Miscellanea

Neomarika

Neomarika


Herbaceous plant neomarika (Neomarica) is directly related to the family of iris or iris (Iridaceae). In nature, it can be found in the tropical regions of South America. Such a plant is also often called a walking or walking iris. The fact is that it looks like a garden iris, and when the flowering ends, a baby is formed in the place where the flower was. It is located at the top of a long (up to 150 centimeters long) peduncle. Gradually, under its own weight, the peduncle bends more and more, and at some point the baby is on the surface of the soil, where it gives roots very quickly. It turns out that the baby is at some distance from the mother plant, which is why neomarika is called a walking iris.

Such a herbaceous plant has leathery, flat, xiphoid leaves of a dark green color. Their length varies from 60 to 150 centimeters, and their width is 5–6 centimeters, while they are gathered in a fan. The formation of peduncles occurs directly on the leaves, and they bear from 3 to 5 flowers. Such fragrant flowers last from 1 to 2 days. They are painted in a pale milky color and have bluish veins in the throat, and their diameter can be equal to 5 centimeters. At the end of flowering, wilted flowers fall off, and in their place a baby is formed (a small rosette of leaves).

Caring for neomarika at home

Illumination

Lighting should be bright, but diffuse. Needs direct morning and evening sun. In the summer, shading is required from the scorching midday sun rays (approximately from 11 to 16 hours). In winter, there is no need to shade the plant.

Temperature regime

In the warm season, the plant grows normally and develops at normal room temperature. In winter, it is recommended to rearrange neomarika to a cooler place (from 8 to 10 degrees) and reduce watering. In this case, flowering will be more abundant.

Humidity

Moderate air humidity is ideal for such a plant. It is recommended to moisten the foliage with a sprayer when wintering in a warm place and on hot summer days. If heating devices are working in the room, then the flower can be systematically arranged with a warm shower.

How to water

In the summer, watering should be plentiful, and with the onset of the autumn period, watering is gradually reduced. If the plant hibernates in a cool place, then water it very sparingly.

Dormant period

The dormant period lasts from October to February. At this time, neomarika is placed in a cool (5-10 degrees) well-lit place.

Top dressing

In the wild, such a flower prefers to grow on depleted soils, so frequent and enhanced feeding is not needed. If you wish, you can feed him from May to June 1 or 2 times in 4 weeks. Orchid fertilizer is suitable for this.

Transplant features

Young specimens need an annual transplant, and adults can be subjected to this procedure 1 time in 2 or 3 years. The plant is transplanted in the spring. A suitable soil mixture consists of peat, turf and sand, taken in a 1: 2: 1 ratio, and you need to add soil for heather or coniferous litter to it. The acidity should be at a pH of 5.0-6.0. Capacities need low and wide. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom.

Reproduction methods

As a rule, children are used for reproduction, which are formed at the ends of the peduncles. Experts recommend placing a container with soil directly under the bent child. Tilt the peduncle so that the baby is on the surface of the ground, and fix it with a wire bracket in this position. Rooting will take place after 2-3 weeks, after which the peduncle should be carefully trimmed.

Main types

Neomarica slender (Neomarica gracilis)

This herb is quite large in size. Leathery xiphoid leaves collected in a fan are colored green. Their length varies between 40-60 centimeters, and the width is 4-5 centimeters. The opening of the flowers on the peduncles occurs gradually. The peduncles themselves bear up to 10 flowers with a diameter of 6 to 10 centimeters. The flower withers a day after opening. So, in the morning it begins to open, in the daytime it reaches full disclosure, and in the evening it fades.

Neomarica northiana

It is a herbaceous plant. Its leaves are flat and leathery. Their length varies from 60 to 90 centimeters, while the width is 5 centimeters. The diameter of the fragrant flowers is 10 centimeters, their color is lavender or violet-blue with white.


Reproduction of neomariki at home

To obtain a new plant of "walking iris", sowing of seed material or planting of offshoots is carried out.

When a new baby is formed at the top of a flowering stem after the flower withers, then it can be rooted in a new pot filled with substrate. The pot for such a "kid" is first filled with a layer of drainage, and then a soil mixture suitable for growing neomariki is poured there. Since the peduncle is lengthened in such a way that it bends, then the "baby" is attached with a wire or an ordinary hairpin for hair to the substrate in a new container and lightly sprinkle its base with earth. After the "baby" takes root (after 2–3 weeks) and the formation of new leaves begins, they carefully separate it from the mother specimen and remove the peduncle. Caring for such a plant is the same as for an adult plant.

Usually neomarica obtained in this way begins to delight with flowering already in the second year from the time of planting, when its height approaches 60 cm.

You can also divide an overgrown "walking iris" bush during transplantation, if it has already formed several leaf rosettes. At the same time, when the parent specimen is removed from the pot, then with the help of a sharpened knife, an incision of the neomariki root system is made. Only the divisions should not be small (each should contain at least 3 growth points), otherwise it will be more difficult for them to take root and the loss of some specimens is possible. After that, it is recommended to powder all sections with a powder of crushed activated charcoal or charcoal - this is done for disinfection. Then each of the parts is planted in containers prepared in advance with a laid drainage layer and soil mixture.

The seed method is rather complicated and considered ineffective, since the seed loses its germination properties after a few months. Seeds are sown in shallow bowls filled with light fertile soil or peat-sandy substrate. The dish is wrapped in plastic wrap or placed under a glass vessel. But at the same time, it will be necessary to carry out daily ventilation and if the soil dries out, then it is recommended to moisten it from a spray bottle. After the expiration of the period of 14–21 days, it will be possible to see seedlings, but only 50% of the planted neomariki seeds will germinate. After the seedlings have 2-3 leaves, they are dived in separate pots.


Diseases and pests

Like most plants, Japanese camellia is not immune to attacks from various insects and is affected by diseases. This happens due to non-compliance with the conditions for keeping the flower. The most common pests that harm the plant are spider mites, tea moths, whiteflies and scale insects. An easy remedy to combat them is insecticidal soap. It is sold in flower shops or specialty shops. It is necessary to make a soapy solution, combine the soap with water and spray the flower. If this remedy is ineffective, then chemicals containing insecticides are used.

Chlorosis is a common disease in Japanese camellia. The first sign of illness will be yellowed leaves. The disease is treated with "Iron Chelate", and "Ferrovit" is also often used. The flower is also struck by the cucumber mosaic. With it, pallor of the leaves is observed, their coverage with spots. For treatment, the drug "Actellik" is used. In case of fungal diseases, Japanese leaves cover black or gray spots. They fight the fungus by means of "Fungicide".

Tips for caring for camellia at home in the next video.


Watch the video: NEOMARICA