We make a trellis for cucumbers with our own hands
Little-known fact - cucumbers belong to wild plants and, like vines, stretch up to the sun and twine around growing plants or supports. A good yield is possible if not only regular watering and feeding is observed, but also the creation of favorable conditions for development. For these purposes, it is most practical to use trellises - special designs that help keep garden vines in an upright position without sagging. Moreover, it is not at all difficult to build a trellis for cucumbers with your own hands on the site.
Benefits of trellis growing
The most obvious advantages of the trellis method of growing cucumbers are the increase in plant productivity, lengthening of the growing season and efficient use of the planting area. With proper care from 5 square meters, you can get 60-90 kg of high-quality and healthy green leaves. In addition, the cucumber trellis allows you to organize the optimal air-light regime for all plants. Since in well-ventilated crops, the difference in daily temperatures is not so noticeable, as a result of which, less droplet-liquid moisture is formed on the lower part of the leaf, and between the rows the soil surface remains unoccupied for the entire growing season.
Crop care is greatly facilitated. The fruits are clean, do not touch the damp ground, do not rot and are always visible, so it is easy to assess their degree of ripeness and avoid overripening. Harvesting also takes less time and is less traumatic for the plant itself, since the stems and shoots do not need to be turned over. Practice has shown that tied plants minimize the risk of infection with downy mildew and other diseases.
Cucumber trellis can be equipped on any available vertical surface, be it a pillar, wall, fence, using a taut twine or wire. They will serve not only as a decorative decoration of the site, but will allow to shade those places that are necessary.
Tapestries for cucumbers can have a wide variety of designs in the form of a square, a curbstone, a rectangle, a tent. The support is made both from metal pipes, cement pillars, and from wooden bars or thick branches.
Often, gardeners do not spend much on a trellis and prefer to build it from PVC mesh or twine. For this, two pillars with a height of 1.5-1.8 m are driven in along the edges of the beds, the third is strengthened from above horizontally, in order to further twine twine around it or fix the net. Otherwise, when the fruits are heavy and poured, it can break, slide down and damage the bush. Pegs are driven in on both sides of the planned garden bed. The thread is pulled in a zigzag manner between the vertical posts, then wrapped around the transverse one and fixed on a peg.
A wooden trellis can be made from flexible branches or, more durable, from planed strips. In appearance, it resembles a wall bars or a school horizontal bar. Cells 15-20 cm wide are made from the slats. The width of the planks should be at least 3-4 cm, horizontal posts - at least 5-7 cm, vertical crossbars - 4-6 cm. The planks are knocked into a rhombus or square using nails or self-tapping screws and attached to a base of bars. This version of the trellis has a very decorative look and decorates any area.
Metal trellis made of reinforcement
For the construction of a metal trellis from reinforcement, two pipes 180-200 cm long are dug into the ground from both ends of the bed.The depth of installation of the pillars is 35-45 cm.In order for the supports to stand firmly, they are installed in a pit, with a hammer they are driven into another 15-20 cm into the ground, fill the hole and compactly ram the soil. Next, the horizontal bar is fixed by electric welding. Similarly as in the version with a wooden trellis, pegs are driven in on both sides of the bed and twine or wire is pulled. The metal trellis must be covered with a primer or some other anti-corrosion compound to avoid rust.
Tapestry from wheel rim and tire
Cucumber tapestries can also be made from bicycle wheel rims or tires. For this, tires from under large-sized machines are suitable - a tractor, truck or combine. One side of the tire is cut and placed in place. Insert two rods into it crosswise, with a convex arc outward. Inside, the tire is covered with soil and covered with a cut bag, tucking the edges under the wheel. Holes are cut in the burlap, seedlings are planted in them and covered with polyethylene or agrofibre, raising it while loosening or watering. When the cucumbers grow up to 30-35 cm, remove the bag and covering material, and in the center they install a post with a horizontally fixed rim of a bicycle wheel. From the base of the tire, twine or wire is pulled to it. If you have difficulty purchasing a tire, you can pull the thread from the rim to the pegs driven into the ground.
Continuous moistening of the soil, which is often used in vegetable growing, when growing cucumbers using the trellis method, has a number of significant disadvantages before drip irrigation. It requires a lot of water. At the same time, the plants are supplied under low pressure with a liquid nutrient solution, which corresponds to the biological characteristics of development and the soil and climatic conditions of their cultivation. Drip irrigation systems by design type can be seasonal-stationary or seasonal. In a seasonal system, the entire irrigation and distribution network is installed at the beginning of the growing season and dismantled at the end. With a seasonal stationary system, the distribution network is buried and stationary, and the irrigation network is made of polyethylene pipes, with seasonal action.
Outlets are located at a distance of 15-35 cm from each other. The need for a cucumber in water depends on the phase of its development. The first watering is carried out immediately after sowing in order to get friendly shoots. During the growing season and fruit formation - as the soil dries out, without moistening it deeper than 16-22 cm. During the period of active fruiting, the soil is moistened by 28-35 cm at least every 3-5 days, preventing waterlogging of the soil.
Planting cucumbers and care
Soil and seed preparation
The soil for planting should be started from the fall of the previous year. For each square meter, 22-24 g of urea, 25-28 g of superphosphate, 12-15 g of potassium chloride and 6-8 kg of humus or mullein are added. They are dug up and left to winter open, trapping snow on the site in winter. In early spring, at the beginning of April, the plot is loosened to a depth of 7-10 cm. After that, it is broken into cages to fix the trellis posts, leaving the row spacing of at least 90-120 cm. After installing the pillars, the soil is shallowly loosened again. Before planting, pull twine or galvanized wire with a diameter of at least 2.5-3 mm between the posts in 3-4 horizontal rows. In such a way that the bottom row of wire is at a distance of 16-19 cm from the soil, the second and third at a height of 50-70 cm from the bottom row, and the fourth - at the height of the posts of the trellis for cucumbers, no more than 170-180 cm.Then the furrows are cut to a depth of 10-13 cm.
Basically, when growing cucumbers on a trellis, a seedless method is used. Before sowing, they are calibrated for 8-12 minutes in a 3% salt solution. In this case, undeveloped, lightweight or empty seeds float, and heavy ones sink to the bottom. Then they are washed and if they were not initially processed by the manufacturer, they are placed for 12-18 hours in a solution of trace elements - 0.5-1 g / l of manganese sulfate, 0.2-0.3 g / l of boric acid, 0.2-0 , 3 g / l of ammonium molybdate. This stimulates the vital activity of the plant at the beginning of growth and development, increases resistance to diseases. Then the seeds are dried in natural conditions until flowing.
Seeds are sown in open ground in late April - early May, ready-made seedlings - in the second half of May. As a rule, a wide-row and two-row belt sowing method is used according to the scheme 35-45 cm between rows, 140-170 cm between rows and 20-25 cm between seeds. Immediately before planting, the hole is watered abundantly.
Seedlings are planted when 3-4 true leaves are formed. Density of standing of plants per 1 sq. M 4-5 pcs. Sometimes an additional row is sown between the rows of the trellis, which is not fixed to the cucumber trellis. The earth is slightly compacted, abundantly watered and mulched. Waterlogging is not allowed to prevent decay of the root system. During the fruiting period, the amount of watering is increased.
To reduce the risk of planting damage by fungal diseases, it is better to water the cucumbers in the furrows, and not by sprinkling. Depending on the temperature and dryness of the air, watering is carried out 2-4 times a week, early in the morning or in the evening. After the appearance of 2-3 leaves in the seedlings or after complete adaptation of the seedlings, a string is pulled near each plant, slightly twisting cucumbers on it to set the direction of growth for them.
In the phase of 3-5 leaves, the first organic feeding is carried out (100-150 g of chicken manure per bucket of water) together with preventive treatment with copper-containing preparations or Bordeaux liquid. This spraying is repeated immediately after flowering and 5-8 days after the appearance of small ovaries.
Video "Do-it-yourself metal trellis"
This video shows how to build a metal trellis for cucumbers.
How to make a trellis for cucumbers: drawings, photos
A cucumber trellis is a very useful thing for the garden, it greatly simplifies the process of caring for plants and facilitates harvesting, in addition, a folding trellis can be used to grow not only cucumbers, but any other climbing plants.
In this article, we will take a closer look at how to make a do-it-yourself cucumber trellis.
This trellis has a folding design, it can be easily rearranged from place to place and, if unnecessary, can be easily folded, when folded it takes up a minimum of space.
For the manufacture of a folding trellis you will need materials:
- A bar with a section of 35 x 35 or 40 x 40 mm.
- Slats with a section of 20 x 30 mm.
- Bolts with nuts - 2 pcs.
Benefits of growing cucumbers with trellises
Do not think that cucumbers will not grow at all without trellises. But it should be noted that:
- the chance of infection and death from pathogenic bacteria and fungi in a plant in this case is much greater, because all microbes live, as a rule, at a distance of no higher than 15 cm from the soil surface
- since the cucumber tops will curl in the air along the trellis, and neither lie on wet ground, the leaves and stem will not rot and will not rot over wet ground
- due to the verticality of cucumber beds, the sown area is significantly saved
- the plant develops faster when it is suspended in the air, since this is its natural state, the tops creeping along the ground are more susceptible to moisture changes or temperature jumps, which greatly slow down its development
- fruits suspended in the air do not get dirty and have a uniform color, unlike those lying on the ground, which have a lighter shade in places of contact with the soil
- it is always easier to care for a vertical bed than for a creeping bed on the ground.
At the moment, specialty stores can offer various kinds of devices for supporting cucumber plants, but those made with their own hands have more advantages. In particular, they:
- much cheaper
- adapt specifically to the existing garden, and not vice versa, which is very convenient
- in the process of manufacturing, they increase the master's skill in the ability to invent useful objects, as they say, "out of the blue out of nothing."
Building a more complex trellis for climbing plants with your own hands
To build a more durable trellis that can withstand a sufficient number of climbing plants, you need to spend a little more time and building materials.
From materials and tools we need:
- Planed wooden beams 30 * 3 mm
- A fragment of a shovel handle or a round dense bar
- Wood screws
- Impregnating antiseptic solution
- Dowels, with a diameter of 8-10 mm
- Moisture-resistant glue for working with wood
- Wood chisel
- Screwdriver or curly screwdriver
- Electric drill
- Paint and brush
Instructions for creating a trellis:
We create a trellis with our own hands
- We make a rectangular trellis frame. To do this, select two horizontal and two vertical strips, 1.8 and 2.2 meters long (you can use wooden beams).
- We cut the crossbars for the trellis, 35 cm long.The finished width of the lattice will be 42 cm.
- We mark with the help of a notch the selected bars in order to insert the crossbeams. The step between the cuts should be 35 cm
- Remove the cut parts of the beams with a chisel
- We connect the rungs with wooden blocks using moisture-resistant glue. If desired, the gluing point can also be fixed with self-tapping screws.
- Using screws, we fasten the vertical and horizontal part of the grille
- We mark the wall for attaching the finished trellis structure to it
- With a drill we drill a hole in the wall for dowels
- We insert cylinders between the wall and the trellis (it is recommended to choose a sawn piece of a shovel handle, 30 mm in diameter)
- We saturate the grid with an antiseptic and paint if desired
- We attach the finished trellis to the wall
More complex plant trellis
This trellis is not made so long, the main thing is to prepare all the necessary structural elements in advance. It is suitable for any decorative climbing plant and even grapes.
Supports for climbing plants as a means of disease prevention
A significant drawback of cultivating cucumber crops in the spread is the defeat of the fruits by powdery mildew. The transmission of the causative agent of this common fungal infection inevitably occurs through direct contact of the foliage with the soil. Due to the increased humidity inside the green mass, the disease begins to progress, which means that if the summer turns out to be especially rainy, collect in the beds there will simply be nothing.
With trellis cultivation of cucumbers, such troubles can be easily avoided due to the simultaneous optimization of not only the light, but also the air regime. Adequate ventilation of plantings in a natural way and warming up by the rays of the sun minimize the risk of mold and mildew - main sources of infection.
Creating favorable living conditions for green pets greatly increases the chances of harvesting healthy fruits. In addition, when practicing this method, there is no need to use chemicals to increase the immunity of plants to the influence of aggressive external factors.
The trellis structure of bicycle wheels is also simple (photo 3). It will take up a minimum of space and is beneficial for a small garden.
In its construction they use:
- reinforcing bar 2.2 m
Pre-unscrew the spokes from the rim. And let the bed be 20 cm wider than its diameter. In its center, a reinforcing bar is installed in a 30-centimeter hole, which is also driven in with a hammer by 30 cm.
The pit is filled up, tamped, and the rod is additionally propped up with stones. Then one bicycle rim is threaded through the rod and placed directly on the ground. And the second one is attached with a wire to the same reinforcing pin, but at the top, in 4 places, passing it through the holes for the knitting needles.
Now a cord is tied to this structure. Its pieces are 2 times the height of the rod. One end of the cord is passed through the hole under the spokes of the lower rim and tied.Then the thread is threaded into the hole of the upper rim, pulled, tied - and so pierced up to 30 holes. And the cucumbers are planted around the structure, which in summer will become a picturesque cucumber "curbstone".
Root watering will prevent fungal attack on cucumbers, while sprinkling is dangerous. Usually watered every other day, evening or morning. Young flexible stems are twisted slightly in a twine to determine the direction for their growth.
Diy cucumber trellis
Diy cucumber trellis
Cucumbers are an integral part of the vegetable garden. For proper care of these vegetables, it is necessary to build a trellis for cucumbers, which will greatly facilitate the work in the garden.
The design of the cucumber trellis is very simple and varied. Consider the option with a car tire:
We find a suitable tire from under the tractor or truck, cut off one side of the tire and put it in the place where the cucumbers are planned to be planted. Next, we insert two metal rods into the tire, with a convex arc upward (crosswise). We fill the ground inside the circle and cover the entire space above the tire with a cut bag, the edges of which we tuck under the wheels.
We create holes in the bag, plant the seedlings of cucumbers in them and cover everything with plastic wrap, the edges of which we press down with stones. While loosening the earth and watering the cucumbers, the film can be lifted, but after that it is imperative to cover it again in order to protect the plant from cold and bad weather conditions.
When the cucumbers grow, the film and the bag must be removed and a pole with a horizontally fixed bicycle wheel should be installed in the center of the circle, to which a wire or twine should be pulled from the base (the plant will trudge upwards along them). That's all, the do-it-yourself cucumber trellis design is ready!
Also a good option for a trellis for cucumbers is a hammered post, to which a wire is stretched from its top to the soil (it will look like a hut).
The design of a trellis for grapes described above is also suitable, only the height of the posts is recommended to be reduced.