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Ktenanta: how to take care of a beauty from Brazil at home

Ktenanta: how to take care of a beauty from Brazil at home


Variegated plants enjoy steady popularity among flower growers. The lack of bright colors and ktenante does not interfere. She is quite capricious and demanding when caring for her at home, so some experience is required to maintain her, but it is very interesting to watch her. It is better for beginners to pre-train on its less whimsical relatives, for example, kalatea and arrowroot.

What a ktenanta looks like

Ctenanthe, sometimes called ctenante, is a genus of evergreen perennial plants belonging to the Marantaceae family. Most of its few representatives can be found in Brazil, from where they sometimes migrate to Central America (Mexico, Costa Rica). According to various sources, there are 15 to 20 natural ktenants.

In nature, the ktenanta looks very impressive due to the large leaves, but the plant will not get lost in the home collection either.

The name of the genus in translation from Greek means comb flower (ctenos - comb). The leaves are unevenly arranged on the stem, and the plant in profile looks like a ridge or fan.

In nature, the ctenant grows up to 2–2.5 m in height, the length of the leaf reaches 30–35 cm. They are located on long petioles and have the shape of an asymmetric ellipse with a pointed tip. At home, everything is much more modest - 70–80 cm in height and leaves 12–15 cm long.

The leaf plates are colored bright green or lime. They are covered with a pattern of yellowish, light green, whitish, silvery spots and stripes, asymmetrically diverging from the central vein. There are also species with monochromatic sheet plates, which also look very nice. Sometimes veins stand out white or pinkish. The leaves are rather thin, translucent in the light.

At home, the ktenant is grown because of the motley brightly colored foliage.

It is very interesting to watch the ktenant. The plant is in motion almost all the time. In the evening, the leaves rise, gathering in a bunch, in the morning they fall again. During the day, they also change position, angle of reversal. This is due to temperature changes in the room, the level of air humidity, the direction of air flows and other factors. It is hardly possible to notice the changes with the naked eye, but it is quite possible to hear the characteristic rustle and slight rustle.

The shoots of the ktenanta are short, so it seems that the rosettes of leaves on long petioles lie on the ground. They do not grow evenly, but in bundles.

The stalk of the ktenanta is very short, and the petioles of the leaves are long; when there are many of them, it seems that they grow right from the roots

Lovers of indoor plants appreciate the ktenante for its large, variegated leaves. Its bloom is definitely not the most attractive sight in the world. It's easy to miss him. Small greenish-white, lilac or yellowish flowers are collected in spike-shaped inflorescences, tightly pressed against the petioles.

The flowers of the ktenants are very inconspicuous in comparison with the leaves.

Some flower growers recommend breaking off the buds that have appeared so that the plant loses its strength on them. But if you do this regularly, you can harm the plant. Instead of young leaves, it will stubbornly form new flower stalks, and this is unnatural for him.

Ktenanta is often confused with her closest relatives - arrowroot, stromant, and most often - with calathea. Even professional botanists, not only amateur flower growers, cannot always agree on the assignment of a plant to a particular genus. Ktenanta is relatively rare in specialized stores. To make sure exactly which plant you got, you need to wait for flowering, but at home this phenomenon is almost exclusive. In calathea, the inflorescence resembles a basket. Another reliable way is to do a DNA test. The leaves of the ktenants are asymmetrical, sharpened a little sharper, but it is difficult for a layman to judge this.

Even professional botanists cannot always find ten differences between calathea and cetante, let alone amateur flower growers.

Species suitable for growing at home

Of the few natural ktenants, not all were able to adapt to home conditions. Basically, this is hampered by the exactingness of air humidity. Most often, the following species can be found in captivity:

  • Ktenanta Oppenheim (oppenheimiana), she is a giant bamboo. Height - 85–90 cm. Leaf length - 15–18 cm. The surface is velvety to the touch, the inside is bright scarlet. Pattern - silvery salad and cream broad strokes. There is a selection variety Tricolor (height 40-50 cm, pinkish and yellowish spots on the leaves). Compared to relatives, it tolerates low humidity better.
  • Ktenant Burle-Marx (burle-marxii). Low plant (20-40 cm). In nature, forms a continuous carpet of leaves 10 cm long and 5–6 cm wide. They are greenish-gray, almost rectangular with wide, darker stripes along the lateral veins. The underside is dark purple. Hybrid Obscura is bright green leaves with chaotically spaced blurry spots of a darker color and a wide border, Amagris is silvery-gray leaves with lettuce veins.
  • Ktenant Lubbers (lubbersiana). Height up to 75 cm. Leaves of a rich bright green hue that does not fade even in the shade and in the complete absence of natural light. The pattern is thin, pale yellow strokes that look like feathers. The most popular hybrids are Golden Mosaic (slash and butter-colored spots on the leaves) and Variegata (creamy, yellow and lime stripes along the veins).
  • Compressed ktenanta (compressa). Differs in very large leaves (length up to 30 cm, width - 10-12 cm).
  • Ktenanta bristly (setosa). Grows up to 1 m in height. Leaves are dark green with a grayish undertone. The underside is bright purple. In the presence of a sufficiently spacious pot and abundant watering, it grows very quickly.

Photo: types of ktenants grown at home

How to create an optimal microclimate for a plant

The ktenanta is quite demanding to the microclimate. In nature, it grows on marshy soils under a canopy cover, which is formed by intertwining tree branches. The main difficulties are associated with the creation of high humidity. The standard 40-50%, which are supported in modern apartments, does not suit her.

Table: optimal conditions for growing ktenants

Each type of ktenant has its own lighting requirements. It is important to find a middle ground. With a lack of light, the leaves become shallow and fade, with an excess, they become translucent, covered with blurry beige spots.

If you provide the ktenant with a sufficiently long daylight hours, she will feel quite comfortable in the back of the room.

Transplant procedure and preparation for it

For ktenants under the age of five, the transplant is an annual procedure. Adult specimens are moved to a new pot less often - every 2-3 years. At the same time, the top 2-3 cm of the soil are changed annually. The best time for the procedure is late spring or early summer.

The container is taken wide and shallow, similar to a bowl. Each time, its diameter is increased by 5–7 cm. The best material is unglazed ceramics, in which the soil sour much less often.

The soil is required sufficiently nutritious, but at the same time it is well permeable to air and water, slightly acidic. A special mixture for arrowroot is rarely found on sale, so it is prepared independently from leafy soil, peat chips, coarse river sand (2: 1: 1) and pieces of charcoal, finely chopped sphagnum moss (about 5% of the total volume of the mixture). An alternative is a commercially available azalea substrate.

Soil for Marantovs is rare on sale, but it can be replaced with a self-prepared mixture, all components of which are readily available

The transplant itself looks like this:

  1. Pour expanded clay or pebbles into a new pot (layer 2-3 cm thick). Above - about the same amount of fresh soil.
  2. Remove the ktenant from the old container. It is easier to do this if you water the plant abundantly in about half an hour. Try to keep the earth ball intact.
  3. Trim off dried leaves. Do the same with dead and / or decayed roots. Sprinkle the wounds with crushed chalk, activated carbon, cinnamon.
  4. Place the earthen ball in a new pot, add the substrate around the edges. When finished, gently shake the container to fill any voids.
  5. Do not water the plant for 3-5 days. Protect it especially carefully from direct sunlight. This will help minimize the stress you have suffered.

The ktenant is transplanted by dividing the bush, trying not to destroy the earthen lump

Video: transplanting plants from the Marantov family

Proper care of a ktenant at home

Ktenanta is a rather demanding plant to care for. It is negatively affected by the slightest mistakes of the grower and the lack of attention on his part. So that the flower does not have to suffer, you need to study the rules for caring for it in advance and follow them exactly.

Watering a flower

Watering the ktenante requires frequent and abundant watering; the soil in the pot should always be slightly moist (but not wet). Wait until the soil after the previous procedure dries 1.5–2 cm deep. If it's cool outside, it takes 2-3 days, in hot weather - less than a day. Therefore, the intervals between waterings are being adjusted all the time.

A spray bottle is an absolutely necessary thing for those who are going to grow a ktenantu

Water must be warmed up to a temperature of 30 ° C or slightly higher. This also applies to the one that is used for spraying. If it is not possible to collect rain or melt water, tap water is pre-defended, boiled, passed through a filter. Since the ktenanta prefers a slightly acidic substrate, apple cider vinegar or citric acid can be added to it in small amounts every 7-10 days (a few drops or granules per 10 liters).

The plant does not tolerate overdrying or waterlogging of the soil. It also reacts very negatively to hypothermia of the root system. Gently loosen the soil before each watering. When spraying, make sure that large drops of water do not fall on the leaves - they leave ugly brown spots on them.

Leaves of ktenants need to be regularly wiped from dust

Fertilization

Top dressing is applied throughout the year. From the beginning of spring to mid-autumn, the ktenant is fertilized once every 12-15 days; in winter, the intervals between procedures are increased to 5-6 weeks. Universal fertilizers for decorative leafy indoor plants are quite suitable. The nutrient solution is prepared in strict accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. Ktenanta does not like an excess of macro- and microelements in the soil. This is especially true for nitrogen and calcium. Natural organic matter is definitely not an option for her.

Any universal complex fertilizer for decorative leafy indoor plants is suitable for feeding ktenants.

Video: important nuances of caring for a ktenant

Pruning

Pruning for ktenanta is more of a sanitary procedure. The plant does not need to be formed. It is enough to remove dried or dying leaves at the same time as the transplant.

Dormant period

The ktenant does not have a clearly expressed period of rest, vital for her proper growth and development. In order for the flower to have a good rest, it is enough to slightly lower the temperature for the winter and reduce the number of dressings (some growers recommend giving them up altogether). Move the ktenant as far as possible from radiators and other heating devices - they dry the air a lot.

You need to be especially careful with watering in the cold season. The plant is very easy to fill, thereby provoking the development of rot. But it is also impossible to overdry. On average, once every 5–6 days is enough.

The lighting requirements for the tenant do not change. In most of the territory of Russia, natural light will not be enough for it, so use lamps for additional lighting. You can move the pot to the south window (no shading) - the winter sun is not so active.

Common mistakes of an amateur florist

The ktenant reacts to any mistakes in care and conditions of detention that do not suit her with a deterioration in appearance. And since its main value in the eyes of a grower is precisely bright variegated foliage, you need to learn how to correctly interpret the signals sent by the plant in order to know what exactly he does not like.

Table: how the tenant reacts to mistakes in leaving

Curled leaves of ktenants indicate that the plant suffers from a moisture deficit.

Diseases and pests affecting the ktenant

A flower grower growing a ktenant will have to deal with the most common pests that feed on plant sap. Another serious danger threatening the plant is root rot. Here, most often the owner himself is to blame, watering it too abundantly.

In general, with proper care, the ktenant suffers from diseases and pests quite rarely. The risk of infection can be minimized by performing a set of simple preventive measures:

  • quarantine for new acquisitions for 3-4 weeks;
  • inspection of plants for the presence of suspicious symptoms and immediate isolation of those specimens in which they are detected (at least once every 5-7 days);
  • free, without cramped placement of pots on the windowsill;
  • regular ventilation of the room;
  • placing indoor flowers and bouquets as far apart as possible (even better in different rooms);
  • proper watering and maintaining high humidity;
  • wiping off dust from plant leaves and sanitary pruning;
  • using only sterilized soil, clean pots and tools;
  • periodic replacement of water for irrigation with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, weekly irradiation of leaves on both sides with a quartz lamp (2-3 minutes is enough).

Table: diseases and pests typical for ktenants

Photo: diseases and pests that will have to be dealt with when growing ktenants

Reproduction methods at home

Since the flowering of ktenants at home is an extremely rare phenomenon, and its seeds are also rarely found on sale, it reproduces vegetatively - by rooting apical cuttings or dividing a bush. Both methods give good results.

Dividing the bush

The method is suitable only for large and completely healthy plants at the age of five years. Most often, the procedure is combined with a transplant, so as not to disturb the ktenant once again.

Most often, the division of the ktenanty bush is carried out during the transplantation process.

  1. Remove the plant from the pot. Shake the substrate off the roots.
  2. Try to untwist them with your hands so as to divide the whole bush into 2-3 parts. Where this is not possible, use a sharp, clean knife.
  3. Sprinkle all wounds with crushed chalk or activated carbon, let them dry for 2-3 hours.
  4. Plant new plants in small pots filled with peat or a mixture of peat with all-purpose soil for decorative foliage. Pour well with warm water.
  5. Place containers in tightly tied plastic bags and keep in greenhouses until the first new leaf appears. Periodically, the boys should be ventilated and checked for mold and rot.
  6. To speed up the process, provide bright, diffused light, a temperature of about 25-27 ° C and bottom heating. As it dries, moisten the soil with a weak (2-3 ml per liter of water) solution of any root formation stimulator - Epin, Kornevin, Zircon.

New ktenants take root pretty quickly and start growing

Video: reproduction of indoor plants by dividing the bush

Cuttings

The stalk of the ctenant is the tip of the shoot with two or three leaves approximately 7–12 cm long. They are cut in late spring or early summer. In the process, be sure to capture part of the stem.

Ctenants root cuttings in water, in the first 2-3 days the leaves may curl up, this is normal

  1. Place the cut cuttings in containers filled with water at room temperature with the addition of a succinic acid tablet and activated carbon (200 ml).
  2. To speed up the process of emergence of roots, put them in a home mini-greenhouse or cover with plastic bags, glass jars. This usually takes 5–6 weeks if the temperature is maintained at 22–25 ° C and bright diffused light. Do not forget to change the water every 2-3 days.
  3. When the roots reach a length of 2-3 cm, the cuttings are treated in the same way as with the plants obtained as a result of dividing the bush.

Ktenants who have given roots are planted in the ground in the same way as parts of a divided plant

Video: propagation of indoor plants by cuttings

Florist reviews

Ktenanta is not an option for those who cannot pay enough attention to green pets. This plant requires careful care and implementation of all recommendations. But florists who manage to make friends with an unusual exotic flower, its bright variegated greenery will invariably cheer up not only with its appearance, but also as a reason for legitimate pride.

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Ktenanta: home care, types with photos, including oppengeym, lubbers, what to do if the leaves dry and for other problems

Variegated plants enjoy steady popularity among flower growers. The lack of bright colors and ktenante does not interfere.

She is quite capricious and demanding when caring for her at home, so some experience is required to maintain her, but it is very interesting to watch her.

It is better for beginners to pre-train on its less whimsical "relatives", for example, kalatea and arrowroot.

What a ktenanta looks like

Ctenanthe, sometimes called "ctenante", is a genus of evergreen perennials belonging to the Marantaceae family. Most of its few representatives can be found in Brazil, from where they sometimes "migrate" to Central America (Mexico, Costa Rica). According to various sources, there are from 15 to 20 "natural" ktenants.

In nature, the ktenanta looks very impressive due to the large leaves, but the plant will not get lost in the home collection either.

In nature, the ctenant grows up to 2–2.5 m in height, the length of the leaf reaches 30–35 cm. They are located on long petioles and have the shape of an asymmetric ellipse with a pointed tip. At home, everything is much more modest - 70–80 cm in height and leaves 12–15 cm long.

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The leaf plates are colored bright green or lime. They are covered with a pattern of yellowish, light green, whitish, silvery spots and stripes, asymmetrically diverging from the central vein.

There are also species with monochromatic sheet plates, which also look very nice. Sometimes veins stand out white or pinkish. The leaves are rather thin, translucent in the light.

At home, the ktenant is grown because of the motley brightly colored foliage.

The shoots of the ktenanta are short, so it seems that the rosettes of leaves on long petioles lie on the ground. They do not grow evenly, but in "bundles".

The stalk of the ktenanta is very short, and the petioles of the leaves are long when there are many of them, it seems that they grow directly from the roots

Lovers of indoor plants appreciate the ktenante for its large, variegated leaves. Its bloom is definitely not the most attractive sight in the world. It's easy to miss him. Small greenish-white, lilac or yellowish flowers are collected in spike-shaped inflorescences, tightly pressed against the petioles.

The flowers of the ktenants are very inconspicuous in comparison with the leaves.

Ktenantu is often confused with her closest "relatives" - arrowroot, stromant, and most often - with calathea. Even professional botanists, not only amateur flower growers, cannot always agree on the assignment of a plant to a particular genus. Ktenanta is relatively rare in specialized stores.

To make sure exactly which plant you got, you need to wait for flowering, but at home this phenomenon is almost exclusive. In calathea, the inflorescence resembles a basket. Another reliable way is to do a DNA test.

The leaves of the ktenants are asymmetrical, sharpened a little sharper, but it is difficult for a layman to judge this.

Even professional botanists cannot always “find ten differences” between calathea and ctetanta, to say nothing of amateur flower growers

Species suitable for growing at home

Of the few "natural" ktenants, not all of them were able to adapt to their home conditions. Basically, this is hampered by the exactingness of air humidity. Most often, "in captivity" you can find the following species:

  • Ktenant Oppenheim (oppenheimiana), she is "giant bamboo". Height - 85–90 cm. Leaf length - 15–18 cm. The surface is velvety to the touch, the inside is bright scarlet. Pattern - silvery salad and cream broad strokes. There is a selection variety Tricolor (height 40-50 cm, pinkish and yellowish spots on the leaves). Compared to "relatives" it tolerates low humidity better.
  • Ktenant Burle-Marx (burle-marxii). Low plant (20-40 cm). In nature, forms a continuous carpet of leaves 10 cm long and 5–6 cm wide. They are greenish-gray, almost rectangular with wide, darker stripes along the lateral veins. The underside is dark purple. Hybrid Obscura is bright green leaves with chaotically spaced blurry spots of a darker color and a wide border, Amagris is silvery-gray leaves with lettuce veins.
  • Ktenant Lubbers (lubbersiana). Height up to 75 cm. Leaves of a rich bright green hue that does not fade even in the shade and in the complete absence of natural light. The pattern is thin, pale yellow strokes that look like feathers. The most popular hybrids are Golden Mosaic (slash and butter-colored spots on the leaves) and Variegata (creamy, yellow and lime stripes along the veins).
  • Compressed ktenanta (compressa). Differs in very large leaves (length up to 30 cm, width - 10-12 cm).
  • Ktenanta bristly (setosa). Grows up to 1 m in height. Leaves are dark green with a grayish undertone. The underside is bright purple. In the presence of a sufficiently spacious pot and abundant watering, it grows very quickly.


Origin of ktenants and appearance

The homeland of all plants of the bright family of Marantovy is South America. Ktenanta (or ktenante) is no exception. It comes from the humid and warm Latin American jungle. There the ktenanta feels great in the laced spots of the sun under the shade of tall trees. In its natural environment, this herbaceous perennial plant lives in Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, Colombia and Brazil.

Ktenanta is translated from Greek as a comb flower. It is believed that the name was given to it due to the fact that the unevenly spaced leaves from a distance resemble a comb.

Homeland ktenants - South American rainforests with a humid and warm climate

Ktenanta is often confused with its closest relatives: arrowroot, stromant, and especially with calathea. Some varieties are difficult to recognize even by a specialist. Plants have a similar appearance and similar preferences. All of them are afraid of the burning sun and cold, and rejoice in high humidity. However, ctenants differ from other arrowroots in the greater length of the petioles and the oval-elongated shape of the leaf plate.

The difference between ktenants and other arrowroots is longer petioles

The flowering of the ktenanta does not make an impression, its paniculate pale pink or white inflorescences are small and dim. But she does not need lush flowers. Florists appreciate the richly decorated foliage of this plant. It is velvety and painted with whimsical ornaments, symmetrical or chaotic. The top of the leaf can be of different shades of green, silvery with stripes, spots, streaks of white or pink. The bottom is most often purple-burgundy.

Ktenanta is appreciated for its brightly colored luxurious foliage.

The beauty of ktenants will require from the grower, of course, not sacrifices, but the creation of special conditions and increased attention to his person. ThoseThose who claim that arrowroots are easy to use at home are a little cunning. Or they have been growing these plants for a long time and have studied all the habits thoroughly. For example, spraying should become a daily procedure, watering should be dosed, the hot sun burns, and the lack of light kills the beauty of the leaves. But despite all the difficulties, ktenants are popular, for the sake of them flower growers are ready to spend time and effort.

Ktenanta is not the easiest flower to care for, but he has many loyal fans who successfully grow it.

The charm of prayer

Arrowroot plants are popularly called praying for the fact that in the evening, at sunset, they raise and touchingly fold the leaves. So they try to get more light, sometimes prayer anticipates changes in the weather, indicating an imminent rain.

Leaves of ktenants react to changing conditions; in a healthy plant they rise in the evening

In ktenants, this generic feature is very well expressed. And since the leaf plates are rather large and the petioles are long, the plant emits a characteristic rustling. Most growers are delighted with this "charging". Their flower smiles and waves. Tenant owners know that leaf movement can also indicate problems. If the plant has lowered them and almost pressed them against the petioles, it is most likely hot and dry. Then it is worth checking the soil, moistening the leaves.

Video: ktenanta raises leaves


Signs associated with bokarnea shtambova

On the forum, many breeders ask what signs exist about buying a plant. Feng Shui experts claim that all indoor plants are capable of bringing certain benefits to the owner, the main thing is to correctly approach this issue. It is believed that with the advent of bokarnei in the family, harmony and peace will come between the household.

In general, all succulent and tree-like plants neutralize manifestations of rage and anger, help where a person's character is unpredictable. You can put a flower in the hallway or in the living room.


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