March concerns of the gardener
What to do for gardeners and summer residents in March
At the end of March, you should visit the site. Trample snow under trees, do sanitary pruning.
Prepare grooves to drain excess water when snow melts. Spray the garden against pests hibernating on trees and under them.
To do this, take 700 g of urea, dissolve in cold water, strain and spray well the entire garden and the soil under the plantings. Such a high concentration of mineral fertilizer will disrupt the salt metabolism, penetrating through the chitinous cover of pests, and will destroy them.
For the garden, during the dormant period, such spraying is harmless. If tree trunks are heavily populated with lichens, then they can be easily destroyed before sap flow begins with a 7-10% solution of ferrous sulfate (1 teaspoon per 100 g of water). The trunks can be sprayed or coated with a brush. After three days, the lichens themselves will fall off the trunks. In no case should you do all this when sap flow begins - you will burn the buds, which will cause great damage to the tree or bush - it may even die.
Take a close look at the black currant bushes. At this time, thick swollen buds inhabited by a kidney mite are clearly visible on the branches. They must be robbed and burned, otherwise, with the swelling of the kidneys, the vagrants will come out of them and settle in new kidneys. If there are many such buds on a branch, then cut and burn the entire branch.
Feed birds in the garden, and place mouse bait in the house. You can use Storm, Klerat, Zernocin, Geldan preparations, or simply make a mixture of one part of cement, one part of sugar and two parts of flour. Arrange on saucers, drip a couple of drops of unrefined sunflower oil and arrange the treat along the baseboards.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
In early March, peppers, eggplants and tall tomatoes should be sown on seedlings, if you did not have time to do this at the end of February. We will have to accelerate the emergence of seedlings, for this it is necessary to increase the temperature of the soil. Pepper will rise on day 8-10 if the soil temperature is 28 ... 32 ° C, and eggplant and tomato at this temperature will rise on days 6-7 and 4-5, respectively.
At lower temperatures, seedlings are delayed for several days. The temperature must not be increased over 40 ... 42 ° C, since the seeds may die. If the soil temperature is below 20 ° C, peppers and eggplants may not sprout at all, and tomato seedlings will appear in 15-17 days.
When the first loops of shoots appear, without waiting for the others to appear, this container must be immediately placed on the window and the temperature must be checked: during the day it should not be higher than 16 ... 18 ° С, and at night - about 12 ... 14 ° С. After a week, the temperature should be increased by 4 ... 6 ° C day and night. Such a temporary early drop in temperature stops the growth of the hypocotal knee and prevents the seedlings from stretching strongly at the initial stage of development.
But do not forget that a decrease in temperature below 8 ° C will lead to an early disease of tomatoes with late blight, as well as to the appearance of faceted (double) flowers in them, which must be cut off at the bud stage (it is abnormally large), since an ugly fruit grows from such flowers from several fused together. Seeds from such fruits should not be taken, as plants with faceted flowers grow from them.
Top dressing of seedlings
If you already have sprouts of peppers, tomatoes, eggplants, then do not forget that feeding them must begin as soon as the cotyledon leaves unfold and the plant switches to self-rooted nutrition, you should not wait for the appearance of real leaves. Top dressing must be combined with watering, that is, water the plant not with water, but with a weak solution of fertilizer. For this, Uniflor-growth is most suitable for seedlings of eggplants and tomatoes and Uniflor-bud - for peppers.
One teaspoon is enough for 5 liters of water. It should be noted that these solutions are worth indefinitely. Seedlings should be watered sparingly. The soil should be slightly damp. A typical mistake of gardeners is excessive watering of seedlings, which leads to the death of roots due to lack of oxygen, to acidification of the soil and the appearance of a small fruit fly - Drosophila, which feeds on plant rot.
At the same time, the seedlings need good lighting, otherwise leaves will be laid at the point of growth, and the laying of buds will be pushed back to a later date, which will naturally lead to a delay in fruiting. In fact, fluorescent lamps are needed here, located 5-7 cm above the plants. As the seedlings grow, the lamps are raised so that a distance of 5-7 cm is maintained. It should be noted here that a long day is harmful to peppers, since they are short day plants.
Therefore, the backlight must be turned on for 7-8 hours. And eggplants and tomatoes are long-day plants, so they should be turned on for 11-12 hours a day. If you have them all together, you will have to cover the peppers with a black cloth after 8 hours of backlighting.
After the tomato has the first true leaf, even before the pick (first transplant), the soil should be carefully watered with a weak solution of copper. The easiest way is to use HOM (copper oxychloride), since it is diluted in cold water and in any dish, including metal. It is enough to take 1 teaspoon without the top of the powder and dilute it in 10 liters of water (0.05% solution). The solution can stand indefinitely.
Water tomato seedlings instead of water once every two weeks, systematically. This will significantly increase the resistance to late blight disease in tomatoes. Such dressing is also useful for eggplants, since they also suffer from late blight, although to a lesser extent than tomatoes. Peppers do not suffer from late blight, but feeding with copper will not harm them, since we, as a rule, grow seedlings on peat soils, and there is no copper in peat.
About celery and flower seedlings
You can also sow seedlings root and petiole celery... To do this, take yogurt cups, fill them three-quarters with soil, add snow, compact it and sow three celery seeds on the snow. Celery seeds are clearly visible in the snow. They are very small, therefore, like all other small seeds, they are not covered with soil from above.
When the snow melts, they will be slightly pulled into the soil. After sowing, the cups should be covered with foil or glass and placed on the windowsill near the glass. Celery is a cold-resistant culture, the seeds will hatch at 2 ... 4 ° C heat and sprout at 6 ... 7 ° C. When shoots appear, the film can be removed. As soon as the plants have 1-2 real leaves, leave the strongest plant in each cup, cut the rest at the level of the soil with nail scissors. In the future, the plants must be slightly primed with soil, otherwise they will fall.
In the same way, sow seeds of petunia, snapdragon, nemesia, crystal chamomile and other long-growing flowers with small seeds on seedlings in mid-March, but place the containers with seeds in a warm place.
Sow the seeds of marigolds and asters, sprinkle them with 1.5 cm of soil. Compact the soil with a spoon. Cover with plastic wrap and place in a warm place. The soil for asters should be pre-steamed or well watered with Fitosporin solution to destroy the spores of the fungus, the causative agent of the black leg. In the future, when picking seedlings, the new soil should also be shed with Fitosporin or HOM.
Check out onion bulbs, gladioli, dahlia tubers. Cut off all diseased parts to a clean cloth, lubricate the sections with green paint and store them again. Discard the diseased onion, and put the one that has started to grow tightly to each other in a shallow container with a small amount of slightly moistened soil or just sand and put it in a bright place. In a couple of weeks, you will have young greens. You can do the same with sprouting garlic.
At the end of March, you can carry out sub-winter sowing. It is better for us to do this in March, not in the fall. Of course, the beds for such sowing are prepared in the fall. And they even make furrows on them. In the fall, a bag of dry soil is prepared and left on the veranda.
When the due date comes, sweep the snow from such a bed. Pour well the hot water from the kettle along the furrows. Sprinkle ash on the furrows and sow seeds in them. Then sprinkle with soil 2 cm and cover with snow on top.
Feed birds in the garden, and place mouse bait in the house. Arrange on saucers, drip a couple of drops of unrefined sunflower oil and arrange the treat along the baseboards.
Autumn work in the flower garden
Autumn is the time to redevelop your flower garden. Perennials that have been growing in one place for a long time have thoroughly depleted the land and will bloom worse and worse every year.
Therefore, from time to time they need to be transplanted, and this must be done in the fall, starting in September. Such a transplant will rejuvenate the bushes.
At the beginning of September, you need to devote time to lilies: they are dug up, divided and transplanted to another place. At the same time, they are also engaged in the division of bushes of peonies and phlox: the rhizomes are cut with a sharp knife, the cuts are sprinkled with ash. Delphinium is also transplanted to a new place.
Perennial asters, primrose, astilba can be transplanted without digging up the entire bush, but simply separate part of it with a shovel. Sprinkle the formed hole with humus, rotted manure and earth.
When the first frost hits, it's time to dig up the dahlias and put them away for storage. Rhizomes are dried without shaking them off the ground, rotten and sore spots are removed and placed in the basement.
The entire aerial part of perennial flowers is carefully trimmed with pruning shears. Weeds are removed around the flowers, the soil is loosened and the necessary fertilizers are applied. Heat-loving plants are covered with spruce branches or any other material.
Autumn work in the garden ends with planting garlic, carrots, onions, parsley, radishes and other vegetables before winter. This should be done with the onset of the first frost.
Seasonal gardening and gardening: first week of March
In the air, one can feel the approach of spring, its light breath. Drops are already ringing, and here and there from under the snow in the garden the first flowers appear - snowdrops: galanthus, white flowers, woodlands. The flowering of primroses symbolizes the early, but already confident arrival of spring.
March is the "morning of the year", the start to the beginning of many works in the garden. This is spring pruning of ornamental, fruit tree crops, preparation of cuttings for propagation in greenhouses and greenhouses, grafting fruit and preventive measures against diseases and pests, airing roses under shelters, "seedling" troubles, very early sowing of cold-resistant vegetable crops, planting and transplanting indoor plants, and much more.
On the still frozen ground, perennial flower crops are fed with mineral fertilizers. After thawing the soil, they are evenly distributed and provide an early supply of nutrients to the plant roots.
March is a busy time for gardeners.
March concerns of gardeners. Spices
Work in the gardens and orchards will begin very soon. Knowledgeable gardeners have long planted seedlings, bought the necessary seeds. In recent years, many gardeners have paid significant attention to herbs. They will definitely find a place for fragrant herbs on their site. Some of the spicy herbs have long taken a place in our gardens, and some are still gaining popularity. These plants will not satisfy hunger, but will enrich the dishes with wonderful taste, smell, color.
Growing herbs is easy. Even a novice gardener can handle this task. First you need to decide for what purpose you decided to grow herbs. It's one thing if you need spices for cooking, another for decorative purposes.
Most of the spices are of southern origin. Sage, basil, thyme - guests from the south, wonderfully accustomed to our latitudes. But for them it is necessary to choose well-lit by sunlight, ventilated areas.
Sorrel and parsley, on the other hand, like shaded or partially shaded areas.
Many spices do not need excessive watering, this should be taken into account when planting them and not choose places in the lowlands.
Keep in mind that many herbs, when cross-pollinated, can create hybrids, which is undesirable. To prevent such “surprises”, “close relatives” are seated away from each other.
There are many types of mint. The best known is peppermint.
The plant reproduces vegetatively. Cuttings with several leaves or a small plant with roots are kept in water for several days to expand the root system, then planted in the ground. Mint loves moisture and light. Loams or sandy loams are ideal soil for odorous grass. Mint can be planted in places where legumes used to grow.
Migraines, colds, insomnia, nervousness - this is not a complete list of ailments that are afraid of scented herb.
A spicy herb with a delicate fresh scent prefers fertile soil, good drainage and sunny locations.
Melissa is planted in spring in a well-loosened soil, to which wood ash has been added, with a distance between the bushes up to half a meter. If you decide to grow lemon balm from seeds yourself, you must take into account that they are sown in March in a greenhouse or at home in flowerpots. Lemon balm seeds are sown to a depth of 1 cm. The seedlings are transferred to open ground at the end of May. Melissa is not very fond of the cold season. It is advisable to transplant it into pots for the winter and keep it warm until spring.
Melissa is added to teas, salads, meat and fish dishes.
Another important point is that lemon balm cannot be frozen. For storage, this spice is dried; when frozen, lemon balm loses its taste.
Thyme or thyme
This herb is added to meat and vegetable dishes. Also, thyme is used for medicinal purposes for coughs, colds.
Thyme is propagated by seeds and seedlings. It should be borne in mind that seeds sprout for a long time, and small shoots are quickly clogged with weeds. Vegetative propagation is most preferred. Adult bushes take root in a new place without problems.
The plant prefers dry, alkaline soil, does not require special care, and tolerates frost well. In autumn, it is advisable to feed thyme with ammonium nitrate.
This plant is a relative of marjoram, it has almost the same aroma. Oregano is propagated by seeds, bushes or cuttings. It is planted directly into the ground.
Oregano loves sunlight, it is unpretentious to the quality of the soil. Oregano is a versatile plant. The herb is used as a seasoning, for making tea, infusions, for medicinal purposes.
Oregano is a good honey plant; it blooms in July.
The plant is used for culinary and medicinal purposes. Sage grows well in one place from five to eight years, easily propagated by seeds. Seeds are sown in early March, you can sow directly into the ground at a distance of 30 centimeters. The distance between the rows is twice as large. Sage soil should be of normal acidity. Sage grows well in places where legumes or potatoes were previously cultivated.
Sage should not be planted next to marjoram or oregano, as cross-pollination and unwanted hybrids may occur.
Sage needs moderate watering. Fertilizers (nitrogen or phosphorus-potassium) are applied in late spring before sage blooms.
The first pruning of sage is done in the second year of life, and then annually at the end of the season. The stems are cut at a height of 15 cm from ground level.
The name of this fragrant plant is spelled differently.You can find the spelling "rucola" or "arugula". In folk medicine, the plant is known as the goosefoot. Not everyone likes the pungent taste of rucola leaves. The herb is incredibly healthy. It contains iron, iodine, organic acids, biologically active substances, essential oils, vitamins PP, C, group B. Rucola strengthens the walls of blood vessels, increases hemoglobin, normalizes metabolism, and has a diuretic effect. And also - arugula is known as an aphrodisiac.
Arugula is added to meat, fish dishes, salads, soups, vegetable side dishes. Eaten with feta cheese and cheese, cottage cheese. Vegetable oil is insisted on arugula. Ripe rucola leaves are dried, flowers and seeds are used as a spice.
Arugula loves loose soil, grows both in sunny places and in partial shade, in a greenhouse and under garden trees. The arugula should be watered regularly. Without moisture, the leaves of the plant coarsen, begin to taste bitter.
Sowing seeds is carried out to a depth of 1 cm, it is possible even before winter. Shoots appear quickly. It is advisable to thin out the plants, leave them at a distance of at least 15 cm, to obtain a spreading rosette of leaves. Arugula produces crops throughout the season.
There are a lot of spicy herbs. Everyone can choose at their own discretion and sow those crops that will bring benefits and health.
Country house construction and improvement
Now we can devote more time to rest, especially since the time of summer holidays comes. To make your summer cottage leisure comfortable, you need good garden furniture - comfortable, beautiful, original and stylish. For those who like to do everything with their own hands, and are not indifferent to wood products, - DIY garden furniture: 5 interesting ideas, Garden bench made of chairs, Firewood table or Garden table in folk style.
If your plans include solving global problems of landscaping a summer residence, perhaps the experience and ideas of our readers will be useful for you. Here are some interesting posts:
- Drilling a well in a garden plot
- Well in the country
- Construction of a 6x6 frame house per season
- How to design a staircase in a country house yourself
- Do-it-yourself gazebo in the country
- Digging a pit for the pool with your own hands
Well, for those who want to improve an existing dacha dwelling, 4 ways to add square meters to the dacha can help.
↑ Carrying out processing of the garden from diseases and pests
The choice of days in March when it is possible to treat the garden from pests is influenced by the average daily air temperature. Processing begins, only the air warms up to 5 degrees and stops falling below 0 degrees during the day.
Once every 3 years, garden trees are sprayed with the N30 preparation (washing for the garden: insecticide, acaricide and ovicide in one person), which will kill all insects hibernating in the bark. In the rest of the years, urea or ferrous sulfate is used for processing.
Frozen shrubs and trees are often affected by cytosporosis. It is easy to identify the disease: characteristic red-brown dents and black swellings appear on the trunk, inside of which spores develop.
The detected damage is cleaned, disinfected, lubricated with a mixture of clay and mullein and bandaged with a soft bandage.
When the soil dries up in the garden, the overwintered leaves and the rest of the debris are raked from under the trees and bushes. All foliage is burned or buried outside the site.
All types of currants are examined in early March. And if swollen kidneys are found, then they are removed, since ticks have settled inside these kidneys.
If there are many such buds on currant branches, then the entire branch is removed.
In order to prevent fungi, the garden is treated with Bordeaux mixture when the air temperature rises above 5 degrees.
Before the gooseberry and currant buds swell (this is about the third decade of March), fallen leaves are raked and destroyed, branches and shoots that have dried and damaged by pests are cut out.
Until the leaves of garden strawberries, after the melting of the snow cover, branch out, they clear the plantation of dry foliage and burn it. To destroy gray rot, powdery mildew and other fungal diseases in warm weather (from +5 degrees), strawberry beds are sprayed with the N30 preparation (200 g of the product in a bucket of water) or Bordeaux mixture. For Bordeaux mixture, 400 g of quicklime and 300 g of copper sulfate are taken in a bucket of water.
We continue to sow vegetables for seedlings: eggplant, pepper, tomato. Sowing dates everyone is different, and they depend on many different factors. In order not to be mistaken in the calculations, use the universal formula, which is described in detail in the article When to sow vegetables for seedlings. Well, if it is still difficult for you to determine the required number of seeds and seedlings, the publication of What and how much to plant will help you navigate so that the bins are not empty.
Time to grow vegetable seedlings
If you have not yet decided on varieties of tomatoesthat you plan to grow in the new season, take a look at our recommendations for choosing a variety - they will help you choose exactly those varieties and hybrids that are suitable for your conditions and will fully meet your needs. For those who live in Central Russia, our publications on the best varieties of tomatoes for this climatic zone and on the earliest varieties of tomatoes may also be useful.
You can compare prices and choose tomato seeds for sowing seedlings using our market - an illustrated catalog of goods from different online stores.
If there is still snow outside the window, we continue to sow watercress and grow onions for herbs in our home garden. And if the weather permits, we check the condition of greenhouses and greenhouses at the dacha, repair and update them if necessary, prepare for sowing. Those who have passed the cold are already sowing early green crops and radishes in greenhouses.