Bamboo is a plant that belongs to the family of graminaceae which consists of more than seventy-five genera and twelve hundred species. Bamboo is an extraordinarily original plant with characteristics that have allowed it to spread practically all over the world. At the base of its very wide diffusion there is certainly a very large number of genera and therefore of changes that have given this plant the gift of being able to adapt almost anywhere.
Historically, and in the collective imagination, bamboo is a plant native to the Far East
from the tropical and subtropical climate, therefore China and Japan, but bamboo is widespread spontaneously in Africa, Oceania and America.
Bamboos can be counted among the shrubby plants. Furthermore, this plant is an evergreen. As mentioned before, bamboo has some characteristics that cannot be defined for all in equal measure. In fact, as regards their height, it can vary from a few centimeters up to a maximum height of forty meters and a diameter of thirty.
This shrub has rhizomatous roots capable of penetrating to considerable depths under the ground. Depending on the type, it is possible to recognize the different types of bamboo. There are, in fact, some bamboos with roots that come to develop very far from the original place infesting those territories. This characteristic is typical of the bamboos of the temperate zones while the root system of the bamboo of the tropical climate is decidedly less extensive.
The stem of the bamboo is typical of grasses with numerous hollow internodes with cylindrical nodes from which its leaves are born.
The typical characteristics of the bamboo stem are sturdiness, extreme lightness combined with great flexibility.
The leaves of the bamboo are subtle, lanceolate and often resemble blades of grass. They can be either upright or reclined. Their color is green which can vary depending on the plants, taking on a more or less intense color.
The ideal soil for a peaceful life of this plant is a peat made up mostly of peat mixed with garden soil and coarse sand, finally add some pine bark.
If you decide to grow bamboo in a pot, it must be deep enough so that the root system can develop sufficiently. Therefore a maximum depth of forty centimeters should be calculated for dwarf bamboos. Eighty centimeters for medium specimens and finally a maximum depth of one hundred for the largest bamboos.
Make sure that the bamboo soil is sufficiently drained. Therefore, if the soil is predominantly clayey, it will be necessary to create a deep excavation with a mixture of organic substance with sand, about one third, in order to improve drainage. It is necessary to choose a flat area in order to avoid dangerous water stagnations that could make the plant sick.
The fertilization of the bamboo must be carried out only and exclusively during the spring and summer period. It will therefore be necessary to dilute the fertilizer in the water used for watering. The frequency must be on a monthly basis. During the other months of the year it will not be necessary to fertilize the plant. The fertilizer that ensures stable and luxuriant growth of bamboo must contain mainly nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. In this way, lasting and luxuriant growth comes.
Bamboos are not strictly floral plants. Bamboo blooms very rarely in fact the intervals can be extremely long and can vary from species to species. In fact, it is not unusual for a bamboo shrub to flower after a hundred years from its birth. Often the shrub perishes once the plant finally reaches flowering. As for, however, the flowering of bamboo grown in pots is extremely rare. But, as stated earlier, not all bamboos have the same characteristics and this also applies to flowering. A particular case is the Phyllostachys elegans which bloom every year without reporting any damage to health. Except in the extremely rare case of massive flowering.
This very rare flower is extremely long and green in color.
Once the new shoots have produced the new leaves, pruning must be carried out. The dry and dead parts must be eliminated.