Corona or antericum (Anthericum) is an incredibly beautiful and gentle herbaceous perennial from the Asparagus family. This flower is charming in its own way, attracts attention with its nondescript and unpretentious beauty. Great for decorating flower beds and rockeries. Has an incredible scent that attracts beneficial insects. Unpretentious in care and cultivation. But in order to grow a healthy and long-flowering plant, you still need to follow several rules for its cultivation. It is about these rules of planting, care and cultivation that will be discussed in this article.
Description of the corolla plant
Corona or antericum is a herbaceous perennial. Stems and leaves are bright green. Large creeping leaves are attached to the stem from below. Small flowers with snow-white petals with bright yellow stamens in the middle. The flowers of the corolla are somewhat similar to a miniature copy of the flowers of a lily. They can grow in size from 1.5 to 4 centimeters. There are approximately seventy different species of this herbaceous perennial. The most popular of them are: lily corolla, simple corolla, lilyago and branched corolla.
Planting and caring for corolla outdoors
The best time for planting corolla seeds in open ground is early autumn. Planting this early will allow the seeds to germinate a little and get stronger for the coming winter. You need to deepen the seeds by about a couple of centimeters so that they do not freeze. The distance between the seeds must be at least 15 cm.
Before the onset of the first cold weather, it is necessary to carefully insulate the young shoots of the corolla. To do this, cover them with a thick layer of dry foliage and cover them with any covering material on top. With the onset of spring, when the soil warms up well, and the frosts will definitely not return, the winter insulation layer of leaves and covering material must be removed so that the plant begins to grow actively.
Only plants that are more than two to three years old bloom. Therefore, you should not wait in the first year of flowering, the corolla will gain more strength during this time and in the future will please with its abundant flowering.
If several seeds germinated too close at the same time, then the weaker one must be carefully removed.
You can propagate the corolla by dividing the bush. With this method, reproduction of the plant can please with its flowering already in the first year.
In order to divide the roots, it is necessary to carefully dig out the root system of the plant and divide it so that at least three live buds remain on each part. Before planting, you should dig holes in advance and water them abundantly. It is not worth deepening the plant too much, it is enough to sprinkle it with soil a little and crush it with your hands. After planting, it is necessary to water it abundantly and mulch the soil around the plant with sawdust, hay, forest needles or dry leaves.
You need to plant the plant in a well-lit place. As for the soil, it is better to give preference to calcareous or clay soil with pre-applied fertilizer from rotted foliage.
The depth of the holes for planting the corolla should be about 10 cm, and the distance between the bushes should be at least 30 cm. The division of the bushes must be carried out every four years, this will help not only multiply the corolla, but also rejuvenate it, thereby improving its condition. The best time for spring planting is mid-April-mid-May, and for autumn planting, September.
Antericum is unpretentious and does not need special care. All his care consists in regular watering and mineral fertilization. Diseases and harmful insects do not affect this plant, which is its huge advantage. Adult plants are cold-resistant enough and perfectly tolerate winter cold under the snow without a special shelter and insulation layer.
If you plant and care for a plant correctly, then it will grow incredibly beautiful, become a wonderful and unique decoration of the garden, will delight with its delicate flowers and incredible aroma for a long time.
Types of corolla
Branched corolla - in the wild, the branched corolla grows on mountain slopes, in gorges, and less often in meadows. In height, the plant can reach up to one and a half meters, and its creeping leaves up to 70 cm in length. The flowers are not large, their diameter is no more than 2 cm. Flowering begins in July and ends in late August, less often in early September.
Liliaceae corolla, simple, lilyago - this corolla grows on low hills, in sunny meadows and in well-lit areas near forests. Stems are thin, but strong, about 70 cm long, sometimes more. The leaves are bright green and grow up to 60 cm in length. The flowers are large, sometimes growing up to 4 cm in diameter. The plant smells incredible and this tasty aroma attracts beneficial insects for pollination.
Similar topics of scientific works in biological sciences, the author of the scientific work - Dolmatov E.A., Dolmatov D.E., Dolmatova A.E., Mamonov E.V.
The results of five-year studies of martagon lily (Lilium martagon L.) in three isolated populations in conditions of Orel region are given. Phenological rhythms of the development, morphological and biological features have been investigated. Essential distinctions in the dates of blooming have been determined both between plants of different populations and between separate plants within populations. In each of the populations the distinction in the dates of blooming beginning is 26… 30 days between early blooming and late blooming plants and 2 months between populations. Early blooming selections were located in "Shakhvsky Les" and "Khutor-Step", late blooming selections were located in "Verkhovye", which blooming started early in June and early in August, respectively. White speckled lily selections have been found, 3.7 ... 5.5% fall to their share. 11 white lily selections as well as 105 plants with very early blooming dates (early in June) and 18 plants with very late blooming dates (the first decade of August) have been singled out for the further use in breeding as sources of valuable characters.
How to create your own dry garden
However, in order to create a dry garden, you need to understand that it is not only a matter of choosing the appropriate plants. It is very important to saturate the earth with organic matter. In this regard, compost of our own production is absolutely irreplaceable. How often it is necessary to observe that gardeners are trying to take out the territory of the site and throw out weeded weeds. Various wastes from cooking, etc. are also thrown away. It's just wastefulness. Its well-rotted compost, an excellent addition to constantly depleting soil.
The compost prepared with the Baikal preparation is especially good. I'm not even saying that he prepares much faster. It enriches the land well. Compost not only nourishes the soil, but also helps to retain moisture in the soil. For the same purpose, you can use mulch (chopped bark, peat, straw). I tested the mulch on one of the flower beds using chopped bark. The result was simply amazing. Nearby, in the same conditions, it was necessary to water the plants often and abundantly. Where the soil was mulched, moisture persisted for much longer.
Features of an ornamental plant
The flower is superior to other ampelous species in that it is easy to care for it. But at home, the chlorophytum plant has certain characteristics in growing:
- The flowering of the plant begins in March and continues throughout the growing season.
- The chlorophytum flower is characterized by winter dormancy, which lasts from October to January.
- A moisture-loving culture can lose its decorative effect if it suffers from a lack of water
- Flowers can be grown not only at home, but also in the garden
- The plant looks good both separately and in combination with other types of crops.
In order for a decorative flower to look well-groomed and beautiful, certain conditions must be created for it.
For a light-loving plant, it is necessary to organize bright, but diffused lighting. It grows best on the windowsills of the east and west windows. On the north side, where the sun's rays rarely penetrate into the room, chlorophytum also grows healthy, but it does not look so attractive anymore. Varieties with variegated foliage should be placed in well-lit rooms so that they do not lose their bright shades. On the south side, fences should be made from the sultry sun.
Chlorophytum is not very demanding on temperature. It takes root well with indicators in the range of +11 - 24 degrees. Significant discharge can provoke disease and death of the flower. You should also check that there are no drafts in the room where it is contained.
In order for the plant to take root quickly, it is necessary to find a suitable soil for it. For the preparation of the substrate, humus, leaf and sod land are used in equal proportions with the addition of a small amount of river sand. The flower will be comfortable in a wide clay pot, in which there must be drainage.