Preparing the land for sowing a lawn
How to prepare the soil for your lawn.
Soil preparation is the main step in creating a beautiful lawn.
In the process of arranging a full-fledged beautiful lawn on a plot of a mixture of herbs, preparation of the soil for sowing with processing it under the lawn is considered the most laborious. We will tell you about the stages of preparing the land for sowing herbs, we will note the main nuances that, as a novice gardener and landscape designer, you may not yet know about.
It is very important not to rush to create a fertile soil layer for planting grass. Even a small accidental oversight at this stage can lead to the fact that the future grass cover will not turn out perfectly smooth and neat and mistakes can only be corrected by completely replanting the grass. In other words, the first thing that can be answered to the question of how to prepare the earth is to arrange a future reliable "foundation" for the grass. The higher the quality of this foundation, the more beautiful and practical the lawn will be.
It's great if your land is not abandoned on your site, but regularly cultivated "for the garden." In this case, its color should be dark, approximately the same as it happens when the soil is dug to the depth of a shovel, with a lumpy structure. Such land will be easier to cultivate for further preparation for sowing. In addition, on such land, the grass will take root better and faster. How to prepare a site if it has not been mastered before and will it be possible to do it on your own? Of course, the main thing is patience and a desire to arrange the lawn in the best possible way, although, of course, in this case, much more effort will have to be made.
Requirements for the area for the lawn
The first step is to determine the place for the lawn. Going through different options, it should be borne in mind that the site should be well lit by sunlight.
Advice! When choosing a place for a lawn, you need to take into account what kind of irrigation will be used, the mode of its operation. Light shading near the site in the form of tall trees or a fence will not hurt. Otherwise, the scorching rays will burn out the grass.
Another criterion is the side of the world. The microclimate depends on which side the site is located on. If the choice fell on a site located from the east or north, the lawn will be blown by a cold wind, from the west or southwest - damp. The southern direction is fraught with increased dryness, the northern one - too much shade.
In this case, you need to focus on the type of lawn. Cold wind is not dangerous for a flat grass carpet, but excess moisture and deep shade can destroy it. For tall lawn plants, it is better to choose zones that are not blown by the wind, otherwise the appearance will be spoiled due to the grass laid in different directions.
An equally important role in site selection is played by the type of soil and the level of occurrence of groundwater. Too dense soils are lightened by a mixture of peat and sand, loose ones are enriched with fertile soil. With a close occurrence of groundwater, it becomes necessary to arrange a drainage system.
What places are not suitable for the lawn:
- in the lowlands
- in swampy terrain
- on a relief area with steep slopes
- in close proximity to tall trees.
Do not despair if the available space under the lawn does not meet the above criteria. By adhering to the rules of preparing the soil for sowing grass, you can correct any flaws and shortcomings.
The choice of material for planting a lawn
One of the most expensive lawn materials is rolled lawn grass. The result is visible immediately after styling.
A lawn organized with your own hands will allow you to get aesthetic pleasure and see the real result of labor. For planting such a lawn, grass mixtures are used.
It is the use of a mixture of seeds that allows you to achieve a higher resistance of the lawn to weather conditions. The appearance and growth rate of the lawn cover depends on the quality of the selected grasses.
Typically, up to five types of seeds are used in a herbal mixture. The varieties used must correspond to the type of lawn chosen:
- Ornamental parterre lawn requires planting of grass, which forms a rather dense and very delicate cover. The grass should be narrow-leaved, such as boulders or fescue. Such a lawn is not suitable for walking on it.
- On the lawn intended for a garden or park, you can not only walk, but play active games (football, badminton). The grasses used to plant this lawn are highly resistant to frequent mowing and constant exposure. They are tougher and tougher.
- Meadow-type lawn is the most economically profitable of all existing ones. The mixture of lawn grass is sown to wild-growing grasses.
- A lawn located in the shade requires the planting of special, very persistent grasses that do not react to a lack of light. Such varieties successfully resist the spread of weeds or moss.
To create an even lawn covering with a uniform structure, the grass must be selected according to its appearance. It is necessary to take into account the width of the leaf, and the growth rate, and the shade of color. An important condition for planting a beautiful and durable lawn is the use of a mixture of herbs designed specifically for the type of soil and the climatic conditions in which it is supposed to be planted.
The most common herbs used in lawn mixtures are fescue, ryegrass, and bent grass. These herbs are the most resistant to subzero temperatures, diseases and various kinds of pests.
Planting a lawn can be done almost at any time, but there are also peculiarities for each region. The most optimal for sowing seeds is warm, but not hot weather, moderate rainfall. If sowing is carried out in the fall, it is necessary to ensure that at least 45-50 days remain before the first drops in temperature. Summer sowing is only possible in regions with a temperate climate, and in no case is it applicable in arid areas.
Sowing of lawn grass is carried out in a previously prepared area. The next step after preliminary preparation is to level the ground. All lumps must be crushed, for which you can use a boot, and then level the dug area with a rake.
It is necessary to compact the earth with a special roller or trample it down using improvised means, for example, boards.
To loosen the ground, you need to walk with a large rake over the site at a depth of about 2 centimeters. Carefully break up the smallest lumps of earth, making the surface almost level, without depressions and mounds.
After completing all the above steps, you can proceed directly to sowing seeds.
Preparing a summer cottage for winter
Timely and correct preparation of the summer cottage for winter will keep all plants and crops intact
With the end of summer before everyone summer resident the problem arises prepare your site for wintering... It is worth taking care not only of a reliable lock on the house and gate, but also of the safety of the lawn, trees, flower beds and gardensso that next season they delight the owners with their beauty and fertility.
This is no less important occupation than spring chores. It is worth it to line up correctly schedule of autumn preparatory and wellness worksto lay the foundations for future crops, and to keep a close eye on the weather forecast, as early frosts can be fatal to delicate summer crops.
Preparing flower beds
Flower beds are prepared for winter long before the arrival of cold weather. Bulbous thermophilic plants are removed from the ground shortly after flowering. Dahlia tubers need to be dried and stored in a cold place, gladioli hibernate in a warm place, and flowers such as peonies or hydrangea can remain in the ground without shelter, it is enough to cut them and remove the faded stems. You also need to cut the clematis, and then cover it with a small layer of peat or mulch. It should be remembered that such an operation should be carried out at the first light frosts, otherwise the flowers may dry out.
On the contrary, roses must be covered in advance. For shelter, use burlap, or plastic wrap. The bush is cut off in front of the shelter, dry leaves are removed, sprayed from the fungus and fertilized. Annual phloxes and peonies, which remain in the ground for the winter, are fed with humus (half a bucket is enough per square meter). All dry branches and leaves must be removed from the flower garden so that they do not become a source of reproduction of garden pests.
In winter, you can plant many kinds of flowers, which, with the first rays of the spring sun, will delight with their young shoots. To do this, you need to dig up the allocated area and fertilize it with minerals and organics. Crocus, snowdrop, tulip and hyacinth can be planted to a depth of 10 cm. To protect against diseases, a manganese solution is used in which plant bulbs are soaked.
The basic rule in preparing a green lawn for winter is to cut it on time.... It is optimal to carry out this procedure a couple of weeks before the first frost (usually the end of October). The height of the grass should not be too low, but also not high (ideally about 10 cm) to make it easier to comb out the lawn in the spring.
Unlike flowers, the lawn does not need any shelter for the winter... After cutting, it is enough to remove the remnants of dry grass and fallen leaves from it, so that in spring it will be easier for new grass to make its way to the sun. It is also important not to forget about feeding and aerating the lawn. It is best to choose fertilizers based on potassium and phosphorus, which contribute to frost resistance. 2.5 kilograms per hundred square meters will be enough to improve root growth in the next season. Aeration is carried out to a depth of about 20 cm to improve water drainage and soil looseness.
If a bald patch is found on the lawn, you can sow fresh grass and trample it thoroughly. The main thing is to have time to do this before the cold weather is below +3 C.
After harvesting the whole crop the soil should be prepared for the next season. The garden needs to be dug, but not deep, and sow natural fertilizers (siderates): mustard, barley, rye... Even before the onset of winter, they will have time to germinate, after which the earth must be dug up again.
Thanks to this procedure, by mid-spring, the soil will be fertilized with the necessary substances without the use of chemicals. On the site under cabbage and potatoes are worth spreading organic matter (manure) and thus create favorable conditions for feeding seedlings in the spring. Do not forget about mineral fertilizers (potassium salt) and magnesium dressing, which is very good for sandy soils. In the spring, the snow will melt and trace elements will perfectly nourish the plants. Late autumn is the perfect time to plant salads, parsley and dill.
Preparation of trees and shrubs
In preparation for the winter of the garden, the main role is played by trees and shrubs.. Raspberries, currants, blackberries on the eve of a cold snap must be cut (peel off dry stems and cut off old trunks at the root), tie up and, if possible, tilt slightly to the ground. This will help to better endure windy weather and, if necessary, will make it possible to quickly wrap up the plants from severe frosts. It is best to loosen the soil around the shrubs and mulch with sawdust, pine branches or cut grass up to 10 cm thick. You can also use peat or humus.
Trees also need careful preparation for frost. They should cut off young shoots, old dried branches, and also remove dead bark, which may contain pests. The soil around you need to dig and cover with humus. It will not be superfluous to whitewash the trunks. For this, both ready-made mixtures are chosen, and they are made independently from lime, copper sulfate and wood glue. Such a coating reliably protects the tree from both rain and sun. The ingredients are diluted in proportion to 3 kg of lime 150 gr. glue and 500 gr. vitriol. A separate attention should be paid to protection from rodents... To do this, the trees must be wrapped at a height of up to 1 meter with coniferous branches, be sure to down with needles. You can use a mesh or roofing felt, after leaving a gap for air.
Young trees can protect with plastic bottles, strengthening them at a depth of 6 cm. Heat-loving peaches and apricots can be wrapped in cellophane, which will protect against severe frosts. Also, it is better to tie up all the young growth with ropes for winter so that the branches do not break under the weight of the snow.
Timely and correct preparation of the summer cottage for winter will keep all plants and crops intact until the next season... A well-groomed green lawn will delight the eyes of the owners already with the onset of spring, and the garden and vegetable garden will present a rich and varied harvest to their diligent owners.
Between the first raking of the area for leveling and the last, which finally prepares the soil for sowing, it is necessary to compact the soil so that it does not sink too much after the first rain. To do this, you need to trample the entire area, making small steps and transferring the weight of the body to the heels. Do not do this after the rain and in any case do not rush. Walk slowly and try not to miss an inch. The neighbors may think that you are crazy, but they will understand how wrong they were when they see your magnificent lawn.
After you have trampled down the ground, you need to walk over it with a rake again in order to level the newly formed irregularities and remove stones. Here I must warn you: the more you rake, the more stones appear on the surface. But you don't need to turn the soil into a kind of fine powder, it should look like the top of a fruit cake sprinkled with sand crumbs, while remaining quite dense inside.
On a note
If in order to work on the bottom layer of soil you need to remove the top one, never stack it higher than 30 centimeters and do not leave it that way for more than four weeks. In either case, the bacteria that make the top layer so fertile and biologically active will die due to lack of oxygen.
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