Catuaba: properties and benefits
a power of nature
Main species and characteristics of the plant
There is great confusion over the identification of the catuaba. Brazilian pickers refer to two species:
The little Catuabais theErythroxylum catuaba(AJ Silva ex. Raym.-Hamet - the name was approved in 1936), which grows up to 2-4 meters in height with yellow-orange flowers and small inedible fruits of dark yellow and oval shape and in Brazil it is called solocatuaba.
The great Catuabais Trichilia catigua(A. Juss.), Which develops up to 6-10 m in height, has cream-colored flowers and in Brazil is calledcatiguá is angelim-rosa of the mahogany family.
On the market they are used incorrectly: Juniperus brasiliensis (which is supposed to be the correspondent of smallCatuaba), Anemopaegma mirandum(it is a huge tree of the Bignonia family, which grows up to 40 m in height and is called in Brazilcatuaba verdadeira) and the Eriotheca candolleanawhich are totally different species. They are collected and sold by inexperienced or unethical collectors (they are present in the composition of herbal products sold in America) who classify them only as catuaba.
Erythroxylum catuaba is Trichilia catigua, the true catuaba are the species used in Brazil in the compositions of herbal medicines, with the oldest and most documented history of use with the namesmall and large catuaba.
Both are used interchangeably and with the same purpose in the Brazilian production of herbal medicines and are among the most famous in Brazil for their aphrodisiac and tonic power for male impotence and as fortifying the nervous system.
They are plants native to the Amazon rainforest and northeastern Brazil.
The Tupi Indians who first discovered its qualities composed numerous poems and songs to praise them. There is also an old saying: "If you become a father by the age of 60, the son is yours, after the age of 60 the son is from Catuaba".
It is said that after drinking 3-4 cups of tea for a continuous period the first symptoms of tatuaba are erotic dreams and then a strong sexual desire.
Used parts of the plant
Catuaba uses the bark but also the roots and leaves where the various active ingredients are present.
Properties and benefits
The active ingredients present in the plant are: alkaloids such as catuabins A, B and C, yohimbine, essential oil, resins, magnesium, potassium, calcium, resinous acids and fatty aromatic compounds.
The decoction of the bark is used for sexual impotence, agitation, anxiety, nervousness, fragility of nerves, memory problems and generally stimulating the central nervous system. It has beneficial effects in both men and women as an aphrodisiac but it is in the area of male impotence that the best results have been obtained and no side effects have been highlighted even in the long term.