Inexpensive but effective remedies against aphids
Aphids can destroy not only young seedlings, but also adult trees. These insects feed on the cell sap of plants, carry dangerous viruses with their saliva, and also disrupt the natural development cycle of fruit trees. There are several effective and budgetary remedies that can help you get rid of it.
Aphid remedy that contains garlic can be prepared in several ways. First, you need to chop the cloves of garlic on a fine grater (500 g), fill them with water (10 l) and insist for 2 days. Then strain the infusion through cheesecloth, add shavings of laundry soap (50 g) and mix until foam forms. A more concentrated solution is obtained if the chopped garlic cloves are first poured with 500 g of water, filtered and left in a dark place for several hours. After that, the volume of the infusion is brought to 10 L. To prepare a protective agent from the garlic husk, it is also necessary to grind it and add 200 g of garlic leaves. The mixture is poured with 10 liters of warm water and infused during the day. Before spraying, the infusion must be filtered. To combat aphids on roses, an infusion of garlic arrows should be prepared. To do this, chop 400 g of arrows and stalks of garlic, pour 1 liter of water at room temperature, let it brew for 3 days. After straining the infusion, 1 glass of the concentrate is diluted in 10 liters of water and the affected seedlings are sprayed. Trees and shrubs should be treated with garlic infusion in cloudy and calm weather. This must be done repeatedly, with an interval of 5 days.
Plants can be fumigated with tobacco smoke both in greenhouses and in open spaces. The essence of the treatment consists in making a small fire in the immediate vicinity of plants affected by aphids. Wood sawdust and chips, damp straw can be used as the main fuel. When the fire flares up, it is necessary to pour tobacco dust on it. A mature raincoat mushroom can be used in conjunction with the tobacco in the burnt heap. Fumigation must be carried out at least 2 times, with a weekly interval.
Regular use of dandelion as a protective agent against aphids eliminates the need to process fruit crops with chemicals. Dandelion is a weed, but it contains substances that reliably protect this plant from diseases and pests. To prepare the broth, you need crushed dandelion leaves and roots (500 g). They are poured into 5 liters of water and brought to a boil. Then the liquid is filtered, which is suitable for processing fruit crops. It is recommended to spray plants with such a decoction during the daytime, when the activity of aphids is maximum.
In various protective solutions and infusions, the addition of soap is due to its sticky properties. Pests stick to each other and to the stems of plants, which prevents them from moving. Tar not only repels aphids with its pungent odor, but also has a healing effect on plants. Treatment with soapy water is also a preventive measure against the spread of pests.To prepare a protective agent against aphids, it is necessary to dissolve soap crumbs (100 g) in 2 liters of warm water. After that, the soap solution is brought to a volume of 10 liters with thorough mixing.To spray the plants with a ready-made tar solution, it is better to use a garden spray. As a preventive measure, plants should be treated once a week. To actively combat aphids existing on plants, spraying must be repeated every 3 days.
Vodka is a versatile insecticide due to the disinfecting properties of alcohol. Plants can be sprayed with this agent only in the evening so that the leaves and stems do not get burned. To prepare a protective solution, add 100 g of vodka to 1 liter of water (you can use the cheapest one). A visible result is ensured even after a single spraying of the plants. When processing, it is necessary to cover the back of the leaves with a solution and the places of their articulation with the stem.
The most effective aphid remedies
- Full photo
Types of pests - what are they, aphids
What damage does the pest do to the garden
Safe control methods
Soap solution against aphids
Chemicals and their types
Biological control of aphids
Every spring, gardeners await with horror the appearance of the most malicious pest - aphids. She, without pity and without delay, destroys young shoots of fruit and berry and vegetable crops, trees and shrubs, favorite flowers suffer.
Every year, the plant breeder has to come up with new ways to combat the pest, since the old ones no longer work. There is no escape from the aphids, it appears again and again. It remains to roll up our sleeves and start exterminating the infection using new methods, otherwise there is a risk of being left without a crop. In this useful guide, the gardener will find out all the ins and outs of the pest, respectively, he will understand how to correctly deal with it and what strategy to choose - everything is like in war!
What does a pest look like?
Aphids are a small insect (no more than 7 mm). Has an oval or teardrop shape. The mouth is presented in the form of a proboscis, with which it pierces the tissues of the plant and sucks out the juices from them. It comes in white, green and black. In gardens, it is the black aphid that is more common.
ON A NOTE. There are several thousand species of aphids. Interestingly, aphids are a kind of pet for ants. They milk her like people milk cows.
The danger of aphids is that they feed on the sap of trees, disrupting the natural processes of sap flow. As a result, some of the shoots of the plant do not receive proper nutrition. The vital activity of aphids also affects the fruits of fruit trees.
How to deal with aphids on cucumber leaves: various methods and prevention
There are many biological and chemical agents, as well as folk methods of combating aphids on cucumbers in open and closed ground.
Important! When fighting aphids, you must immediately fight the ants that live next to the beds.
Ants bring wingless female aphids to plants, and winged ones fly over on their own. In addition, ants love the sticky juice secreted by aphids. Therefore, ants protect aphids from predatory insects, in winter they hide it in an anthill, and in spring they transfer it to planted seedlings. Therefore, it is necessary to fight aphids and ants with the same chemical agents, for example, Inta-vir. Or water-sprinkle the soil around the anthill with garlic, cinnamon and other products that emit a pungent smell.
- do not thicken the planting
- remove weeds regularly
- fertilize the crop in time.
Advice! To prevent aphids from appearing on cucumbers in the greenhouse, the greenhouse and greenhouse must be treated in spring and autumn with special means. About this in our article: Processing the greenhouse in spring and autumn ...
The main thing is to find aphids in time, otherwise it will destroy the entire crop.
Important! They try to fight aphids on cucumbers with folk and biological preparations, since the use of any chemistry is undesirable at the time of fruiting.
Effective preparations for aphids on fruit trees
If the gardener cannot cope with insects with folk remedies and the future crop is clearly dying, people begin to look for the best aphid remedy in the garden. Their choice is extensive, the main thing is to carefully study their action and methods of application in the garden. These drugs can also be used as a prophylactic agent.
Aktara from aphids
Aktara from aphids on trees not only effectively protects plantings from pests, but also kills aphids. Within half an hour after the spraying, these insects begin to die. Use the drug 2 times with an interval of 1 week. Beekeepers should be aware that the drug is toxic to bees, so plants should be handled with care.
For humans, the insecticide is practically safe, but the treatment should be carried out with gloves. Plants are sprayed in dry weather in the morning or in the evening, if the activities are carried out in early spring, you need to spray before the first leaves bloom. The drug effect lasts approximately 20 days.
Commander is a universal insecticide that kills up to 30 species of different insects. The commander from aphids in the trees blocks the locomotor apparatus of insects, they begin to die 6 hours after treatment. Insecticide release form - granules and liquid. Dilute both funds in water in the required proportions.
The fight against aphids in the garden using the Komnador is as follows: 5 ml of the product must be diluted in 10 liters of water. In calm and dry weather, the plants are sprayed from a spray bottle. It is impossible to store the unused substance, pour it into the sewer too. When spraying on other crops, the solution should not get into.
Fufanon from aphids
Fufanon aphid remedy - has a wide spectrum of action, safe for people and pets. It is produced in plastic ampoules; it protects plants in the garden for up to 10-12 days. The death of aphids begins 2-3 days after the first treatment. The product has no unpleasant odor and is water-based.
When garden crops are infected with aphids, 10 liters of water and 10 ml of fufanon are taken for treatment. Average consumption - 1.5 liters of solution per bush. The drug should not be combined with other insect repellents, it itself shows an excellent result. To check compatibility, Fufanon is mixed with other drug, if a precipitate appears, the funds are not compatible.
The Iskra aphid remedy is produced by a domestic company. This is a line of products for the control of different types of pests, including aphids. The drug has a long period of action, the treatment can be carried out even in the hot season. The substance is not washed off by rains, it is absorbed into the aboveground part of horticultural crops.
To obtain a solution, take 1 tablet of the agent, dissolve it in a small amount of water, filter it and bring the volume to 10 liters. If the fight is carried out with Iskra-bio, it will be an emulsion. The maximum effect is achieved 3 days after treatment. The product is safe, insects do not develop resistance to it.
Aphid control in the garden requires quick and effective treatments. The garden must be carefully examined in order to notice the problem in time, then it is easier to deal with it and win. What methods of struggle to use, each gardener decides for himself. It may seem that fighting parasites is very difficult, but sometimes the simplest methods work.
Chemical methods of aphid control
Weekly spraying of plants for the destruction of aphids is carried out using the following preparations:
|A type||Name||Operating principle|
|Contact||Fufanon, Arrivo and Karfabos||Chemical agents fall on the integument of the insect's body, penetrate inside and act as an instant poison.|
|Intestinal||BI-58 Novy and Komfidor||Once inside the body, the funds poison the aphids.|
|Systemic||"VDG" and "Aktara"||They affect the plant, making it poisonous for parasitic insects, but without harming the garden culture itself.|
Ways to combat aphids
To an inexperienced grower, on whose rose garden aphids first appeared, measures to combat it are unknown and seem rather blurred. It is clear that you need to buy something and somehow process the plants, however, where to start is completely incomprehensible. In fact, everything is simple, and the remedies for aphids on roses can be roughly divided into three groups.
Mechanical treatment of rose bushes from aphids
As soon as you notice aphids on your roses, you should start processing. If there are still few insects, mechanical removal of the pests can be dispensed with. This is done in two ways - by flushing the aphids with a strong stream of water from a hose or by crushing them with gloved hands.
Before proceeding with the mechanical removal of aphids, tear off and burn the affected (twisted and yellowed) leaves
It is necessary to wash off aphids from bushes for several days in a row to get rid of those pests that have just hatched from eggs. By itself, the aphid that has fallen on the ground is absolutely helpless and quickly becomes the prey of ladybirds, lacewings, spiders, wasps and other predatory insects.
If there are still very few aphids, put on rubber gloves and simply crush the nascent colonies right on the stems and leaves, and then douse the bush with water. Aphids are small and soft, so this process will not give you any uncomfortable sensations.
Fighting aphids with folk remedies
Aphid treatment with folk remedies is reduced to spraying roses with various infusions and decoctions that have a pungent smell or taste and turn flowers into a completely unappetizing food for aphids. There are many recipes, but most often summer residents respect several of them.
Aphid soap solution
Rub the laundry soap on a grater (you will need 4-5 tablespoons of shavings), dissolve it in a liter of water and pour the solution into a spray bottle. Treat the plants with it, repeat this every 2 weeks or after heavy rain.
Take only laundry soap, because scented toilet soap, on the contrary, will become an additional bait for aphids and other harmful insects.
Ash broth from aphids
Dilute 300-400 g of ash in 10 liters of water, put on fire and boil for 2 hours. Cool, remove large pieces (so the sprayer does not clog) and treat the rose garden and other plants that are prone to aphid attacks.
Infusion of tobacco dust from aphids
Pour half a glass of tobacco dust with a liter of water and boil the mixture for half an hour. Let it brew for a day, strain, dilute with water in half and add a little (10-20 g) of laundry soap. Spray the resulting mixture on the roses every 14-20 days.
The main "shepherds" and breeders of aphids are ants, so you will have to fight with them, destroying large anthills in your area.
Infusion of onion peel from aphids
Pour 200 g of onion husks with 10 liters of warm water and send it to heat for 5 days. After that, strain and spray the affected plants, as well as those that are still healthy (for prevention purposes).
Infusion of garlic from aphids
Take a couple of large heads of garlic, chop along with the peel, fill with a bucket of water and let it brew for 24 hours. With this infusion, spray the bushes from aphids, weevils, ticks.
Professional preparations against aphids
Store-bought anti-aphid preparations are distinguished by their effectiveness, speed of action and long-term action. However, not everyone is ready to apply "chemistry" on their site. If there are few aphids on your roses, do with folk remedies, but if all the plants are already affected, and the colonies are spreading through the garden at an incredible speed, endangering not only flowers, but also the harvest of fruit and berry crops, go to "heavy artillery".
The most effective (and sold in any garden store, which is also important) aphid preparations are as follows:
- Anti-tick Max,
- Spark Gold,
- Calypso Spray,
They are used strictly according to the instructions - some are enough to use twice a season, others will have to be applied three times. It is important that, like biological products for aphids, they must be used as soon as you find the first pests, while strictly observing the dosage. Remember that aphid preparations should not fall on edible crops growing nearby, since in this case you will have to postpone harvesting for 20-30 days.
Preparations for aphids on roses are mostly poisonous, therefore, it is necessary to carry out the treatment only with the use of protective equipment (in closed clothes, a headdress, a respirator, gloves and glasses).
Do not assume that the use of insecticides will not affect the roses themselves. Unfortunately, after processing, their flowers will become unsuitable for use in medical and cosmetic purposes, and in rare cases, the smell may change. In addition, aphids breed new offspring every two weeks, which means they quickly adapt to the active substances used against them. Alternate preparations (remember, it is not the names of the funds that should differ, but their active ingredients!), Do not skip intermediate treatments with infusions and decoctions based on natural ingredients, shoot down aphids by mechanical methods and lead an offensive on all fronts.
Now that you know how to spray roses against aphids, your garden will become more protected and delight you with delicate aromas and bright colors of a healthy rose garden.