Tsiperus - varieties, planting, reproduction, home care.
Tsiperus is an unpretentious perennial houseplant of the Sedge family. Moisture-loving, ready to grow even in an aquarium, in the light or in partial shade. How to take care of a flower and its reproduction at home?
The origin of cyperus
In nature, Cyperus grows in wetlands of the tropics and subtropics. Most often it can be found in Central America, Africa, on the island of Madagascar, along rivers and on the shores of lakes, where it can reach up to three meters in height.
Cyperus loves to grow on river banks and in swamps
Translated from the Egyptian language Cyperys (sat, sitovnik) means - the gift of the river. It was from the variety of cyperus that the first papyri began to be made, pressing together the stems of the plant and making inscriptions on them. In addition, the stems have become an excellent material for weaving mats, baskets, ropes, sandals and even boats.
Egyptians made boats from long five-meter stems of papyrus
Cyperus came to Europe in the middle of the 18th century and quickly gained popularity. In the UK, it was called the umbrella plant, and, in fact, its leaves are very reminiscent of an open umbrella.
Cyperus leaves are very reminiscent of a green fountain or umbrella.
There are about 600 species of Cyperus, but the most widespread is Cyperus alternatifolia. It is so unpretentious in its care that it can be found almost everywhere: in shops, offices, workshops of industrial enterprises, and, of course, on the windows of flower growers. Cyperus saturates the dry air of rooms with moisture, evaporating it from the surface of the leaves.
Varieties, photo gallery
The appearance of some varieties of Cyperus is very unusual.
Growing conditions, table
Cyperus is unpretentious in care, its main need is moisture in the soil and in the air, which is why some species are planted in an aquarium. In addition, the plant does not have a pronounced dormant period.
How to properly plant and transplant at home
Tsiperus does not have a pronounced dormant period, and its flowers are not of particular value, therefore, the plant can be transplanted at any time of the year. Still, the best time for transplanting is the beginning of spring.
The roots of Cyperus are quite long, they become vines in the water, therefore, it is advisable to take a high pot for it with drainage holes. The width of the pot depends on the vigor of the plant, since cyperus very quickly gives new shoots and fills the entire volume of the soil.
Deep tray planter - ideal for Cyperus
Cyperus is undemanding to the soil, but since this plant came to us from swamps and river banks, the best soil composition will be peat, sand, turf or leafy soil in equal proportions, it is very useful to add swamp or river silt. Grows well on loose universal peat soil mixtures. If you are afraid to dry out the plant, then when preparing the soil, you can add a soggy hydrogel.
Several grains of dry hydrogel turn into an iron-like mass
Hydrogel - know-how for plants. It is made of polymers and has a very high moisture capacity. Several grains of gel absorb up to 100 ml of water and swell. When adding the prepared hydrogel to the soil, you do not have to worry about the plant drying out. The roots penetrate the gel and receive moisture from there. You can saturate the hydrogel with mineral fertilizers, then you will have to feed cyperus less often.
The hydrogel is sold in the form of dry yellowish grains or colored balls
As a rule, the plant is transferred from a smaller pot to a larger one, without freeing the roots from the old soil. If the bush is very large, then it can be divided into several parts.
- Pour a layer of expanded clay into a new pot, up to ¼ of the pot.
Pour a layer of expanded clay on the bottom of the pot
- Then we add a few centimeters of fresh earth.
For planting cyperus, you can use ready-made soil mixtures
- We take the plant out of the old pot and place it in a new one. A few centimeters should remain to the edge.
We take out the cyperus from the old pot and put it in a new one
- We fill up fresh soil between the walls and a lump of earth.
Fill the pot with soil
Some growers do not make drainage holes in the pot and grow cyperus like in a real swamp, when the water covers the entire soil. In this case, a specific smell from the plant may appear, and the water will turn green from algae.
Cyperus can be kept completely in water
Cyperus Helfer is grown mainly in aquarium and paludarium.
Cyperus Helfer in the aquarium serves as a refuge for small fish
Other species of cyperus are also planted in the aquarium, but their stems and umbrellas are above the water.
Paludarium combined with aquarium
The Paludarium is an aquarium-style glass water tank with a semi-aquatic habitat for marsh and coastal plants, whose surface rises significantly above the water level.
Tsiperus is a very unpretentious plant to care for, loves watering very much and it is almost impossible to overflow it.
Watering and feeding
Usually cyperus is watered 1-2 times a day with settled tap water, but it is better to use rain or melt water. If possible, then the flower pot is placed in a deep tray, in which water is constantly poured.
With a cool winter content with an air temperature of about 15 degrees, it is better to drain the water from the sump.
With a lack of watering, the leaves of the sazu turn yellow and dry out. Therefore, if you need to leave for a few days, then the cyperus is placed in a deep bucket, basin or pots of water.
With a lack of water, cyperus leaves quickly turn yellow and die off.
Since the plant has a strong growth of new shoots, then its nutrition must be appropriate. In the warm period of the year (spring and summer), it is imperative to fertilize 2 times a month with liquid fertilizers for decorative leafy plants.
For feeding cyperus, it is better to use liquid fertilizers.
Usually, cyperus is not fertilized in winter, but if the plant is kept in bright light in a warm room and continues to actively release new umbrellas, then feeding does not stop.
Under favorable conditions, Cyperus does not have a dormant period in winter. But due to a decrease in sunny day, the color of the leaves may fade, so it is better to supplement it with lamps until 16 o'clock in the afternoon.
Sometimes in the summer you can see the flowering of Cyperus. It is the appearance of small light brown small inflorescences of light brown color.
Cyperus flowers are inconspicuous, collected in small inflorescences
Care errors - why it dries and other problems
Under inappropriate conditions of detention, you can encounter the following problems:
Sometimes old leaves turn yellow and dry out, this is a normal process inherent in plants. Cut the stem to the root and new leaves will appear soon.
Diseases and pests
Cyperus is rarely damaged by diseases and pests.
Cyperus pests, photo gallery
With the correct content of cyperus, you are unlikely to see such pests.
Almost all types of cyperus reproduce by dividing the bush, seeds and leafy whorls.
Dividing the bush
When transplanted annually in spring, an adult, powerful plant can be divided into several parts. Pots and soil are selected as for transplanting. Cyperus is pulled out of an old pot and carefully divided or cut into several pieces, each of which should contain several stems. Further, new plants are planted in separate containers.
This is how the cyperus bush is divided into plots, each should contain several stems
Plants survive such a transplant very well, but to reduce stress, cyperus can be watered with HB-101 solution (1 drop per liter of water).
For many growers, obtaining cyperus from seeds is the only way to get varieties such as papyrus and zumula, since they are rare and do not reproduce by leaf cuttings.
- Prepare an acidic soil mixture for seeds, based on peat and sand, in proportions 1: 1
- Choose a pot wide and shallow, you can take disposable dishes
This container with a transparent lid is the best option for growing cyperus from seeds.
- We fill the pot with soil, moisten well with soft water (melt or rain)
- Pour the seeds onto the surface and do not embed them in the soil.
Cyperus seeds are very small and therefore need light to germinate
- We cover with glass or transparent film and put in a warm, bright place with a temperature of at least 18 degrees. Seeds germinate in 14-30 days.
Thin blades grow from seeds, they need to be protected from drying out
- We spray from a spray bottle, do not allow the soil to dry out, but we do not make a swamp either.
- Young plants require careful maintenance, it is very important not to dry out delicate borings. It is better to keep them under the film for the first two months, periodically removing it for airing.
- You can plant cyperus as one plant per pot, or in groups.
Cyperus zumula grown from seed
On the modern market, there are not as many varieties of cyperus as we would like. The most common are Pharaoh, Papyrus, Zumula. The seeds are very small, like dust, the amount in bags is 3-5 pieces. According to customer reviews, seeds from the Gavrish company sprout very poorly.
Cyperus seeds are produced by many agricultural firms, but they have different germination
Reproduction of cyperus by shoots (whorls)
The easiest way of reproduction is considered to be the rooting of Cyperus umbrellas. Unfortunately, Helfer's papyrus, zumula and cyperus cannot be propagated this way.
- For the best result, choose an adult large umbrella, preferably with buds between the leaves. Often cut dry old leaves are taken for rooting.
For reproduction, it is better to take a cyperus umbrella with visible buds
- Cut off the leaves from the umbrella, leaving hemp 2-3 centimeters. We shorten the petiole to 10-15 centimeters.
Cut off the leaves, leaving 2-3 cm of hemp
- The resulting whorl is placed in a glass of water, petiole up, umbrella down.
Submerging the Cyperus Umbrella in the Water
- You can plant the whorl immediately in very damp ground, cover with a bag to maintain moisture.
- When rooting in water, roots and young shoots appear from the buds after 2-3 weeks.
After 2-3 weeks, roots and new shoots appear
- When the roots have grown to 5 centimeters, transplant the plant into the soil to a permanent location. We select the soil and the pot as for the transplant.
If you plant several umbrellas in one pot at once, then the bush will be more powerful.
- We constantly water and spray Cyperus.
Video - rooting leaf cuttings and possible problems
Reproduction by leaf layers
Another breeding option for cyperus is leaf cut.
- We select several umbrellas from the mother plant and cut off the leaf plates without cutting off the stem.
- We tilt the prepared whorls and immerse them in a glass of water or wet soil.
- We fix it in this position and wait 2-3 weeks for new roots and shoots to appear.
- Cut off from the mother plant.
This method gives almost 100% result.
In addition, it has been noticed that in the warm season, leaf cuttings root much faster and better than in winter.
Tsiperus is loved not only by people, but also by animals, for example, cats and parrots. Therefore, if you want to have a beautiful bush, then protect it from pets.
Tsiperus is beautiful, decorative, easy to care for. Indispensable for aquariums and light bathrooms.
Hello, my name is Irina, I am 33 years old. I love my collection of hippeastrum very much, but I do not offend other flowers either.
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Caring for cyperus at home, plant propagation by seeds and other options + photo and video
Tsiperus is a herbaceous evergreen plant from the sedge family. It has many other names. It is often called Sytya, Papyrus, Sitovnik, Sedge, alternate-leaved and even Venus grass. In Great Britain, it is called the "umbrella plant" due to the fact that its leaves resemble an open umbrella. Cyperus adorns many corners of homes and offices, in clinics and kindergartens, in the workshops of industrial enterprises and in shop windows with its spectacular appearance. With the help of Cyperus, you can organize green thickets swaying from the wind on your balcony or terrace. Besides, Cyperus is a very useful flower.
It perfectly moisturizes dry air and is a natural "vacuum cleaner".
- The stems of Papyrus are long, bright green, flowering. Over time, they age, turn yellowish and die off. Such stems should be cut off in time so that new ones begin to appear instead. The tops of the stems end with rosettes of whorled thin leaves.
- Linear leaves open in the form of umbrellas. They vary in length and are unevenly distributed. It turns out a kind of sunbeams, giving the flower volume.
- The color of the plant is not uniform. It ranges from dark green to light green. The leaves are even two-colored. Sometimes there are white and brown strokes.
Cyperus is a flowering plant. Peduncles are triangular in shape. They are erect, but flexible, so they do not break under the pressure of the wind. Small nondescript flowers of Cyperus are located singly or rosette. They are pale green, light brown or milky in color. Most often, flowering occurs in summer, in June or July, but some varieties bloom throughout the summer until mid-autumn.
After flowering, small fruits appear - nuts or spikelets of a brownish color. Pollination occurs due to the wind - small pollen is quickly carried by the wind to nearby plants.
In the wild, some species of Cyperus grow up to five meters, forming dense, impassable thickets (at home they are much more modest - from 50 to 100 cm). Papyrus's root is located on the soil surface. It is long and creeping. Sometimes, instead of a root, spindle-shaped processes grow, which act as a root and extract nutrients from the soil. The type of root depends on the species diversity, this should be taken into account when choosing a suitable soil for the plant. For indoor cultivation in a flowerpot or flowerpot, Cyperus species with short roots are suitable.
If you want a flower to delight you with its appearance for a long time, it is worth creating favorable conditions for this.
Did you know? Due to its original shape and bright, varied colors, the plant was popularly called the "Egyptian star", which fully justifies the appearance of the pentas.
- Lighting. The shrub loves sunlight and will feel comfortable in a sunny area. The ideal place for planting will be the one on which the sun falls most of the day, but during a period of intense heat, the flower is in shade.
- Temperature... The optimum temperature for a flower is + 20-25 ° С. The plant is not afraid of drafts, a small breeze.
- Air humidity... Pentas belongs to moisture-loving plants, therefore it is recommended to moisten its foliage from a spray bottle, trying to do this so that water does not get on the inflorescences.
Providing the plant with minimal conditions, you can admire the beautiful for a long time.
Myrtle tree care
Keep the soil in the pot in a moderately moist state, and do not allow a dry crust to form.These rules apply to any season, but the moisture level of the earth requires special attention in summer. As soon as you notice that dryness forms on the top layer, immediately provide abundant irrigation. In winter, watering the soil can be much less frequent, but the water should be warm and, preferably, soft, without impurities.
The myrtle tree does not require high humidity in the atmosphere, while dry air is not at all desirable. Pay particular attention to this during heating and battery operation, as well as in hot summer. In warmer seasons, the plant should be sprayed regularly, but it is better not to do this in winter.
In the summer and spring seasons, the air temperature in the room as a whole is conducive to the well-being of myrtle. However, myrtle feels most comfortable in a somewhat cool environment. Provide him with a mode between +17 and + 21C.
Marks within + 8 ... + 10C will help to overwinter an ornamental plant. If you provide a temperature of + 5 ... + 6C, then the tree will survive, and with proper care, nothing bad should happen to it. A more negative impact in the cold season can be exerted by an indicator above + 10C - in such conditions, foliage crumbles.
Place and lighting for the flower
Myrtle loves sunshine, but sunshine should be in moderation, especially on hot summer days. Do not keep the myrtle flowerpot in the heat. It is best to place the flower in a well-lit area, or on a windowsill. It will be great if the tree is on the west or east side. In summer, caring for a myrtle plant requires less effort, you just need to take it out into fresh air, for example, on a balcony. In winter, you need to provide the flower with good lighting.
Choose a deep pot for myrtle with drainage holes at the bottom, so that the developed root system of the plant, a thick layer of drainage, and there is no stagnant water can freely enter there. When transplanting, the pot is replaced with a container, the diameter of which is 3.5 cm larger than the previous one. It should be noted that the pot should restrict the roots a little, otherwise you can not wait for flowering.
The myrtle plant does not tolerate dry air. It is necessary to frequently spray the trees. The plant can be placed on a pallet of damp pebbles or placed next to the aquarium. You should often turn on a humidifier, place an open container of water next to the tree.
The most comfortable temperature for common myrtle is in the range from 18 to 23 degrees Celsius. The heat does not endure well, as it ceases to develop.
In winter, it needs a lower ambient temperature - 5-7 degrees Celsius.
REFERENCE! The lack of a low-temperature regime leads to leaf fall and cessation of development. However, this process is reversible in myrtle: when spring comes, pruning is performed and the tree grows again.
Myrtle can withstand drafts and sudden temperature fluctuations, but with prolonged exposure to cold, it can die.
The tree loves moisture very much, it is watered abundantly at least 4 times a week so that the substrate dries up 1 cm after each watering. In winter, the plant needs to be watered once every 10 days. For this purpose, they use settled slightly warm water, having previously supplemented the near-stem circle with bark or a coconut substrate to preserve water in the soil.
Standard myrtle is available for purchase at retail outlets, that is, with an even trunk, free of branches from below. If the plant is not pruned periodically, it grows like a pyramidal bush. It is possible to form a dense dense crown of a spherical shape when trimming the tips of branches (shoots). This also helps to strengthen them.
How does it multiply?
A plant like myrtle reproduces by seeds and cuttings:
- For those who are relatively recent growers, it will be easier to propagate the plant by cuttings. It should be carried out no more than twice a year. In winter, approximately in January-February and in summer in July. Cuttings should be taken from the bottom of the tree or the middle part. As for the length of the cutting, it should be no more than 8 centimeters. Leaves can be removed from the cuttings to prevent moisture evaporation. For fast rooting, you can use chemical stimulants. A good mixture for rooting cuttings is a simple mixture of sand and moss. Moss can be replaced with regular leafy soil. Rooting should take place at a temperature of 16 to 20 degrees. The rooting container should be shallow, after planting the cutting it should be covered with a cap. The plant should be ventilated to avoid decay. The stalk can take root only after a month. Then you can plant it in a regular flower pot. The plant will bloom in three or four years.
- Seed propagation is a little more difficult. They are distributed evenly over the soil surface, and sprinkled with substrate on top. The seeds are covered with foil to create greenhouse conditions. It is necessary to maintain the temperature within 20 degrees. The foil should sometimes be removed to ventilate the seeds and will germinate after 1 or 2 weeks. When the seeds have two small leaves, they can be transplanted into small pots. Then care for him is the same as for an adult ordinary myrtle. Flowering will occur only after five years, with the reproduction of myrtle in shifts.
The propagation of myrtle by cuttings and seeds is described in this video:
Top dressing and fertilizers
Myrtle is a finicky plant, so home care needs the most careful. Fertilizers myrtle are necessary for full growth and lush, abundant flowering. As a fertilizer, myrtle should be given only special complex mixtures for indoor or container crops. Top dressing is applied during the period of active growth every 14 days.
The nutrient mixture should always be runny. Fertilizer is diluted in warm water and applied only the next day after watering.
Any other types of fertilizers and dressings (organic, mineral, special garden) are not suitable for myrtle.
The flower loves the sun, it may even be under its direct rays. However, it is better to hide it from excessively bright light during the midday heat.
The best option would be to place the plant near the east or west window. The lack of sunlight will affect the number of flowers - there will be fewer of them than expected.
Lack of sunlight can affect the number of flowers
During the rest period
The plant is transferred to a cool, with a temperature of up to 10 ° C, but a bright place, a glazed balcony would be ideal. At this time, the plant is watered once a week, making sure that the topsoil does not dry out. You can not feed the flower or fertilize no more than 1 time per month or after 5 weeks. Spraying is required if the pot is installed in a warm room. Shedding of leaves occurs when the plant is hot. With the onset of spring, the splendor of the bush will be restored.
Formation of the trunk and crown
To make the shape of the myrtle beautiful, it is periodically trimmed. The procedure and methods for forming a stem or crown depend on the variety, but this is always done in early spring or after flowering ends.
In the summer, it is permissible to remove a few extra branches. If you do not trim the crown of the myrtle, then it acquires a pyramidal shape.
Shoots can be bent and tied, entangling with soft wire, but with care
Pinching is relevant in spring and in young plants during the period of activity. This will make the crown wider, so it is better to cut young branches short enough.
A characteristic feature of the flower is a long period of rest (hibernation). The duration of the dormant period of myrtle depends on the location of the flower pot in the room. On windows with a north orientation, the dormant period is 3 months, on the west and east about two months, on the south no more than 1.5 months.
Caring for myrtle during hibernation is different from keeping a flower during the growing season. In winter, watering is limited, the plant is not sprayed, the temperature regime is maintained within + 5 ... + 10 C. If the temperature regime is violated, the flower is kept in a hotter room, the plant can shed its foliage.
Leaves fall - reasons
Myrtle leaves turn yellow, fall off
If the plant does not have enough light, the shoots stretch out, the leaves become small and faded. Excessive lighting may cause the leaves to turn yellow and peel off. Also, the leaves turn yellow and fall off if the air in the room is too warm and at the same time poor lighting.
Myrtle leaves fall
When the earthen coma dries completely, all the foliage can fly around. Suddenly such a situation occurred, then you need to shorten the stems in half, carry out regular moistening and spraying of the bush. After 2 weeks, young leaves will appear.
A transplant for a young Myrtle tree must be carried out at least once a year., and an older one can be transplanted every three years. It must be done after the winter period, in the spring.
Choose a pot with a good drainage hole and larger than the one in which the plant lived before.
Myrtle is an exotic plant, so it is better to buy a substrate for such a tree in the store, but you can cook it yourself.
It should consist of humus, peat, river sand and turf soil. Don't forget to put the drain on the bottom of the pot.
The roots must be carefully freed from the substrate from the old pot and transplanted into a new one.
The trunk of the tree should not go deep into the ground, otherwise Myrtle may get sick. Finally, water and sprinkle the plant with standing water.
When and how it blooms
Myrtle will bloom in June and July: from the very first days of summer to mid-summer. Fragrant flowers bloom from the buds.
There are two main forms of myrtle flowers. They can be collected in clusters and inflorescences. In other varieties, each flower is individually attached to the leaf axil.
Most flowers bloom at the top of the crown, where more light enters. Flowering lasts about 1.5 months. Then the berries are tied.
Types of flowers
There are two types of flowers:
They consist of 4-6 petals, which are round or pointed.
If you take proper care of myrtle, it will surely give abundant flowering. Possible reasons for the absence of flower ovaries:
- low humidity
- a sharp change in the habitat of a plant, for example, an unexpected transfer from partial shade to open light
- pruning the crown in spring will provide enhanced growth of young shoots, but exclude the appearance of flowers, therefore, the procedure should be performed in winter or immediately after flowering
- irregular fertilization
- the presence of diseases or pests.
Important! For good flowering, the flower container is chosen a little cramped.
Dries up what to do?
As described above, Myrtle should be frequently sprayed with standing water if the air is dry enough and the soil of the tree should always be moist. In no case do not allow the soil to dry out in the pot, otherwise the Myrtle leaves will curl up and dry.
If circumstances are such that the crown of the tree has dried up, then do not despair. The myrtle can still be reanimated by immersing it together with the pot in settled water for 10-15 minutes.
Leaves can also dry out due to the large amount of fertilizer. To do this, you will have to take a very risky step - you need to transplant the tree into new soil, after washing the roots of the plant.