Description and characteristics of the tomato variety jubilee tarasenko
Jubilee Tarasenko - this variety is planted annually by many amateur vegetable growers in greenhouses and in open ground. The hybrid gained popularity in the 90s of the last century. Amateur breeder F.M.Tarasenko named it in honor of his 75th anniversary. In the article we will give a description of the characteristics of a tomato and you can appreciate its advantages and make the right choice before planting.
Description and characteristics of tomato
Yubileiny Tarasenko tomatoes are lianate, weakly leafy. When creating a new variety, the breeder used tomatoes from Mexico - the multi-fruited San Marzano variety. From it, the Russian tomato has a stable immunity to late blight. Brown spot does not threaten him either.
Tomato bushes grow up to 2 m and more, the plant is indeterminate and to stop growth, the crown must be pinched. The leaves of a tomato are medium in size, not pubescent, wrinkled, outwardly similar to the leaves of a potato. Tomatoes ripen on average, approximately 120 days after the first shoots.
The stalk needs strong support as the fruit is poured. The bunches of tomatoes are so huge that they often need a garter. About 30 tomatoes are formed in one bunch.
Tomato blooms vigorously and profusely, even with a slight shedding of flowers, fruit set is consistently high. Fruits are round or heart-shaped with noses. The average diameter of a tomato is 7 cm.
The peel of the fruit is dense, bright red at maturity, shiny, green in unripe tomatoes. The fruits in the lower bunches are larger, weigh around 100 g, in the upper tiers they are smaller up to 80 g.
One bush is harvested up to 8 kg, in terms of 1 m² - 16 kg. The dense pulp is not suitable for the production of juices, but the fruits are ideal for pickling, pickling, making winter and summer salads.
Advantages and disadvantages of the jubilee Tarasenko variety
The disadvantages of the variety were not noticed, but it has more than enough advantages:
- Stores well and for a long time.
- Does not deteriorate during transportation.
- The pulp has an excellent taste.
- The fruit is ideal for canning.
- They bear fruit for a long time.
Soil requirements for planting
For liana tomatoes, high-quality agricultural technology is important. Bushes thrive in soil with a loose structure and normal acidity. The soil from the fungus should be shed with a fungicide. They speak well of Fitosporin. They need to shed soil on the ridge at least 7 days before transplanting.
It is important to provide the seeds with the temperature regime necessary for germination - 27 ° C.
The seeds of Jubilee Tarasenko have a varietal peculiarity. They germinate longer than seeds of other varieties. Given this, you need to sow them for seedlings a little earlier. Summer residents of the Trans-Urals and Siberia begin planting at the end of February.
Seeds should be soaked and soaked in warm (40 ° C) water overnight before planting. Previously, they should be wrapped with a cloth napkin. In the morning, squeeze the excess moisture from the napkin, put the seeds in the napkin for germination.
Sow the nashed seeds in seedling boxes. Use light, loose soil. Sprinkle the seeds with compost or horse humus. The layer thickness is 1.5 cm. In 10 days the first shoots will appear.
Sprouts 5-7 cm long with 2-3 leaves can be dived. They dive either into deeper boxes or into separate containers. Preference should be given to individual glasses. In them, the root system develops better and in the future the tomatoes are easier to transfer to the transplant.
Do not throw away 1 liter milk cartons. They can be used to grow seedlings. Initially fill them with soil by ⅔, add earth if necessary.
Transplanting tomatoes into open ground
When transplanting seedlings into the ground, take into account the peculiarity of the variety - a powerful root system, which is formed in an adult liana-shaped tomato. The roots go deep and wide. Often tomato bushes of this variety are not planted. The best distance between bushes is 1 m.If there is a lack of space, it can be reduced to 70 cm.
Taking into account the size of the roots, we prepare the planting holes. We make them deep enough (40-50 cm), fill them with humus and ash. 1 bucket is enough for humus, and 2-3 handfuls of ash. The ash must be sieved. Transfer the seedlings very carefully, protecting the roots from damage. Water the wells well.
Variety care after transplanting
We planted a plant, do not forget to feed them after 14 days. Mullein is good for these purposes. But before that time, do not even water the transplanted seedlings. Feed the mullein or other organic (mineral) fertilizer the next day after watering.
Loosen the soil regularly after rainfall or watering. The absence of a crust, due to loosening, improves the supply of oxygen to the roots, contributes to the full development of the tomato bush.
Do not forget about the formation of a bush. They are usually led in 2 stems, less often in three. They fight with stepchildren all summer, remove them at least 1 time in 10 days.
During the ripening of the fruit, you need to pick off the leaves growing at the bottom of the stem. No more than 2 sheets of paper at a time.
With a growth of 1.7-2 m, the top needs a pinch.
Diseases and their prevention
Treat the plants with preparations containing copper three times per season. These treatments help against fungal infections. For the prevention of pests, planting must be kept clean - remove all weeds. Inspecting the leaves won't hurt.
Harvesting and storage rules
Those who have at least once grown Yubileiny Tarasenko tomatoes on their plot remember its peculiarity. Brushes, consisting of a large number of fruits, are in use all summer, starting in July. In them, some tomatoes have already acquired a bright red color, the second are only turning brown, and the third are only approaching the state of milk ripeness.
Given this specificity, the collection of fruits should be carried out regularly. Having freed the bush from red and brown tomatoes, the summer resident promotes the formation of new ovaries. Plucked tomatoes ripen successfully regardless of the phase in which they were picked.
Fruits are stored at a temperature not exceeding 20 ° C for a long time. Strong skin and dense flesh rarely suffer from mechanical damage.
Tomatoes picked at the end of August and placed in boxes remain until November. It is better to lay them in layers, shifting with wrapping paper.
This variety is a must-have in your collection. Huge bunches of small tomatoes with a spout are very picturesque. Not a single amateur vegetable grower can remain indifferent to them. Their stable yield is convincing. Seeds of Yubileiny Tarasenko should be purchased for the next season.
Tomatoes Jubilee Tarasenko: photo, description of the variety
|Shape, weight of fruits:||rounded with a small "nose", 180-200 g|
|Growing regions:||all regions|
|Productivity:||with proper care - up to 16-17 kg per bush|
Some older tomatoes are not going to give up even the best newer varieties. They are always popular, tasty and bring a bountiful harvest. Tomato Jubilee Tarasenko was presented to the attention of gardeners in 1987. Until now, it is one of the most productive of those grown in the usual (not extended) circulation, but it requires special care.
Description of tomato Jubilee Tarasenko
The tomato was obtained by selection, several varieties were used in the work, the basis was taken "San Marzano", a unique multi-fruited Mexican species. By selection, mid-ripening, indeterminate tomatoes were obtained. The breeder published a work in which the tomato "Yubileiny Tarasenko" was characterized and a description of the variety was presented. Despite the fact that the culture quickly spread throughout Russia and found recognition among amateur gardeners, it was not included in the state register of tomato varieties.
Description of Jubilee Tarasenko tomatoes:
- The culture belongs to the indeterminate variety, closer to the liana-like species. The bushes reach 3 m, at the level of 160-180 cm, the top breaks.
- Tomatoes are distinguished by low foliage - this feature gives unhindered access to the sun's rays to the ovaries.
- The leaf is dark green, without drooping, large, carved along the edge.
- The stem is powerful, thick, stiff, but as it grows under the weight of the fruit, it loses its stability - therefore, a trellis is needed.
- The root system "Yubileiny Tarasenko" is not deepened, but expanded in breadth. Thanks to this structure, the culture receives a sufficient amount of nutrients for growth.
- The variety has long clusters of complex structure, capable of withstanding up to 25 or more ripe tomatoes. Flowers are arranged in several pieces on the axis, the first ovary is formed after 8 leaves. Quite a lot of flowers are formed, almost all give ovaries, their excess is in no way reflected in the quality and quantity of the crop.
Description of fruits
- rounded, slightly elongated shape
- at the end of the fruit there is a distinctive feature in the form of a "nose"
- bright burgundy or dark orange tomato
- the skin is thin, smooth.
Tomatoes "Jubilee Tarasenko" of medium size: weight 80–120 g, 5–8 cm in diameter, without voids, seeds are distributed in 6 sections.
The Yubileiny Tarasenko tomato variety bears fruit 130 days after seed germination.
Varieties of varieties and their description
Feodosiy Tarasenko has developed his own agricultural technique for growing tomatoes, which contributes to long-term fruiting, increased productivity. The varieties bred in Ukraine take root and delight the gardeners of Karelia, the gardeners of Siberia, and the farmers of the southern regions of Russia with the tomato harvest.
Hybrid Tarasenko 1
The first representative of the series, created by an amateur vegetable grower, is distinguished by early maturation. Tomato bushes with powerful roots grow up to 2 m in height. Ribbed cream has a rich classic color, one tomato weighs about 75 g, there are also larger specimens. The variety was bred for planting in a greenhouse, where it pleases with a high yield, but does not withstand temperature jumps, and is demanding on lighting.
Hybrid Tarasenko 2
Many summer residents, having planted this tomato for testing, every year buy its seeds for sowing at kiosks, despite the fact that the bushes need to be tied up like a liana and pinned. On one brush of a plant, up to 4 dozen tomatoes are formed, and this is more than 2 kg. Fruits are appreciated:
- for excellent taste
- delicate aroma
- original form
- excellent keeping quality.
Rounded tomatoes have a smooth skin, a pretty nose, can be preserved whole, since they weigh no more than 70 grams. After heat treatment, the tomatoes do not burst, they can hang on the branches for a long time, without spoiling at all.
Hybrid Tarasenko 3
With proper formation, a tomato, whose height approaches one and a half meters, surprises with huge clusters with a large number of fruits weighing about 200 g, ripening in medium terms. Tomatoes have an interesting cube shape, dense consistency, there are no voids in the pulp. Fruits are fermented in barrels, closed in jars, used to prepare juice. Even after heat treatment, they are cut into even slices. The variety is immune to fungal infection and is not affected by viruses.
Hybrid Tarasenko 5
In the creation of this mid-season tomato, Theodosiy Makarovich used the Raketa variety, known at that time. On powerful bushes about 2.5 m high, tomatoes of a beautiful oblong shape are tied in bunches. Fruits are harvested, which weigh about 100 g, 108 days after planting in the ground.
Hybrid Tarasenko 6
The mid-early variety is valued for its resistance to fungal and bacterial infections and to drought; in the southern regions it is grown in a seedless way. Strong tomato bushes are slightly higher than a meter, but this is not an obstacle to excellent productivity. Bright red tomatoes weigh more than 300 g, have a rounded shape, can be stored for a long time, and are not damaged during transportation.
Hybrid Tarasenko 6
The determinant tomato variety does not stretch up, but grows in a bush, which still has to be tied up, since about 1 kg of fruits ripens on one brush. Gardeners appreciate them for their real tomato flavor. The tomato does not suffer from diseases, tolerates unfavorable conditions, a large amount of ovary appears even in dry and hot weather. It is interesting that fruits of approximately the same weight, about 100 g, but of different colors and shapes, ripen on one plant. Both pink and red tomatoes, elongated and rounded, are plucked from the bush.
Feodosiy Makarovich began to create vegetable crops when he was already over 40. By his 75th birthday, the amateur brought out a unique tomato, the powerful root of which grows not in depth, but in width. Weakly leafy branches of the bush stretch up to 3 meters. On the main stem, 5 clusters with a large number of flowers are formed. Such a bunch with fruits weighs up to 5 kg. Large heart-shaped tomatoes are prized for their juicy, sweet pulp and crack resistance. They ripen unevenly, ripen well indoors, and are stored for a long time.
How to grow tomatoes
After 2 months, the seedlings are ready for transplantation. At this time, there are 6-8 leaves on the bushes and well-formed young roots.
Planting pattern: 70 cm - the distance between the seedlings, 90 cm is left between the rows. For 1 sq. m place no more than 2 plants.
The holes are prepared in advance with a depth of 30 cm, a little wood ash is placed on the bottom and filled with water. After planting, they are watered again with warm, settled water and the seedlings are left to get used to the new place for 1 week.
Important! If the seedlings are stretched out, the bushes are laid in the half-lying holes.
Planted in the evening or on a cloudy day when the sun does not shine in full force. The holes are made in a checkerboard pattern, since this method of planting allows each seedling to receive a sufficient amount of sunshine and to be well ventilated.
Further care of the Jubilee tomato
Regular watering is established as soon as the young bushes get used to the new conditions and get stronger. Water with settled water no more than 2 times a week, without flooding the seedlings. The tomato does not like excess moisture, but the lack also affects the culture negatively. The plant responds well to drip irrigation. To do this, a plastic bottle without a bottom is installed in the root system and filled with water. Moisture gradually penetrates to the roots.
Mulching is used to retain moisture in the beds. Peat straw or weed grass is used as mulch, which, when decomposed, provides the soil with additional nutrients.
After watering, the soil is loosened and hilled to ensure a better flow of oxygen to the roots.
As the plants develop, they need additional feeding. For the first time they are fed a week after transplantation with a complex of mineral fertilizers or organic matter. From organics, an infusion of mullein or bird droppings is used in a ratio of 1:15. Chlorine fertilizers are not recommended, as well as fresh manure.
The second top dressing is applied at the time of flowering, feeding with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. For the third time, they are fed during the fruiting period with a fertilizer containing mainly potassium substances. After 3 weeks, feeding is repeated.
Reference! Potash fertilizers accelerate fruit ripening.
Features of cultivation and possible difficulties
Despite the powerful trunk, the plant cannot withstand the severity of the fruit, since there are too many ovaries. In order not to violate the integrity of the bushes, they are tied to the supports installed nearby. Not only the stem is tied up, but also the fruitful branches as they develop. Another option for a garter is fixation on a trellis. To do this, metal supports are installed from different sides of the beds and a wire is pulled between them. The bushes are fixed to the wire with soft fabric tapes.
A culture is formed most often in 1 stem. For this, the strongest shoot is left, and the rest are removed. The rapid growth of bushes contributes to the frequent formation of side shoots.Therefore, stepchildren are removed regularly, once every 10 days. Without pinching, thickening of the plantings is inevitable, which will lead to the spread of fungal infections.
Diseases and pests
The risk of fungal infection is especially high in greenhouse conditions due to the constantly high humidity and temperature. Therefore, closed structures are ventilated on a daily basis, thereby regulating the level of humidity. It is also necessary to remember about prevention in the form of loosening, moderate watering and mulching the beds. Before planting, tomato beds are watered with a solution of copper sulfate, which cleans the soil of pathogenic spores.
When infected, plants are treated with "Fitosporin" or the drug "HOM".
Reference! Fungal infections can kill all plantings in 14 days.
Outdoors, plants are often attacked by pests. To prevent them from multiplying quickly, the seedlings are examined every day for the presence of parasites. Inspection is carried out carefully, from all sides, since the larvae of the Colorado potato beetle are not easy to notice: they are on the back of the leaf. They are collected by hand. With a large accumulation of insects, use the drug "Prestige".
To get rid of aphids, the stems are treated with soapy water. It is done simply: 1 piece of laundry soap is dissolved in a bucket of water. With a large accumulation of aphids, the plants are treated entirely.
Any preventive measures and spraying for the purpose of treatment are carried out in dry weather.
Reviews of gardeners about the variety Yubileiny Tarasenko
Tarasenok is specially grown for cold salting, the most delicious are obtained. Many other varieties are salted, and these are tasty after a year.
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Lead in 1 trunk, complex brushes, medium ripening. It is necessary to actively feed for a full ovary - only the first brush was tied full of me. And so, handsome. Yes, I put a box under the first brush, the following: -, tied up to the neighbors. The size is just a can.
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Tarasenko Jubilee, how do not cut off the prolonged ripening anyway, so I will comb until they grow, just remove small ovaries and excess flowers. I tie each brushes separately, otherwise they break off, after all, a lot of weight.
I had almost all varieties are completely not resistant to late blight. By the way, I noticed that the only Yubileyny Tarasenko has huge and green bushes, only the lower leaves are affected, the rest of the varieties are almost all black. And it is imperative to plant small-fruited ones - if a tomato is sick for a pound, it's a pity awful, count a quarter of the brush in the trash, and for little things, another 20 pieces dangle on a branch.
Jubilee Tarasenko can be called a curiosity because of the unusual type of brushes that provide abundant fruiting. However, a non-standard tomato requires proper care. You need a special kind of garter. Rationing of ovaries in the brush, pinching of the stem and abundant feeding with mineral fertilizers are encouraged.
Description of varieties of tomato "Tarasenko"
The most common varieties of the culture "Tarasenko" include the following:
- Tomato "hybrid Tarasenko 1". This culture reaches a height of 2 meters or more. It is considered the earliest variety of all representatives of the Tarasenko species. The fruit is ribbed cream, the color is red, the pulp is firm and sweet. The weight of 1 tomato is from 70 to 100 grams. High-yielding variety. "Tarasenko 1" is suitable for growing in a greenhouse, susceptible to cold weather and cloudy weather.
- Variety "hybrid Tarasenko 2". Tall (1.8-2.2 m), cold-resistant culture. The variety is mid-season, long-term fruiting, high yield. The tomato is suitable for growing in a garden bed and in a greenhouse. The fruits are rounded, slightly elongated, with a spout. Color - crimson red. The pulp is dense, sweetish. These tomatoes are good for preservation. Fruit weight is about 60-100 grams.
- "Hybrid Tarasenko 3". This variety belongs to mid-season tomatoes, fruiting is abundant and long (from July to September). The bushes are tall, up to 1.8-2.2 m in height. Fruits are plum-shaped or flat-rounded, large (weight about 80-150 g), bright red. The tomato has high taste in any form.
- Variety "Jubilee Tarasenko". This variety of culture was bred by the amateur vegetable grower Theodosiy Tarasenko for his 75th birthday, which led to the name of the variety. The tomato is tall, can reach a height of up to 3 meters. Little leafy. The rhizome is large, growing mainly in breadth. The main stem can have only 4-5 clusters, the weight of one, when the fruit ripens, averages 4-4.5 kilograms. The mass of one orange-red fruit can be 80-200 grams. The shape of the tomato is round or heart-shaped, with a somewhat drawn-out tip. The pulp of the fruit is fleshy, tasty. The fruits ripen unevenly, therefore they are often harvested unripe. This tomato variety is resistant to some diseases - brown leaf spot, late blight. Tomatoes can be grown in greenhouses (more predominantly) or in an open garden.
Less common types of tomato varieties "Tarasenko" include a hybrid of Tarasenko 5 and 6, Legenda Tarasenko, Nadezhda (Nadiya) Tarasenko, Kombitomat Tarasenko, Generous cream Tarasenko, Polesie giant Tarasenko.