Nymph is the sweetest variety of honeysuckle
Gardeners are happy to grow honeysuckle on their backyards. It is not only used as an ornamental plant for vertical gardening - decorating pergolas and gazebos. Honeysuckle is also appreciated for its very tasty and healthy berries. This is one of the most winter-hardy crops, bearing fruit even in risky farming zones - in the Urals, Altai, Siberia. Today the Nymph variety is recognized as unsurpassed in its characteristics.
History of the Nymph variety
The genus of honeysuckle (lonitsera) has more than 200 species, mostly native to the northern hemisphere. In Russia, 50 species are found in nature. The inhabitants of Siberia and the Far East have been picking wild berries for a long time. The first information about honeysuckle with sweet edible fruits is contained in the Skaski of the Russian explorer of Kamchatka V.V. Atlasov (late 17th century). Selected forms of honeysuckle, found by local residents in the taiga, began to be grown in the gardens of Eastern Siberia. In the middle of the 19th century, breeders paid attention to the plant, as a result of numerous experiments at the beginning of the 20th century, domesticated honeysuckle appeared. I.V. Michurin considered this plant to be the most valuable berry crop.
Honeysuckle Nymph - one of the best varieties of Russian selection
Nymph is a variety created at the Pavlovsk Experimental Station named after N.I. Vavilova (St. Petersburg)... Breeders M.N. Plekhanov and A.V. Kondrikov received it as a result of pollination of the Leningradsky Giant variety. Honeysuckle, also called Gamma, was introduced into the State Register in 1998 and is recommended for cultivation throughout Russia.
The nymph is not afraid even of severe frosts, therefore it is grown without problems in the northern regions.
Honeysuckle Nymph is one of the best varieties. Prized for its sweet fruit. In addition, the variety has high frost resistance. Shoots can withstand cold temperatures down to -50 ° C, roots up to -40 ° C. Buds, flowers and ovaries do not lose their viability at -8 ° C. Therefore, the culture can be cultivated in regions with harsh winters.
A variety of medium early ripening. Forms a vigorous (up to 2.5 m) slightly spreading bush with strong, straight, pubescent shoots of light green color. The leaves are large, dark green, elongated-oval in shape. The leaf blade is straight, with a broadly rounded base.
Honeysuckle Nymph forms a vigorous, weakly spreading bush
It blooms with large pale-colored bell-shaped flowers. The main advantage of the variety is its delicious fruits that ripen in June. Berries weighing 0.8 g are elongated fusiform, with a tuberous surface. The skin is of medium thickness, bluish-blue tone. The fruits are sweet, aromatic, taste rating - 4.7 points out of 5.
The main value of the Nymph variety is sweet fruits
The variety gives an average of 2 kg per bush, with good care - more. Honeysuckle begins to bear fruit in the 3rd year, retains good productivity until the age of 25-30, and often up to 40 years. Sprinkling rate of ripe fruits is average. Culture rarely gets sick, weakly affected by aphids. As a disadvantage, the thickening of the crown is noted, if the timely pruning of the bush is not carried out.
The nymph is self-fertile; to obtain a harvest, it is necessary to plant other varieties nearby. The best pollinators are Amphora, Chosen One, Pavlovskaya.
The development and productivity of the berry bush largely depends on the correct location and the health of the seedlings.
Honeysuckle is a winter-hardy culture, it is not afraid of cold winds, so it can be planted in an open area, but on the condition that most of the day it will be well lit and warmed up by the sun. The nymph will grow in the shade, but the lack of light will negatively affect the yield and taste of the berries.
Honeysuckle should be planted in well-lit places.
The variety is unpretentious to soil conditions, but still prefers loamy, organic soils with neutral acidity. On acidic soils, the shrub slowly dies. You should not plant a crop in low-lying damp places with a close occurrence of groundwater: excess moisture leads to decay of the roots.
The best time for planting seedlings on the site is from August to the end of October. Planting in spring is undesirable because honeysuckle begins to grow very early. In mid-March, the buds swell, and a transplant at this time will negatively affect the plant: it begins to hurt, it does not take root well.
Only in certain areas, in the absence of snow in the spring (until March 15), can berry bushes be planted using the transshipment method.
Selection of seedlings
Garden centers now offer a large assortment of cultured honeysuckle. There you can choose exactly those varieties that are zoned to local conditions, get expert advice on growing crops. Nurseries usually sell seedlings in containers - planted with a clod of earth, they quickly and painlessly take root. It is best to purchase 2-3 year old plants.
It is better to purchase honeysuckle seedlings with a closed root system - they will painlessly take root and grow
Healthy seedlings should have flexible branches with buds, the root system should be developed, without signs of rot. Often, when choosing plants, gardeners are confused by the flaky bark. However, this feature of this berry culture has nothing to do with the low quality of the seedling.
The place is prepared 2-3 weeks before planting. They dig up the earth, remove weeds, dig holes 40 cm wide and deep.A layer of drainage of pebbles or expanded clay is placed on the bottom, a part of the fertile soil mixed with 20 liters of humus, 60 g of superphosphate and 500 g of ash is poured on top (instead of ash, you can add 500 g chalk).
An hour before planting, the seedling is dipped into a solution with Kornevin, which stimulates root formation.
Step by step process:
- A mound of fertile soil is formed in the center of the pit.
- Place the seedling, spreading the roots well. Plants from the container are planted with soil.
For a honeysuckle seedling, you need to dig a hole 40 cm deep
- Sprinkle the seedling so that the growth bud is 5 cm below the soil level.
- Be sure to shake the plant so that voids do not form, tamp the soil.
After planting, the earth is compacted so that there are no voids left.
- Form a round hole and pour 10 liters of water into it.
- After absorbing moisture, the soil is mulched with hay, humus.
It is recommended not to prune honeysuckle seedlings immediately after planting - shortening the shoots leads to a delay in fruiting.
Caring for Nymph honeysuckle includes regular soil moistening, fertilizing, weeding, pruning, and preventive measures against diseases.
Watering and loosening
In the first 2 years, only watering and weeding are carried out. The culture loves moisture, but does not tolerate boggy. Water the honeysuckle 4–6 times a season with 10–15 liters of water per bush. The culture especially needs moisture during the period of flowering and fruit formation. Lack of water negatively affects the taste of berries and the size of the harvest.
The berry especially needs moisture during flowering and fruit formation.
To improve pollination and attract bees to the garden, experienced gardeners advise to spray the honeysuckle with a solution of sugar or honey (2 tbsp. 10 l) during the appearance of buds.
After rain or watering, gently loosen the soil. Since the roots of honeysuckle are located close to the surface, loosening is carried out at a shallow depth of 8 cm. A layer of mulch 10 cm thick also allows keeping the soil moist and restraining the growth of weeds. Hay, straw, sawdust, humus are used as mulching material.
A layer of mulch around the honeysuckle bush helps retain moisture and inhibits weed growth
In the first two seasons, honeysuckle is not fed, it has enough nutrients introduced during planting. In the third year, in the spring, the berry is fertilized with ammonium nitrate (30 g 10 l). When budding, 10 kg of humus is introduced under the bush, at the end of August - 400 g of ash. Before the onset of cold weather, preparing the shrub for wintering, the soil is fertilized with 5 kg of compost, 100 g of ash, you can add 40 g of superphosphate (per 1 m2). Once every three years at the end of the season, it is recommended to feed the honeysuckle with potash fertilizers (15 g / m22), increasing the resistance of plants to diseases.
Before flowering, it is useful to carry out foliar feeding with natural fertilizer HB 101 (1 ml 20 l m2). This drug is produced from plantain, pine, cypress and Japanese cedar, contains silicon and is a growth activator, strengthens the immunity of plants.
Wood ash is an effective natural fertilizer containing potassium, phosphorus, calcium and other essential minerals for honeysuckle
Video: caring for honeysuckle
The first three years do not carry out the formation of the bush. In subsequent seasons, dry, diseased and broken branches are removed in autumn. From the age of 6, rejuvenating pruning is necessary. Cut 2 old branches at the base and leave 3 young shoots. Gradually, by the age of 15, the bush is completely rejuvenated.
Pruning allows for a well-lit and ventilated bush
With a strong growth of honeysuckle, the crown is necessarily thinned out. This is necessary so that the sun evenly illuminates the entire berry, and pollinating insects can easily penetrate to the middle of the bush.
Honeysuckle can be grown from seeds, cuttings, cuttings and by dividing the bush.
- The seed method is quite laborious and is used mainly for breeding experiments.
- It is not difficult to propagate honeysuckle by dividing the bush. A well-developed bush is divided into parts with a root, skeletal branches and young shoots. A delenka with branches shortened to 45 cm is planted in a prepared place.
- Most often, the grafting method is used to propagate a berry culture. Lignified cuttings are harvested at the end of the season: the annual growth is cut into 15-centimeter segments and stored in the basement until spring. At the end of March, they are planted in a greenhouse, leaving one bud above the surface. The earth is regularly moistened, the greenhouse is ventilated. After a month, the cuttings develop roots.
Honeysuckle cuttings are cut in the fall and stored in the basement until spring.
- When propagated by green cuttings in early summer, the shoots are divided into 12 cm long pieces and planted in a container with a nutritious soil mixture, watered, covered with a film, regularly ventilating and moisturizing the soil. Rooting takes place within a month. Cuttings are planted in a permanent place next fall.
- Honeysuckle is propagated by apical layers. The top of the shoot is buried in a groove under the bush, fixed with a bracket and watered. The cuttings take root in a month, but it should be separated and planted in the fall of the next season.
A fairly simple way to reproduce honeysuckle - apical layers
Video: propagation of honeysuckle with green cuttings
Preparing for winter
Honeysuckle is a cold-resistant plant, it is not for nothing that in nature it lives mainly in the northern latitudes. Therefore, the culture does not need insulation. On the eve of cold weather, they only carry out water-charging irrigation and mulch the soil with humus. In very harsh winters, the tips of the shoots may be slightly damaged by frost, which are removed in early spring.
Honeysuckle Nymph has good immunity. But under adverse weather conditions, signs of disease damage to the bush may appear. Timely preventive measures will prevent the emergence of pests.
Table: diseases of honeysuckle
Photo gallery: diseases that can affect honeysuckle
Table: pests of honeysuckle
Photo Gallery: Honeysuckle Insect Pests
Honeysuckle berries are popular with birds. To protect the crop from birds, when the fruits ripen, the shrubs should be covered with a protective net.
Nymph honeysuckle berries ripen at the beginning of summer at different times. Fresh fruits are stored in the refrigerator for only 2-3 days, therefore, in order to preserve the healing berries for a longer period, they are frozen, dried, sherbet, fruit drinks, compote are prepared, added to desserts and baked goods.
Jam with the addition of strawberries is especially tasty.
Honeysuckle fruits are consumed fresh, dried, compotes and jam are prepared from them.
Honeysuckle contains many vitamins and minerals, therefore it is advised to include it in the diet of people with diseases of the heart, blood vessels, eyes. Juice is used to treat lichens and ulcers. And from the dried leaves of honeysuckle, medicinal teas are prepared, recommended for skin diseases and kidney diseases.
Honeysuckle Nymph is an unpretentious and durable plant that retains productivity for many years. The cold-resistant culture easily tolerates the harsh Russian winters, and its fruits ripen in mid-June. Gardeners are also attracted by the decorativeness of the Nymphs - the bushes are often used to decorate the landscape and build hedges.
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Description of Pavlovskaya honeysuckle
The berry got its name "Viola" because of its purple color. The honeysuckle bush itself grows to a height of no more than 2 meters, but grows in diameter to 3 meters. The crown of the shrub has an oval shape, as well as erect dense and powerful branches.
Honeysuckle Pavlovskaya has large and smooth leaves of a rich dark green color on the front side and gray at the veins on the back.
Large fruits weighing just over 1 gram have a slightly bumpy surface. The shape of the berries is similar to elongated sacs with dense blue-violet skin. On the surface of the peel there is a waxy bloom characteristic of any type of honeysuckle. The berries have a firm flesh. Pavlovskaya honeysuckle is sweet with a sour taste, slightly bitter.
Attention! Bitterness in berries indicates the content of ascorbic acid in the composition. The more pronounced the sour taste, the healthier the berry.
Honeysuckle with red and orange berries is poisonous
- It is grown for decorative purposes. They are plants growing in all regions, even in the southern ones.
- The most famous varieties: Tatar and Caprifol. However, there are much more of them, there are large and small shrubs, vines.
Let's consider several types:
- Brown's honeysuckle Is a climbing plant. They are attracted by brightly colored flowers with a long tube in the middle. Her homeland is in North America. He loves the sun very much and does not tolerate drafts at all. For the winter, it needs to be covered so that it does not freeze.
- Lebedura Is another North American. It is a one and a half meter bush. She has attractive black berries, framed by cherry-colored bracts.
- Maak's honeysuckle differs in white flowers. They grow along the shoots. Birds enjoy its red fruits in autumn.
- The inedible varieties are very beautiful.
- They are decorated with bright fruits, dense foliage.
- They do not lose their beauty with the onset of autumn.