Interesting

Folk signs of July

Folk signs of July


Folk calendar for July

The sun goes high above the vault
Red-hot from the heat of the sky,
It smells of honey-scented linden,
And the forest is full of darkness.

N. Grekov


In ancient Russia, this "middle" month of summer was called differently: "lipets" (after flowering linden trees), "thunderstorm" (because of severe thunderstorms), "zharynik", "stray", and sometimes "serpen", since the harvesting season began. July is the zenith ("crown") of summer, the hottest month of the year.

The folk calendar highlighted the signs characteristic of July. For example, this: if you can mentally hang a bucket on the horn of the month - be sushi, if the bucket "falls" - to rain (this sign gives the weather for 1-2 weeks).

Daytime rain often subsides by night, a strong wind promises heavy rain. It starts with large drops - it will soon stop, and with lightning - a lot of it will fall out.

If, even before the rain begins, some kind of hum (noise) is heard from the clouds, expect hail or heavy downpour.

The "warm house" will blow, and then it will rain with a cold wind - hail is very possible. Happen to be a red dawn - wait for the wind, pale - rain.

In the night sky, the stars are bright, shining - to hot weather, they flicker strongly and clouds rise from the very morning - a sign of a thunderstorm that will break out at noon hours.

A change in the weather for the better: after rain the wind intensifies (disperses the clouds); "dry" lightning will shine or the dew that appears lasts a long time; in the morning the wind blew from the east, and in the evening - from the west; the twinkling of stars decreases at night.

Clear weather foreshadows a crimson sunset.

Good weather is evidenced by the following signs: strong dew and fog in the morning; the clouds are roundish and disperse; grasshoppers are jumping and chirping together, and mosquitoes and other midges swirl.

But crows will rise under the clouds - a sign of bad weather, sit with their beaks in one direction - a fast strong wind.

  • Many noticed: a thunderstorm is approaching - in an instant the sparrows calm down and hide under the roof.
  • Swallows and swifts descend to the ground and hunt for insects low-low - this means that the pressure is dropping, rain is even very possible.
  • Frogs get out to the surface of the water, raise their heads and begin to croak - to bad weather (maybe even long).
  • Frogs are silent - to a cold snap.
  • Flies begin to bite badly and painfully, bees swiftly return to the hive - to the rain.
  • If the bees sting more often - to drought, sit on the wall of their house - to extreme heat.

Zosima - beekeeper (July 2) - patron saint of beekeepers.

The people called the day of Methodius (July 3) "the spider's day". After all, it has been noticed: the spider does not scatter its nets - to the rain and even to the storm. Before the onset of bad weather, he often destroys the web he has woven himself and hastily clogs himself into the cracks. Whether he takes up work again or does not close up flaws in his snares - that means, expect the weather to change for the better. And if he applies special diligence to his work, one can confidently assume clear weather. If it rains on Methodius, then it will go on for another 40 days. On this day and in the next, they watched the ants: they will hide in their heaps - wait for a strong wind, rain. In the first days of the month, these insects expand and increase their heaps - be early and cold winter. By the way, many of us remember from childhood how closely we watched the bubbles in the puddles during the rain. It is known after all: bubbles on the water - to bad weather, to greater rain; rain with big bubbles - to big rains (for a week), and they burst quickly - it will soon pass.

From Agrofena-bathers (July 6), it's time to start collecting medicinal roots and herbs. Experienced collectors used to say in the old days: there will be the most "fierce roots", meaning the most healing ones, endowed with special power. The gardeners knew that "if you plant a turnip on Agrafena, it will be born hard."

The starry night on Ivan Kupala (July 7) promises a lot of mushrooms in the forest. Strong dew on this day - to the harvest of cucumbers; in the old days they glorified: "Ivanovo rains are better than a golden mountain." There will be a thunderstorm - a lot of nuts will be born, but they will be empty. But it will rain - "wet" weather will stand until "Indian summer".

It will be hot on the day of Peter and Fevronia (July 8) - the noble warmth will stand for another 40 days. In Ancient Russia, this day was considered a happy day for love.

To David the strawberry (July 9), strawberries usually ripen in full force. From that day on, "strawberries are calling girls into the forest."

Will happen on Samson-Senognoy (July 10) "bucket" - it will be rainy weather for 7 weeks (until "Indian summer" - September 14).

On Peter (July 12) "it will rain - to be a good harvest, two rains - wonderful, and three - rich." By this day, the heat usually intensifies.

In the garden on Kuzma and Demyan (Summer Kuzminki) (July 14), the beds are poured, so that later they do not overgrow again, they dig up root vegetables.

Andrey-nalivy came (July 17) - try the first cucumbers.

If on the evening of Athanasius of Athos (July 18) the month at sunrise "plays" - to the harvest. The clouds are yellow like copper - to the rain. From the rotten kuta (from the south-west) clouds have come - it will rain.

Procopius (July 21) - the beginning of the heat itself, "blueberries ripen to the songs of mosquitoes." But it often rains on this day.

On Efimya (July 24), the weather is monitored: often cold dew falls on this day, which is harmful to health and the harvest of vegetable crops.

The day of Peter the turn (July 25) means: the sun went down for the winter, and the summer for the heat. Heavy dew usually falls on this day.

On Gabriel (July 26), dry weather promises a good fall.

Cyril's day (July 28) is all wet and rainy.

On Tikhon-Athenogenes (July 29), it was believed that "summer has stepped over a sultry age." And the birds have died down by this time.

K. Leonov,
biologist

Folk signs: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December.


Folk holidays in September

September 3 Clear sunny day on Thaddeus promises summer residents 4 more weeks of good weather.

8 September - Cold morning on Natalia fescue portends an early and cold winter.

11 September - If on Ivan the Baptist the birds flew south towards early winter.

13 september - On the Kupriyan begin to harvest root crops (except for turnips): dig up potatoes, continue harvesting beets and carrots.

September 19 - On the Mikhail aspen leaves fall down with their backs down - towards a harsh winter, upwards - to a warm one, if at random - the winter will be mild.

September 26 - FROM Corniglia the root does not grow in the ground, but chills. Therefore, active harvesting of all root vegetables continues - potatoes, rutabagas, carrots, horseradish and others (except for turnips).

September 27 - FROM Movement they begin to harvest cabbage, it is not for nothing that they say: "On the Exaltation - cabbage is the first lady."

28 september - FROM Nikita- cut the turnips in the garden. Nikita is also called a gosyatnik, as in the villages on that day they watched domestic geese: rushing in the water - to the warmth, pulling their legs - to the cold and even not weak frosts, hiding their beaks under the wing - by early spring.


July. Folk holidays and signs of July

The month was named so by the ancient Romans in honor of Julius Caesar. In Russia it was called "Lipets" (because linden trees are blooming at this time), "thunderstorm", "straddler", "zhernik", "hay plant".

FEATURES OF JULY

July - top of summer: does not know when tired, tidies everything up.

July - the beauty of summer, the middle of the color.

Summer is good for everyone, but the top of summer is heavy.

June with a scythe passed through the meadows, and July ran through the bread with a sickle.

In July, the yard is empty, but the field is thick.

At least take off your clothes in July, but it won't get any easier.

Although it is stifling and hot in July, it is pathetic to part with it.

July - a thunderstorm, lightning flashes, cripples oaks. July mows and reaps, does not let him sleep for a long time. Signs of July:

In the morning, fog spreads over the water - for good weather. If the grass is dry in the morning, expect rain by night.

Greenish color of the moon - to the onset of severe drought.

If the clouds went across the sky in stripes - to the rain.

If you can hang a bucket on the horn of the month - to be drier, and if the bucket falls - to rain (according to this sign, the weather was predicted one or two weeks in advance).

July 1

Fedul's day.

Fedul looked into the yard - it's time to chisel with sickles, they are preparing for harvest ahead of time.

The moon with horns to the left - to good weather, horns down - to cloudy.

2 july

Day of Martyr Zosima... Saint Zosima is the patron saint of bees: the bee grows flowers, pours honey into the flowers.

Zosima - bees store honey. Signs of this day:

If the bees are in a hurry to their hives, it will soon be raining.

Bees become angrier and sting more often - before a drought.

Bees sit on the walls of the hives - to extreme heat.

3 July

Day of the Holy Martyr Methodius, the Sparrowhawk. Hunters' holiday. Spider web day, weather indicator. Spiders helped the peasant to predict the weather in two or three days: before bad weather, they do not scatter their nets, but they themselves destroy the woven cobweb and hide in the cracks. If the spiders get to work again, this portends a change in the weather for the better.

There were other signs:

If ants are hiding in heaps - expect strong winds, rain, thunderstorms.

Frogs croak and jump on land - before the rain.

If it rains on Methodius, it will go on for forty days.

A rainbow in which there is more red, the clouds are red before the sun rises - to ruin the rainbow is green - to profit.

4th of July

An owl on the house means a lack of money.

5'th of July

6 july

Day of Agrafena the Bather, commemoration of the Martyr Agrippina... The opening of the bathing season, the beginning of the preparation of bath brooms. At night, they began to collect medicinal herbs, as well as poisonous ones for the potion. On the eve of Ivan Kupala, herbs and roots have the greatest healing power:

The swimsuit and ivan-da-marya enjoyed special respect; the peasants steamed on them in the baths to wash off thinness and illness.

This turnip on Agrafena - the turnip will be good.

At night, they put small money under the pillow, and in the morning they took it out and looked: if there are more "eagles", then there will be a good profit.

7 july

Ivan Kupala Day, the holiday preceding the beginning of the harvest. The name of Kupala personified summer fertility. This holiday has a very ancient basis. It is common among many peoples and copes everywhere at night. This is not surprising: "the night from Agrafena to Ivan" has been considered wonderful since ancient times. It is during these magic hours that trees talk to each other and even move from place to place, and people bathe in dew, which is attributed to the most miraculous properties.

Who will not go out to the bath,

Healing herbs and roots were collected on Ivan Kupala:

Midsummer's day came - he went to collect the grass.

Ivan Kupala - good herbs.

On the banks of rivers and lakes, ritual bonfires were kindled, the fire for which was produced without fail in the ancient way - by rubbing wood against wood, and jumped over them, trying to cleanse themselves of filth and gain new, life-giving strength. Everyone tried to jump as far as possible in order to get their own happiness. The fire of such a fire was called living, forest, medicinal, king-fire. He was the symbolic embodiment of the powerful sun, and his worship was intended to enhance the fertility of the earth.

In this ability, the girls wondered on the ramps: they collected twelve different plants - a bathing suit, a bear's ear, a rich woman, a tear-grass and, of course, a fern and a thistle, put a bouquet under the pillow and said: "The betrothed-mummer, come to my garden for a walk!" After that, the betrothed always came to the girl in a dream, and dreams on this magical night could only be prophetic. You could have done another way: put an armful of grass under your pillow, and in the morning check if there are twelve different plants in it. If yes - then soon to get married. On the bank of the river, the girls were guessing like this: they made a wreath and let it float with the flow. If the wreath has drowned, it means that the betrothed has fallen out of love.

Wormwood was of particular importance on this night. It was believed that it scares away witches and mermaids, and therefore they carried it with them, woven into wreaths and hung on the walls of houses.

According to legend, on the night of Ivan Kupala, a fern blooms in the depths of the forest. Its wonderful fire flower has magical properties: it gives its owner unlimited power over all rulers, over any treasures and even over evil spirits. Many brave men tried to find a fabulous flower in the forest thickets, but so far no one has succeeded.

This wonderful night simply breathed magic: the elusive witchcraft forces bewitched and bewitched, the bathing lights beckoned into an unknown distance, and witches, goblin and werewolves literally did not give a passage.

Early in the morning, under the impression of the last night, the mowers went out to the meadows:

On Ivan, go to the mow.

Until the sun goes through three mows - you will walk in boots, not barefoot.

It was dear to watch the sunrise that morning. However, they say that in our time on July 7, the sun, rising, shimmers with all the colors of the rainbow and "bathes" in the water - it will dive into it, then it will emerge. The signs of this day are as follows:

It's starry on Midsummer's night - there will be a lot of mushrooms.

Strong dew - to the harvest of cucumbers.

If there is a thunderstorm on Midsummer's Day, then few nuts will be born, and they will be empty.

Ivan Kupala is one of the most revered holidays among the people. The significance of this important date is repeatedly emphasized in folk poetry:

Flowers smell stronger on Midsummer Day.

Ivanovo rains are better than the golden mountain.

On Ivan-day a spikelet, so on Ilyin-day a bun.

Feed me to Ivan, I will make a pan out of you, - says the bee.

And they also say that if you climb over twelve "vegetable gardens" (fences) on Midsummer's day, your cherished desire will certainly come true.

July 8

Day of Peter and Fevronia, the memory of the faithful prince Peter of Murom and the wife of his faithful princess Fevronia - the kindest heavenly intercessors entering into marriage. A holiday for all lovers. On this day, we did not go out to trade without wives, sisters or mothers - without a female there will be one loss.

If there is a heat on this day, then the heat will not subside for another forty days.

July 9

Strawberry David Day... Strawberries ripen.

Strawberry calls girls into the forest.

Collect a berry - you will collect a box.

If you put strawberry grass in your pocket on this day, then you can go to borrow any amount - there will be no refusal.

10 july

Samson-Senognos Day, commemoration of the Monk Samson... The peasants were preparing for haymaking and were very afraid of rain:

It rains on Samson - seven weeks then.

It rains on Samson - wet until Indian summer.

If a long bad weather came, the peasants gathered in the evening outside the outskirts and shouted to the wind:

Wind-Sail! Of the seven Vetrovich brothers, the elder brother! Don’t blow, don’t rain down from a rotten corner, don’t drive the firebrands from non-Russians to Russia! Blow with the warm wind! You spill it on the mother rye, on the spring yarovitsa only by the time the rains are warm! You co-serve, stormy wind, good service - to the delight of the peasants, to the good glory!

Dry weather was needed for hay and buckwheat, but wet weather was good for millet, so they said:

On Samson, the hay is green - the porridge is black, the hay is black - the porridge is white.

On this day, scythes and sickles were prepared for the upcoming work. The second time they plowed the fallow fields:

Before Petrov to look (plow), to fence Ilyin, to sow to the Savior.

On this day, conspiracies for home well-being are read. Whoever fasts on this day will be delivered from one sin.

11 july

The moon is green - to severe drought.

July, 12

Petrov day, or Petrovka (Great feast of the First Supreme Apostles Peter and Paul). "Conversations", the end of Peter's post: young people walked in the fields until morning, and old people gathered at the table. The shepherd was paid "Petrovschina" - the second of three payments (the first - upon hiring, the third - at the end of the season). Songbirds become silent, the first leaves fall from the trees, daylight hours are noticeably reduced.

The nightingale sings until Peter's day.

Petrok came - tore off the sheet.

If the cuckoo stops chuckling before Petrov's day, the fall will drag on.

Berry time begins. The spring-summer period of holidays is coming to an end and a hard time comes into force. Haymaking begins.

From Petrov's day - red summer, green mowing.

It is dry in Petrovka, and the day is great.

Everyone who has grown up, hurry to the mowing.

Not hay in the meadow, but in the haystack.

Build sickles and scythes for Peter's day - so you will be a man.

If it rains on Petrov's day, the haymaking will be wet.

What summer is, so is hay.

Red summer - green mowing.

There is dew on the grasses - the scythe walks easier.

On St. Peter's rain - the harvest is not bad, two rains - good, three - rich.

Rain - for a big harvest, but rotten potatoes.

Fishermen considered the Apostle Peter their patron, and Peter's day - their holiday, and on this day they always prepared fish soup from fresh fish. Bathing on Petrov's day washes away many sins.

The 14 th of July

Day of Kuzma and Demyan - holy unmercenaries, unrequited healers. In the church - prayers for health. Good housewives, who successfully coped with all the work, gathered for a women's holiday - summer kuzminki.

Kuzminki is a woman's holiday.

Where the song flows, life is easier there.

July 15

Yellow leaves appeared on the birch - by early autumn.

July 16

On this day, they tried not to start any business, as they considered it unhappy.

July 17th

Day of Andrey-filling.

Ozimi in bulk, buckwheat at seedling, and father-oats are up to half.

The sun is playing - God is merciful to people the sun is in the fog - God is angry.

July 18

Day of Athanasius, commemoration of the Monk Athanasius of Athos... A holiday of months, especially revered by the elderly. In the evening, the month "plays", and to see this phenomenon is a happy omen.

To watch how the month plays is to save strength.

The month is playing - to a good harvest.

The games of the month are good - the harvest is also good.

The clouds are yellow like copper - to the rain.

Clouds have dragged from the rotten kut - it will rain.

July 20

Day of Avdotya-Senognoyka. The hay that had not been harvested by this time could completely disappear: the rains that began that day last for a long time.

21 July

Kazan, the day of the great martyr Procopius, the reaper... The beginning of the harvest ("zhinki").

Procopius is a reaper, a reaper, he begins to harvest rye.

On this day, the holiday of the "first sheaf" was held - they thanked the land for the harvest and, with the help of ritual actions and conspiracies, sought to preserve its fertile strength for the future. The first sheaf of stings was the oldest woman in the family. She went to work as if on a holiday - cleanly dressed, tidying up the house. From the first compressed handful of rye, the reaper made herself a belt and said:

Become, my sheaf, for a thousand kopecks!

As mother rye stood for a year, so my back would not get tired of pressing!

As a straw is flexible, so would my back be flexible!

The first sheaf was attributed with wonderful properties and was called the “birthday sheaf” or “grandfather sheaf”, decorated with flowers and ribbons, solemnly carried home and placed in the corner of honor under the image, where he remained until the end of the harvest. It was believed that he, the "owner", drives out flies, cockroaches, bedbugs and other reptiles. From this first sheaf in the fall, they began to thresh, feed sick cattle with straw, and cherish the grains until the next sowing as healing for people and poultry. They began sowing with these grains in the spring.

Procopius the reaper conceives rye.

Grain in an ear - hurry up to reap the strip.

While the ear is in the field, work on the hem.

A grain in a spikelet - do not wallow in the cold.

Take a breath and oh, and leave yours.

When they reap and mow in the field, they do not wait and do not ask for the weather.

There is only one concern in suffering: the work would not be worth it.

Whoever has a job has bread.

Don't go, rain, where they are mowing, but go where they ask, don't go, rain, where they are reaping, but go where they are waiting!

At this time, blueberries ripen. In the heat, she was the best medicine for indigestion.

The blueberry-berry is ripe - the rye is also ripe.

The harvest is the worst time for weddings:

In the harvest, a lazy man marries, but the itch marries.

The harvest is a precious time, no one rests here.

July 22

Time to taste the cucumbers. The very first one should be buried so that others grow more amicably.

July 24

Day of Efimia the Stozharnitsa... Shine Stozhar, i.e. Ursa Major, foreshadowed on this day the season of a successful bear hunt. Distinctive rural astronomers have long noticed that "a star differs from a star in glory," and the most prominent of the luminaries were given their "names": "Vechernitsa" - the first evening star, "Dennitsa" - the last morning star, "Chigir-star" - Venus (fortuneteller of happiness and misfortune), "Duck's Nest" - the Pleiades, "Kichagi" - Orion's Belt, "Stanovische" - the Milky Way, "Iron Wheel" - the Arctic Belt.

July 25

Day of Proclus the mourner, commemoration of the martyr Proclus... The heat is waning. Hay rots from large dews, so the peasants were in a hurry to deal with it before Proclus. However, Proklov's dew was considered curative, especially for eye diseases, so they were collected "for internal healing."

On Prokla, the field was wet with dew.

Morning dew is a kind tear, it washes the forest with it, it says goodbye to the night.

Morning dew and fog - good weather.

26 July

Gabriel Day (Cathedral of the Archangel Gabriel). Dry weather promises a good fall. The peasants, turning their eyes to the sky, persuaded:

Don't go, rain, where they mow, but go where they ask. Do not go, dozyaik, where they reap, but go where they wait!

The fluff flew from the aspens - the aspen mushrooms went.

July 28th

Kiriki-wet dirks, midsummer old style.

Do not live on Kirik and Ulita - you will see a maniac (vision).

On this day, logs are hewn, and in the morning they look: if the logs hardened and darkened during the night, then everything that is built from them will be durable.

July 29

Day of the Holy Martyr Athenogenes. Summer crosses the sultry threshold and turns to autumn.

Afinogen will come with warmth and light - you will get out ahead of time with a harvest, and if you come with rain, the bread in sheaves will sprout.

Pray to the sun on Finogen - ask God for a bucket.

The birds fall silent on Athenogen, ponder.

July 30th

Finding nuts, mushrooms or acorns in the forest is a profit. Found acorns are stored all year round.

31 july

Collecting of peas begins. Peas from the first pods, pre-dried in the sun, were stored in a jewelry box so that money could be found at home.


Interesting facts of July

A close thunderstorm is one that passes in 3 km: the distance to the thunderstorm is calculated as follows: 0.33 km / s (speed of sound) is multiplied by the time in seconds from the moment of the flash of lightning to the clap of thunder.

Plants - time markers: sow thistle, potatoes, flax open flowers at 7 a.m., bell - at 8, marigolds - at 9 a.m. At 12 p.m. they close flowers of a field sow thistle, at 2-3 p.m. - potatoes and chicory, at 5 - marigold pm - buttercups, water lilies.

The birds fall silent - they feed the chicks. A swallow flies to the nest up to 300 times a day with food, and a redstart - up to 400 times.


Folk calendar: holidays, signs, sayings

The calendar of folk signs

Folk omens for each month of the year

Folk signs about the weather. Folk signs of winter. Folk omens of spring. Folk omens of summer. Folk signs of autumn

Folk holidays for every day of the year

These are folk signs about the weather, which have been preserved among the people and are passed down from generation to generation. And although folk omens are rooted in the distant pagan past, even now modern meteorologists recognize the value of the data.

Winter consists of three months, so we will tell you about the signs of January, about the signs of February, about the signs of December.

1st of January. Day of memory of the epic hero Ilya Muromets. The peasants began the day with a bow to their native land, to their father's house.

1st of February. Makar-weather guide, Makariev day. Memory of the Monk Macarius the Great. On Macarius drops - believe in early spring

The month is named after the god of the underworld, Februus. In Russia, it was called “cut” (cutting off winter from spring), “mezhil” (section between winter and spring), “bokogrey” (the sun begins to warm up), “snow”, “crooked roads”, “wedding” (a good time for weddings).

This month is named after the ancient Roman god of time Janus. In Russia it was called "cold", "prosinets".

December 1 Day of the Martyrs Plato and Roman, winter guides. It is believed that the number of times the weather changes during this day, the same number of times it will change during the winter. Plato and Roman show us winter

December is the tenth month in the calendar of the ancient Romans (“decem” is ten). The old Russian name for this month is jelly, hmuren

Winter is a tidbit: it illuminates everything around, cleans and hides the harvest until spring

The name of this month comes from the Latin novem - nine, because the ancient Romans had it as the ninth. In Russia it was called "breast" (at night the earth is frozen and lies in heaps), "half-zimik", "leaf fall", "leafy".

October was the eighth in a row among the ancient Romans and got its name from the Latin "octo" - eight. In Russia, he was called a muddy man, a winter season, a leaf fall, a wedding

In an autumn storm, seven weather is outside: sows, blows, twists, muddies, tears, pours from above and sweeps from below

The month got its name in honor of the Roman emperor Octavian Augustus. In Russia, it was called serpen, hospitable, food-soberikha, stubble, glow (since there are bright and cold dawns at this time), pickle, thick beetle gustar

September means the seventh. Among the ancient Romans, it was the seventh before the calendar reform of Julius Caesar, which took place in the 46th year BC, after which it became the ninth, but did not change its name.

The month was named so by the ancient Romans in honor of Julius Caesar. In Russia it was called "lipets" (because at this time linden trees bloom), "thunderstorm", "straddler", "zhernik", "hay plant".

This month is named in honor of the ancient Roman goddess Juno - the patroness of family happiness and the mistress of the rain. In Russia it was called "worm" (at that time they collected cochineal - worms used to obtain crimson paint), "isok" (from the word "grasshopper"), "multicolored" (because of the riot of colors in forests and gardens), " svetozar "," grain grower "," hoarder ".


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