Recommendations on how to store beets in the cellar or basement until spring
It is convenient to keep beets, like other root crops, in the cellar or in the basement until next season, where the best conditions are created for them, but how to store the beets in the cellar so that they remain firm throughout the winter and do not lose their taste?
The key to successful storage of beets is proper cultivation and harvesting
Many have problems with long-term storage of this very useful root vegetable. But it's hard to imagine Russian cuisine without beets! And as spring approaches, it would be nice to increase the consumption of beets, given its benefits for the body and numerous medicinal properties.
In fact, storing beets should not cause much trouble, because they belong to table root crops, the keeping quality of which is much better than that of carrots or potatoes. If you know how to properly store beets, and do not allow specimens affected by infectious diseases to enter the total mass of the crop, then in the spring you will also get strong healthy roots from the cellar that have not at all lost their presentation and taste.
Storing beets for the winter will be successful if you not only provide suitable conditions for them in the basement, but also grow them correctly, carefully collect and sort the crop, and most importantly, select varieties that are distinguished by the best keeping quality and cold resistance.
Video about collecting and storing beets
Before you start growing beets, you need to remember that the highest quality, healthy roots are obtained on fertile sandy loam or loamy soils. If you plant beets in acidic soil, they can be struck by ordinary scab, as a result of which the skin of the root crops will become covered with warts, cracks, and become rough. Subsequently, other diseases that negatively affect the keeping quality of beets will easily develop in the cracks.
For household plots, beet varieties with high keeping quality are well suited: Incomparable, Bravo, Bordeaux 237, Red Ball, Podzimnyaya, Odnorostkovaya, Nosovskaya flat, etc.
Choose varieties with small roots - they are tastier, not as fibrous as large ones, and they are much better stored. But you should not leave too small beets for storage.
Choose varieties with small roots - they are tastier
Harvesting beets should be started earlier than harvesting carrots, because ripe beets on the surface of the earth quickly freeze at the first frost. Dig up the roots as carefully as possible so that fungal and viral diseases do not develop in them due to mechanical damage.
Diseases that reduce the keeping quality of beets:
- gray rot often develops on beets that have been frozen or damaged during digging;
- in root crops overfed with nitrogen and phosphorus, susceptibility to white rot increases;
- white and gray rot can be brought into storage along with lumps of soil adhered to root crops;
- in summer, beets are often affected by fusarium, as well as phomosis, which develop during winter storage, forming hard black spots and voids in root crops;
- during wet spring and dry summer, there is a deficiency of boron salts in the soil, due to which heart rot develops in beets, which passes from the root of the root inward, forming voids. Such roots rot at the very beginning of storage.
It is advisable to leave the dug crop for a short time under the sun in the garden
How to store beets in winter - preparation of root crops and storage conditions
It is advisable to leave the dug crop for a short time in the sun in the garden (therefore, it is better to dig it up in dry, cool weather) so that the beets dry out a little and are better cleared of the ground. You cannot wash root crops! Further, the beets must be carefully sorted out, leaving for long-term storage only those specimens that look healthy, do not have mechanical damage or signs of disease. Beet tops are carefully trimmed with scissors or with a sharp knife, leaving "hemp" one centimeter at a time. Just do not pick off the leaves with your hands and do not touch the tails of the beets, otherwise you will inevitably damage the roots!
Put the sorted beets, cleaned of clots of earth and from the tops, in a dry room with good ventilation and no direct sunlight, so that the roots dry out completely within a week. Then you can transfer the beets to storage for the winter.
Storing beets in a basement or cellar is recommended at a humidity not exceeding 90% and at temperatures between zero and two degrees Celsius. Higher temperatures will lead to rapid wilting of root crops, decay and the development of diseases. Beets are especially sensitive to elevated temperatures at the beginning of storage: at +4 degrees, their tops will immediately begin to sprout.
Natural ventilation should be provided in the basement, and the bins for beets should be arranged 15 cm above the floor.
Consider, the higher the air temperature in the storage, and the higher the humidity, the faster the development of fungal diseases will occur, which will very quickly spread to the entire crop. But the signs of some diseases when sorting the excavated crop are outwardly completely invisible.
Air circulation in the storage is also of great importance - natural ventilation should be provided in the basement, and the bins for beets should be arranged 15 cm above the floor so that the air circulates calmly, evenly cooling the roots and preventing them from sweating.
Winter storage options for beets
Basically, storing beets in a cellar is not much different from storing potatoes or carrots. You can simply store root crops in bulk on the floor, but it is more convenient to make bins with walls up to one meter high and provide a wooden grate at the bottom for better ventilation of the beets. The bins should be located ten centimeters from the walls of the cellar or basement. Make sure that the gaps between the boards in the walls do not exceed five centimeters, otherwise the beets will fall through them.
Video about the correct storage of beets
How you can store beets in your basement and cellar:
- The most common option is to store the beets on top of the potatoes. This will immediately kill two birds with one stone: the beets will absorb the moisture they need, and the potatoes, on the contrary, will be protected from excessive moisture.
- For better preservation of root crops, some gardeners sprinkle them with sand or dust them with sifted ash.
- You can store beets just like carrots - in boxes filled with sun-dried river sand. Only during the winter is it necessary to make sure that the sand does not become wet.
- Beets that have been pretreated with brine or sprinkled with salt are also well stored in the boxes (after the brine, the roots must be well dried).
- Fern leaves or any other plants rich in phytoncides can be placed under and on top of the beets.
Beets can be stored just like carrots - in crates filled with sun-dried river sand
Now you know how to store beets in the cellar, and what you need to consider so that the roots remain as firm and tasty until next season as they were after harvest. The main thing is to prevent rodents from appearing in your cellar or basement!
[Votes: 3 Average: 1.7]
Storing beets in winter: in the cellar and at home
They love to grow beets because of their unpretentiousness and productivity. It is tasty and healthy, it contains a lot of vitamins and microelements: iodine, potassium and iron. This root vegetable is used in all national cuisines. Borsch is especially famous, without which it is difficult to imagine the Ukrainian table. In Ukraine, beetroot is called beetroot, it is one of the most common root crops. In order for it to retain its shape and remain juicy, you need to properly store the beets in the cellar in winter.
Beet varieties for long-term storage
The beet variety and cultivation techniques greatly affect the degree of its preservation. Here is a list of varieties for long-term storage:
- "Red ball".
- "Flat mushroom A-474".
- "Wintering A-474".
- "Incomparable A-463".
- "Egyptian flat".
- "Pablo F1".
- "Nosovskaya flat".
The "Cylinder" variety, popular among summer residents, is not intended for winter storage. His taste is wonderful, but he will not be able to lie until spring.
An important factor is the soil in which the beets grew - fruits that grow on loamy or super-sandy soil are best stored.
How to store beets in the cellar in winter
In a private house, table vegetables are most often stored in the basement, so it is important to know how to store beets in the cellar in winter so that they stay until spring. It is recommended to keep the room temperature 0… + 2 ℃. Root crops are especially vulnerable to temperature changes at the initial stage of storage. An increase in the indicator even by 2 ℃ will lead to sprouting of the tops and quick deterioration of the vegetable. In the cellar where beets are stored, the air humidity should not exceed 90%. Remember that high-quality natural ventilation is one of the prerequisites for long-term preservation of the crop.
There are several options for how you can store beets at home if you have a cellar:
- In bulk on the floor... The easiest method is to sprinkle the beets on the floor, the more rational way is to lay them on top of the potatoes. This will create excellent conditions for both types of vegetables. In the second storage method, the beets will absorb the missing moisture from the potatoes, and the potatoes under a layer of red roots will be protected from high humidity.
- In the bins... Arrange for storing beets in wooden bins with walls up to 1 m high and a bottom with a wooden grate for better ventilation. Observe the storage parameters - step back 10 cm from the walls of the cellar, set the bottom at a height of about 15 cm from the floor and make sure that the gaps between the boards do not exceed 5 cm.
- In boxes of sand... Fill plastic or wooden crates with beets and cover them with dry river sand. During the winter, you need to ensure that the sand does not become damp. Sifted wood ash or regular salt can be used in the same way.
- In the leaves... Some summer residents successfully practice saving vegetables in plants rich in phytoncides, for example, in fern leaves. Spread the blank on the floor or at the bottom of the box, lay out the beets and cover them with a dense layer of leaves.
- In saline solution... Before storing, treat the roots with a strong saline solution, then let them dry and place in boxes. The shell will protect the fruit from harmful microorganisms and rot and prolong the storage of the product.
Keeping the beet crop in the basement or cellar, it is important to prevent the appearance of rodents, which, even if all the requirements are met, can destroy the crop. Check inventory at least every 2 weeks and check for rat and mouse holes and droppings.
Things to consider to extend the shelf life of beets
Whether the roots remain as firm, tasty and sweet in spring as they were after harvest depends not only on how you store them, but also on the original quality of the beets intended for storage. Therefore, in addition to knowing how to properly store beets in winter, you need to stock up on the knowledge which root crops can be safely left until spring, and which are better to eat right away.
So, if you grow beets yourself, pay special attention to the choice of the variety - plant those varieties that are characterized by high keeping quality and give root crops with a diameter of about ten centimeters. Too small vegetables dry out faster, and too large beets have a weak taste and are fibrous.
When digging up the beets, be careful not to damage the skin. Dry the entire harvested crop a little under the sun, gently shake it off the ground with a dry cloth and sort, removing dented, damaged, rotted and other diseases. The tops should be trimmed with scissors, leaving no more than 1 cm.
When storing beets in an apartment, be sure to look through it from time to time and immediately remove the spoiled, rotten roots in order to prevent the rest from rotting.
If none of the listed ways of storing beets for the winter suited you, you can simply grate the root vegetables and put them in a bag in the freezer or pickle the beets so that they can be added to dishes later if necessary.
In order to preserve the harvest of beets for a long time, certain conditions must be observed. Root crops are selected whole, without damage to the peel, dried for several days in the air or in a ventilated room.
If the beets have excess tops, they must be cut, leaving "tails" no more than 1 cm long. It is not recommended to break or twist the tops by hand. Carefully remove the lateral roots, cut the main root to 5-7 cm, and if it is not too long, then you can leave it completely. Root crops up to 10-12 cm in diameter are best preserved.
The existing basement or cellar in the house, which is planned to be used for storing vegetables, must be dry, without traces of dampness or mold.
For long-term storage of a vegetable, the following conditions are necessary:
- dark room
- natural air ventilation
- constant air temperature 0 - + 2 ° С
- humidity about 90%
- protection against sudden changes in temperature, even short-term.
If the root crop is in bulk, then it must not be stored on the floor. It is better to lay out on a rack or flooring with a shelf height from the floor - at least 15-20 cm.
Beets are well stored in boxes with sand, previously washed and dried in the sun or roasted in the oven. Sand is poured into the bottom of a wooden or plastic box in a layer of 2 cm, then beet heads are laid in layers at some distance from each other. The tubers need to be covered and on top with a layer of sand of about 2 cm.
For longer storage of beets, you can pre-roll them in sifted wood ash or in chalk powder. Sometimes root crops are shifted with fern leaves. You can store beets in sawdust or peat.
There is a popular way to store beets in clay. The clay must be environmentally friendly. It is sifted and diluted with water to the density of sour cream, then one root crop is dipped into the solution and completely dried. The resulting crust protects against rot and pests.
Shelf life of carrots and beets
The shortest shelf life will be for those vegetables that are stored in the apartment in the kitchen or in the refrigerator, so vegetables can be stored for up to a month.
When stored in sand or sawdust in special boxes at room temperature, root vegetables can retain their taste and aesthetic qualities for four to five months.
Storage in sand and sawdust in a cellar, basement or on a cold terrace is possible until the next harvest.
There are many ways and options for storing beets and carrots in the cellar. Choose the one that is convenient for you, does not require additional material or time investments. Affordable and simple just for you and the volume of the crop that you want to save.
You can choose any methods for storing beets for the winter, but none of them will be reliable if you prepare the beets incorrectly. You will learn the correct storage of beets for the winter and how to properly store beets for the winter in this section. Harvesting before storing beets must be done before the first frost. Even minor frosts can damage the root crop. Harvesting is necessary in dry autumn weather.
How to keep beets fresh for the winter? After harvesting the beets, you need to prepare them. Preparation of beets before storage for the winter is carried out immediately after harvest. First of all, the beets must be dried. You can dry in the garden (in dry weather) or indoors.
After drying, it is necessary to clear the vegetables from the ground, in no case do we beat them together. Then we cut off the tops with a knife, but not at the very root. You cannot break it and twist it, such manipulations can damage vegetables.
It is more difficult to store beets at home, because you need to allocate a special room for it or create certain conditions. You can store it on the balcony in a dark box or bag. When stored in bags, beets sometimes need to be ventilated and sorted to avoid mold. You can also store beets in the refrigerator, only sometimes you need to check their condition so that they do not sprout and deteriorate.
How to keep red beets fresh for the winter? Storing beets in a cellar is one of the safest and most common methods. It can be stored on the floor or on shelves, it is usually laid out in the form of a pyramid, this ensures normal air circulation between vegetables.
Many housewives store already boiled beets. This method has some disadvantages, namely the shelf life. Boiled beets can be stored for up to 15 - 20 days in the refrigerator, and up to 30 - 45 days in the freezer.
How to keep beets for the winter? Recently, housewives have learned to dry and dry beets. Dry or dried beets can be stored for quite a long time (up to 6 months) at home. It can be used for both first and second courses. Storing beetroot for the winter will help you stay healthy at this time of year.
How to save beets for the winter. There is another popular way to store beets - freezing. Freezing beets can be done at home using a freezer. Both boiled and raw beets are frozen. The shelf life of beets using this method ranges from 1 to 2 months. Storing beets for the winter requires special care.