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Choosing Zinnia Varieties – What Are The Different Kinds Of Zinnia

Choosing Zinnia Varieties – What Are The Different Kinds Of Zinnia


By: Amy Grant

One of the most popular, and easiest, annual flowers to growis the zinnia.It is no wonder zinnias enjoy such popularity. Native to Mexico, there are 22accepted species of zinnia comprised of hundreds of zinnia cultivars andhybrids. There is such a dizzying array of zinnia varieties that it’s almostdifficult to decide what zinnia to plant. To help you decide, the following articlediscusses different zinnia plant types and how to incorporate them into thelandscape.

Different Types of Zinnia

As mentioned, there are 22 accepted species of zinnia, agenus of plants of the sunflower tribe within the daisy family. The Aztecscalled them “plants hard on the eyes” due to their brilliantly colored blooms.These exuberantly colored blooms were named after the German botany professor,Johann Gottfried Zinn, responsible for their discovery and subsequent import toEurope in the 1700s.

The original zinnia has come a long way due to hybridizationand selective breeding. Today, zinnia plant types come in not only a wide arrayof colors, but in sizes from 6 inches (15 cm.) to almost 4 feet (about a meter)in height. Zinnia varieties range in appearance from dahlia-like to cactusflower or beehive shape and may be single or double petaled.

Different Kinds of Zinnia Cultivars

The most commonly grown types of zinnias are Zinnia elegans. These beauties range insize from the diminutive ‘Thumbelina’ to the enormous 4-foot-tall (about ameter) ‘Benary’s Giants.’ All have semi-double to double, dahlia-like flowersor blooms comprised of rolled petals. Other cultivars available include:

  • ‘Dasher’
  • ‘Dreamland’
  • ‘Peter Pan’
  • ‘Pulcino’
  • ‘Short Stuff’
  • ‘Zesty’
  • ‘Lilliput’
  • ‘Oklahoma’
  • ‘Ruffles’
  • ‘State Fair’

Then we have the extremely drought and heat resistant Zinnia angustifolia, also referred to asa narrow-leaf zinnia. This low growing species comes in hues from golden yellowto white or orange. Of the zinnia plant types, Z. angustifolia is the best choice for problem areas such as alongparking lots, sidewalks and roadways. The extreme temperatures radiating fromthe concrete would kill most plants but not narrow-leaf zinnia.

Common cultivars available include:

  • ‘Gold Star’
  • ‘White Star’
  • ‘Orange Star’
  • ‘Crystal White’
  • ‘Crystal Yellow’

The zinnia ‘Profusion’ is a disease resistant hybrid thatthrives in hot, dry weather. Comprised of the best of Z. angustifolia and Z.elegans, ‘Profusion’ types of zinnia grow to about a foot in height (30cm.) with a naturally branching, neat clumping habit.

Kinds of ‘Profusion’ zinnias include:

  • ‘Apricot’
  • ‘Cherry’
  • ‘Coral Pink’
  • ‘Double Cherry’
  • ‘Fire’
  • ‘Orange’
  • ‘White’

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Best Zinnia Cultivars for Attracting Butterflies

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The vibrant colors of the 30 species of flowering annuals in the Zinnia genus make them garden favorites. Zinnia are easy to grow, thriving in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 10 and if you plant them, butterflies will almost always show up for some nectar. One standout Zinnia may be better than the rest for attracting butterflies, but selecting from the remaining cultivars is not so easy.


Double and Semi-Double

In 1856, French collectors introduced double-flowered zinnias. This type of zinnia has many rows of petals that completely cover the center of the flower. Zinnia elegans “Candy Cane” grows up to 24 inches tall and has 3-inch wide double flowers. Its color combinations range from white with bronze streaks to yellow mixed with pink. Semi-double flowers, such as lime-colored Zinnia elegans “Envy”, have multiple rows of petals with a visible center. Beehive zinnias are double-flowered zinnias with rows of petals that form a beehive-shaped stack, and button-type flowers look like flattened beehive flowers.


PICTURES

Photo courtesy of All America Selections.

Zinnia elegans ‘Queeny Lime Orange’

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 18 to 24 inches tall, 6 to 12 inches wide

Exposure: Full sun

Bloom Time: Summer to frost

Color: Shades of lime, yellow, peach, salmon and orange

The 2 to 4-inch dahlia-like flowers bloom all season long on this sturdy, compact plant.

Photo courtesy of All America Selections.

Zinnia Profusion Double Deep Salmon

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 14 inches tall, 24 inches wide, mounded

Exposure: Partial to full sun

Bloom Time: Late spring to fall

Color: Salmon

The 2-1/2 to 3-inch double flowers bloom continuously from spring to frost. The Profusion series is self-cleaning and has improved disease resistance to mildew.

Photo courtesy of All America Selections.

Zinnia Profusion Double Hot Cherry

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 14 inches tall, 24 inches wide, mounded

Exposure: Shade, partial sun, full sun

Bloom Time: Spring to frost

These heat-loving annuals bloom profusely (hence, the name) from spring until frost and are available in multiple colors

Photo courtesy of All America Selections.

Zinnia marylandica Double Zahara Cherry

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 12 to 14 inches tall

Exposure: Full sun

Bloom Time: Summer to fall

The Zahara series boasts superior disease resistance and heat tolerance. Available in solid or bicolor varieties that bloom with 2-1/2-inch flowers.

Photo courtesy of All America Selections.

Zinnia marylandica Double Zahara Fire

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 16 to 20 inches tall and wide

Exposure: Full sun

Bloom Time: Spring to frost

Color: Scarlet-orange

The intermediate size of the Zahara series makes it perfect for mid-level planting or containers.

Photo courtesy of All America Selections.

Zinnia marylandica Zahara Starlight Rose

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 12 to 14 inches tall and wide

Exposure: Full sun

Bloom Time: Summer

Color: White with rose stripes

This bicolor variety blooms on a compact, bushy plant with little maintenance.

Photo by: RM Floral / Alamy Stock Photo.

Zinnia elegans Dreamland Series Coral

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 6 to 12 inches tall and wide

Exposure: Partial to full sun

Bloom Time: Late spring to frost

Color: Coral (shown), apricot, pink, rose, yellow, ivory, red and scarlet.

Rugged and weather-tolerant, the Dreamland series has large, long-lasting blooms that come in 8 colors.

Photo by: Shaikh Meraj / Shutterstock.

Zinnia elegans ‘Benary’s Giant Golden Yellow'

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 3 to 4 feet tall, 2 to 3 feet wide

Exposure: Full sun

Bloom Time: Spring to frost

Color: Golden yellow (shown), deep red, orange, carmine rose, coral, lime, wine, purple, bright pink, white, salmon rose, and scarlet.

The Benary’s Giants have large, double blossoms, 4 to 6 inches across, available in a rainbow of colors and features improved mildew resistance.

Photo by: Shaikh Meraj / Shutterstock.

Zinnia elegans Magellan Yellow

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 12 to 18 inches tall and 8 to 12 inches wide

Exposure: Full sun

Bloom Time: Spring to frost

Color: Yellow (shown), cherry red, ivory and orange

Fully double flowers bloom all summer on this heat-loving zinnia.

Photo by: Carolyn Jenkins / Alamy Stock Photo.

Zinnia angustifolia ‘Star Orange’

Zones: Annual

Height/Spread: 14 inches tall, 8 inches wide, mounded

Exposure: Full sun

Bloom Time: Spring to frost

Color: Orange

This compact zinnia grows quickly and has single flowers. It is heat, humidity and drought tolerant.


Watch the video: Το πρώτο μου βίντεο. Dama Zinnia