How to permanently get rid of the field bindweed in the garden
Field bindweed is a weed that interferes with the full growth and development of cultivated plants in a garden plot. Effective measures must be taken to get rid of it.
What is the danger and harm of the field bindweed on the site
Weed propagation occurs by roots and seeds germinating within 3 years from a depth of even 200 mm. It is necessary to start the fight against the loach in a timely manner. Otherwise, over the summer, it can spread throughout the garden and entwine all the cultivated plants next to it. The strong roots of the loach take moisture from the ground, deplete and drain it. The loach creates a favorable environment for garden pests.
Strong bindweed roots drain and drain the earth
The stem of the loach, twisting around the plants, reaches a length of 2 m. It deprives any planting in the garden of light and nutrients and is able to ruin it.
Effective ways to get rid of weed
Bindweed is eliminated by the following methods:
- using agricultural techniques;
- chemical agents;
- with the help of siderates;
- folk remedies.
They get rid of this weed in a garden plot in a complex way, combining various methods of its destruction.
These include weeding your garden regularly. When implementing it, the long root of the plant (up to 1.5 m) must be removed completely.
Long roots of loach must be removed from the ground completely
The roots, together with the upper parts of the weed, should be removed from the site so that they do not germinate again.
In the autumn after harvesting and in the spring before planting crops, the garden is dug up and all the roots of the weed are carefully removed from the ground.
Digging the earth leads to the destruction of weeds
Using agricultural techniques
Agricultural practices allow you to effectively destroy the bindweed without significant physical effort. Areas in the garden, where there is a lot of field bindweed, are covered with dense material. They can be:
- roofing material;
- dark film;
- geotextile (agrotextile) - a black woven material with an areal density of 40 - 60 g / m2.
Protection from sunlight with a covering material will prevent the bindweed from growing further. In this way, it is easy to free even the most clogged area from weeds. Weed beds can be covered in early spring. When planting crops, holes are made in the material.
Covering material does not allow light to pass through and prevents the bindweed from growing
When there is a lot of bindweed on the site, the weed is treated with herbicides in accordance with the instructions attached to them. If a crop ripens near the weed, then the fruits should be closed during spraying with plastic containers or other means, otherwise the crop may die. The herbicide spraying procedure is best done during bindweed flowering or in the fall after harvest. The following means are used for this:
Tornado herbicide effectively kills bindweed
The most effective and safest of them is Roundup. It does not accumulate in the soil. Herbicides allow you to quickly get rid of the loach; within 2 weeks, both leaves and roots of this weed die. After that, the dead weeds must be removed, and the earth can be loosened or dug up. In order not to harm the soil, it is not recommended to often use chemical preparations in the fight against bindweed.
Planting green manure
You can drown the field bindweed by planting it on the ridges in the fall after harvesting or in the spring before planting the main crops of the plant: mustard, oats, buckwheat, and other green manure. They are sprout before the appearance of the bindweed and form a thick layer of turf, which does not allow the bindweed to break through it. When the green manures gain sufficient green mass (before flowering), they are mowed and embedded in the soil or used as mulch. The roots of the green manure remaining in the ground, together with the green mass, will rot, improve the structure of the soil and stop the growth of weeds.
White mustard prevents bindweed
It was not necessary to destroy the bindweed on the site, but I think that planting siderates (mustard, lupine) in late autumn will be an effective measure to get rid of the bindweed. Before this, the site should be weeded out, slaked lime should be scattered over it, and dug up.
This weed loves acidic soils. This means that you can get rid of it by alkalizing the earth. To do this, before digging the soil, carried out in the fall or spring (before planting), liming is carried out (200-500 g of lime per 1m2) or add ash (1-2 cups per 1 m2). When the soil is alkalized, the bindweed burns from the inside to the root system, and the substances introduced in such quantities are useful to cultivated plants (like fertilizers).
Alkalization of the soil with ash helps to get rid of the field bindweed
For weed control, a saline solution of 1 kg of salt and 10 liters of water is effective. The resulting liquid is sprayed only on the loach thickets so that the concentrated saline solution does not harm the cultivated plants.
For the final destruction of the field bindweed, you need to constantly fight against it, using the above methods. Only constant cultivation of the land will prevent the appearance of this weed.
How to remove weeds on the site with folk remedies
How to get rid of weeds and grass forever is a question that worries every land owner. This article presents the most effective methods of dealing with the eternal "enemies" of summer residents and gardeners.
Weeds, wheatgrass, wood lice, dimple, sow thistle - these are just a small part of the "enemies" with whom you have to fight again and again. To fight by all available means, but still to no avail ... If hordes of weeds have turned into trouble for you, and you no longer have the strength to fight, then it is time to radically reconsider the ways of getting rid of the omnipresent scourge. You may be doing something wrong.
Weed control methods can be divided into chemical, mechanical and folk methods. Let's consider each of them.
Herbicide horse instruction
Depending on the purpose, the following groups of pesticides are distinguished: herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, nematicides, rodenticides. To control insects, drugs called insecticides are used. Ticks are fought with acaricides. The number of slugs is controlled by molluscicides, and they try to destroy harmful nematodes with nematicides.
Despite the relatively low degree of danger of chemical pesticides approved for use in personal subsidiary plots (LPH), they should be used with caution, strictly following the instructions. Subject to the application regulations and sanitary standards, such pesticides will not harm you and your loved ones.
All the continuous-action herbicides listed in the catalog are essentially analogs of the Roundup herbicide ("round up!" - circular protection), developed by the specialists of the American company Monsanto in the middle of the last century. The active ingredients of these herbicides are glyphosate salts. They are especially effective in the fight against perennial rhizome and root-sprouting weeds, such as sow thistle, wheatgrass, pig, gumay.
Attention! Roundup herbicide has been found to be harmful. Read here.
Weeds are most sensitive to them at an early age. When treated with these herbicides, the height of perennial cereal weeds (wheatgrass, pig, gumay, etc.) should not exceed 5-10 cm.
Sow thistles are most susceptible to Roundup and its analogs in the leaf rosette phase, the diameter of which should not exceed 10-12 cm. The best results are achieved at an air temperature of 15-25 degrees.
These preparations can also be used to kill weeds prior to emergence of the main crop. They can destroy perennial weeds, for example, sow thistles, which appeared on a potato field 2-5 days before potato sprouting. Glyphosate salts enter plants through their green parts, i.e. through organs containing chlorophyll. These preparations do not have soil activity and therefore are not able to harm the potato shoots that appear after 2-5 days.
The number of selective herbicides allowed for use in private household plots is small, and two of them - Propolol ((dicamba + chlorsulfuron (41 g / kg + 659 g / kg) and Lontrel-300D (d.v. - clopyralid) are intended for the destruction of annual and perennial dicotyledonous weeds on grass lawns.
At the same time, the herbicide Lontrel-300D is also used to destroy perennial (sow thistles, sorrel, dandelion) and some annual dicotyledonous weeds (odorless chamomile, mountaineers) in strawberry plantations (after harvest). Special attention should be paid to the drug Lazurit. This is the Russian analogue of the well-known, time-tested and time-tested German herbicide Zenkor. Lapis lazuli has soil activity. It is used both before and after the emergence of potatoes. In the presence of a sufficient amount of soil moisture, the active substance of the drug dissolves in the soil solution and forms a protective shield in the upper soil layer. Germinating through such a screen, weed seedlings die. In addition, the herbicide is able to penetrate the plants of vegetative weeds through the leaves and stems. For example, such a hard-to-eradicate weed like black nightshade is destroyed by herbicide only during post-emergence treatment. Among the weeds against which Lapis lazuli does not work effectively enough include perennial cereal weeds of creeping wheatgrass, pork finger-grass, round and gumay weeds, as well as perennial dicotyledonous weeds of the field thistle, euphorbia, tenacious bedstraw, physalis (dog cherry).
Distinguish contact and systemic herbicides.
Contact herbicides infect the leaves and stems of plants upon their direct contact, while herbicides of systemic action are able to move to growth points along the vascular system of the plant. Systemic herbicides are especially valuable for the destruction of perennial weeds with a well-developed root system. All herbicides permitted for private household plots are systemic.
According to the spectrum of action on vegetation, all herbicides are divided into herbicides continuous action and selective.
Continuous herbicides are used to destroy all vegetation, both cultivated and weed, and are used in the development of long-term empty areas to clean them, first of all, from perennial rhizome and root-sprouting plants.
The catalog contains: the name of the drug (trade mark) and the preparative form, the name of the manufacturer, the country
Preparative forms: VDG - water-dispersible granules ВР - water solution SP - wettable powder. * Regulations for the use of drugs (harmful objects, consumption rates, methods, terms and frequency of use, and other parameters) are indicated in the instructions for their use.
Glider, BP, (360 g / l). LLC "Agruskhim" - Russia
Glyphos, BP, (360 g / l). Keminova A / S - Denmark
Gliterr, BP, (360 g / l). LLC "AsTeRo Group" - Russia
GlyfAlt, BP, (360 g / l). LLC "Agrovit-Service" - Russia
Glyphor, BP, (360 g / l). Kirovo-Chepetsk Chemical Company LLC - Russia
Ground, BP, (360 g / L acid glyphosate). TPK Technoexport - Russia. Systemic herbicide of continuous action. Completely destroys annual and perennial, cereal and dicotyledonous weeds.
Leader, EC, (fenmedipham 91 g / l + desmedipham 71 g / l + etofumezate 112 g / l). Postemergence systemic herbicide for effective protection of sugar beets, fodder and table beets against broad-leaved annual weeds and some cereals.
Propolol, EDG, (dicamba 41 g / kg + chlorsulfuron 659 g / kg). TPK Technoexport - Russia. Postemergence systemic herbicide with a wide spectrum of action for effective protection of grain crops from annual and perennial weeds, including those resistant to 2,4-D and MCPA.
Rap, BP, (360 g / l) TPK Technoexport - Russia. AgroInvest LLC, Sibagrokhim LLC, NPO RosAgroKhim LLC - Russia
Roundup Bio, BP, (360 g / l). Monsanto Europe S.A. - USA
Sniper, VR, (36 g / l). LLC Firm "Green Pharmacy Gardener" - Russia
Typhoon, BP. (360 g / l). OJSC "Group of Companies" Agroprom-MDT "- Russia
Tornado BAU, BP. (8.8 g / l). Firm "August" CJSC - Russia
Tornado, BP, (360 g / l). Firm "August" CJSC - Russia
Hurricane Forte, BP, (500 g / l). Syngenta - Switzerland
Selective selective herbicides
Lontrel-300D, BP, (clopyralid). Firm "August" CJSC - Russia
Propolol, VDG, (dicamba + chlorsulfuron (41 g / kg + 659 g / kg). JSC "TPK Technoexport" - Russia
Lapis lazuli, SP, (metribuzin). Firm "August" CJSC - Russia
Horses herbicide instruction:
Previously, Calonyction was classified as a separate genus, now the genus is included in the genus Ipomoea, subgenus Quamoclit, section Calonyction and is known as Ipomoea alba. Ipomoea Moonflower is a type of night-blooming Ipomoea. Although by its nature Ipomoea is lunar flowering - perennial plants, but in the conditions of central Russia they bloom in the year of sowing and do not winter. Their growth stops when the air temperature is below 10 ° C: the flowers become smaller, the plants turn brown, and they have to be removed.
Herbaceous, highly branching liana, more than 3 m in height, with shoots up to 6 m long, bearing large, heart-shaped at the bottom, trilobate leaves in the upper part of the shoots, which create a waterproof and light-proof cover.
The seeds of this variety (however, like the seeds of other representatives of this genus) have a dense shell, therefore, to increase the likelihood of germination, they are subject to scarification. Namely: it is enough to soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours before planting seedlings or in open ground. During this time, the seed coat should crack, and the seeds of some varieties can even give small 1-1.5 mm seedlings.
It is often grown outdoors because of its spectacular, with a pleasant aroma, large (up to 10 cm) white flowers. Sometimes flowers can reach 13-16 cm in diameter. It is worth trying to grow this plant on a windowsill, especially since it is easy and interesting.
Moon-flowering morning glory (Ipomoea noctiflora). © Jesús Cabrera
The only problem that can arise is a spider mite attack. But now there are many drugs on the market to combat it. The plant grows incredibly quickly and gains green mass right "before our eyes." It is necessary to create supports in time, guide and tie up the liana-shaped stems so that they are not damaged and in the future can become a healthy basis for the development of buds. The flowers bloom like this: the buds in the evening unexpectedly shudder and unfold right before our eyes!
The petals are rolled up like the canes of an umbrella, and they spread out with a soft rustle. Finally, a soft bang is heard, and the whisk opens sharply with a tea saucer, like the dome of the same umbrella. And what a smell! Something sweetish almond, with a hint of freshness, very difficult to describe ... Flowering lasts until the next morning, after which the flower withers abruptly. Outdoors, in cloudy weather, they are open all day.
Flowering time: from July-August until the first frost. Introduced into culture since 1773.
Location: Prefers moist rich loams, but also grows well in any nutrient soil.
Care: requires strong supports. Responsive to watering with warm water and feeding. Pests and diseases are rare.
Reproduction: by seeds, sown in May, directly into the ground. The seeds are scarified or soaked for a day in warm (25-30 ° C) water. Seedlings appear in 5-10 days. In the first three months after sowing, the plants grow very slowly. Often, the seeds of the Moon-flowering Ipomoea do not have time to ripen. To obtain them, branches with larger fruits are cut off and, tied in a bunch, are dried first in the sun, and then indoors. Then the fruits are husked, the seeds are stored in paper bags.
Propagated by moon flowers and layering.In summer, all the shoots that appear near the root collar, without separating them from the plant, are pinned, leaving only the tops not sprinkled on the surface. After a month and a half, the layers take root. Before frost, the buried shoots are transplanted into pots and brought into a greenhouse or covered with foliage for the winter. Overwintered plants can be blacked out in spring. Vegetatively propagated plants bloom at the end of July.
Using: in landings around gazebos, at the entrance to the house, on latticed windows, trellises. Usually this vine is planted near theaters, bars, discos, visited in the evening. Moonflower is a plant of the night.
Moon-flowering morning glory (Ipomoea noctiflora). © Bev Wagar
Morning glory tricolor
When grown, Ipomoea tricolor - Ipomoea tricolor, is very often confused with Ipomoea violacea, in fact, these are different, albeit related species. Numerous varieties of Ipomoea tricolor with various flower colors were not in vain chosen for use in ornamental gardening.
Commonly used varieties:
- Blue Star
- Flying saucers
- Sky blue, Sky blue enhanced
- Pearl Gate
- Summer sky
- Wedding bells
- Morning call
- Rainbow flash
The popular variety "Morning Call" has flowers with a diameter of about 10 cm. Sky blue is a variety that cannot be ignored either. This is truly a treasure for the gardener. Flowers up to 10 cm in diameter, with sky-blue or purple corollas and white with a yellow central part, fascinate with their beauty. Flowers of the Pearl Gate variety are milky white with a bright yellow center. The surface of the bright blue phonographs of the Flying Saucers is lined with white strokes extending from the center of the funnel to its edges.
Morning glory tricolor, variety Heavenly blue. © Killerlimpet
Sky Blue received a prize from the Royal Horticultural Society.
The homeland of the plant is America, where it is perennial, but in central Russia it is grown as an annual. Curly, with branched stems reaching 4-5 m in height. Opposite leaves, large, cordate or ovate-cordate, glabrous, wrinkled, located on elongated petioles. Funnel-shaped flowers, 3-4 flowers in a bunch, sky-blue, with a white tube, 8-10 cm in diameter, purple-pink after flowering.
Each flower blooms for one day. Flowers are open from morning until noon, in some varieties - until almost 5 pm. In cloudy weather, the flowers are open throughout the day. The fruit is a cone-shaped capsule. Seeds are dark, elongated, slightly convex, viable for 2-4 years. In culture since 1830.
Morning glory tricolor is one of the most decorative and common climbing annuals. Blooms profusely from July to October. Has garden forms and varieties with a striped corolla.
Morning glory tricolor, Blue Star variety. © DMacIver
Ipomoea Lobata, Ipomoea Mina Lobata, Spanish flag - Ipomoea lobata. Earlier it was included in the genus Quamoclit, now it is united into the general genus Ipomoea.
Unusual spectacular tropical annual with strong reddish curling stems 1.5-3 m tall with cordate-three-lobed leaves and three thin stipules near each leaf. Flowers, like drops (each flower is up to 2 cm long), in unilateral spike-shaped inflorescences 15-25 cm long seem to be closed all the time. They are first red, then orange, then gradually turn lemon yellow to creamy white.
Striking multicolor effect. In one inflorescence there are up to 12 flowers of different colors. The stamens and pistil protrude from the open mouth of the flower. Flowering time: from early August to late October, and in warm autumn - until the first frost. Introduced into culture since 1841.
Morning glory Mina Lobata. © Michael Wolf
Morning glory Bright red
Morning glory bright red, "beauty star", Kvamoklit fiery red - Ipomoea coccinea. Earlier it was included in the genus Quamoclit, now it is united into the general genus Ipomoea.
Annual liana from Central and South America, where it naturalized, up to 3 m high, with thin stems, heart-shaped leaves 5-10 cm long and tubular, about 1 cm in diameter, scarlet flowers, yellowish in the throat. Flowering time: end of June - July. However, it quickly loses its decorative effect. Already in August, the seeds ripen, and the entire vegetative mass turns black. Quamoklite fiery red ivy (var. Hederifolia) is more effective with its deeply divided into three to five lobes of dark green foliage. The flowers are larger than those of the typical species. The decorative period is longer.
Ipomoea Bright red is often confused with Ipomoea quamoclit, as their flowers are similar.
Ipomoea Bright red (Ipomoea coccinea). © Raffi Kojian
Morning glory Kvamoklit
Quamoclite pinnate, "cypress liana" - Ipomoea quamoclit. Earlier it was included in the genus Quamoclit, now it is united into the general genus Ipomoea.
A climbing liana, introduced from the tropics of Central and South America in 1629, now naturalized from Virginia to Missouri. These are annuals or perennials, herbaceous, climbing plants, reaching heights of up to 3 m. The bright green leaves of Ipomoea Kvamoklit resemble a fern or cypress.
A fast growing plant: in one growing season it reaches 2.5 m in height. The flowers are numerous, star-shaped, from 2 to 3 cm. Usually corollas are carmine-red, but variations with white and pink flowers are known. Flowering time: from August to late autumn.
Morning glory Kvamoklit (Ipomoea quamoclit). © Reinaldo Vicini
Morning Glory Slaughter
Kvamoklit Slaughter, cardinal liana - Ipomoea sloteri. Earlier it was included in the genus Quamoclit, now it is united into the general genus Ipomoea.
Homeland: Central and South America.
Delicate hybrid annual with thin curly shoots up to 1.5 m in height, shiny palmate-dissected leaves 5-7 cm long and intense red (like a cardinal's mantle) flowers blooming in the morning. Bend diameter 2-2.2 cm, tube length 3.5 cm. Flowering time: July-September. Ties little seeds.
Location: sunny sandy-humus garden soil.
Care: supports are needed, the shoots are tied up and guided. Moderate watering, weekly feeding until August. Pests, diseases: spider mites.
Reproduction: Ipomoea lobed and Slaughter in central Russia in warm spring are sown with seeds at the end of April, but not later, since the seeds will not have time to ripen, or by seedlings when sown in boxes in March and subsequent picking and planting in open ground when frosts pass. Kvamoklit fiery red can be sown in the ground in April-May. Ipomoea pinnate - seeded in open ground in late April - early May to a permanent place in grooves at a distance of 5 cm from each other. He can't stand transplants! Ipomoea Slaughter is propagated by seeds in open ground from the end of April.
Using: for decorating vases, baskets, balconies. Using it in wall plantings, you can achieve complete wall decoration. Suitable for creating flower pyramids. Bright flowers are good for cutting. The cardinal liana is especially good in foreground compositions on various arched small forms.
Morning glory Slaughter (Ipomoea sloteri). © Christian Defferrard
Caution! The plant is poisonous.
Morning glory Nile
Comes from the tropics of the Old World. Japanese name asagao (translated as "morning face").
This short-lived perennial vine is cultivated as an annual. Its stems are highly branched and grow faster than in other species, reaching a length of 2.5-3 m. Leaves are opposite, broadly oval or heart-shaped, long-petiolate. The flowers are also funnel-shaped, but larger than those of the previous species, their diameter is 10 cm, the colors are pink, red, sky blue, lavender, purple and dark blue with a white throat.
Just like Ipomoea ivy, flowers live one day and are open from morning to noon. Bloom - from mid-summer to autumn. The plants of the "Morning Call" mixture variety bloom especially early (from the end of June) and abundant.
The Japanese made a huge contribution to the process of creating new varieties. The plant came to the Land of the Rising Sun from mainland China during the Nara era, which, according to Japanese chronology, corresponds to the period from 710 to 784. At first, asagao was perceived by the Japanese only as a medicinal product, but in the Edo period (1615-1868) it became truly iconic.
While Europeans were crazy about tulips and carnations, the Japanese were struck by a passion for bindweed. The peaks of this passion were in 1804-1829 and 1848-1860. This love turned out to be timeless, and today in Japan, morning glories are still actively cultivated and improved. The short-lived perennial wild ancestor of Asagao has funnel-shaped blue-blue flowers.
For several centuries, the Japanese have changed the appearance of the wild blue morning glory beyond recognition. And if earlier the emergence of a new variety was a happy accident, now the hybridization of asagao is put on a scientific basis: the latest methods of obtaining mutants are used, genotyping of large DNA sections has been carried out, and summaries of recessive and dominant genes have been compiled. Every year more and more unusual novelties appear, and the total number of asagao varieties and lines has long been measured in hundreds.
The varieties differ mainly in color, size and shape of flowers and leaves.
The color of the corolla is white, pink, red, blue, violet, two-colored with edging, spots, stripes of a different color than the background. Chimera flowers and flowers painted in brownish tones are highly prized among Asagao.
Distinguish between large-flowered varieties (corolla diameter 15-20 cm), varieties with an average corolla size (diameter 7-15 cm) and small-colored (diameter 6 cm or less). More than 20 different groups of asagao are distinguished by the shape of the corolla. Flowers are simple and double. Asagao leaves are not less diverse. They can be rounded, resemble willow leaves, ivy leaves, maple leaves, and so on. There are white-green and yellow-leaved varieties.
Asagao is bred in Japan mainly in a pot culture as an annual plant, the liana is formed in the form of a "bush" with the help of nips, the first of which is made over the 6th true leaf. Pots with a diameter of 15-20 cm are filled with fertile loose soil.
Sometimes supports are installed for plants from thin bamboo shoots. Asagao is grown on the sunniest windowsills and terraces. Plants are propagated primarily by seeds (seeds of especially "advanced" varieties are not cheap, the price can reach $ 8 per 1 piece).
The flowers of some forms of asagao are sterile; in this case, plants are propagated by rooting shoots (they take root very easily, for example, in a glass of water).
The mild maritime climate, an abundance of moisture and heat from the sun, and fertile soil allow the Japanese to grow a wide variety of ornamental plants, including asagao, almost throughout the year. Is it possible to grow a heat-loving Japanese morning glory in Central Russia? Yes, but the plants must be placed near the south side of the house. The most accessible variety of Ipomoea Nile from us is “Chocolate”. When growing Ipomoea Nile, one must be prepared for the fact that in the event of a cold and rainy summer, most likely you will not have to enjoy the flowers.
Asagao is one of the favorite symbols of Japanese art, including traditional hoku poetry. The Japanese are convinced that the truly beautiful is contained in the fleeting, unique, laconic. This idea permeates the entire culture of Japan.
Japanese poem "hoku", written by the 17th century classic Basho MATSUO.
Asagao-ni tsurube torarete, morai-mizu.
Ipomoea loach wrapped a bucket in a well during the night.
Do not tear the fleeting beauty ?!
I'll go to the neighbors for water to wash my face.
The poem plays with words. Asagao - "morning face", "face in the morning" - this is the name of the flower - Ipomoea - and a reason to go to the well in the morning - to wash your face. The hero of the poem went to the well to wash his face, and the morning glory liana wrapped around the bucket during the night. And to use it, you have to break the flower.
Anxious about the quickly passing beauty of the flower, the hero of the poem regrets him, decides to go to the neighbors for water. A very elegant, sophisticated poem, reflecting a reverent attitude towards nature, feelings, life and all living things.
Morning glory Nil (Ipomoea nil), cultivar Akatsukinoumi. © KENPEI
Ipomoea ivy - Ipomea hederacea
Homeland - tropical America.
An annual vine with a twisting, branched stem 2-3 m long and large heart-shaped, three-lobed leaves, similar to ivy leaves. Her flowers are funnel-shaped, up to 5 cm in diameter, sky-blue, as well as pink, purple and red, collected in 2-3 on a long peduncle.
They are open from early morning until midday, then wither, but the next morning new ones open. Bloom from July to mid-autumn. In culture since 1600, rarely found
It has garden forms with larger blue flowers with a white border, white or dark purple flowers with a white border. Plants of the 'Roman Candy' variety have variegated, white-green leaves, cherry flowers with a white throat, stems 120-150 cm long.
Ipomoea ivy (Ipomoea hederacea). © Ghost32
Ipomea purpurea - Ipomea purpurea
Homeland - tropical America.
A perennial liana with a strongly and low branching stem, cultivated as an annual. Stems reach 8 m in length. Leaves are cordate, three-lobed, on long petioles. Stems and leaves are shortly pubescent. The flowers are large, up to 4-7 cm in diameter, bell-funnel-shaped, collected in 2-5 on long pedicels growing from the axils of the leaves. Colors - pink, red, purple, dark purple to blue.
Ipomoea Purple (Ipomoea purpurea), variety Star of Yalta. © Dinkum
The inside of the funnel-shaped corolla is always white. In this, the purple morning glory differs from its closest relative, the tricolor morning glory, in which the center of the flower is always yellow.
In clear weather, flowers open early in the morning, and at 11 o'clock in the morning they are already closed, in cloudy weather they are open until 14 o'clock. Flowering begins in July and lasts until autumn frosts. The fruit is a rounded capsule with 2-4 large seeds.
In culture since 1621. Has double and variegated forms. The varietal variety of this most common and unpretentious morning glory is quite large, and in recent years, very interesting new products have appeared. There are known varieties of purple morning glory: Milky Way, Scarlett O'Hara, Grandpa Ots, Kniola's Black Knight, Star of Yalta, SplitPersonality, Sunrise Serenad, Caprice.
An interesting red-colored variety Scarlett O'Hara. Plants of the Zvezda Scarlet variety have cherry flowers with a white star in the center and white edges, flowering is especially abundant.
Ipomoea purpurea, cultivar Light Blue Star. © Epibase
The soil: prefer loose, nutritious limed soil, on well fertilized "fatten" to the detriment of flowering. These vines do not tolerate stagnant water.
Care: vines are grown with constant watering and top dressing with full mineral fertilizer with a low nitrogen content - its excess causes the growth of green mass to the detriment of flowering. For all types of morning glory, supports of vertically stretched wires, fishing line, wire or mesh are needed, around which the stems will twine. And only the Roman Candy variety of Ipomoea is used as an ampelous plant for warm, protected places. With a sufficient amount of land in boxes, morning glories grow well on balconies and loggias with a south or southeast orientation.
Reproduction: sowing seeds in May in a permanent place, 2-3 seeds per hole or in peat-humus pots in March-April for seedlings. The optimum temperature for germination is 18 degrees. The seeds must be soaked for 24 hours. Those that are not swollen are pierced with a needle and soaked again. Seedlings appear in 6-14 days. Plant transplantation is poorly tolerated, therefore, when transferring seedlings into large pots (they do it twice), they must preserve a lump of earth with roots.
A twig is inserted into each pot, along which the plant will curl, otherwise the stems will get confused and will break when trying to disassemble them.Seedlings must be planted with a lump of earth, keeping the distance between plants 15-20 cm. It can also be propagated by layering, cuttings, dividing rhizomes.
Ipomoea purpurea (Ipomoea purpurea). © Dezidor
Folk remedies against weeds on the site
Weeds on the backyard are a serious problem for many gardeners and gardeners. Various chemicals and mechanical weeding are used to destroy them.
However, you can cope with the problem in another way, using folk remedies that help no worse than herbicides. Do-it-yourself weed remedies can be prepared by every plant breeder. They are simple yet highly efficient.
The main thing is not to make a mistake using a folk remedy so as not to harm the cultural plantings.
It is better to use soda in places where there are no cultivated plantings, but you just need to eliminate weeds. Soda solution is used mainly on the patio, when unwanted grass needs to be removed only between the tiles. A weed killer made from baking soda is only effective when they are still small. Soda will not relieve heavily overgrown and large weeds.
For processing, a strong solution of soda is prepared in the proportion: 3 cl. l. substances per 1 liter of water. All the gaps between the tiles are poured abundantly with the resulting product. Re-mating is carried out after 30 days.
Table salt copes well with weeds, and processing can be carried out even among cultivated plantings. In order to prevent severe soil salinization, a small amount of the substance must be used.
Having stepped back from the garden plants by 10 cm to the sides, it is necessary to pour salt around so that the grains do not form a dense layer. Then the garden is watered. When dissolved, salt not only destroys existing weeds, but also prevents new ones from germinating.
It is important not to put salt too close to the desired plants.
It is easy to remove weeds in the garden without chemicals using salt. Processing can be carried out up to 1 time per season. For many, weed salt is the best way to deal with the problem.
Applying vinegar helps burn off the weeds. They are simply sprayed with harmful plants, preventing acid from entering their plantings.
Sometimes, deciding to fight weeds in the garden with folk remedies, amateurs use a blowtorch. She just burns all unnecessary plants. The method is extremely dubious and dangerous both for the gardener himself and for those around him. Using a lamp for this purpose can easily start a fire or get severe burns. This method is highly discouraged.
A composition of salt, vinegar and laundry soap (grated) helps to destroy weeds with folk remedies. All components are taken in equal amounts and, dissolved in water, treated with the composition of all weeds.
Grain also helps to get rid of weeds. Feed grain is grain waste from non-standard grains that are damaged or not ripe. In agriculture, this grain is used for poultry feed.
According to studies carried out by Western scientists, the grain contains a special type of glutein, which does not allow seedlings to develop from the seeds of other plants.
After the cultivated plantings have sprung up and developed sufficiently, the soil around them is sprinkled with grain. If necessary, carry out preliminary weeding.
In order not to harm your crops, it is impossible to use grain before they grow to a height of 30 cm.
The optimal time to remove weeds from the beds in this way is mid-summer. There are recommendations to fill the beds with fodder grain before winter, and then weeds should not appear in the spring. But this method is applicable only to planting sites of crops sown with seeds not earlier than the end of May or grown through seedlings.
Alcohol will help to remove weeds on the site, but only if you apply it in early spring before cultural plantings. With this method, the soil is disinfected. Thanks to this, all the seeds and roots of perennial weeds that have not yet grown into growth are destroyed, and for the next year the garden will be free from them.
So that cultural plantings do not suffer in the future, alcohol is diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. According to research, 11 liters of solution will be required to process 2 acres of land. It is possible to plant seedlings or sow after disinfection no earlier than 1 month later.
If you water weeds that have already appeared on the beds with such a solution, then there will be no result from the treatment, since they are no longer sensitive to the drug.
Domestic ducks help to destroy even the most stubborn weeds in the garden beds and provide a clean area by spring. After the entire crop has been harvested, the birds must be released to the site.
If you do this earlier, then they will eat not only weeds, but also cultivated plants.
Possessing an excellent appetite, the birds introduce their beaks into the topsoil and actively loosen it in search of insects, worms and plant roots and their seeds.
The ducks pick up all the roots, so the weeds do not grow back. In addition, they perfectly loosen the soil and at the same time fertilize it. Even an attack like moaning cannot withstand a duck attack.
The method is well known and is used for planting young strawberries and vegetable seedlings. The use of covering materials that do not let in sunlight prevents weeds from growing.
The bed is covered with a black non-woven (ultra-power) or film and plants are planted in the holes cut in it.
As a result, a useful crop gets everything it needs, and weeds disappear without light and water.
Coping with weeds with folk remedies is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance.
Field bindweed: how to get rid of the garden, is it possible to remove the weed forever, gardeners reviews - garden and vegetable garden
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Recipe 1. Bread crusts collected over the long winter months are placed in a bucket. Can be filled to the brim, filled with water and pressed down with pressure so that the crusts do not float. The fertilizer is kept on a couch for a week. After an unpleasant smell comes from the bucket, all this mixture is taken out into the barn.
When the sourdough is ripe (it seems to me that this is a real mash), the liquid is drained and diluted with water three times, and the thick mass is thrown into the compost under the tree. But it seems to me that after such a procedure, jokes about naked (no feathers) geese or drunken pigs were born.
Recipe 2. A bucket of 8 liters is filled in half with slices of bread, filled with water and a plate is placed on top, upside down along the diameter of the bucket.
So that the pieces of bread do not float, put oppression (large pebbles or whatever). For a week, all this is warm, and then the fertilizer is filtered through cheesecloth and 3 liters of water are added.
Recipe 3. A barrel without an upper part is filled by one third with manure, and the rest of the volume is covered with any weeds. Put a couple of loaves of bread and cover with water. During the season, use this mixture of 1 liter, diluting with 10 liters of water.
Recipe 4. Rusks are poured into a milk can. Pour in warm water, close the lid tightly and put in a warm place for 2 weeks.
The solution should ferment. After that, the mixture is diluted with water 1: 1 and used as a top dressing.
Recipe 5. 4 loaves of bread are soaked for 2 days in a 15 liter bucket. Then squeeze through cheesecloth. Dilute 1 liter of infusion with 10 liters of water and begin to feed the tomatoes. Seedlings after 10 days are transformed: they become powerful, luxurious, shiny.
1. Only brown bread should be used for dressing. Now we still need to look for it so that it is the real one, and not painted over.
2. I think that as an alternative to bread, you can use a mixture of rye and wheat flour plus your own yeast-free sourdough.
3. Such top dressing, carried out by me on black currant, caused the growth of up to 20 zeros, and without top dressing there were no zero shoots.
4.2 pomegranate seedlings grown from seeds this year according to recipe 5. gave out 3 stems up to 40 cm high.
HOW TO APPLY BREAD FEEDING
You can feed tomatoes two weeks after planting the seedlings. In the evening, after the herd of cows had been driven away, grandmother went to the skits (as they called the vegetable beds below, on the bank of a small river). She took water straight from the river and plentifully watered the tomatoes at the root and added top dressing. After 10 days, the procedure was repeated. Good results were observed during the formation of the ovary, when the second cluster faded and the third blooming cluster appeared. On the tomatoes planted in the holes with seeds (the variety seems to be in honor of Talalikhin), in September 65 fruits ripened simultaneously on one plant. The quality and taste were at the highest level.
They say that bread is the head of everything. The experience of our grandmothers proves that this is true.