How to properly prepare compost in bags with your own hands
It is customary to refer to fertilizers that are organic in nature as compost. They are obtained after the composition of herbs and other components decomposes due to the vital activity of microorganisms. Today you will learn how to make compost in bags correctly, how to make an excellent fertilizer slowly or quickly, which components should be part of a quality top dressing, and which should not be there.
How to make fertilization in a quick way?
This question is very often asked by novice gardeners who do not yet have sufficient practical experience. The structure is best placed on the ground or in a prepared pit. Good drainage is needed, made from hay or straw. Laying compost layers is interspersed with processing with the Baikal accelerator, which contains a sufficient amount of nitrogen. You can use another drug with similar properties. In the case of dense stacking of layers, the quality of the fertilizer can be damaged. For example, the layers can consist of branches taken from fruit trees and other fruit waste. Dry leaves, paper, mown annual grasses are also suitable. It is important not to forget to alternate layers of material with accelerator treatment. Only in this case it is possible to achieve normal ventilation of the air and obtain high-quality compost at the exit.
To get the correct temperature regime, you should cover the structure with oilcloth, a piece of linoleum, and unnecessary rags. Be sure to turn the composition once a month. If there are dry summer days, in order to maintain normal humidity, it is required to water the fertilizer with a hose. The smell is also important. If it is ammoniacal, then you have overdone the amount of accelerator. Adding shredded paper will help.
When you smell rotten eggs, the problem is lack of oxygen. The solution is to add shavings or straw to the composition. Normally, quick compost can be used after 2 months.
How to cook video
This video will show you how to make quality compost.
Slow preparation of fertilizer
In the case of choosing a slow method of creating fertilizer, the material is prepared only once, after which it is necessary to wait about 2 years. This method is also called cold. You will need to install a container in a pit located on a certain hill. Its depth is made the size of a shovel bayonet. The compost pit must be wide enough. Such that it can freely fit a large number of logs, foliage, branches. All components must be crushed. Then they are placed in a pit and fall asleep. The scheme of the compost heap is as follows - at the bottom of the box there is matured compost, then the maturing compost is located, and the covering layer completes the structure. It is advised to put the box in the far corner of the garden. It's great if partial shade will be created there.
Fertilizer in bags
When you do not have a large personal plot on which to place a compost pit, storing fertilizer in bags will help. They must be black and dense. The top layer of the earth should be removed from the development site. Together with weeds and grass, it is placed in prepared bags, and vermicompost must be poured into it. Instead of this drug, it is permissible to use any similar stimulant. When all the steps are completed, the bags must be rewound with tape. When, after a few months, they are open, you can count on getting high-quality compost.
Self-composting does not take much time and allows you to save personal funds.
What can be in compost? These are waste from your kitchen, such as cereals, fruits and vegetables, even tea leaves or grounds taken from the coffee you drink. It is also recommended to use rotted animal manure.
As well as stems and branches from crops growing in your garden, foliage and other rotted waste from the site, any types of algae, waste that a special shredder of garden crops leaves behind. Pre-chopped weeds are also suitable. You cannot use only their root system. Compost also often contains materials of natural origin - paper or fabric.
What materials should not be used
In addition to the list of materials that can be used, there is also a list of those that should not be in high-quality and correct compost.
So, in the composition of the fertilizer there is no place for such animal waste as droppings, bones, and so on. You cannot add fresh foliage and perennial weeds, as well as the root system, to it. Plants that have any diseases are not to be used for composting. You should not add fresh manure, garden waste, in which the presence of toxic substances or toxins is noted. It is forbidden to put residues of materials such as rubber, glass, metal, plastic wrap and other similar debris there.
How to store video
The video will show you how to store compost.
Master class: how to make compost from grass with your own hands
Compost is an organic fertilizer, environmentally friendly and efficient, which results from the decomposition of different types of plants. A mixture of grass, weeds, foliage and other "green" ingredients. Popular among gardeners since ancient times. In this master class, Natalya Ivantsova will share the secrets of how to prepare compost at the dacha correctly, quickly, and most importantly, with her own hands. Compost is used as a top dressing for vegetables, berries, fruit trees - it is a versatile, natural and cheap fertilizer.
The topic of composting is of concern to many summer residents, because organic waste is accumulating in their gardens and vegetable gardens, and the question arises of how they can be recycled. It is a fertilizer for which you collect plant residues by sending them to rot in a heap, pit or in a special compost bin, to be used later to increase yields.
Features of the
Compost is an effective fertilizer obtained from plant residues and food waste with the addition of bird droppings, sawdust, chalk, ash and some other organic components. The undoubted advantage of such feeding was the fact that this method of waste processing relieves the owners of the suburban area from the need to remove all vegetable waste from the site.
Particularly popular is the production of compost in garbage bags - it requires almost no financial costs and physical effort, while the benefits of the resulting nutrient mixture for future plants are great.
This is a fairly progressive composting method that has only advantages, namely:
- saving the owner's time - quick fertilization can be done in just a couple of months, while compost prepared using the traditional method should mature for at least a year
- saving space on the personal plot - to place boxes and bags, you do not need to allocate a large separate area; with the traditional method of composting, you will have to form a compost pit, as a rule, it takes up a significant part of the garden
- compost mobility - if necessary, bags with their contents can be transferred from one place to another at any time and free up the area for creating new flower beds and beds
- labor savings - you do not have to constantly shovel the compost mass during its ripening, everything that is required from the owner of the site - just turn the bags from one side to the other a couple of times, however, some summer residents do not do this either
- maturing compost in bags is not washed away by rain
- plant mass, evaporating in bags, remains clean, since the container is hermetically sealed accordingly, new pests brought in from the outside do not start up inside, new weed roots do not appear and grass seeds are not brought in by the wind.
As for the disadvantages of quick compost in bags, then, perhaps, the only drawback is the need to buy new bags every time - the old are dilapidated and torn. In addition, not everyone is satisfied with the fact that all compost components will have to be laid at the same time, otherwise it will not be able to rotate evenly. However, as practice shows, for most gardeners, such problems are not significant.
Types of compost
Peat manure compost made from peat and manure, taken equally. Any manure can be taken: horse, sheep, cattle, chicken and rabbit droppings. In addition to pork - due to the nutritional characteristics of their manure, the exorbitant amount of nitrogen - this will ruin any soil.
Sawdust and slurry compost - instant fertilizer. It can be used to feed plants a month and a half after laying a heap. The slurry is poured between the sides of peat or sawdust. 100 kilograms of bulk materials are consumed per 100 liters of slurry. When the peat or sawdust absorbs the slurry, a heap is formed from the mass, where the composting processes will immediately begin. It is useful to add phosphorus to the mixture at the rate of 2 kg of superphosphate per centner of organic matter.
Peat and fecal compost is done like the previous one, but instead of slurry, the contents of country toilets are used. It will not work to replace peat with sawdust, since sawdust does not absorb odors so well. It is not used on vegetables, but for a garden and perennial plantings, including ornamental crops, it is suitable.
There is no need to be afraid of helminthiasis. In a heap, the mixture heats up to 80 degrees. At this temperature, human helminths die along with eggs and larvae.
Garden multicomponent compost - universal fertilizer for gardens and vegetable gardens. Lay waste of the garden: weeds, cut shoots, fallen leaves and tops. The result is a black, odorless mixture, fine-grained structure, oily to the touch. As some gardeners say, looking at such a mass, “I would eat it myself”.
To get good compost, the pile must be shoveled at least 2 times per season, moving to another place. The fertilizer will be ready in a year.
Dung-earth compost - instead of peat, they take ordinary land. For 70 parts of manure, there should be 30 parts of soil. The components are laid in layers. The soil will absorb the solution released from the manure, and will not allow nitrogen to "escape" from the manure heap in the form of gas - ammonia.
Manure-earth compost contains 3 times more nitrogen than humus obtained by overheating manure in heaps. Having laid a dung-earth heap in the spring, you can get a high-quality and highly nutritious product in the fall.
You don't have to use peat or soil to make compost in your apartment. One of the advantages of the technology is that the mass can be prepared from kitchen waste. The fertilizer is prepared by itself. You don't need to buy anything for cooking except a plastic bucket, which is why it is sometimes called “plastic compost».
Algorithm for making compost in garbage bags
For the most successful composting, it is necessary to study several important nuances that apply to different types of raw materials.
Of fallen leaves
Leaves collected from the site are excellent raw materials for composting, but only if you use last year's material. Alternatively, you can use leaves collected in the forest or in plantings, while not only deciduous, but also coniferous crops are suitable. Before laying the leaves in bags, they are crushed using a mulcher or any other available auxiliary mechanisms.
Further, the crushed material itself is placed in bags, on the bottom of which the removed top layer of soil was previously laid. If the foliage was too dry, then it should be spilled with water, otherwise it will not be possible to provide the required temperature regime inside the container. And in order to avoid decay, experienced farmers recommend not to tighten the bags with a tight knot, providing several auxiliary holes in their lateral part.
From grass and tops
If the garden is full of weeds, then you should not rush to get rid of them, because you can turn these pests into a means to increase yields. The only condition that must be met is that only young plants are used for composting. In addition, they should not bloom and form seeds, since fertilizers from such weeds are not able to give anything other than rapid reproduction on the site. The tops of various fruit and vegetable crops are also used, as well as the mowing of young grass, which some summer residents specially sow between trees.
And in order to make herbal dressing more effective, you can add calcium-rich eggshells, peeled sod, paper and potato scraps, and even toilet paper to it. Various nitrogen-containing or carbonaceous raw materials are also added, however, its excess does not in the best way affect the quality of humus, therefore it is better to adhere to a ratio of 1 to 30.
From the peels and peels of the fruit
Some owners of personal plots try not to throw away anything superfluous, even sending waste from the table for composting. As a result, potato and tomato peels, citrus peels and other processing get into the bags. True, such an idea is far from the most successful, since such products tend to ripen for a very long time, sometimes giving completely different results than expected. In addition, any cleaning must be fresh with no obvious signs of deterioration, otherwise the development of rot inside the compost bag will become inevitable.
And there can be no question of the addition of synthetic raw materials, since all these disposable bottles, cups, rubber, polyethylene decompose for decades without carrying any benefit. You need to be extremely careful with bird droppings, as its excess can burn the root system. If plant organic matter was used, then to accelerate its ripening, it is worth using such universal additives as wood ash (a liter can per bag will be enough) and ammonium nitrate (2 tbsp. L.)
Urea in compost. Welcome to my channel, dear readers!
In autumn, in other matters, as well as throughout the season, a lot of plant waste accumulates on the site. These are weeds, and tops of plants, and branches of trees and shrubs, and rotten fruits.
Many gardeners have their own ways of composting this waste that have been developed over the years. Basically, most of them agree that only weeds and tops of plants that are not damaged by various diseases should be placed in the compost.
I did the same when laying the compost heap. I had there mainly weeds and tops of plants that were not affected by diseases, which turned into compost in a year and a half. All other plant residues and tree branches I burned or buried.
About three years ago, I read on the Internet an interesting, as it seemed to me, method of composting plant residues. I decided to make a compost heap using the same method as described in the article, and a year later I got good compost.
On the bottom of the compost heap, I put branches of trees and shrubs, which, after pruning, are always collected decently. I pre-dry and grind them.
Then I lay in layers weeds, tops, fruits that are not edible. After about 15-20 cm, I sprinkle each layer well with urea. I cover our compost heap with covering material on top.
How to cook such a bunch look at
If we form such a compost heap in the fall, then it will be possible to fully use it next fall or next spring. In the summer, on such a heap, pumpkin vegetables grow beautifully for me: pumpkins, zucchini, and even cucumbers.
How to make compost in the country with your own hands - useful tips
What is compost or compost pit?
Compost is perhaps one of the simplest and lowest budget organic fertilizers.
It is based on plant debris from the summer cottage (grass, cleaning from under eggshells and potatoes, various rotten fruits of fruit and vegetable origin, leaves and much more), decomposed under the influence of microorganisms.
The composted residues provide an excellent organic fertilizer to provide the soil with ideal nutrition, which improves the structure of the soil, making it looser.
How to prepare compost? Let's open the veil of secrecy.
What do you need to compost?
First of all, these are materials of two groups:
- rich in nitrogen
- rich in carbon.
Nitrogen-rich materials decompose quickly and generate heat; this is the so-called herbaceous soft (green) layer. Its main ingredients are: green leaves, grass, tops, kitchen waste, etc.
Carbon-rich materials decompose more slowly, they provide the compost with a loose structure and retain moisture - a woody brown layer. The basis of the woody layer is made up of: stems, sawdust, shavings, cardboard, old dry foliage, twigs and peat.
Ideal composting ingredients
In order for the compost to mature quickly, you need:
- both ingredients (green and brown),
- oxygen access
- constant humidity.
Some of the ideal composting ingredients are:
- fresh green leaves and branches of trees and shrubs
- withered flowers, remnants of vegetables and fruits, tops
- lawn grass
- drunk tea (in bags and loose leaves)
- sawdust and shavings
- fallen leaves from trees
- garden land
- wood ash
In order for the processing process to begin, rapidly decomposing ingredients will be required (peeling potatoes or the remains of other vegetables, freshly cut weeds, freshly cut grass, etc.).
In the process of composting, you can and should add the above ingredients, but it will allow the fertilizer to form correctly.
If the compost contains a lot of grass, it will not be superfluous to add eggshells or ash to it and vice versa.
To form the correct bacterial content, add bacteria-rich garden soil to the compost.
Features of compost heap care
Ideally, the compost ready for fertilization should smell like forest litter, so during the composting process it is necessary to monitor it:
- If the compost has an unpleasant smelly odor, and its consistency is wet and slimy black, it is obvious that there is not enough wood layer. In order to normalize the situation, you should add stems, sawdust, torn paper and dry casts.
- If an ant nest has formed in the compost heap, it is obvious that the microclimate in it is too dry. To rectify the situation and fight the ants, you need to mix the heap and water it well, the ants will change their place of residence
- We noticed a swarm of flies over a pile of compost, which means that the microclimate in the compost, on the other hand, is too humid. You need to mix a bunch and make aeration so that in dry weather excess moisture evaporates
- In the event that the compost preparation process has slowed down, it may have dried out - add freshly mown grass or vegetable peelings to it, pour water over everything
- In order to maintain a friendly microclimate inside the compost heap, it needs aeration from time to time. Aeration allows aeration of the heap from the inside, giving access to air and is the tedding and transfer of the contents of the compost heap with the pitchfork.
Choosing a place for composting
Let's take a look at the options for placing the compost heap:
- The compost heap must be positioned in such a way that its contents do not dry out. If you allocate space for a heap on the site, placing it on the ground, then to prevent drying out, it is covered with a film, dry grass or straw. Compost bins are often used to give a cleaner and more well-groomed look.
- Compost box. A good option for composting can be a wooden box, the main materials of which are boards or a mesh-netting, which provides ventilation. It is better to make the front walls of the box removable, which will provide convenience in mixing the compost, the top of the box is closed with a lid. Due to the different periods of compost maturation, it is better to make the box from several sections, which will allow transferring the more mature compost separately, and use the vacated section to prepare a new batch.
- The thermo-composter will provide the necessary conditions for composting, in such a device everything is already provided in advance even in winter conditions.
Compost preparation technology - 5 steps
- do not use animal food residues (fish, meat, bones, broth, etc.) together with plant residues in the compost.
- do not mix seeds with weeds, diseased plants into the compost.
- after putting the waste from the table in a pile, sprinkle it with earth.
- stir the contents of the compost heap periodically (at least 4-5 times per season).
- use compost activators to speed up the process of its preparation "Compostin", etc.
How to make compost - video
We hope our tips will help you understand how to make your own compost.