How to properly plan a section of a country house and not make mistakes
The acquisition of a land plot for the construction of a country house is a joyous event. Surely its owner has many plans and wants to immediately start implementing them. But where do you start? You need to start with the layout of the site. After all, you need to know exactly where the house, outbuildings and other objects, the construction of which is planned, will be located. Most likely, the site will have a garden, flower beds and possibly a pond or pool. In order to place all this correctly, effectively using the entire available territory, you need to know how to plan a section of a country house.
Why do you need a site plan at all?
A well-designed plan is essential for any site, regardless of its size and shape. If this is not done, then during the construction and laying out of the garden and flower beds, it may turn out that the objects are located irrationally: hard-to-reach pockets appear, which will have to be empty in the future. If something turns out to be redone without significant costs, then when transferring capital buildings, you will have to go to significant financial and labor costs.
The plan is necessary for the arrangement of each site, regardless of its size: only in this case, each of its objects will be in place
The presence of a site organization plan will allow taking into account in advance the location of capital construction objects and temporary buildings, the location of fruit trees and shrubs, flower beds, and so on. The scheme, drawn up taking into account the wishes of all family members, will help to calculate in advance the amount of funds that will be needed for its implementation. In addition, the carefully planned area allows a little glimpse into the future. For example, provide a playground or a place for a car.
The correct layout of the site allows you to save on costs associated with energy and water supply, with water disposal, heating and irrigation of the site. Residential buildings will be oriented so that natural light is present in them, but not hot from the scorching summer heat. The playground will definitely be visible from the kitchen window so that the children can be supervised, even if the mother is preparing dinner.
When drawing up a plan, special attention should be paid to the playground. It should always be in the field of view of adults, be sufficiently shaded and illuminated.
However, some rules for the location of objects on the site are strictly regulated and do not depend on the wishes of the owner himself. You just need to know them so that there will be no misunderstandings in the future, and follow them strictly. Certain nuances of this issue will be highlighted in the video, which is at the very end of this article.
How to improve the suburban area, read here: https://diz-cafe.com/plan/kak-oblagorodit-sadovyj-uchastok.html
Basic provisions when planning a site
When drawing up a plan for a suburban area, many different factors must be taken into account. For example, the shape of the allotment, the buildings that are located near it, as well as the characteristics of the terrain can have a significant impact. In particular, the location of your land is very important.
Not all sites have a traditional rectangular shape. There are, for example, and triangular. But the correct layout can turn this disadvantage into an advantage.
Be sure to consider whether there is land on a hill or in a lowland, whether there is any body of water nearby. It would be nice to know what happened on this place before, perhaps, once a forest grew here, or it's just a piece of the steppe plain. Considering these important circumstances, then even on a small plot of land, you can place all the planned objects.
The following factors deserve special attention:
- Terrain relief. The location of utilities, the location of the main house and the necessary outbuildings may depend on how even the allotment you got, what is the surrounding landscape.
- Soil type. Soils in Russia can be different. There are light and fertile plants on which different plants can be grown. Sandy or heavy clayey as well as loam may come across. If the soil is poor, it will have to be carefully cared for, and in some cases it will be necessary to bring a special fertile soil to the site.
- Plot shape. Not all areas are rectangular, although this shape is considered traditional. The allotments can even be triangular or in the shape of the letter G.
- Reservoirs. It is important to take into account not only the proximity of surface water bodies, but also the presence of groundwater and their level. If there is groundwater and is close to the surface of the earth, a drainage system will have to be installed.
- The position of the site on the sides of the horizon.
Feature # 1 - site relief
The place for the garden should be chosen taking into account the relief of the earth's surface. It depends on it in which direction the water will flow after rain or melting snow. The possible impact of spring flooding on planting is also taken into account.
The complex relief of the site sometimes does not lend itself to correction, but the negative consequences arising from differences in surface levels can and should be prevented
Using the information received about your land plot, you can prevent some negative consequences in a timely manner. For example, to level the surface, you can remove the soil somewhere, and somewhere, on the contrary, add it. In advance, you can take care of gutters or blind areas near buildings.
Slopes can be strengthened by building terraces, stairs, special slopes or retaining walls. Sometimes, in order to grow plants in an area with an uneven surface, it is necessary to use a vertical layout.
You can learn more about how to strengthen the slopes and slopes on the site from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/plan/ukreplenie-sklonov-na-uchastke.html
Feature # 2 - cardinal alignment
It is very important to consider how the site is located relative to the cardinal points. Indeed, the correct placement of buildings depends on this, which makes it possible to use the features of the lighting of the allotment during the daylight hours. For example, if large trees and buildings are located on the north side of the site, then the shadow falling from them will not have a negative impact on other green spaces.
Most home windows should be facing south or southeast to make the most of the natural daylight in all rooms
In this case, the house should be oriented with a facade in the south direction. Then it will be light in his rooms from dawn to dusk.
Feature # 3 - Considering Sane Traditions
Do not neglect reasonable traditions: leave a small piece of land for the front garden between the facade of your house and the street. This piece of land filled with flowers and green plants will serve more than just a decorative function. It will protect the house from dust and street noise.
The front garden is a place where you can embody the most daring design decisions, read about it: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/palisadnik-pered-domom-svoimi-rukami.html
The presence of a front garden is not only beautiful, but also reasonable, since green spaces are a natural barrier to noise and dust from outside.
Dividing a suburban area into zones
We will think globally so as not to get stuck on the details at this stage. To do this, we will divide the entire site into zones in accordance with their functional purpose.
The division of the entire territory of the site into zones - zoning - is of a fundamental nature, the details of the plan will be worked out at the next stage
So, we have to highlight:
- Residential area. The most important building will be located here - the house, as well as all the additional buildings that are attached to it. This can be a garage, terrace, summer kitchen, etc.
- Rest zone. It is better to rest away from outbuildings. We need to choose a place not far from the house, but at the end of the site, which is hidden from the eyes of strangers.
- Garden and vegetable garden area. For this purpose, you need to choose a well-lit place that is convenient for watering. Here it will be possible to compactly place shrubs, fruit trees and garden beds.
- Economic zone. This is the work area. It should be located at the end of the site opposite from the recreation area. Here are concentrated household buildings, premises for keeping animals and poultry (chicken coop, rabbit house, etc.).
The largest of all can be considered the garden and vegetable garden area. It takes up about half or even most of the entire allotment. As a rule, about 1/10 of the entire territory is allocated for housing. A little more space is occupied by household buildings. If the remaining space seems insufficient for arranging a recreation area, you can increase this area at the expense of a garden, vegetable garden or economic zone.
When the fundamental zoning is done, you can draw the details of the plan.
Also, examples of layouts of plots for 6-20 acres will be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/plan/primery-planirovok-uchastkov.html
Detailing the work plan
Let's say your dreams are ahead of your financial capabilities. This is a common situation, but you shouldn't be discouraged. Put on the plan everything that should appear on your site over time, regardless of whether you are ready for these expenses today or not.
The time will come when the new costs will be on your shoulder, then it will be possible to realize what is conceived in full. It is important to include everything in the plan, and then follow it strictly. If you constantly change decisions, over time you can make sure that chaos has formed on the site.
The process of developing and detailing the plan will be greatly facilitated by the free online garden plot builder: https://diz-cafe.com/planirovshhik.html
At the stage of detailing, not only specific objects appear on the site plan, but also their parameters, made to scale, begin to be drawn
Having calculated the parameters of future buildings, you need to use a scale to draw their outlines on graph paper. The more detailed the plan is, the more accurate its implementation will be, and the fewer mistakes will be made in the process of its implementation.
In addition to buildings, it is necessary to draw all the elements of other zones. For example, mark fences, paths, break future beds and flower beds. At the same time, try to make the paths comfortable. They don't have to be straight. Smooth curves will give them a more natural look. At the same time, your site will get rid of the banality. In addition, all the intended sites must be plotted on the plan, at the same time the paths must receive not only direction, but also width.
Do not try to make the paths on your site perfectly straight, it will be inconvenient for you to use them yourself, and you will begin to round corners and spoil the lawns
Now you can make room for trees and shrubs. Let them look like circles of the appropriate size on the plan. To determine the types of planting, take a directory and select those plants that correspond to the area of your residence. This will help to roughly estimate the upcoming primary costs of landscaping the site.
An overview of the best varieties of ornamental shrubs for arranging a garden will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/ozelenenie/dekorativnye-kustarniki-dlya-sada.html
The largest trees should be located in the part of the plot remote from the house. The recreation area can be surrounded by decorative deciduous shrubs that bloom beautifully. Dwarf conifers or berry bushes such as hawthorn can be planted along the paths. From the side of the intended direction of the winds, plants with large leaves and a dense crown are planted.
Despite the fact that the garden zone is allocated the largest area in terms of territory, you should not abuse tree planting: they need a place for growth and development
For flower beds, we are looking for the most sunlit places. Pay attention to the entrance area, seating area and space in the immediate vicinity of the house. If this site already had owners, then it is better to leave the beds for vegetables and berries in the places where they already were. The reason is simple: the land in this place is already well cared for and it will only be enough to fertilize it in a timely manner. If you got a virgin land, make beds between the recreation area and outbuildings.
Garden gazebo with barbecue. An overview of 2 examples of DIY construction: /postroiki/besedka-s-mangalom-svoimi-rukami.html
Like flower beds, the beds also do not have to have a regular rectangular shape. As you can see, a round garden bed, divided into sectors, is convenient and original.
Next, it is necessary to determine the places for vertical gardening. Trellises, pergolas and arches should appear on the plan. Determine a place for them in such a way that they can not only become a decoration of the territory, but also hide the necessary, but not always beautiful enough, buildings for economic purposes from the eyes.
In the final stage of planning, you need to take care of the places for small architectural forms, lighting and portable containers in which you will place beautiful ornamental plants.
Objects of vertical gardening should also be displayed on the site plan of a country house: they give the territory an additional charm and are necessary for growing climbing plants
Now that everything you have in mind is located in your virtual territory, make sure that objects do not interfere with each other. There should be no empty or blind nooks. Each meter of the territory should be of use to you in order to please you in the future. Do not be discouraged if, in the course of implementing this plan, it undergoes some adjustment. This is permissible. But still try to follow what is planned.
Some secrets of site planning can be found in the video:
Maintaining the style of the site
One of the factors that affect the planning of a site is the style chosen by its owner. Of course, the uniform style to which the objects of the site will be subordinated will inevitably be reflected in the course of its planning. For example, if the design provides for a Japanese rock garden or a well in the Russian style, they must definitely find a place on the plan.
Of course, the features of the style in which your site will be executed affect the list, number and location of objects on the territory.
Unity in the design of a country house site can be achieved in another ingenious way: use a single geometric shape when creating different objects. For example, shape a pond, playground, flower bed and lawn into a square, diamond or circle. Then repeat the same geometric figure in the design of the gazebo, fence and window bars. It is simply impossible to realize such an original idea without a plan.
How to zone a large round section: /vopros-otvet/kak-razbit-kruglyiy-uchastok-na-zonyi.html
More information on site planning can be obtained from the video:
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Landscaping of a country house: planning and photos of plots
Country houses are designed for relaxation and unity with nature. Therefore, their design is usually simple, informal and convenient. The landscape design of a country house should emphasize architecture and be combined with the surrounding natural environment. In addition, such a plot may contain a garden, vegetable garden, greenhouses and other agricultural elements.With Dekorin, you will learn what the layout of a country house site consists of, how to create a beautiful landscape design, and also see 30 photos and projects for inspiration.
Landscape design software: pros and cons
Each person can create their own, individual design for their garden area. The program for landscape design online is a computer program for landscaping, garden design and landscaping with the possibility of three-dimensional viewing of the created project.
The program for creating a landscape makes it possible to implement a personal project from scratch or change the design of your garden, having previously loaded all its parameters into the program. A computer program for landscape design has a huge library of objects and plants: small architectural forms, garden paths, buildings, fences and much more. For each plant, the landscape program has a detailed description with detailed information about its morphological and biological properties. In addition, if necessary, you can independently scan the necessary elements and layout plants and add them to the program library.
The program for the design of landscape design provides for work with ready-made projects, has navigation through the created or edited project. Using a simple program interface, you can view a three-dimensional image of the plan, set up cameras, select a viewing angle, and also view the project in 3D mode. When mastering the program for landscape design, you will learn how to work with video cameras and set the sun settings, set the boundaries of the site using measurement tools such as a tape measure, a square, and also process scanned images of ready-made drawings.
When working with the plan, you can draw up a three-dimensional image of the house, get photographs from all cardinal points, demonstrate a separate area of the project site in the working window of the plan, add your own objects obtained from scanned illustrations or photographs to the project, view the created garden in spatial form.
When designing individual zones of a garden plot (ponds, lawns, rockeries, plant curbs, vertical gardening), the program for creating a landscape design is able to plan everything in detail. You can also design complex paths, streams, squares, ponds, places for sports and recreation. You can use fountains, small decorative forms cut from digital photos or scanned illustrations in your garden project. Work with the editor of fences and barriers, small architectural forms is provided.
The library of plants of the program is very large, it makes it possible to select plants for the project according to the specified parameters: type of plants, climatic zones of growth, flowering time and color, plant height, watering, frost resistance. There are tables on monthly plant care, types of diseases and methods of treatment, various types and methods of cutting plants. If you are doing landscape design with your own hands, the program provides for adding new plants you need to the library with detailed descriptions and characteristics.
How to do it right: Plan a summer cottage plot of 10 acres
1. Not a house or a street
The first thing to consider when planning a site is the presence of a place between the house and the garden: one where you feel on the street, but protected from the vagaries of the weather. Where in the summer you can hide from the rain and drink tea while reading a book, and in the winter - admire the snow-covered landscapes without dodging gusts of icy wind.
Four objects solve this problem: a veranda, a terrace, a shed and a gazebo. The first three are part of the house itself, and they are structurally connected to the house: a common foundation and a common roof. Of course, you can attach a veranda to the finished building, but this is always more difficult than doing it from the very beginning, and creates additional risks.
For example, if you have a single flat roof, there is little chance of it leaking. But if this roof consists of two parts, one is above the house, the other is above the terrace, the likelihood of leaks at the junction becomes much higher. It is the same with the foundation: it is much easier and safer to make one, and not connect the two. Therefore, the sooner you understand what exactly you need of these three objects, the better.
The most convenient and multifunctional solution is a closed veranda. It can be made heated or not. Of course, heating a fully glazed room is an expensive pleasure, so most often the veranda is made cold, and it still makes sense.
The same applies to the playground: it is convenient when there is a protected area where children can play even in the rain. For example, their own little house.
Advice: Even such a "street" object as a swing would be nice to hide under a roof.
The surface of the paths should be such that it is convenient to clean them: either by hand or with a snow blower. Sand and gravel should not be used, and steps are inconvenient for machine cleaning. Massive slabs of stone or wood, lying at a distance from each other, look great, but cleaning such a path will be problematic - it is better if the coating is continuous.
Advice: Even if the size of the plot is small, only 10 acres, think about whether you need all the paths in autumn and winter, is it worth spending time and effort to clear them of snow,
Lighting of the site is a separate big topic, but even here year-round living imposes certain requirements. Lamps "recessed" into the road surface or other horizontal surface look very interesting, but in winter they will be covered with snow, and it will be difficult to clean. When setting up a site, consider the average height of snow cover in your area. For example, in the suburbs - about half a meter. The minimum height of the lighting posts should be slightly higher.
Advice: If you do not plan to radically solve the lighting problem, by laying cables along the paths, you can go another, cheaper and simpler way: use solar-powered lights. They serve well in autumn, when there is very little light: the passage through the site becomes more comfortable. Garlands, portable and hanging lanterns are produced with "solar" power - you can easily find a solution to your taste.