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Growing Japanese pear-shaped gourds

Growing Japanese pear-shaped gourds


Ishiki Kuri and Oranje Hokkaido are Japanese pear-shaped gourds

Gardening on personal plots is not only about obtaining fresh vegetables - it is rather a massive form of hobby, but for many it is an art that both villagers and townspeople master at their dachas. How to achieve success in cultivation, where to find an outlandish variety, which, with unpretentiousness and simplicity of agricultural technology, would surpass other varieties in yield and taste?

People have been striving for this for years, comprehending the wisdom of agriculture. If you single out gardening in a separate direction, then no hobby will be so massive. Many thousands of people are constantly engaged in the search for an unusual variety, and finding it is a real holiday for them.

I want to tell you about two varieties of Japanese pumpkin selection

Of course, Japanese seeds are not sold in our stores. We are talking about unusually sweet pear-shaped pumpkins of orange color with orange pulp varieties Uchiki Kuri and Oranje Hokkaido (Ishiki Kari and Orange Hokkaido).

Interestingly, the Ishiki Kari variety corresponds to the name of one Japanese character, since resembles him in appearance. The pear shape is even more pronounced in the Orange Hokkaido cultivar. I have tried dozens of pumpkin varieties on my site. There are good varieties, although they are not so common. But these two varieties amazed me. They, despite the small size of the fruits - from 2 to 4 kg - belong to the large-fruited species (Cucurbita maxima Duch), but within this species they belong to the subspecies of small-fruited, or portioned, pumpkins. The small size is convenient for eating without further worries associated with storing the cut fruit.

Over the decades of testing, I have come across various Japanese pear-shaped varieties of the Hokkaido group more than once, but this is the first time I encountered Ishiki Kari's phenomenal yield. The summer of 2006 was unusually cold and rainy. In early June, two Ishiki Kari plants were planted in open ground in a two-week seedling stage (Orange Hokkaido was grown in a different area to avoid cross-pollination).

The soil is ordinary, rich in humus, the place is open, sunny. I did not pinch the lashes and pinch during cultivation, I only weeded the weeds. There was no need to water because the summer turned out to be rainy. In mid-August, 32 fruits weighing 2 to 4 kg were harvested from two plants at once. The remaining flowers and ovaries were left to bear fruit. In September, before the frost, 17 more fruits were harvested; after the first frost, the growing season stopped.

To obtain seeds and preserve the purity of the variety, I did not grow other varieties of large-fruited pumpkins on the site (100-pound, Titan, Goliath, etc.). The seeds of large-fruited pumpkins are glossy, large, dull or white in color - you need to know these signs when planting pumpkin seeds of unknown varieties so as not to plant pumpkins of the same type next to them, if you want to take seeds from them (in our country, two more types of pumpkins are widespread: hard and nutmeg).

In August, after the harvest, Ishiki Kari and Orange Hokkaido immediately gave them a tasting. The undoubted advantage of these varieties is the complete suitability for use in food of freshly harvested fruits. Sweet, like carrots, dense pulp up to 5 cm thick is good in a salad raw, and fried in butter or breadcrumbs with a crust becomes very tender and reminds someone of the taste of fried chestnuts, and to someone of hazelnuts. These varieties are good in all respects: early ripening (fruits ripen in 90-95 days), cold-resistant, disease-resistant, very productive.

Fruits are medium-sized, sweet, with a delicate pleasant aroma, stored until spring. Try and grow such pumpkins. I will send the seeds.

I also send seeds of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, pumpkins, and also seeds of all kinds of vegetable, spicy, ornamental crops; seedlings of frost-resistant grapes, apple trees, pears, cherries, sweet cherries and other crops. Send an envelope with a return address: 140080, Moscow Region, Zhukovsky, PO Box 135. Best regards, Yuri Valentinovich.

The pictures show a harvest of Japanese pear-shaped gourds; pumpkins of Japanese breeding Ishiki Kari and Orange Hokkaido.

Yuri Petrov, experienced gardener,


Garden

Two staunch samurai
(from "Priusadebnaya Gazeta" No. 22, November 2006)

Recently I was able to purchase two varieties of Japanese pumpkin - Uchiki Kuri (Ishiki Kari) and Oranje Hokkaido (Orange Hokkaido).

The fruits of these varieties are pear-shaped (the first is rounded, the second is more elongated), orange peel and unusually sweet flesh of the same color.

Although mainly large-fruited pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) participated in the selection of these varieties, their fruits grow small (from 2 to 4 kilograms), which is very convenient: each pumpkin can be eaten whole at a time and not bother yourself how to save the cut fruit.

Over the years of gardening practice, I have come across Japanese varieties of the Hokkaido group more than once, but this is the first time I have come across such a phenomenal yield as that of Ishiki Kari.

I planted two two-week-old plants of this variety in an open, sunny place in early June (the second variety - Orange Hokkaido - was grown in a different area to avoid cross-pollination). In the process of growing, the lashes did not pinch or pinch, all the care was reduced almost only to weeding. There was no need to water either - enough rains.

In mid-August, from these two plants, I collected 32 fruits weighing from 2 to 4 kilograms, and from the remaining ovaries and flowers, 17 more fruits were obtained, which I managed to collect before the first frost in September.

To preserve the purity of the variety, this year I did not plant other varieties of large-fruited pumpkins (such as Hundred-pound, Titan, Goliath) on my plot so that there would be no cross-pollination. The seeds of large-fruited pumpkins are large, glossy, dull or white (these signs should be known so as not to plant pumpkins of the same type next to them - of course, only if you plan to get your own seeds).

We held a tasting of Japanese novelties immediately after harvesting the fruits - in August. Sweet, like carrots, dense pulp up to 5 centimeters thick is good raw in a salad, and fried in oil, with a thin crust of bread crumbs, it becomes very tender and reminds some of the taste of fried chestnuts, and for others - forest nuts.

In addition, these varieties are cold-resistant, disease-resistant, very productive and early ripening (the fruits ripen in 90-95 days). Small pumpkins with a delicate pleasant aroma are stored until spring.

I can send seeds to everyone who wants to try to grow these two wonderful varieties.
Write to: 140180, Moscow region, Zhukovsky, PO Box 135.

A true specialist should know that the names Orange Hokkaido and Uchiki Kuri, as well as Red kuri squash, baby red Hubbard are synonyms, since these pumpkins are genetically identical. And how you disfigured the name Uchiki Kuri - Ishiki Kari instead of Uchiki Curie - this is an additional shame.


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Plant tolerant to almost all types of soil, but the best option is humus-rich, moderately moist soils with sufficient drainage. The optimum level of soil acidity (pH) is 6.5. Before planting, compost should be added to the soil, the amount of which will depend on the natural characteristics of the soil.

The plant will feel much worse on the site where the following related crops grew before:

Most favorable predecessors for pumpkin are:

  • tomato
  • carrot
  • onion
  • cabbage
  • winter cereals such as wheat or corn.

Sometimes gardeners fear that the plant may become sick or die due to groundwater lying close to the surface. In fact, it has no effect on the growth and yield of the pumpkin.

Pumpkin is a light-loving plant. It will grow best in an area that is illuminated by direct sunlight for at least 6 hours a day. In this case, you can count on the maximum yield and the best quality of the fruit.

At the same time, the plant can grow quite well in partial shade. Knowing this, some gardeners use this type of pumpkin to protect other plants from weeds. Planted in corn beds, a curly ornamental pumpkin takes up space while preventing weed growth and beautifying the garden.


What is Potimaron?

You probably guessed that the hybridization of pumpkin and chestnut tree is unlikely, therefore, pumpkin is rather a representative of the vast family of pumpkin. And indeed it is. Potimarons in France are called a group of pumpkin varieties with the characteristic flavor of roasted chestnut, which is very popular in French cuisine.

For the first time, such a pumpkin appeared in Central America, where it was grown by local Indian tribes. Subsequently, the vegetable was brought to Japan by Portuguese navigators, where the selection over the pumpkin continued. The culture came to France much later in 1957 and was originally distributed under the name "Sweet Hokkaido Pumpkin". Subsequently, the local name "pumpkin chestnut" was assigned to it.

Potimaron belongs to the botanical species large-fruited pumpkin, or Giant (Cucurbita maxima), some varieties of which we grow in our gardens. Therefore, strictly speaking, there is nothing beyond natural in this pumpkin.

The trade name "Potimaron" unites several varieties, which, in addition to external similarity, are distinguished by one main feature: the presence of a characteristic chestnut flavor.

In France, under the name pumpkin chestnut, you can buy the following pumpkin varieties: "Uchiki kuri", "Akaguri", "Red smoke", "French Potimarron" and some others. All of the above pumpkins are pear-shaped and bright orange hues. The classic Potimaron is certainly orange, but there are also varieties of pink, bronze or green.

These pumpkins are portioned, and their weight ranges from one to three kilograms. All Potimarons have a sweetish aroma, a pronounced taste of roasted chestnut puree and a dry, yellow powdery pulp.

Potimaron pumpkin cutaway. © Lyudmila Svetlitskaya


Delicious and extremely unusual variety of butternut pumpkin "Trombone": how to grow and where to apply the crop

Butternut squash is a real miracle for the gardener. The fragrant, sweet and juicy vegetable tastes very much like a melon. Use the product for making soups, casseroles, stuffed dishes.

In the article, we will consider the Trombone nutmeg variety, which is grown by both novice gardeners and experienced gardeners. The vegetable has an unusual curved shape, which is why it got its name. We will find out what this pumpkin is famous for and how to get a rich and tasty harvest on your site.


What varieties to choose for planting

Butternut squash differs in varieties, ripening times and nutrient content. In a state of biological maturity, it has a bright flesh from a dirty yellow to red-orange hue. The color of its peel can have a variety of colors and shades.

There are known varieties of dark green color, like the Granddaughter pumpkin, which bears small fruits with a maximum weight of no more than 2 kg. It is a very sweet variety with an unusual skin covered with small dimples. It was obtained by breeders of the Primorskaya Experimental Station by crossing Japanese butternut pumpkins and zoned varieties. This pumpkin grows well in Asia outdoors and is recommended for high-risk farming areas across the country.

Pumpkin Marina from Chioggia is similar in taste and appearance to the Granddaughter. This is a medium late variety, the fruits of which ripen on the 130th day after germination. This type of butternut squash grows in Europe, on the Mediterranean coast. Produces a flat, ribbed, dark green turban-like fruit. The wrinkled rind can be green to gray in color. The fruit reaches a weight of up to 12 kg and is stored for a long time without loss of quality. The pulp is used for making puddings, cookies, cakes, mashed potatoes. This variety reproduces well outdoors in the European part of the country.

Mid-season pumpkin Marble with unevenly colored greenish-gray skin, decorated with stripes. This variety grows fruits up to 6 kg in weight, which ripen 130 days after germination. The fruits are large, wrinkled, flattened, weighing up to 10 kg. The pulp is dense, orange in color. Suitable for outdoor cultivation in areas where frost occurs in October.

Not inferior to green pumpkins is the mid-late variety Muscat of Provence, in which the color of the bark is painted in light shades of orange. It ripens on day 120, growing its fruits up to 8 kg. This variety has a rounded flattened pumpkin, divided into equal segments and a bright orange flesh that is dense and aromatic. Provencal nutmeg pumpkin has a small seed chamber where small dense seeds hide. Pumpkins lie perfectly in a cool dry place until the next harvest.

Fruits with a bright orange color have less dry matter, but have a greater aroma. Early ripe pumpkin Golden Pear with bright teardrop-shaped fruits weighing up to 2 kg, gives 5-6 fruits from 1 bush. W.her juicy, sweet, roasted chestnut-like flesh. This variety can be grown in regions with short, cold summers.

Vitamin pumpkin with oval bright yellow-orange sides, which sometimes adorn the stripes, grows well only in the south of the country. It takes 140 days to fully mature. The pulp is dark orange in color, juicy and sweet. The maximum weight of the fetus is not more than 5 kg. Nutmeg Vitamin pumpkin is perfectly stored until the next harvest. It is used for making delicate puree, for feeding babies and making juices.


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