Reproduction of tuberous begonias - by seeds, cuttings, tubers. Dormant period
I have already mentioned that tuberous begonias reproduce in several ways: by seeds, cuttings, tubers. Let's take a look at each of these ways. reproduction of tuberous begonia in order. So let's get started.
Reproduction of tuberous begonia
With tuber propagation, you can take both the whole tuber and its part. Wholes are obtained when smaller children grow on the mother's rhizome. Together with the main tuber, they are dug out of the pot or from the ground even before the dormant period. The largest lump of earth should remain near the roots. This is necessary so that the tubers do not dry out over the winter and for a natural increase in their size.
At the end of the dormant period, the tuber is planted in the ground or a larger pot as a whole, or the children are first separated from it for planting in new flowerpots. Planting is carried out as described in the article "Tuberous Begonia - planting".
For tuberous begonias, propagation by cuttings is also possible. To do this, cut off the apical shoot 6-10 cm long. Sprinkle the place of the cut with crushed charcoal. We plant the stalk in the sand, water and cover with a jar. Rooting occurs in about 2-3 weeks. But such a plant, so that it retains its green mass for a longer time and can grow a tuber for wintering, needs much more care.
This is perhaps the most troublesome way to reproduce tuberous begonia. The seeds are very small, moreover, they need to be artificially pollinated by transferring pollen from the stamens to the pistils. If you want seed Begonias to bloom, then they need to be sown in December. The soil should be light, constant spraying is necessary.
Seedlings should appear in 2 weeks. As a rule, they are very weak and elongated upward. These seedlings should be used as seedlings. We dive the sprouts and plant them in the ground. They will bloom in about 4-5 months.
The main task for seed-grown Begonia is tuber growth. Therefore, you need to sow as early as possible, and prolong flowering, as long as possible.
Tuberous Begonia has a pronounced dormant period from November to February.... She is growing a tuber at this time. It is preferable to dig it out together with a lump of earth and leave it in a cool dark place until spring. The optimum temperature for the plant during the dormant period is about 10 ° C. The substrate in which the tubers are located must be slightly moistened.
Sections: Beautifully blooming
Growing tuberous begonia
Tuberous begonia is a magical flower that does not require sophisticated care. Beautiful in its brightness, it amazes with the tenderness of the petals and the wondrous subtle subtle scent of living greenery. Tuberous begonia flowers form large and small. Especially beautiful is the color range of flowers of terry forms of tuberous begonia. Bright red and pale pink, white and orange, with various shades - they surpass many indoor exotic plants in their beauty and attract more and more amateur flower growers to growing in indoor conditions. With the continuous almost year-round flowering of tuberous begonias, they bring their own flavor to the decor of the apartment.
- Growing begonias from a tuber at home
- How to plant begonia
- Home care
- Environmental requirement
- Application of dressings
- Tuberous begonia transplant
- Resting begonia care
- Tuberous begonia propagation methods
- Seed propagation
- Propagation by cuttings
- Propagation of begonia by dividing the tuber
Flowers are stylish adornments for sophisticated designs. When the morning began with pleasant feelings, then a busy day runs better and with minimal losses. Cultivation of flowers is a favorite hobby, which provides joy not only to family members but also to many others. Walking past a beautiful garden, you cannot help but direct your gaze to some unusual fruit. And as a rule, the thought arises, maybe it is worth growing a garden?
Tuberous large-flowered begonia and its hybrids
Begonia tuberhybrida is the most popular and unpretentious of the flowering forms, with large and beautiful flowers. Queen of the Summer Shadow (Summer Shade Queen) - so called B. x tuberhybrida (B. tuber hybrid). Most of the sales of begonias come from this group.
Tuberous begonia includes tuberous begonia (b.tuberhybrida), multiflorous begonia (b.multiflora), tuberous begonia (b.tuberhubrida pendula) with hanging stems. Cultivation of tuberous begonias in Europe began in 1760 from wild forms brought from Brazil.
The first terry forms were created in 1867-1870. in Belgium by the famous breeder Louis Van Gutt. This country is still the main producer of begonia in Europe, where up to 100 million tubers are produced. The hybrids familiar to us were obtained in 1870. The original species of begonias were rather plain, but in a short time the plant was transformed. Skilled gardeners bred noble varieties of tuberous begonias with a short but strong stem, varied leaves and erect flowers.
The selection of tuberous begonias proceeded very quickly, since the hybrids gave a lot of seeds, and the original species were distinguished by a great variety in the shape and color of the flower. In a relatively short period of time, hybrids with all characteristic colors and double flowers went on sale. Further selection led to the creation of garden groups with flowers of various sizes: giant (gigantea) - up to 20 cm, large-flowered (grandiflora) - with flowers, the diameter of which is 8-10 cm, profusely flowering (floribunda) - 8-12 cm and multiflora (multiflora ) - 5-7 cm in diameter.
Currently, all tuberous begonias can be divided into groups:
The most common varieties of large-flowered begonia (B. tuberhybrida), the flowers of which are similar to those of a rose or camellia and reach 5-15 cm in diameter. When buying, you should give preference to plants with unblown buds, without spots on the leaves. If you buy tubers, then you should choose small, dense, elastic, without brown spots.
Unlike other begonias, they are annual herbaceous plants with a translucent fleshy stem and a thick underground tuber. One tuber grows up to seven stems 30-70 cm high. Leaves 10-30 cm long, cordate or kidney-shaped, more or less fleshy, sometimes covered with fluff or corrugated, often spotted or marbled, falling off in winter. Tuberous begonia flowers of various colors, double, semi-double and non-double, in the form of an anemone or in the form of an inflorescence, dioecious: male - larger, female - smaller. In color, the flowers are dark red, burgundy, red, orange, pink, yellow, cream, white. Flowering lasts from May to October.
Hybrids of tuberous begonias are monochromatic:
Shapes with a border around the edge of the petals:
Tuberous begonia series "Non-Stop"
In recent years, a hybrid of tuberous and multi-flowered begonia "Non-Stop" with various flower colors has become widespread, which can be propagated by sowing seeds in January, but it is still better to buy grown seedlings and transplant them into separate pots.
The name of the series "Non-Stop" translates as "without stopping", thanks to the continuous lush flowering. Juicy, bright colors of terry inflorescences, compactness and splendor of the bush are the distinctive characteristics, thanks to which the tuberous begonia "Non-Stop" becomes a universal favorite, gaining more and more popularity every season. The bush branches well, developing strong horizontal shoots with flowers of impeccable quality. Plant height 30-35 cm.
In late autumn, when the shoots completely die off, the tuber is perfectly preserved until spring in a dry, cool room. Large tubers of begonias, which bloomed in summer in pots, can be left for the winter in the same pots after the death of the shoots, which are placed in a cool place. If the tubers of begonias bloom in the summer in the open field, then after the shoots die off, they are stored in dry peat (sand) and harvested for a dormant period in a cool place, and at the end of winter they are taken out for germination.
Ampel forms of tuberous begonia
There is ampelous tuberous drooping begonia (b.tuberhubrida pendula) with non-double or semi-double flowers of white, yellow, pink, orange or red, with a diameter of 2.5-5 cm. Noteworthy varieties: "Chanson" with non-double flowers and "Picotee Cascade" with double flowers.
Sutherland's Ampel Begonia (Begonia sutherlandii) can be grown from seeds, has stems 35-50 cm long and small copper-colored flowers, blooms from spring to autumn. In Begonia multiflora (Begonia multiflora) flowers are similar in shape, but more numerous and not so large.
Ampel tuberous begonias were obtained by crossing different forms of the multiflora group. They have semi-double and double graceful flowers on thin drooping pedicels. But their advantage is not only in decorativeness - they tolerate the sun well, bloom early and profusely, therefore they are readily used in flower beds.
See "Photo Tutorial on Breeding by Cuttings" (hanging begonia)
Begonia hybrids of the Lorrain and Elatior groups
French breeder Victor Lemoine (Victor Lemoine) was born in 1823 in the city of Belme, in the province of Lorrain (Belme, Lorrain). His tireless labors in his world famous greenhouse in Nancy, France, led in 1891 to the form 'Gloire de Lorrain' (Glory of Lorrain). Its other name is Christmas begonia (Christmas begonia - eloquently speaks of its amazing ability to bloom in winter. The plant is a bush up to 50 cm tall and flowers about 2.5 cm in diameter (weak stems need support). They will branch better if pinch the tops of the shoots of young plants.
But the breeders did not stop there, in 1955 Otto Reiger managed to surpass the begonia Lorrain. By crossing a summer-flowering wax and a winter-flowering tuberous, he obtained the excellent B x hiemalis (B. winter). She is also called B. elatior (B. jubilant) or B. reiger (B. Rager). And although the flowers of Reiger are no different in shape from Lorren, their size now reaches 5 cm in diameter, and the bush has become compact and grows only up to 35 cm in height.
As mentioned above, hybrids of the Lorraine group (Begonia Lorraine) bloom profusely in winter with small flowers. The most famous form is 'Gloire de Lorraine', its first generation hybrid Love Me (pink) can be grown from seed. Hybrids of the Elatior group (Begonia Elatior) - the stars among tuberous begonias - are stunted plants with a mass of non-double or double bright flowers. They are similar to the Begonia Lorraine hybrids, but with larger flowers.
In recent years, they have become very popular, they can be bought in bloom at any time of the year. The most common varieties of the Begonias (B. elatior) group are Heidi (red), Fireglow (red), Schwabenland (red), EIfe (pink), Barabara (pink), Mandela (yellow) and Magso (white). Charisma (double, orange) can be grown from seed.
Tuberous begonias care at home
Lighting: Like most begonias. tuberous species prefer to avoid direct sunlight, but love places well lit by indirect light.
Air humidity: plants of this group like humid air, more often a pot with a plant is placed on a pallet with wet peat or expanded clay. In addition, you can spray purified water near the plant, but without getting on its leaves.
tuberous begonias. in summer, the plant is watered once or twice a week, keeping the soil moist, but not waterlogged.
Tuberous begonias are grown in a light substrate consisting mainly of sod land, to which you can add coarse sand and a little leafy soil.
Fertilizers: applied in the spring and summer periods no more than 2 times a month.
tuberous begonias bloom almost all summer, after which they are prepared for a dormant period. The flowering of begonias can be caused by the influence of waterlogging of the soil, too sharp changes in temperature, insufficient lighting intensity, too dry air. In these cases, the fall of the inflorescences and buds of the plant is possible.
Transfer: Precedes the awakening of the plant tuber.
tuberous begonia completes its flowering cycle, the plant begins to water less and less often, and also stops feeding. The dormant period is preceded by the complete removal of the stems and leaves of the flower. Throughout the winter, the pot with the tuber is kept at an air temperature of 15-16 0 C and is poorly watered two to three times a month. Such care continues until early spring, when watering is gradually increased, fertilizing is resumed and the air temperature rises.
Air: begonias do not like stagnant air, but due to the fragility of their leaves, they do not accept drafts, daily morning airing of the room will be a compromise option.
Where to grow: Suburban area (in summer, in calm and shaded places), apartment, house.
Reproduction of tuberous begonia
tuberous begonias - grown from seeds. The surface of the soil prepared for sowing begonia seeds can be lightly sprinkled with light sand in order to evenly distribute the small seeds of the plant. During germination, the soil is moistened with warm distilled water from a spray bottle. Begonia seeds germinate under a film at a temperature of 20-21 0 C. Fortified seedlings dive and grow separately.
grafting begonia. The flower can be propagated with the help of leaf and stem cuttings, which take root in the spring or summer period at an air temperature of twenty to twenty 0 C.
The division of the begonias tuber is more exotic. The tubers are divided into parts with a sharp knife. The incision sites are selected so that at least one kidney remains on each part. After cutting, the exposed surfaces of the tuber are powdered with crushed charcoal, then planting each part in its own pot.
How to properly plant tuberous begonia
planting begonia tubers is identical to the first, with the only difference that before planting in the soil, the tubers can be germinated in wet moss or peat, after which the tubers with matured sprouts can be transplanted into the soil, completely burying each tuber into the soil.
Tuberous begonia pests
Begonia is one of the most common indoor plants. A special variety - tuberous begonias - have become known in indoor culture relatively recently. A feature of tuberous begonias is that they have a tuberous rhizome.
Tuberous begonias belong to the Begoniaceae family and are a complex hybrid created by breeders from different plant species of this vast genus. Just like regular begonias. their leaves are asymmetrical, the stems are fleshy.
The main advantage of tuberous begonias is considered to be surprisingly beautiful flowering. They bloom profusely, their luxurious flowers are similar to roses, carnations or peonies. In different hybrids, flowers are simple and double, large and small, the color is white, yellow, pink, red and all kinds of transitional shades, there are two-color, with a border.
Tuberous begonias are also appreciated for the abundance of shapes and sizes: you can choose hybrids of various sizes with erect stems and ampelous. with large flowers and a scattering of small ones. Another advantage is their unpretentiousness, the ability to grow in the shade.
The tuberous variety of begonias can be grown equally well in pots and outdoors. Tuberous begonia as a garden plant began to be used only recently, but alternate cultivation gives good results: a year in a pot, then the next season in the garden.
From late spring to late autumn begonia adorns gardens, balconies, terraces, and apartment windows are full of bright flowers until deep winter.
The beginning of the selection of tuberous hybrid begonias is considered the middle of the 19th century, when a hybrid appeared, created from two wild-growing species of begonias from Bolivia. Then many breeders crossed with this hybrid different types of tuberous begonias from Chile, Peru, Ecuador. The emergence of terry forms is associated with the famous breeder Louis Van Gutt, who introduced them to Belgium in 1870. Professionals and amateurs are engaged in breeding new hybrids of tuberous begonia in many countries of the world.
Ampel begonia with hanging stems is used for landscaping balconies, shop windows and hanging vases. Its thin, long shoots form huge lush bushes, have dense foliage and many graceful, often medium-sized (2-4 cm) flowers of various colors on thin, long peduncles.
It is necessary to plant ampelous begonia one tuber per pot. The bushes can be simply huge, the length of the stems of some varieties reaches a meter in mild climates with a fairly long summer.
The best time to buy tubers is from the end of January to the end of the first decade of March. When choosing begonia tubers, consider the following:
-tubers should be dense, have an even dark brown cover, they should not have light or greenish spots
-when purchased in late February or early spring, buds should already be visible on the tuber (begonias with red or pink flowers have red buds)
- you should not buy tubers with an already growing stem.
Planting and germination of begonia tubers.
Tuberous begonias do not immediately bloom with lush flowers, but they grow roots and stems for quite a long time, so you need to start germinating them early - in March.
The tubers are planted in a wide pot with the convex side down. The pot is taken wide, but not deep - the root system of tuberous begonias is superficial. Good drainage is essential. The substrate for tuberous begonias is made from a mixture of leaf, humus, peat soil and sand, or they are bought ready for begonias.
In the instructions that you can get upon purchase, it is written that you need to plant it to a depth of five centimeters. An excellent result is obtained if, when planting, you do not add the substrate to the top of the pot, plant the tubers so that the buds are visible, and then, when the tuber sprouts and shoots begin to grow, add soil according to the instructions.
Begonia tubers germinate slowly, over several weeks, at first roots grow, and only then shoots appear.
After germination in young begonia (tuber diameter up to 5 cm), only 2-3 sprouts should be left growing from the tuber. Older begonias can also have more sprouts.
Some growers advise to soak in warm water before planting, others argue that it is not necessary to soak, otherwise it will rot. A good tuber develops normally without soaking.
Water the planted tubers until sprouts appear very sparingly, then do not pour either, but also do not overdry. Germinating tubers absolutely do not tolerate overdrying, their roots are small, tender, they cannot stand overdrying.
Winter storage of begonia tubers.
Begonia tubers grow in autumn, when the day becomes shorter, growth and flowering gradually stops. Watering with the onset of colder temperatures is gradually reduced. After they die off, the stems are carefully cut off.
If your tuberous begonias grew in the summer in a flower bed, in boxes on the terrace, do not rush to dig them out with the arrival of the first cold weather. All begonias are thermophilic plants, but if there is no frost, then it is better to hold the bulbs in the ground until the leaves turn yellow and die off, so that they grow and prepare for wintering. The first autumn frosts do not damage the tubers, they noticeably increase in the autumn period, and it is at the end of the growing season that renewal buds are formed.
Adult begonias are stored during the dormant period from November to the end of February in a cool dry place. You can leave the tubers after the death of the shoots for the winter in the same pots, or you can store them in dry sand or peat. But this method is not suitable for young begonias with small tubers - they can dry out and disappear.
Young begonias are kept in a bright, cool place in winter, watered little, in winter they do not lose stems and leaves, but practically do not grow.
Reproduction of tuberous begonia.
Tuberous begonias are propagated by dividing tubers in spring, autumn and spring cuttings, as well as seeds. When grafting and dividing tubers, all the characteristics of the mother plant are preserved, when propagated by seeds - not always.
Cuttings are cut in the spring when the shoots have reached 10 cm. They can be rooted in water or in a peat-based substrate. When rooting in the ground, the container must be covered with polyethylene to maintain moisture. After 2-3 weeks, when the roots appear and the cuttings start to grow, they are dived into the pots. Autumn cuttings are cut from the strongest shoots. Young begonias from cuttings have a thickening on the lower part of the stem by winter, but they winter in a bright place with moderate watering.
By dividing the tuber, begonia is propagated at the end of winter, when the buds are visible. A large tuber is cut so that there is a shoot on each part. The cut sites are treated with charcoal powder and dried to reduce the risk of tuber decay. When planting, parts of the tuber should be buried in half, and after rooting, sprinkle with substrate to the base of the shoot.
Begonia seeds are sown early, in December-January, without covering them. Water from a spray bottle or through a pallet. The soil for sowing seeds should be loose, light, warm and constantly moist. Need a backlight. The container with the sown seeds is covered with foil or glass. Seedlings are very small, when they grow up they need to be cut down.
Young begonias grown from divided tubers, cuttings and seeds should not be sent for wintering. They hibernate in a bright, cool place with moderate watering.
Tuberous begonia reproduction and care
Tuberous begonia (Begonia Tuberhybrida) is a polyhybrid species that appeared as a result of crossing several types of begonias. Perennial tuberous plant.
Modern varieties of tuberous begonias are very decorative, hardy plants, depending on the variety, the height of the bush ranges from 18 to 80 cm. The stem is juicy, translucent. Shoots are erect or ampelous. The leaves are large, heart-shaped, smooth or slightly corrugated, with a varied pattern.
Flowers are simple or double, 3-20cm in diameter. The colors are very diverse - white, yellow, pink, red. Only begonia with blue and purple flowers is not found.
The flowers of the tuberous begonia are dioecious: male flowers bloom earlier than female ones, larger, double, female - smaller and not double.
Tuberous begonias bloom for a long time and profusely - in the open field from June to September, and in the house or on the balcony from May to October. Juicy, bright, unusually large and beautiful flowers can decorate any corner of the garden or balcony.
This type of begonias got its name due to the presence of a thickened-tuberous rhizome with a diameter of up to 6 cm.
Tuberous begonia varieties are divided into three classes:
Giant begonia (Gigantea) - with very large double flowers up to 25 cm in diameter.
Large-flowered begonia (Grandiflora) - with flowers with a diameter of 8 - 12 cm.
Multiflorous begonia (Multiflora) - flowers 3 - 7 cm in diameter. As a rule, they are collected in small inflorescences.
Begonia varieties are further subdivided into subgroups according to the shape of the flower - pink, daffodil, camellia and peony. And in the shape of the petals - comb, fringed, folded.
This complex classification suggests that tuberous begonia is a very popular plant.
All varieties of tuberous begonias bloom profusely from June to frost. Recommended for growing both outdoors and as indoor plants. Begonia looks great in borders on flower beds, in hanging flowerpots for decorating balconies and terraces, in pots and balcony boxes.
Tuberous begonia prefers fertile soils with a slightly acidic reaction. well-lit, but without direct midday sunlight, and sheltered from the wind areas, grows well in partial shade. Indoors, begonia grows best at a temperature of 20-23 degrees in a well-lit place. Reacts well to feeding. Watering is moderate, abundant in sunny places. Tuberous begonias are propagated by seeds, tubers and cuttings.
Reproduction of tuberous begonias by seeds
Seeds are the preferred breeding method for begonias. But when receiving seeds, it should be borne in mind that begonias have heterosexual flowers. To obtain seeds, artificial pollination is carried out. Seed germination lasts up to 3-4 years.
Seeds are sown in December-January in a mixture of rotted manure, deciduous soil and sand (1: 2: 1) at a temperature of 22 - 25 degrees. Seedlings appear in two weeks. After the appearance of several true leaves, the plants dive into boxes with a mixture of deciduous, turfy soil, peat and sand (4: 2: 2: 1) at a distance of 6-7 cm from each other. After 2-4 weeks, the plants are planted in individual pots.
After planting, the plants are watered abundantly, slightly shaded. Tuberous begonia is very photophilous, therefore it is better to cultivate it on the southern windows, since in the northern ones it loses its decorative effect. The room should be ventilated - begonia does not like stuffiness. Blooms in 5 - 6 months after sowing.
Propagation of begonia by dividing the tuber
Tuberous begonias need a dormant period from late October to early March: they shed their leaves and their shoots gradually die off.
At this time, begonias are transferred to a cool place, watering is reduced. Indoor begonias can be left in the same pots, and plants on the street and in balcony boxes are dug up, the remaining shoots are cut off and stored in boxes with sand or peat.
Begonia tubers of different ages are stored in different ways in winter. Small tubers of young begonias grown from seeds are moderately watered in winter and protected from drying out. Young begonias can even retain their green shoots in winter.
Plants are stored at a temperature of 12-14 degrees, the sand is periodically slightly moistened. In January, the tubers are laid out in the same soil mixture as for planting, they are germinated at a temperature of 20-22 degrees.
After the sprouts appear, the tubers are cut into pieces with sharp knives so that there are 3 - 4 sprouts on each plot and planted in boxes or pots. The stems of begonias, grown from tubers, are much thicker, the bushes are taller. They usually require a garter, especially in the second half of summer.
Begonia is planted in open ground when the threat of frost has blown. The plant is pre-tempered.
Begonia tolerates transplanting well even at the flowering stage.
Caring for begonia in the summer consists in systematic loosening of the soil, moderate watering, and timely cleaning of fading flowers. Top dressing begins before budding. They are fed once every three weeks with a solution of mineral fertilizers (25 g of ammonium nitrate, 25 superphosphate, 15 g of potassium salt per 10 L of water), twice a season - with organic fertilizers. By the end of summer, feeding is reduced.
Propagation of begonias by cuttings
In August-September, 2-3 year old plants are selected, cuttings are harvested and germinated in a greenhouse.
Varieties and varieties of begonias with photos
It is difficult to describe in words what begonia flowers look like. Plant varieties represent a huge collection of different colors and shapes.
There are 2 popular garden species that can be grown outdoors:
- Tuberous (Begonia x tuberhybrida) with large multi-colored flowers.
- Semperflorens - always flowering or ever flowering (Begonia semperflorens). It grows up to 50 cm in height, blooms from spring to autumn.
At home, the following species are usually grown:
- royal (Begonia rex) - with beautifully colored leaves
- winter (Begonia x hiemalis) - with extremely noble pink-shaped inflorescences.
Some species are annuals - require annual planting, others, such as tuberous begonias, can overwinter.
There are tuberous varieties with semi-double, double and simple flowers. Cascading ampel begonia with much smaller flowers is also popular. Royal begonia does not give many flowers; leaves give it a decorative look.
Begonia varieties are difficult to count, their number is huge, as well as the number of variations and varieties. In the home and garden, standard tuberous begonia is more often grown, which is divided into 3 main groups. The division criterion is the type and size of flowers.
- Large-flowered begonia (Begonia x tuberhybrida grandiflora) is the most popular variety. Differs in color of flowers and structure - they can have very jagged, fringed edges. The variety forms beautiful, double flowers that look a bit like roses. The inflorescences are up to 20-30 cm in diameter, although when grown on a windowsill, they usually do not reach large size. Flowers are white, yellow, pink, orange, red, burgundy, there are two-color varieties, for example, white with a dark red border.
- Ampel begonias - they are distinguished by a beautiful bush shape, they form thin, long, drooping stems. Ampel varieties are better suited for balconies, where they look great in boxes or hanging pots - pots. The shoots are covered with thin flowers that make up large inflorescences, they look very attractive. Varieties of ampel type begonias differ in color, shape of flowers - some of them are simple, others are terry, the most magnificent. Cascading begonia is the best plant for shaded balconies.
- Multiflora Multiflora (Begonia Multiflora Maxima) is not a garden begonia, the plant is suitable for the balcony, has tiny flowers. It looks great on the windowsill. Like the royal begonia, it is one of the most popular plants with ornamental leaves covered with villi and painted in different, most beautiful colors and patterns.
|Name and description of the variety||Photo|
|Camellia bicolor (Bicolor Camellia) pink. The best location is a slightly shaded position, sheltered from the winds. The soil should be humus, permeable, moist. Blooms in July - October. It grows up to 25-40 cm in height.|
|Fimbriata white (Fimbriata). White color. Variety: fimbriata - shaggy. Height: 20-25 cm. Flowering: June-September. Leaves in the shape of a heart. Flowers grow in the corners of the upper leaves, have a diameter of up to 12 cm, the petals are twisted.|
|Fimbriata red (Begonia Fimbriata). Color: red. Variety: fimbriata - shaggy. Height: 20-25 cm. Flowering: June-September. The flowers are red, up to 12 cm in diameter.|
|Fimbriata orange (Begonia Fimbriata). Variety: fimbriata - shaggy. Orange color.|
|Fimbriata pink (Fimbriata). The pink fimbriata is shaggy.|
|Fimbriata yellow (Fimbriata). Begonia with yellow flowers.|
|White Grandiflora (Grandiflora). Heart-shaped leaves, dense, juicy flower shoots. Flowers grow in the corners of the upper leaves, serrated petals. The underground part is a flattened bulb covered with a thick dark brown skin.|
|Grandiflora red bulbous (Grandiflora). Red flowers with serrated petals.|
|Orange Grandiflora. Orange scalloped petals.|
|Grandiflora pink. Pink flowers.|
|White pendula (Begonia x tuberhybrida pendula). White color. Height: 30 cm. Flowering: June-September. Heart-shaped leaves are dense, succulent floral shoots. Flowers grow in the corners of the upper leaves on hanging shoots. They reach a diameter of 7 cm.|
|Pendula is red. Pendula with red flowers.|
Reproduction of tuberous begonia
The main methods are planting with seeds, cuttings and dividing the tuber.
The process of growing from seeds is quite laborious and long, justified only in the absence of other planting material. They are so small that it makes the process very difficult and requires a subsequent dive. For convenience, the seeds can be mixed with sand. The basic sowing rules are common for seedlings. Seed material is poured onto the surface of the soil (light, non-acidic soils are preferred), moistened and covered with a film. You do not need to sprinkle them with earth. To speed up the process, you can treat the seeds with a ready-made stimulant for the growth of the root system.
Propagation by cuttings
A simpler process that requires a strong and healthy shoot of the mother plant, about 10cm long. From above it is cut straight, the bottom cut is made at an angle. All leaves must be removed from the lower part of the cutting, in the upper part they remain, but are trimmed by a third or even half the length. The stalk is planted in moist peat, which is subsequently regularly moderately moistened, preventing stagnation of water in order to avoid decay. It is best to start this procedure in May.
Propagation of begonia by dividing the tuber
In the presence of planting material, the method is the simplest and most effective. The tuber must be healthy and have at least one active bud. Although practice shows that for reliability it is better to have two of them. After fragmentation, the sections are sprinkled with wood ash, and in the absence of it - with crushed activated carbon. Each piece is placed vertically (observing top-bottom) in a moistened substrate. Further actions are carried out as in the case of a normal landing. The container is placed in a well-lit place, but not in direct sunlight. The new plant is ready for transplantation to a permanent place after the released shoot gives at least three leaves.
Overwintering, reproduction by tubers
At the end of August, before frost, it is necessary to decide what to do with tuberous begonia further: leave it at home for further flowering or dig it up to get tubers. In the first case, the plants are transplanted into a pot, preserving the root system if possible. In the second, without cutting off the stem and leaves, they are dug out with the largest possible lump and placed for drying in a well-ventilated shady place protected from rain.
With a short autumn day, the leaves gradually dry out, and the nutrients from them enter the tuber. Thus, a large tuber is formed within one month. In industrial cultivation, in addition, at the time of mass flowering, flowers are removed from plants.
At the end of the growing season, the begonia must be covered overnight from frost with paper, gauze or plastic wrap. After flowering, begonia goes into a dormant state. During this period, watering is reduced, and the plants are transferred to a dark place. After about 1-1.5 months, the aerial part of the begonia dies off, after which the tuber is left in the ground for another 2-3 weeks. After that, the tubers are dug up and placed in a box with sand or peat. The substrate in which the tubers are stored is slightly moistened from time to time so that the tubers do not dry out. The tubers are kept in a cool room with a temperature of 12-14 ° C. 2-3 months before planting in balcony boxes, tubers are removed from the sand and planted in pots with soil. The tubers have a top and a bottom. On the upper part, which is flatter or concave, there are buds that look like bumps and bumps. The lower part is smoother, slightly convex, roots will form on it after jigging. Tubers germinate well at a temperature of 22-24 ° C and regular watering. Old tubers can be cut into 2-4 pieces, so that each piece has 3-4 buds. It is advisable to sprinkle the cuts with charcoal powder.
When buying tubers, you need to pay attention to their size and appearance. The diameter should be at least 3 cm; in ampelous small-flowered begonias it is slightly smaller. Well-peeled tubers at the top should be smooth and firm.
Begonia: grown from seed and using basic breeding methods
A beautiful, bright flower in the garden or on the window of an apartment is the dream of all gardeners. However, growing begonias from seeds takes time, experience and some knowledge. It is also very important to choose a good planting material and time for sowing seeds. At home, begonia grows well, but requires more attention than after planting in the open field. Next, some secrets of growing a flower will be revealed.
Planting and growing begonias from seeds at home
If you have to grow begonias from seeds at home step by step, then the seeds of a tuberous flower must be planted in December. When you need to plant a flower in a garden or vegetable garden, the planting is postponed to early spring. If the seedlings are intended for the southern regions, then they are sown at the end of March or in April so that young plants are not overgrown. Since in this form, they lose their decorative appearance and may die.
Many experts believe that if begonias are to be planted with seeds at home, then they are planted for seedlings in November or December. This nuance is explained by the fact that early planting gives the seedlings more health. In addition, due to sowing in November or December, tuberous begonia manages to form full-fledged tubers by the beginning of autumn, which can reach a diameter of up to 2.5 cm.
Moreover, these roots are perfectly preserved in winter. When sowing seeds of tuberous begonia takes place closer to spring, then by autumn the thickness of the tubers will be no more than 1.5 cm, so many of them simply do not survive the winter. As a result, the question is, growing begonias by seeds: when they are planted, it depends on where exactly the flower will grow - in a garden or an apartment.
See the article on growing pelargonium from seeds at home.
Breeding begonias: basic methods
Begonia propagates in several ways, tubers, vegetative method, stem cuttings, leaves or seeds. Most people choose to grow begonia seedlings from seeds, which is not difficult. In appearance, the seeds of this plant are very small and do not differ in good germination. However, if you follow all the features of growing begonias from seeds, you can get excellent planting material.
There are many varieties of this flower. Where there are semi-shrubs and shrubs, annuals and perennials, double and empty varieties, one-color and two-color. Therefore, each grower chooses for himself what to plant on his site. Of course, you can buy a ready-made bush in a store or in the market, but there is no certainty that a person will buy what he needs. Therefore, the reproduction of begonias can be mastered independently.
Planting and dividing the begonia tuber
With the onset of the end of summer, begonia reduces flowering and is going to rest, so you need to decide: dig up the tubers or leave the flower to bloom further in room conditions. For propagation and planting of begonias with tubers, you will have to make an effort.
First, the bush must be dug up along with the ground and placed in a dry place without cutting off its leaves and stems. The best way to store it is in a ventilated place where there is no moisture. Since the leaves of the plant dry out in autumn, all the nutrients are collected in the tuber. As a result of these features, a large tuber is formed within a month.
In order for this root not to dry out over the winter, it is placed for storage in a box with dry peat or sand.
It is very important to know that tubers can dry out during the winter. To prevent this, you need to occasionally moisten the substrate in which they are stored. And if everything is done correctly, then in the spring the tubers of the flower can be planted in the ground.
The question immediately arises: how to plant begonia in order to get abundant flowering and a healthy bush? During planting, the tubers are arranged in such a way that the smooth lower part is at the bottom, and the more concave, with kidneys, is at the top.
These differences can be determined with the naked eye, so even an inexperienced amateur florist can handle this. The place where the kidneys are located is more bumpy, uneven, so it is easy to identify.
If there is a good, large begonia tuber, then, if desired, it can be divided into several parts, which will allow you to get several young plants at once.
Many flower lovers are interested in how to grow begonia from a tuber and what to do for this? In the presence of a healthy, strong tuber, it is divided into parts, each of which is about 5-8 cm in size. It is very important that each such piece has a kidney. After dividing, the place of the cut is sprinkled with ash, and parts of the tubers are placed in separate pots with moistened soil. The divisions are arranged vertically.
After planting, the pots should be covered with foil and placed on a well-lit windowsill so that the plant will give new roots. After a while, several leaves will appear on the seedling, after which the film is removed. During the reproduction of the tuber, and when the young bush develops in the pot, it needs to be fed periodically so that the begonia becomes a strong, healthy and beautiful plant. Only under good growing conditions will it delight its owners with lush greenery and abundant flowering.
Dividing begonias by cuttings
The ampelous begonia usually propagates by the stem method. For this, a strong stalk is selected that has at least two buds, it is cut at the bottom at an acute angle, leaving 5 mm from the bud. All large leaves that are present on the twig are cut in half. The stem is now ready for planting.
Next, you need to make a sufficient hole in the substrate and place a twig there. For this, pots or open ground are used, but in any case, the stalk must be covered with a bag or jar to create the effect of a greenhouse.
The container must be removed twice a day to ventilate the soil and young seedling.
Sometimes gardeners use a regular plastic bottle instead of a jar or bag, from which the bottom is cut off. If condensation appears on its walls, then the cap is removed from the neck, and after it disappears, it is tightened again.
If the propagation of begonias by cuttings was correct, then after 15-20 days the branch forms roots. When a flower is propagated in this way, each stalk behaves differently.
For example, some develop very quickly, while others may stop growing for a while.
For planting cuttings, a special substrate is used, for the preparation of which they take a mixture of sand and peat with a ratio of 3: 1. The most suitable temperature for growing should be at least +22 degrees.
Cuttings from the stem of begonia also root perfectly in water, but for this the water temperature must be from +22 degrees. For planting rooted stems, a soil mixture is prepared, for which greenhouse soil, manure, high peat, algae and a little river sand are taken in equal amounts.
The most suitable planting container is a 14 cm diameter pot that has good drainage.
Varieties of begonias
Today the begonia tuberous flower has more than 1000 species, as well as more than 2000 hybrid forms, so it is very difficult for each plant to give a specific botanical group.
In addition, according to different classifications, begonia can be decorative blooming, decorative deciduous, rhizome and tuberous, deciduous and evergreen, creeping and tall, perennial and annual. At home, the cultivation of tuberous begonia from seeds and its reproduction is perfectly carried out.
Indeed, in indoor conditions, many varieties and types of flowers grow, each of which requires a special approach. Below are the varieties of begonias that are very common in the homes of flower lovers.
Begonia ampelous Chanson
Beautiful, decorative ampelous begonia with semi-double and double flowers with a camellia-like shape, their diameter is about 6-8 cm. The bush has 5-8 main shoots, which reach up to 40 cm in length.
Large-flowered begonia blooms for a long time and profusely, the flowers themselves are bright, very large, sometimes they have two colors. Curved stems hanging from flowerpots, hanging baskets or pots look very beautiful, which makes the ampelous shape of the flower the most popular.
The chanson ampelous begonia does not lose its decorativeness throughout the year, therefore it is often grown as an original, perennial indoor flower.
The begonias have large tubers that can be stored until spring, so they can be planted in open ground if desired. For a flower, semi-shady or light places are chosen, where the soil is rich in organic matter, and constant soil moisture is provided. If you need to get seedlings, growing ampel begonias from seeds begins from the end of May to April.
Seeds are scattered over the surface of the ground, tamped a little and sprayed. Next, the planting container is covered with foil or glass to create suitable conditions for seed germination. When planting is carried out in February, the crops need to be provided with additional lighting. After 5-6 days, the first shoots appear, which dive after the appearance of a pair of true leaves.
At the end of May, seedlings are planted in open ground.
To obtain abundant and long-lasting flowering, plants must receive timely watering, loosening, regular weeding and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
People call this begonia Angelica - it is a herbaceous, hybrid variety that reaches a height of 20 cm. Many people know this flower for its delicate aroma. In appearance, Odorata begonia is a spreading bush with hanging shoots, dark green leaves with jagged edges. Its inflorescence is terry, large and corrugated, buds are about 8-9 cm in diameter.
The flower petals are white, and the outermost ones are pink. Flowering begins in June and lasts until October. For planting, it is advisable to choose sunny places or partial shade, the soil should be nutritious and loose, neutral. Tubers are planted in separate containers in February and April, and then they are placed in a permanent place.
This white begonia will be a wonderful decoration for every garden, room or balcony. It is advisable to dig up its tubers and store in the sand to provide a dormant period for the flower. The plant loves moisture and warmth, waterlogging is unacceptable for it. With good care, the flower will give the owner abundant flowering, because of which the leaves are not visible.
This variety is propagated by tubers, seeds and cuttings.
Gardeners also prefer such begonias: Go-go, Griffin, Alcor, Non-stop, Fire cascade, Bella, Rainbow and Accord.
Begonia diseases and their prevention
If good care is provided, then begonia in the country or in room conditions is very rare. However, infections and pests can penetrate everywhere, even into the house, especially if the flower is kept on the balcony, where pests have access.
Therefore, when growing this plant, prevention is very important.
Also, so that begonia diseases do not develop, it is necessary to observe the growing standards, select the correct variety, remove diseased plants in a timely manner, disinfect the soil, and ensure good watering.
Even before planting a flower, you need to know information about methods of dealing with various pests in order to know how to treat a bush, providing urgent assistance to it. Most often begonias are affected by greenhouse aphids and spider mites. You can fight these pests by spraying with solutions with the addition of chemicals. Such funds include: Aktara, Karbofos, Intavir, Fitoferm and others. See the article: How to grow clematis from seeds at home?