide sprayed once a week, before flowering, is helpful in protecting old and new sheet tissue from fungal diseases. Follow all instructions on the product label.

Mango cultivation - garden

L' White Farm is located in Sicily, between the mountains of the Nebrodi Park a few meters from the sea, in the municipality of Sant'Agata di Militello in the province of Messina and extends for approx 13 Hectares with land also in the neighboring municipality of Torrenova, it was originally born as a company entirely dedicated to the production of citrus fruits (lemons, oranges, grapefruits, mandarins, clementines).

This long family tradition has now evolved towards the cultivation and production of tropical fruit, from the Mango toAvocado and is constantly expanding towards the cultivation of other fruits such as Papaya and the Passion Fuit (Passion fruit).

Since the 1960s, theWhite Farm it has always kept up with progress and new forms of cultivation. For this reason, the new generation has decided to make the most of the qualities that the land, located in the Papa district in Sant’Agata di Militello in the province of Messina, has and offers.
Dedication, Passion, Determination have always been the values ​​that characterize the farm that go hand in hand with the desire to experiment and keep up with what the market demands. The company's journey continues, in fact, in the name of enhancing the land and the first fruits that Mother Nature offers us.
The primary objective, not surprisingly, is to carry out a project destined to continue evolution and growth which inevitably determines a development of the territory, always having at heart the respect for nature.

Cultivation in pots or in the garden

Source: Bunch of green and ripe orange mango on tree. Selective focus on right mango. Copy space via Shutterstock

As already mentioned, the mango plant is typically tropical and, in the absence of adequate climatic conditions, it may not reach the fruit production phase. In any case, it can also be used as an ornamental variety from jar, even if the dimensions will be decidedly smaller than the places of origin.

The first step is to better prepare the pot, or the external area, which will house the plant. A bed of gravel and shards, but also of expanded clay balls, will be placed on the bottom of the container, to facilitate the flow of water. Then it will be filled with a soft and sandy soil, draining and possibly enriched with compost. In vegetable garden, indicated will be a mild digging work to ensure a uniform distribution of nutrients in the soil.

Cultivation can take place for seed or for transplantation of the seedlings, the latter is decidedly more widespread, especially outside the areas of origin. After choosing the preferred variety, the seed must first be cleaned using a small brush, to remove any residual fibers or pulp. If necessary, it must be left in the sun for a few days to lose its original humidity. In the event of favorable climatic conditions, the seed can be inserted directly into the dwelling at a depth of about 2.5-3 centimeters, with the concave part facing upwards. If you want to grow mango at home, or in unfavorable areas, it is advisable to help the sprouts appear in a seedbed, composed of a little soft and sandy soil, in a container preferably covered with a transparent plastic fabric to increase the temperature, as if it were a miniature greenhouse. When the shoots have reached a height of about 10 centimeters, they can be transplanted.

The maintenance of the mango depends on the type grown, as well as on the place. For pot specimens, the most common, it will be necessary to check for the presence of weeds and other weeds, as well as fertilizing with organic fertilizers approximately every two months. Should the plant grow too large, a cyclical pruning can be carried out.

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Video: MANGO FARMING. MANGO CULTIVATION. How to grow Mango tree from Seed. Cutting at Home