How to grow daisies
There are many legends about the daisy. The most touching legend is connected with the execution of Christ. Then the Virgin Mary mourned him all night, and at sunrise her tears turned into beautiful snow-white flowers resembling pearls. These flowers are called daisies.
Perhaps such an abundance of legends surrounding flowers is due to the fact that in those distant times there were very few garden, that is, tamed flowers, people simply selected bright, pleasing forms from the pantries of nature and surrounded them with legends. But the daisy, both in antiquity and now, enjoys well-deserved respect.
Modern science, studying the medicinal properties of the daisy, found in it a large amount of vitamin C, mucous substances, essential oils and saponins. And if we add to all of the above that it is one of the earliest spring crops, then flower growers may well combine what is pleasing to the eye with health benefits.
In the wild, the daisy grows in southern and central Europe, Western Asia, North Africa and the Caucasus. This unpretentious plant, no higher than ten centimeters, has a large root rosette of leaves and non-double (wild) baskets of white, pink or red that rise on separate peduncles. In nature, the daisy prefers to grow in shady forest glades or damp meadows.
Naturally, when breeding a daisy in a culture, flower growers try to create similar growing conditions for it. It is photophilous, but it can grow and develop well in partial shade. Moreover, in the latter case, although there are slightly fewer flowers, their baskets are larger and brighter colored.
Soils are preferable to medium loamy, rich in humus and humus. The daisy reacts very well to the pre-planting introduction of semi-rotted manure into the soil, and also needs three or four additional fertilizing during the growing season with organic or mineral fertilizers in the form of nutrient solutions. The first top dressing can be nitrogen or complete, but the last one - only potassium-phosphorus, to help the plant better prepare for winter. The daisy needs loosening and watering, as it can suffer not only from dry soil, but also from dry air: in the sun, even the best terry variety degenerates and becomes smaller.
Reproduction of daisies
Daisy blooms from spring to the very frost, so it looks great in mixborders along the paths, in separate flower beds in combination with forget-me-nots and graceful gypsophila or on the shaded side of rockeries.
It reproduces in three ways: by seeds, cuttings and division of adult bushes. Seeds of non-double or semi-double varieties can be taken from your plants, but double varieties degenerate during seed propagation. To acquire such a variety, it is worth using F1 seeds, and in the future, use a different breeding method.
In our climate, it is considered optimal to grow a daisy as a biennial crop. If sown too early, although it blooms in the first year, then in winter there are too many attacks, and the surviving plants become frail and age quickly. Therefore, sowing seeds is carried out in late June - early July.
For this purpose, it is best to use cold greenhouses or nurseries covered with a film, in which seedlings appear already on the fifth or seventh day. All the time of cultivation, it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture and prevent overheating of the seedlings. A month later, they are picked from the greenhouse onto the ridges according to the 5x5 cm scheme, and the seedlings should be transplanted into the ground to a permanent place no later than September or next spring.
With proper agricultural technology, young plants have time to form not only a good basal rosette, but also the rudiments of buds. The daisy transfers a transplant easily. In the first year of wintering, after the soil freezes, the plants should be completely mulched with dry peat or sawdust, and spruce branches should be laid on top for snow retention. In subsequent years, such protection will not be required. Daisy is a frost-resistant plant, only some of its double forms are somewhat more whimsical. When planting in autumn, in order to avoid spring bulging of plants, it is necessary to ensure that the earth settles well.
Daisy propagates vegetatively by cuttings and dividing the bush. Individual adult bushes live no longer than five years, but at this age they are an excellent material for obtaining young plants, and at the same time preserving your favorite variety. The bush is removed from the ground and divided into five to eight parts, which are planted in the usual way, in fertilized soil, at a distance of 30 cm from each other. This operation is especially easy during the flowering of the daisy.
Cutting is best done in late May - early June: with the help of a sharp knife, very carefully separate the branching shoots on the sides of the bush, so that each shoot ends with a small rosette, and planted for rooting. At first, they need to be shaded and monitored for soil moisture, but by autumn they usually have time to catch up with adult plants in their development.
Now breeders are working hard with the daisy, and its color scheme becomes richer from year to year, so that for flower gardens in partial shade it is simply an irreplaceable plant.
How to grow daisies from seeds
Daisies are very beautiful, easy-to-grow and hardy flowers. Belong to the genus "Astrov". They begin to bloom in the second year, since the first goes to the formation of leaf mass.
They bloom from mid-spring to autumn. In nature, there are various types of these colors. They differ in the shape and color of the flower, the diameter of the bud, terry, and the period of flowering.
Features of growing and care
Unpretentiousness is characteristic of daisies... Growing and caring for these flowers does not require specific skills. Plants love sunlight, garden soil, moisture without excessive moisture. Faded baskets should be cut off. Fertilize before flowering, do not forget about loosening. The first feeding is carried out using a weak solution of nitrogen and potassium. A similar solution is used before flowering, and during it, phosphorus and potassium are useful.
In order for the variety not to degenerate, you need to plant and divide the flowers annually. Before planting in the ground, seedlings should be grown from seeds in late January - early March. And when the temperature is 15 degrees - plant in open ground. Water then twice a week.
You can plant seeds immediately in the garden when the soil warms up to 15-20 degrees - late spring, early summer. The soil should be neither alkaline nor acidic, with good drainage. Having scattered the seeds evenly over the ground at a depth of 2 cm, cover them with a film and remove it after a few days. When picking daisies, it should be remembered that it is best to create rows at a distance of 10 cm from each other.
In addition to planting seeds, there are other breeding methods:
- Division of the bush. Produced two years later, in the fall. You need to dig out large bushes, divide them into parts. Having pinched flowers and buds, cut off the leaves from each rosette.
- Cuttings. It is done in May - June. Side shoots are cut off and planted in a cold greenhouse. Bloom in a year.
It should be said that daisies inhibit the growth of weeds and do not require weeding.
Growing and care
Place for daisies choose sunny, because good lighting is required for a generous flowering. Any garden soil will do, as long as it is sufficiently cultivated by cultivation and composting. At the same time, since daisies are sensitive to an even supply of moisture, they preferable light, structured loams.
Excess moisture perhaps even more dangerous than its lack. In low places where melt and rain water stagnate, these plants can fall out. Therefore, drainage is essential.
Daisies hardy... To survive the frosts safely, completely leaving under the snow, they are helped, among other things, by their small "growth". But where they are planted on a hill, for example on a hill, and where snow blows away in winter, it is advisable to cover it lightly with an oak leaf or spruce branches.
Daisies are surprisingly unpretentious, they can survive drought and other adverse conditions. A vivid proof of this is the flowering semi-wild lawns, colored by a mass of tiny "daisies". Here, daisies do not get any care at all, if only the lawn is green. Perhaps the only exception is that faded baskets of daisies are cut at the same time when cutting grass. That's all the care! And daisies bloom even more! At the same time, in close company with lawn grasses, daisies are never as good as, say, in the border around a flower bed, where they are looked after like garden flowers - weeded, watered and fed on time.
Left: Daisies are great companions for bulbous plants. Right: Most often, daisies act as a border for flower beds.
On the lawn, they differ little from their wild relatives in the mountain meadows of the Crimea or the Caucasus. Only on a high agricultural background are the varietal advantages fully revealed, and the plants bloom for a long time. therefore in the spring, do not be lazy to feed the daisies with a balanced flower fertilizer, and during flowering, do not let the plants set seeds - pinch off withering baskets... For plants, this serves as a signal that the attempt to leave offspring has failed and must be repeated, which, of course, significantly lengthens the flowering period.
Lack of proper care also explains such a widespread phenomenon as "degeneration" of the variety. They bought a large and terry daisy, and after a couple of years there is no trace of the former beauty - the curtain has grown, the rosettes sit tightly, and the flowers are crushed. Everyone knows that perennials need to be divided and transplanted. But if other garden flowers can wait 4-5 years, then it is better to divide and plant daisies. annually or at least every two years... The occupation is troublesome, but this is the only way you will achieve full flowering from year to year without losing decorative advantages.
Hello dear friends!
A beautiful national symbol of Italy - the daisy belongs to perennials, but in the garden culture it is bred as a biennial, since in the third season the flowers become smaller and most of the bushes die. Daisy is unpretentious to care for, pleases flower growers with its variegated flowering in flower beds from the beginning of spring to the very frosts.
Culture is translated from the Latin name as "beautiful". The inflorescence petals are pink, white or red. Let's talk about breeding daisies seeds and dividing the bush.
Daisy propagation by seeds
In most cases, perennial daisy bushes are bred from seeds, mainly growing varietal forms with large flowers - more than 3 centimeters, which are used to make bouquets. Compact bushes with a fibrous root of such varieties tolerate wintering well.
Seed sowing allows you to get a lot of high-quality planting material, but in order to preserve the varietal characteristics of exclusive species, it is preferable to propagate the plant by division. True, the rosettes grow too slowly with such vegetative reproduction, and there is not much planting material.
The seeds are laid from May to the end of June: they are sown directly into the soil, saturated in advance with nutrition and good drainage. Sowing is possible in specially designated nurseries, greenhouses or boxes located in lighted places. So that after the initial watering the seeds do not "fall through", the surface should be lightly tamped. The sowing grooves are made shallow, lightly cutting with a hoe, or they simply scatter the seeds over the surface of the soil, slightly "stomping" with a palm or a small board. 5 cm is a sufficient distance between the rows. After that, the planting area is powdered a couple of millimeters with sand and gently moistened from a watering can, preventing it from being washed out.
At the time of germination, it is necessary to control the moisture content of the soil so that the crops do not dry out, since the planting material is located superficially.
Seeds sprout quickly - for 5-7 days. After the appearance of the first leaf, daisies are dived and seated at a distance of 5 cm in a row, with a row spacing of 20 cm.
Reproduction of daisies by dividing the bush
In the case of reproduction of the culture by dividing the bush, work is carried out by mid-April. Having dug a bush, it is divided, being careful not to damage the root part. Florists often grow hybrids and varieties of daisies that do not form seeds at all, so their species are bred in this vegetative way.
Planting daisies in a permanent place
The soil for planting in a permanent place is prepared in the fall: river sand is added at the rate of one bucket per square meter. meter of planting area and the same amount of humus, regardless of the composition of the land. At the beginning of September days, the daisy seedlings that have taken root and strengthened over the summer are transplanted into it, where it will grow constantly. You can transplant in the spring - until mid-April.
The splendor and shades of flowering directly depend on how well the plant takes root.
In care, daisies are more tolerant of excessive soil moisture than of drying it out, so you need to water at least a liter per 2 bushes, then loosen.
If the soil is well prepared, then daisies rarely get sick and do not require nutritional supplements.
For the winter, flower beds, flower beds and border plantings with daisies are mulched with garden leaves. Since plants with leaves and buds overwinter, they can be preserved by covering them with brushwood or low shields that trap the snow.
So, we have considered the main ways breeding daisies and features of plant care. Subject to this simple agricultural technique, from the very early spring, daisies will thank the grower with their variegated and lush flowering. See you, friends!
What is a daisy flower
Daisy plants (Latin name "Bellis perennis") are flowers belonging to the Asteraceae or Asteraceae family. The birthplace of these plants is Asia Minor and Europe. In the wild, they are found in the form of small wildflowers. Modern flower growers are actively growing about 15 types of decorative daisies.
Fresh articles about garden and vegetable garden
The height of daisy bushes can range from 10 to 30 centimeters. The leaves of this plant have a bright juicy color. Flowers can be of different colors, sizes and shapes. The size of a flower of an ordinary daisy is 1-2 centimeters in diameter, but in some ornamental varieties it can reach 8 centimeters in diameter.
Daisies bloom from late April to late autumn. Garden daisies can grow for many years in a row. However, experts say that over the years, ornamental plants can lose their varietal characteristics.
In addition to their attractive appearance, daisy flowers have healing properties. They are grown not only as an ornamental flower, but also as a medicinal plant. They are very often used in various recipes of traditional medicine, in home cosmetology, and sometimes even in cooking.
Daisies are one of the very first flowers to bloom in the country. They winter wonderfully under the snow, decorate the spring land with green rosettes of leaves and fluffy caps of flowers.
Daisies are usually grown as biennials. At the end of June, seeds are sown in open ground. Seedlings appear in a week and a half. The grown seedlings dive, in August they are planted in a permanent place 10 cm apart.
In the first year, rosettes of leaves grow, the next year, peduncles 10-20 cm high appear. Flowers are simple and double. By color - white, pink, red. Flowering time from April to July.
In subsequent years, the flowers become smaller, the doubleness decreases. Florists usually try to reseed daisies. But you can not bother with the seedlings, and after 2-3 years divide the daisy bushes.
In July-August, the plant can be divided into 4-5 parts, which take root well. And you can even share flowering bushes. You can propagate these flowers by cuttings.
In May, lateral shoots are cut off from the mother plants, planted under a film, shaded, watered abundantly. After 2-3 weeks, the cuttings take root. In August, they land on a permanent place.
Daisies are cold-resistant, do not need winter shelter. Exception: young seedlings, rooted cuttings. In the first year, they should be mulched with fallen leaves, spruce branches or peat.
These flowers are unpretentious, they can develop on almost any soil. They bloom better in the sun, although they tolerate shading. If the summer is dry, the flowers become smaller. Therefore, it is better to ensure regular watering.
You can grow daisies not only in the summer cottage, but also on the balcony. They will bloom until mid-summer, in harmony with forget-me-nots and pansies. Then they can be replaced with marigolds, blooming at a later date.
Miniature bouquets, selected from large-flowered terry varieties, can become an exquisite table decoration if you choose stylish small vases for them.