Crocus care: planting and watering, fertilizing, where to plant
Crocuses (Crocus) popular even with inexperienced florists. They are unpretentious and resistant to various natural conditions. So, if you want to please yourself and your loved ones with the first spring flowers, plant crocuses - caring for them will not require effort and time.
Since they appear in early spring, when there are no weeds yet, they do not need to be weeded. Moisture crocuses are also most often provided, because just at this time the snow melts. And you don't need to dig them out every year, they grow beautifully in the same place for 4-5 years, if you have successfully chosen a site for them and planted them at the right time.
Where to plant crocuses
Crocuses are planted in a sunny place, as the lack of light and heat in March-April can lead to the fact that the buds do not open.
The site must be protected from cold winds and drafts that can harm already blossoming flowers.
The soil in the crocus area should be light and well-drained. Sandy loam soil perfectly absorbs moisture during snow melting, and therefore crocuses will not be dry in such a place. But don't plant crocuses in acidic soil.
If the soil on your site does not allow water to pass through well, you will have to provide good drainage artificially, because stagnant water can damage the bulbs and the flowers themselves. To do this, before planting crocuses, you need to dig up the soil with coarse river sand or fine expanded clay.
It is better to enclose a plot with crocuses with a low decorative fence or outline the corners of the plot with mesh sticks or special pins - this will allow not to "lose" the bulbs, which are deeply hidden in the ground over the summer.
Watering, loosening the soil
If there was snow in the winter on the area where the crocuses were planted, then they would not need watering. These flowers appear when there is still a lot of moisture in the soil, and excessive waterlogging harms them. But if there is not enough moisture, then to keep it in the soil, you will have to loosen the area in order to destroy the channels in the soil through which moisture evaporates.
If in your area the winters are snowless, then the crocuses must be watered after the first shoots appear. Moreover, in this case, loosening must be performed before watering, so that the water soaks the soil well. If there was no rain before the flowering period, water the crocuses as the soil dries. When watering, try to keep moisture out of the petals - they may develop brown spots.
Fertilizing crocuses (feeding)
Crocus cultivation involves the application of fertilizers so that the bulbs receive the necessary nutrients. When to fertilize crocuses?
Top dressing should be applied during crocus planting. Fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus and potassium are used for crocuses. Nitrogen fertilizers are harmful to crocuses. You need to apply top dressing directly into the holes dug for planting.
Crocuses planted and fertilized in the fall will not need feeding next spring. But if you do not dig up the bulbs every year for the winter, then in the spring when planting, top dressing will be required. It is carried out during irrigation - mineral fertilizers are added to the water.
If you want to apply organic fertilizers to the soil, add compost to the planting hole.
Fertilizers need to be applied after the first shoots appear, then again during flowering and, finally, after the flowers have withered - this contributes to the correct formation of the corm.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Irisaceae
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Blooming Bulbous flowers Plants on K Iris (Iris)
Crocus cultivation, care and reproduction
Crocuses, and this plant is also called saffron, there are about 300 varieties. They belong to the genus of the family "Iris", and there are about 80 species of them. In nature, they are found in the Crimea, the Caucasus, the Mediterranean. Some species are included in the Red Book.
This flower is not large, with a maximum height of 10 cm. It has tuberous bulbs of a spherical and flat shape. Crocuses come in different colors: yellow, white, blue and even purple. In our area, yellow crocuses are most often found in summer cottages.
In this article, I want to tell you about crocus cultivation.
Basic requirements for growing
To achieve a high yield of zucchini in the open field, it is necessary to take into account and fulfill some requirements:
- Carefully approach the choice of varieties and hybrids, depending on weather conditions, for high fruiting.
- Choose a suitable planting site with adequate lighting and soil nutrient composition.
- Provide timely care, treatment from pests and diseases.
Zucchini is an unpretentious plant; for a high yield, they have their own basic requirements.
The lunar month lasts 29.5 days. During this period, the moon makes a full revolution around the Earth and goes through 4 phases:
- New moon
- First quarter or waxing moon
- Full moon
- Last quarter or waning moon
Influence of the phases of the moon on plants
- New Moon is the worst time for gardening work. Do not plant or transplant anything. This unfavorable period lasts three days, the day before the new moon, the new moon and the day after.
- Waxing Moon - The moon grows by itself and pulls up the energy and sap of plants. This is the best time to work with plants that ripen above the ground (greens, herbs, fruits, vegetables, flowers). You can plant, transplant, graft, and so on.
- Full Moon - during this period it is also not recommended for planting and transplanting plants, but it lasts one day. You can do weeding, dressing, pest control of the garden.
- Waning Moon - juices and energy are directed down to the roots, so try to work with root crops, bulbs.
What does "first quarter" and "third quarter" mean in the lunar calendar
After the new moon, the moon begins to grow, its crescent appears in the sky and gradually increases. At some point in the lunar month, it turns out that exactly half of the lunar disk appears to us illuminated, and the other half is not visible. This phase of the synodic lunar month is called the first quarter.
In the third quarter or last quarter, we again see exactly half of the Moon, but this is already a waning, aging Moon. It's like a mirror image of the first quarter.
Is it possible to visually determine in what phase the Moon is, whether it is growing or decreasing?
Yes, you can. This is very easy to do.
Look at the moon and mentally place a pencil to its "horns". If you get the correct letter "P", then the Moon is growing, but if you get "P" on the contrary, something similar to the letter "U" means decreasing.
There are some more rules and recommendations that should be followed:
- It is best to plant the plants at dawn or before lunchtime.
- When the moon is growing, use mineral dressings.
- With decreasing - organic.
What plants can be planted on the growing moon
The growing moon is a favorable phase for the growth and reproduction of plants, the period of their most intensive growth.
In the waxing moon phase, it is favorable to plant ground fruits, flowers, as well as medicinal and lawn herbs, fast-growing shrubs, vegetables, leafy crops, including roses.
During this period, it is good to sow a lawn and transplant indoor flowers, plant garden flowers, and harvest.
What plants can be planted on the waning moon
In the waning moon phase, it is recommended to take care of plants, fight pests, sow and plant plants, the fruits of which ripen underground, various fruit bushes and trees.
- Plant and propagate strawberries
- Plant trees and seedlings
- Cutting plants
- Share perennials
- Prune and shape trees and shrubs
- Harvest for long-term storage
- Collect seeds
What can be planted on the new moon and full moon
These days the earth freezes and does not give its energy to the plants, so these days it is better not to plant anything.
On full moon days, it is good to harvest fruits (excluding root crops)
You can care for plants in the Lunar Eclipse
On the days of lunar eclipses, it is better NOT to carry out any work with plants.
Dangerous diseases and pests
With proper care, the crocus is almost never affected by diseases or pests. But with an excess of fertilizers or a prolonged rainy period, various fungal infections can occur: rot, fusarium. To prevent the development of diseases, prophylactic treatment of bulbs with a fungicide and treatment with wood ash will help.
Of the pests, the most dangerous are field mice and wireworm larvae. For wireworms, special traps made of rotted hay or straw are installed. It is more difficult to fight mice: if there are a lot of rodents, then you need to use not only traps, but also poisonous wheat.
How to plant sea buckthorn
When carrying out work, you must follow some rules for planting sea buckthorn. Here's what to consider first:
- One male plant is capable of pollinating 5–8 females. Most of the fruit trees will only be partially pollinated. Therefore, to obtain a good harvest, the bushes are usually planted in a group, surrounding the male plant with the female ones in a ratio of no more than 1: 5.
- Males die more often, so many gardeners for insurance increase their number relative to females.
- For planting, it is best to choose seedlings of the same variety.
- The root system of the shrub grows widely and is about twice the size of the crown.
- The roots of the plant are at a shallow depth. Therefore, no agrotechnical work is carried out within a radius of 2 m from the bush. At the same distance, neighboring plants are planted from each other.
When planting bushes for decorative purposes, floor issues can be neglected. The distance must be maintained so that the roots of neighboring plants do not oppress each other.
When is it better to plant sea buckthorn: spring or autumn
It is impossible to answer this question unequivocally. Most gardeners agree that it is right to plant sea buckthorn in spring. However, this is not quite true. The timing of excavation depends on many factors. You can plant sea buckthorn on the site even in summer, if before that it has been growing in a tub for more than a year.
Autumn planting can be carried out if it is known for sure that the seedling grew in the same area. If he is from more southern regions, the plant can wake up from hibernation in January-February and is guaranteed to die. Planting sea buckthorn seedlings in spring allows you to minimize the risks.
How to plant sea buckthorn in spring
Planting sea buckthorn in spring is best in late March or early April. During this period, the bushes have a dormant state, and the soil has a good supply of moisture.
Planting sea buckthorn in autumn
You can plant sea buckthorn in the fall if the root system of the seedlings is closed. The optimal planting time is late September - early October. By this time, the leaves from the tree, as a rule, are flying around. Therefore, all the forces of the plant will be aimed at taking root. A step-by-step guide on how to plant sea buckthorn in the fall is no different from the spring one, and is given below.
In case of violation of the terms, the seedlings can be dug in, and after wintering, they can be planted in a permanent place. The seedlings are placed in a ditch 0.5 m deep so that the crown is turned to the south. After covering with earth, the bushes need to be watered well. With the onset of the first frost, they are almost completely covered with earth, leaving only the tops of the branches, and then covered with spruce branches on top. When the snow falls, they fill up the shelter.
Where to plant sea buckthorn on the site
The seabuckthorn planting site should be open and sunny. Do not place it next to garden beds, otherwise there is a great risk of damage to the roots when digging. The plant tolerates this very painfully. It is necessary to plant sea buckthorn at a distance from buildings and fences so as not to shade the bushes. This culture does not like close proximity to other trees, therefore, as a rule, it is given a place on the edge of the garden on the south side.
What kind of soil does sea buckthorn like
Sea buckthorn prefers light sandy soils and black soil. The acidity is best neutral. The soil should be moist, but not swampy, therefore, places with a groundwater level above 1 m are contraindicated for sea buckthorn.
How to choose sea buckthorn for planting
For planting in order to obtain a harvest, it is better to choose varietal sea buckthorn. This is especially true for female plants. The men can be wild. Plants are planted with two-year-old seedlings. By this time, their height should be 0.35–0.5 m, and the roots should be at least 0.2 m long. There should be 2-3 main roots, and a sufficient number of small ones.
When examining a seedling, you need to pay attention to the condition of the bark. Detachments are not allowed. The brown color indicates the freezing of the tree, the chances that such a seedling will take root are practically zero.
How to plant sea buckthorn in spring: step by step instructions
Seabuckthorn seedlings are planted in specially prepared pits. They dig them in advance so that the soil has time to infuse and saturate with oxygen. In order to properly plant sea buckthorn in the spring, the pits for planting need to be prepared in the fall, for the autumn - at least a month in advance.
- When preparing the pits, the size of the root system of the seedling is taken into account. Usually a depth of 0.5 m and the same diameter is sufficient.
- Stepping back a little from the center, you need to drive in a wooden support, to which the tree will be tied.
- Add to the removed soil: humus - 1 bucket, river sand - 1 bucket, wood ash - 0.5 buckets, superphosphate - 0.2 kg.
- Mix all components well.
- The seedling is placed in a planting hole so that the height of the root collar above ground level is 5–6 cm. The roots must be straightened and then covered with nutritious soil, lightly tamped to prevent the formation of voids.
- After planting, the tree must be tied to a support.
- The distance between seedlings when planting sea buckthorn in spring is at least 2 m.
Then the seedlings need to be watered abundantly, and the tree trunk circle should be mulched with sawdust, straw or grass.
A short educational video about planting sea buckthorn can be viewed at the link below.
What can be planted next to sea buckthorn
Only lawn grass can be planted under the sea buckthorn. Nothing can be placed in the zone of the root system (which is about two sizes of the crown of a tree). This is especially true for plants with a shallow root system (strawberries, currants), in competition for the usable area, the sea buckthorn aggressor will simply strangle them. Therefore, next to the sea buckthorn, you can plant another tree of the same culture, but at a distance of at least 2–2.5 m, so that they do not conflict with each other.
Plant care in winter
Despite this, it may also need additional shelter from the cold. And the most important thing is to provide comfortable conditions for Japanese gladioli in the first year of life.
Helpful advice! Montbrecia, storage in the winter of which, although it should be thought out in advance, is considered a hardy plant.
There are two ways to store montbrecia in the cold season: either dig up and bring the bulbs into a warm room, or leave them to winter in the open ground. Everything depends entirely on the climatic conditions in the region. So, if the winters are very harsh, then it is best to dig out all the bulbs from the ground for the winter. But a good gardener must know what to do in both cases.
So, if a decision is made to winterize indoors, then at the end of October you need to carefully remove the bulbs from the ground, and then dig up the soil. It is recommended to place Japanese gladioli in a small wooden box, the bottom of which should first be covered with fresh sawdust. Just inspect the latter in advance so that they are not affected by bugs and other insects.
It is best to put the box in a dark room until spring, where the air temperature is kept at about 5-7 °. Some people prefer to keep the drawer in the closet, which is also a good solution. You just need to periodically moisten the sawdust from the spray bottle, and then put the bulbs on them again. After all, it is extremely important that the latter do not dry out.
In central Russia. species, relatively small-colored crocosmia hibernates under a shelter of shavings or dry leaves 20-30 cm high.
But if the climate is not so harsh, then you can leave the bulbs to winter in the ground. But all the same, you should take care of a reliable shelter. Again, at the end of October, you need to slightly loosen the ground and sprinkle it with dry coarse sawdust. If the latter are not available, you can use leaves from any tree.
On top of the leaves (sawdust) you need to put a piece of roofing material. This will provide maximum protection from the cold. The shelter can be removed only after the frost ends. A slight minus temperature is not terrible for the Japanese gladiolus.
Winter storage plays a very important role in Montbrecia. Indeed, it completely depends on how well the bulbs will develop, how often the plant will be able to produce flower stalks and whether they will be abundantly covered with flowers. If you properly and competently take care of the bulbs during the dormant period, you can avoid all problems during growth and flowering.