Lilies of all varieties are planted in the same way. Although no, the exception is the white lily, there is one caveat. The planting of such a flower is carried out only in August and its bulbs do not need to be deepened, but covered with spruce branches, pine or spruce for the winter. But the land is the same for all lilies. It is a nutritious, loose, light mixture of sand and clay, garden soil. Damp and heavy soils can cause scales to rot. But such soil can be lightened with sand. It is not advisable to add fresh manure. Otherwise, the stem will develop vigorously, which will damage the flowering.
How deep to plant the bulb depends entirely on the type of flower. But there are also universal prescriptions - to plant the onion at a depth equal to three of its diameters. The bottom of the hole is most often covered with sand, in the form of a mound. Needles are also added to the hole, but this method is for some reason little used, although when using it, an excellent result is obtained - the bulbs here are healthy and large.
Before planting, the lily must be disinfected with a 10% solution of karbofos in order to protect it from pests. Such plants grow well in places where there is a lot of sun, but partial shade can also work.
Lily planting dates
The most suitable period is considered to be in August. But if, for some reason, the bulb is purchased in winter, then this is not a problem, planting in spring is very practiced. At this time of year, the most important thing is not to delay landing. As soon as the weather is good and there will be no more severe frosts, you can start planting. But in order to get a healthy and beautiful plant, it is still better to plant lilies at the end of summer. This time is still well suited for reproduction by children, separate the bulbs.
Such gorgeous flowers as lilies can decorate any part of a country house or garden.
Lilies - colorful summer smiles
Lily is one of the most ancient bulbous plants. She was an adornment of the gardens of Ancient Greece, symbolizing innocence and purity of thoughts, and Rome, as a symbol of wealth and luxury. Ancient poets wrote about her as a symbol of purity and greatness. Renaissance artists depicted a snow-white lily in the hands of the Madonna, which signified immaculate beauty and virginity. However, this truly royal flower, mesmerizing with its beauty and heady aroma, has not lost its popularity to this day. Wherever lilies show their beauty - in small groups among low-growing roses or low shrubs, against the background of a green hedge or evergreen large shrubs, in a flower bed or in a tub - they involuntarily attract enthusiastic glances with the perfection and grace of the forms of their huge flowers, possessing exotic charm.
With the right location and proper care, these beautifully flowering bulbous plants will delight you with their bright colors from June to August, depending on the variety.
Most varieties of lilies can be planted in autumn or spring, with the exception of the snow-white lily and curly lily, which must be planted at the end of summer. There are no fundamental differences between spring planting and autumn planting, except that the bulbs in spring are almost all with sprouts. Despite the fact that in well-drained soil all lilies have good winter hardiness, it is worth planting the bulbs of these plants after the spring frosts, when the soil warms up and becomes suitable for planting. This is approximately the end of April - beginning of May. If you plant the bulbs of your favorite flowers sequentially, with an interval of 10 days, then you can significantly increase the period of their flowering.
Lily bulbs purchased in early spring are stored until planting in the refrigerator at a temperature slightly above 00C in plastic bags with holes filled with peat or sphagnum moss. Under these storage conditions, the bulbs will sprout no more than 5 cm. It is advisable not to buy the bulbs too early so that they do not become vulnerable as a result of the early growth of the sprouts. Before planting, the bulbs are carefully examined, unnecessary scales and wilted roots are removed. Then the onion is soaked in water for a while.
Lilies do not like stagnant moisture. The soil should be water and air permeable, loose, nutritious, rich in humus and with a lot of sand. To improve the drainage properties of heavy soil, you should add peat, humus and gravel or sand to it. The planting depth of bulbs depends primarily on their size and soil composition. As a rule, lily bulbs are planted in a hole to a depth of 2-3 times its diameter, and at a distance of 25 cm from each other. If common voles are found in your garden, then the bulbs are recommended to be planted in wire nets or special trellised baskets. This will protect them from persistent rodents. Plant lilies in separate clusters of the same variety. This makes them look much more impressive. To feed the planted plants, it will be enough to carefully scatter a handful of horn shavings or organic fertilizers.
Most lilies prefer a sunny location. Unlike us humans, lilies love to keep their "legs" cool and "head" warm. Therefore, it is advisable to shade the plants at the base by planting ground covers, undersized perennials, such as ground cover phlox, Iberis or Aubrieta. Their foliage will protect the lily bulbs from direct sunlight, and therefore from overheating.
Planting lilies in tubs
Those unlucky enough to have their own garden can grow their favorite flowers in tubs. Today there are many types and varieties of beautiful lilies suitable for growing in pots, pots, which are exposed to the open air. For a potted garden, small varieties are best, reaching a maximum of 40-70 cm in height. Among them can be noted the lily of the 'Avignon' variety with orange-red flowers, sunny 'Cordelia', pale pink 'Le Rève', white with a pink tint, fragrant lily 'Marco Polo' or the undersized lily 'Mona Lisa' with large star-shaped flowers, the edges of the pink petals of which are painted white. It is impossible not to mention such undersized varieties as `Mr. Ed`, possessing white flowers with a yellow speck, white-yellow lily`Mr. Ruud` or dark red `Partner`. Thanks to their rich colors, they will add a special exquisite charm to any balcony, entrance area, miniature patio or terrace.
When planting potted lilies, it is necessary to choose the right container, which should be 20-30 cm in diameter. The bulbs are planted on a 10 cm layer of a mixture of soil for flowering plants and sand, and covered with the rest of the mixture to a height of about 10-15 cm. compositions of color and brightness are best planted in one pot at least 3 bulbs at a distance of 2.5 cm from each other. The planted bulbs are watered abundantly and placed in a cool place. As soon as sprouts appear, the pots of bulbs are transferred to the open air in a semi-shaded place. Since there is not so much nutrition in the pot for the development of lilies, it is recommended to apply weekly liquid fertilizers for lush flowering.
Luxurious varieties of lilies
|Lily tubular "Album", with pure white gramophone-shaped flowers. Reaches up to 1.50 m in height. It is an indispensable flower for decorating a rustic garden.||Spectacular double Asian lily "Fata Morgana" amazes with its lemon-yellow flowers with brown specks. A real masterpiece!|
|Common variety of oriental lily `Stargazer`. Its graceful, dark pink star-shaped flowers with a wavy edge have a strong aroma. This perennial, reaching up to 1.50 m in height, will adorn any flower garden.||The inflorescences of the Asiatic lily "Citronella" consist of 25 drooping lemon-yellow flowers with dark purple spots. Her bloom in the garden is a stunning sight|
|The deep pink lily "Algarve" blooms up to 9 flowers on one inflorescence.||An unusual Nepalese lily reaches a height of 1.20 m. Its tubular drooping flowers are collected in inflorescences of 2-5 flowers with greenish-yellow petals, painted purple from the base to the middle.|
Translation: Lesya V.
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Who was the ancestor?
Asiatic lilies originated from such wild-growing Asiatic species:
- interspecific hybrids of spotted and Dutch lilies.
All the names listed above will tell little to an ordinary gardener, but judging by them, one can understand that the ancestors of the Asiatic lily grew in regions with a pronounced continental climate, in which summers are warm and even hot, and winters are rather cold. Thanks to this, the lilies obtained from them - Asian hybrids - perfectly adapt to our conditions: in the fall and winter, the bulbs are dormant, and in the spring they wake up and germinate, consuming the nutrients accumulated in the previous summer. That is why it is very important to cut the flowers correctly: you need to leave part of the stem with leaves. If the flowers of Asiatic lilies have not been cut, then after flowering, the top of the stem must be removed to prevent seed formation and waste of nutrients.
Spring and summer lily transplant
If you decide to choose the spring time for transplanting lilies, you will need to take care of preserving the bulbs dug out in the fall throughout the winter. In order for the planting material to lie well in the winter and to be suitable for planting in open ground in the spring, dig up the lilies in October so that they properly accumulate nutrients. Shake the roots of the bulbs from the ground, put them in a plastic bag with holes for ventilation, laying the layers with wet sawdust. You can store a bag of lilies in the refrigerator. In the spring, plant the bulbs in a soil well-warmed by the sun, mixing it with sand and decayed leaves.
When digging, do not damage the roots of the lily and after planting in a new place, water the plant abundantly
Unlike most types of lilies, the transplant of a snow-white lily (candidum) occurs in the summer. This type of lily has a special vegetative cycle - it has a dormant period in July-August, in such a short period you need to have time to transplant the plant. By September, a new rosette will begin to form in the snow-white lily. Candidum does not need to be transplanted frequently: once every five years is the most optimal interval when you can transplant lilies of this type.
The situation is even more interesting with Asian hybrids, since the timing of transplanting lilies is not limited. You can safely repot the lilies of the Asian group even during their flowering during the summer. The main thing is not to damage the roots of the lily when digging up and after planting in a new place, water the plant abundantly. It is better to cut off the buds and flowers, then the bulb will take root well and next year the lily will delight you with large flowers.Video about the correct lily transplant
When to plant different types of lilies
If you are growing several varieties of lilies on your property at once, you need to know when to plant each type of lily bulb so that they take root best. First of all, it is recommended to plant white lilies in autumn, since they have the shortest dormant period, and for varieties and hybrids of white lilies it is very important to have time to take root and form a powerful root system. The abundant flowering of white lilies largely depends on how much the plant managed to develop in the fall, and how well it overwintered.
After white lilies, you can start planting Caucasian species
After white lilies, you can start planting Caucasian species, and then North American ones. In the spring, these varieties of lilies are strongly discouraged from planting in the ground, since they are already quite difficult to grow in Russian conditions.
Some autumn-flowering species of lilies, tiger and Tibetan lilies, Oriental, Tubular and Asian hybrids are allowed to be planted in spring, as early as possible, as soon as the snow melts and the soil warms up. If you are late with planting, the rooting of plants will deteriorate.
Types of Asian hybrids
Breeding work, begun in the second half of the last century and continuing today, has led to the fact that a huge number of varieties of Asian lilies and hybrids have appeared. For convenience, they were all divided according to one or another criterion into a number of subgroups:
- Vasaras Prieks
- Zelta Vainags
- Joel Wonder
- Connecticut and others.
Asiatic lilies, assigned to one or another hybrid group, have a certain common feature, "zest".
So, the Russian breeder V.P. Orekhov bred a group of Amalia hybrids, which includes varieties with turban-shaped flowers, the petals of which are painted in white, pink and lilac-pink shades. It was from them that new varieties with pastel colors were obtained. For repeated hybridization, the Asiatic white lily was taken from this group, due to which new varieties with snow-white flowers of different size and shape, such as:
- Baltais Stars (White stars) with lilac specks on a white background.
- Briviba (Freedom) - white, horizontally directed flowers with pink dots.
Asiatic lily, the photo of which you see, belongs to the Tango cultivar.
People who have a small plot or have created a garden on their own loggia of a city apartment will be pleased with the lilies belonging to the so-called Pixie group. It includes the smallest varieties, ranging in height from 25 to 40 cm. The Butter Pixie variety with large yellow-lemon flowers can be grown as indoor or balcony lily. Plants of this group bloom from June to September, forming 5-7 flowers on each stem.
Varietal lilies belonging to the Brushmark group, or, as they are also called, painted, are quite common. Their feature is a large "smear" of contrasting color at the base of each petal. Anastasia is a domestic Brashmark. Asiatic lily, the photo of which you see above, was bred at the All-Russian Research Institute of Horticulture. Michurin. A smear can be either in the form of strokes of different lengths, or as one dense and uniform in color. Some varieties have not only strokes on their petals, but also specks, different in size and color.
Useful tips and secrets
If you are lucky enough to purchase a variety of Asian lilies, then remember that these beauties love when they are transplanted after a year. They will thank you for this with a lush decorative flowering. Before planting in the holes, add a little lime, this will also have a beneficial effect on growth and flowering.
Another secret - lily bulbs are afraid of direct sunlight, and flowers need a lot of light. What is the best way to proceed here? Plant low plants near the lilies - flax, poppy, bells or hosts. It will look amazing and sophisticated, and the benefits will be enormous - the bulbs will not overheat or rot.
Sometimes I don't have time for beauties, and I rarely have to water them. Here I found a wise solution - mulched the soil. My experiment showed that the plants liked it, the soil was constantly moistened, without weeds. By the way, the lily is not afraid of weeds, but you still need to weed them out, beautiful flowers look very ugly in unkempt areas.
I do not recommend planting lilies on clay soils - even if you pour good soil into the holes, rainwater will flow down the walls of the hole and accumulate near the bulb.Then do not be surprised that she rotted and disappeared.
That's all I wanted to tell you. By the way, I have prepared a photo of amazing flowers especially for you. I think this will certainly make you want to grow such beauty. I will warn you right away - the very first flower can cause you a dangerous illness that will force you to acquire more and more new varieties, as happened to me. I don’t think it will scare you, because there is never too much beauty. Subscribe to new issues of the blog, share with your friends, and there will be even more flowers on your site, because I still have a lot of useful and exciting material. Until next time!