From a small leaf to a lush blooming plant or how to grow a violet from a leaf
However, in order to get a healthy, strong houseplant, you need to consider important subtleties, which will be discussed below. You will learn how to choose violet leaves suitable for rooting, how to properly grow planting material in water and in a specially prepared substrate, and also what mistakes can negatively affect the final result.
Selection and preparation of leaf cuttings
How to grow a violet from a leaf, at least theoretically, everyone knows who has ever grown uzambar violets at home. This version of the reproduction of violets is considered the simplest and most understandable - to grow a full-fledged plant from a small leaf is within the power of novice growers, in contrast to other methods (stepchildren, peduncles, or, even worse, seeds).
Carefully break off the selected leaf stalk, moving it away from the violet
Healthy adult plants with a well-formed rosette are suitable for propagation by cuttings. A leaf stalk is taken from the second or third row from the bottom of the outlet, choosing the greenest, strongest leaf without signs of rot and drying, without scratches and burn spots. Yellowed leaves cannot develop into a good plant due to the depleted supply of nutrients and leaves from the center of the outlet, which have not yet managed to accumulate enough vitality. For variegated violets, choose leaves that are green in color.
Video about growing violets from a leaf
Carefully break off the selected leaf stalk, moving it away from the violet. It is advisable that the leg remains at least four centimeters, but even if you accidentally break off the shank shorter, nothing particularly terrible will happen - the leaf still has every chance to take root.
Now cut the leg obliquely to 3 cm using a sharp knife or razor. Scissors cannot be used when pruning indoor flowers, since they pinch the capillaries of the plants. The length of the cutting is not decisive for the survival of the leaf and the formation of children. If you cut the stem shorter, it will be more difficult when germinating in water to ensure that the stem does not dry out and the leaf plate does not get wet. A long stalk, on the other hand, will lead to bending of the leaf, and when germinating in the substrate, it will need to be additionally supported with something.
Cutting the stem shorter will make it harder for the stem to dry out when germinating in water.
To increase the chances of a leafy cuttings rooting successfully, immerse them completely in a light pink potassium permanganate solution for a few seconds, and then let them dry for half an hour.
How to grow violets in containers of water
The main advantage of germinating cuttings in water is that you can see with your own eyes how the root system is developing and control this process. It is best to use dark glass medicine bottles as a container, in which the stalk will not rest against the bottom, and the leaf will fall into the water. Opaque plastic cups or yogurt containers are also suitable, however, many people successfully grow violets at home in transparent cups and small jars. Just do not use crystal dishes - the cuttings will rot in it.
Having decided on the container, put a leafy cutting of a violet in it and pour boiled or settled water at room temperature. Make sure that the leaf blade does not touch the water, otherwise it will start to rot. Now you can cover the container with a violet leaf with a plastic bag and put it where it is light and warm, but there is no direct sunlight. The water should not be changed, it is enough just to add it to the required level from time to time.
After two weeks or later, the first roots appear on the cut of the cutting
In the autumn-winter period, there is a high probability of rotting of the cutting, since it does not have enough light. When you see that the stalk is rotten for some reason, cut it to a healthy tissue, treat it with crushed activated carbon, air dry the cut and change the water in the container.
Further cultivation of violets in water is as follows:
- two weeks later or later, the first roots appear on the cut of the cutting;
- when the roots grow up to one centimeter, the cutting is transplanted into a glass with drainage holes, a layer of expanded clay or crushed foam and a loose earthy mixture;
- a small depression is made in the ground, where a cutting with a root system is carefully installed at an angle;
- the stalk is sprinkled with soil 1.5 cm, without tamping;
- the leaf is propped up with a toothpick or a match;
- a glass with a handle is covered with a bag and put back;
- when the top layer of the soil dries up, the plant is watered with warm, settled water.
Cover the glass with the handle with a bag and put it back
If you notice in a month and a half that the rooted cutting has little children, then you have managed to grow a violet from a leaf! Young shoots will then need to be planted in different flower pots.
Secrets of Successfully Growing Violets from a Leaf in the Ground
Most experienced florists are inclined to agree that growing violets from a leaf in a special substrate gives a more successful result - cuttings rot less often, take root faster and give more babies.
Ready-made violet soil, which is sold in any flower shop, is not really suitable for growing violets. Either way, you will need to add disintegrants such as vermiculite, styrofoam, perlite, or sphagnum moss to it. Better yet, prepare the mixture yourself by mixing perlite and vermiculite in equal proportions; it is not necessary to add nutrient soil. Perlite is an indispensable component for growing violets, since it provides air for the roots, while vermiculite makes the soil mixture loose and absorbs moisture. The peculiarity of sphagnum moss is that, absorbing moisture, it gives it to the roots of the plant gradually.
Perlite is an essential ingredient for growing violets
Technology, how to grow a violet from a leaf in a substrate:
- cut and process the violet stalk as indicated above;
- fill a plastic cup with drainage holes with a slightly moistened warm substrate (it should not be damp!);
- plant the violet stalk in the mixture, slightly condensing it so that the leaf does not wobble;
- so that the leaf stalk does not fall, you can prop it up with something;
- you do not need to water the plant immediately after planting;
- create a "greenhouse" - place a cup with a handle in a plastic cake box or cover with a new plastic bag (an individual bag for each plant).
Video about the secrets of growing violets
At the first time after planting, a violet leaf may wither a little - do not rush to pull it out of the ground, this is normal. Within a week or two, with the appearance of roots, the leaf plate will restore its elasticity. The planted cutting should be watered once a week, and then only slightly so that the raw soil does not sour. You should not fertilize the leaf with anything, then it will sooner release roots in search of food. Open the greenhouse every three days for ten minutes to ventilate. The bag is removed from the plant after a month, when the children will be visible.
There are no special wisdom in how to grow a violet from a leaf, you just need to take into account the basic rules, and then you may well be successful the first time.
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Reproduction of violets at home with a leaf
This is the simplest and most common way of growing young rosettes, which will be easy to master even for beginners who have only recently become interested in such an amazing crop as Saintpaulia.
A favorable time for the reproduction of violets is the spring and summer months, when the plants have enough heat and light. But if necessary, for example, if planting a violet with a leaf is the only way to save a rare variety, then an experienced florist can carry out his plans even during a short daylight period.
Description of violets and the best varieties
The Uzambara violet (Saintpaulia) belongs to the Gesneriaceae family. It is a perennial tropical plant. It has been grown in Europe for over 200 years. There are about 20 types of violets that grow in natural conditions. In addition, hundreds of varieties have been created that differ in the shape of the flower (double, semi-double, simple), their color, shape and color of the leaves.
Saintpaulia reaches a height of no more than 30 cm, bushes with a height of about 20 cm are often found.
The leaves are collected in a root rosette. The edges of the sheet plate differ depending on the grade and can be flat or wavy. Leaves of all varieties are covered with long soft villi. Light veins are visible on the leaf. The color is green, with white or yellow blotches.
Saintpaulia flowers are what thousands of flower lovers adore them for. They are monochromatic, there are motley ones. The color scheme includes white, pink, purple and blue along with all sorts of shades.
- Classic with five rounded petals.
- Terry and semi-double with a large number of petals.
- Star-shaped with petals pointed to the edge.
- Fantasy with bright specks and spots on the petals.
- Bordered with a stripe of a different color along the edge of the petal.
- Chimeras with striped petals.
- Belley Snowden, whose white flowers are collected in a hat.
- Arctic Frost is unpretentious in care, but does not tolerate direct sunlight.
- Silver Romance is a terry variety with white and pink petals and a white and yellow border around the edge.
- Winter Parasol blooms for a long time with pink flowers with a lilac border.
- Bubble Gum Charm is a semi-double star variety with fuchsia petals and a small blue border.
- The bird of happiness differs not in the shape and color of the flowers, but in the fact that they change color from pink to blue and vice versa depending on the weather.
- Rococo has cream-colored flowers with corrugated edges.
- Lunar Lily white has original shaped petals, very narrow and long.
- Morin Koenig is prized for its black petals.
- Adonis has blue flowers that set off the yellow stamens.
- The gibberish has a variety of colors, it is distinguished by variegated petals.
Reproduction of gloxinia
There are several ways gloxinia can reproduce:
- By dividing the tuber.
- Leafy cuttings.
- Side stepchildren.
- Apical shoots.
The tubers are planted in new soil after buds appear on them. This is about a month after moving to a warm (25 ° C) room. During this period, the tubers can be cut to increase the number of bushes. Each of the parts must have at least one kidney. Sprinkle the place of the cut with crushed charcoal. They are planted in pots, at the bottom of which a drainage layer is installed. The top of the tuber should be at ground level. They take the earth light and nutritious. In the room where the transplanted plants are located, the temperature is maintained at 18-25 degrees.
Gloxinia is often propagated by leaf or apical cuttings.
They are planted in light soil or sand. Cover with a jar to create high humidity inside. The soil is kept moist, but not flooded. Air the cuttings by opening the jar for a few minutes a day. You can germinate them in water, but they are still covered with a greenhouse. After 2 weeks, the roots germinate, and after a month the tuber appears. During this period, the cuttings are planted in pots with a drainage layer.
The most troublesome way is to grow gloxinia from seeds. You can buy them at flower shops. The seeds are very small. Mix them with sand, which will allow you to get seedlings of normal density. In March, they are sown on the surface of a box with moistened soil. Cover with glass to provide the seeds with high moisture content. At a temperature of 20 degrees, shoots will appear in 10-12 days. A month later, they are dived into new dishes of small volume. Young gloxinia will bloom in six months. Having several different gloxinia bushes, you can use cross-pollination to breed a new variety, that is, get a plant with flowers of the original color.
Violet planting and care at home
If you decide to get a violet, then you should take into account its preferences. The flower loves bright lighting, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Violet loves moist soil, but without stagnant water, does not like excessive air humidity and does not tolerate spraying a leaf blade. It can be cleaned only under the shower, but after rare procedures, a dry plant should be taken out, without droplets of water on the leaves. Irrigation water should always be warm and settled. Moderate watering through the pan is considered convenient and favorable for the root system.
The violet does not like drafts from the vents as well as warm air from a heater, a fan. She cannot stand the lack of love and tranquility in the house and inattention to herself. If the desire to have a violet has only become stronger, then we are preparing to receive a new family member.
Caring for indoor violets begins with preparing the correct substrate and container for the plant. For planting, an acidic composition is taken, including peat, dried sphagnum moss, leafy earth, sand and charcoal. Moreover, moss and coal should not be more than 10% of the total composition of the main ingredients:
- peat - 3 volumes
- leaf land - 5 volumes
- coarse river sand - 1 part.
Experts advise adding perlite and vermiculite to peat, which help to retain moisture in light soil. Poor composition requires nutritional addition as it grows. Once a year, a humate solution is added in winter, in spring and autumn, mineral dressings are made with a special liquid fertilizer for Saintpaulias. The condition is to prevent overfeeding, the soil must always remain lean.
Capacities and timing of transplant
Growing violets at home has no trifles. In order for a clod of earth not to sour, it must be sufficient for the development of roots, but without excesses. So, for an adult plant, a glass with a height and diameter of 10 cm is quite enough, while the lower part of it should consist of half of the drainage filling.
Until the root system fills the pot with soil, the plant will not bloom. For dilution, the first pan can be 6 cm in diameter. The drainage hole should be large enough everywhere. The plant is transplanted every three years, while it is not necessary to change the capacity of the pot, you can only change the ground, carefully peeling the roots as much as possible.
Reproduction and transplantation of violets
Planting and caring for a violet at home begins with getting a young plant. Reproduction can be carried out:
- rooting of peduncles.
The simplest, often used method is leaf rooting. Before rooting, the cut of the resulting leaf should be updated, while making it diagonally across the leaf with a disinfected instrument and lowering the cut into water until callus and roots are formed.
With a root length of 4-7 cm, the leaf can be rooted, covered from above from excessive evaporation and wait for the results to appear. The small plants that appear are planted in separate containers as they grow up. Such plants will bloom with good care in a year.
Hybrid violets, called chimeras, can only be propagated by stepchildren and peduncles, which convey maternal qualities. The stepson can be separated from the main outlet with an awl and immediately rooted in a peat tablet.
When transplanting plants, make sure that the root system is healthy. The roots of the plant are white, lively and completely fill the container. When taken out of the conical planter, it retains its shape. This is the basis of one of the methods of watering a plant, for which an external pillow soaked through a filter is created. For this, a well-formed plant is arranged in a large pot with a damp substrate in a special nest.
Root revision is to remove all brown dead roots. Only light live healthy roots are left. With this treatment, the plant can be washed in water, and the roots can be straightened and planted in a prepared pot. If the root rot is eaten, clean the plant to living tissue, sprinkle with activated carbon and dry it, and then re-root it in water or in moss, which has bactericidal properties.
Plants feel good in summer at temperatures up to 25, in winter at 18-20. Air dryness should be about 50%. The plant requires a year-round day length of at least 10 hours, and during periods of flowering local illumination with fluorescent lamps.
If watering is carried out through the sump, then the excess water should be drained. When watering into a pot, do not wet the leaves. In the summer they water a little every day, in the winter - 2 times a week. A young plant will bloom in a year, not earlier.
If proper care is taken, a photo of violets at home will be a reward.
Plants usually bloom for about 2 months, while flowers that have faded and have lost their decorative effect need to be plucked out.
The plant will not bloom if the conditions for its maintenance are violated or parasites or diseases are introduced into the bush. You need to know enemies by sight and be able to deal with them.
How to grow violets at home - video
Saintpaulias or indoor violets are some of the most common home flowers. And how can these miniature beauties not please the eye with a variety of shapes and shades! However, the owners of Saintpaulias know that these flowers are quite capricious and whimsical in their care. What if you want to start a small garden, but do not know how to plant violets? Our article will not only tell you how to grow violets at home, but also reveal some secrets of caring for them.
Reproduction of violets
As the violet grows, it is transplanted into larger containers. The best period for this is spring (March or April). At the same time, flower propagation is also carried out. Saintpaulia can be bred in several ways.
- Stealing. In an adult plant, stepchildren are carefully cut off with a scalpel, on which at least 3 leaves have formed. The stepson can be planted directly into the soil, the composition of which was described above. Or, first in a peat tablet, and when the stepson takes root, transplant it into the ground.
- Child sockets. The violet develops in inflorescences. And the more of them in one pot, the more difficult it is for the plant to develop. When daughter outlets are formed, they should be cut off from the mother plant and planted in separate pots.
- Cuttings. Vegetative propagation of violets is the most popular, and the method of cuttings is the simplest. But only the leaves located in the second row of the plant should be cut off. Propagation by grafting can be done in 2 ways: by planting directly into an earthen substrate, or by pre-rooting the leaf in a solution of activated carbon.
Whichever method of reproduction is chosen, cutting off parts of the plant is carried out with extreme caution.
The cut points must be sprinkled with activated carbon powder (crush the tablet). This will prevent the violet from being attacked by germs.
In order for the rooting of the planting material to take place faster, it is necessary to create greenhouse conditions. Cover the container with a plastic bag or a piece of glass and soak in this way for several days. But do not forget to ventilate daily so that young sprouts do not rot.
Can violets be planted outside in summer
Saintpaulia is an indoor flower. But in summer, violets can be moved outdoors.
It should be borne in mind that not all plant varieties are suitable for planting in a suburban area. Many varieties are sensitive to drafts, low temperatures, and direct sunlight.
You can transfer the garden violet (Viola) to the street. The variety has special subspecies (annual, perennial) that can be planted in open soil. Planting is carried out using seeds, the material is placed in loose soil with drainage and watered regularly.
Violets delight their owners in spring and summer variety of colors, shapes and sizes of flowers.
But not all amateur gardeners are aware of what nuances need to be taken into account before planting the variety they like, and if the breeding rules are not followed, they can get not a varietal plant, but only its similarity with qualities an order of magnitude lower.
Further care of seedlings
It is necessary to grow homemade violets taking into account basic recommendations. First of all, you should provide optimal lighting in the room. Saintpaulia does not like too bright light, so direct sunlight is not the best solution for growing this flower. As for the temperature, it is desirable that it does not exceed the mark of 16-18 degrees.
Special attention should be paid to watering Saintpaulia. Moistening the soil is a must, and it should be regular. Indoor violet reacts rather badly to a long absence of water in the ground. Try to make sure that the top layer of the soil does not dry out in any way. It is recommended to use warm water for irrigation of the substrate. If desired, water the soil with rainfall, but be prepared for the fact that they may contain acids harmful to plants.
As for pests, this houseplant is occasionally exposed to their invasion. This happens if you have provided illiterate flower care. When the room is constantly hot, the air dries up, and the plant receives little moisture, red spider mites can start in the substrate.
Is it possible to deal with them at home? Certainly. The sooner you spot a threat, the better. Buy effective insecticides and treat the plant. This way you can get rid of the parasites in no time. Take care of your room violet and it will look amazing on the windowsill!