Golden Raspberry Plants: Tips On Growing Yellow Raspberries
By: Amy Grant
Raspberries are succulent, delicate berries that grow along canes. In the supermarket, generally only red raspberries are available for purchase but there are also yellow (golden) raspberry varieties. What are golden raspberries? Is there a difference in the care of yellow raspberry plants vs. red raspberry plants? Let’s find out.
What are Golden Raspberries?
Golden raspberry plants bear a mutated version of the common red cultivar, but they have all the same planting, growing, soil and sun requirements. Golden raspberry plants are primocane bearing, meaning they bear fruit off the first year canes in the late summer. They tend to have a sweeter, milder flavor than their red counterparts and are pale yellow to orange-gold in color.
Since they are less common than the red raspberry, they are usually sold as a specialty berry at farmers markets and the like, and command a higher price – a great reason for you to grow your own. So how do you go about growing yellow raspberries?
Growing Yellow Raspberries
There are several yellow raspberry varieties and most are hardy to USDA zones 2-10.
- One of the more common types, Fall Gold, is an extremely hardy variety. The fruit color may vary from very light yellow to a dark orange at maturity. This varietal is an ever-bearing cane, meaning it will produce two crops per year.
- Anne, a late season bearer, should be spaced close together (16-18 inches (40.5-45.5 cm.)), as the cane density is meager.
- Goldie runs in color from gold to apricot and is more susceptible to sunscald than other varieties.
- Kiwigold, Golden Harvest, and Honey Queen are additional yellow raspberry varieties.
Plant golden raspberries in either the late fall or early spring. To grow yellow raspberries, select a sunny site with afternoon shade.
Plant the raspberries in soil that is rich, well draining and amended with compost. Space plants 2-3 feet (0.5-1 m.) and 8-10 feet (2.5-3 m.) between rows, depending on the type planted.
Dig a shallow hole for the plant. Gently spread the roots out, place them in the hole and then fill in. Tamp the soil in around the base of the bush. Water the raspberry well. Prune the canes to no more than 6 inches (15 cm.) in length.
Care of Yellow Raspberry Plants
Care of yellow raspberry plants is not difficult as long as you keep them watered and fed. Water the plants twice a week during the hot summer months. Always water from the base of the plant to lessen the chance that fruit will stay damp and rot. Decrease the amount of water to one time during the week in the fall.
Fertilize the raspberry bushes in early spring using an inorganic fertilizer like 20-20-20. Use 4-6 pounds (2-3 kg.) of fertilizer per 100 feet (30.5 m.) of row. When canes begin to flower, spread fertilizer such as bone meal, feather meal, or fish emulsion at a rate of 3-6 pounds (1-3 kg.) per 100 feet (30.5 m.).
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Read more about Raspberries
Growing Raspberries: A Complete Guide on How to Plant, Grow, & Harvest Raspberries
Ame lives off-the-grid on her beautiful farm in Falmouth, Kentucky. She has been gardening organically for over 30 years and has grown vegetables, fruits, herbs, flowers, and ornamentals. She also participates in Farmers Markets, CSA, and mentors young farmers. Ame is the founder and director of Fox Run Environmental Education Center where she teaches environmental education programs in self-sufficiency, herbal medicine, green building, and wildlife conservation.
What better shout out to summer than biting down on a fresh, sweet raspberry? The only problem is: they’re expensive, and the best tasting ones are often hard to find in grocery stores.
Beyond their unbeatable flavor, raspberries are nice to have around because they’re so undemanding. While your veggie garden might constantly be needing care, your raspberry bushes are off in the corner doing their thing. Come late summer they start offering up bushels of fruit that you can eat fresh, in desserts, at breakfast, or even turned into a sauce for your steak dinner.
That’s why growing raspberries at home is such a brilliant idea. Here’s how to get started.
How to Grow Raspberry Plants
Growing raspberry plants is one of the easiest and most rewarding endeavors in the fruit garden. The plants grow and establish quickly, they fruit early, and the fruit ripens over a period of time for an extended harvest. Some raspberry plants fruit twice – once in summer and once again in fall before frost. Learning how to grow raspberry plants is as easy as actually doing it. Here you will find advice and understand how raspberry plants grow, so you can feel confident as you grow your own.
In “Getting Started”, learn the importance of choosing a location for raspberry plants that keeps their best interest in mind. A sunny spot with well-drained soil is going to be the foundation for your growing success. Plan to build supports for your raspberry plants, since the canes can get weighed down by a heavy fruit crop. A simple trellis, fence, or even tomato cage works to keep raspberry plants (and the fruit) up off the ground. Space individual plants according to their mature width to avoid crowding and competing for nutrients. Find out about some common soil types, and when and how to prepare your soil for raspberry plants prior to planting. Learn about planting both bare-root and potted raspberry plants and what to expect as they grow under your care.
The “Care & Maintenance” section of growing raspberry plants is where you learn to really take ownership of your raspberry patch. Learn about how much and how often to water raspberry plants to keep plants healthy and avoid water-related stress. Discover the fruiting habits of raspberry plants and how pruning can determine their productivity. Learn when to start and stop fertilizing raspberry plants to ensure your efforts are most effective. Identify some common raspberry plant pests and diseases and how to control them should an issue arise. We even provide suggestions on spraying raspberry plants, which helps control existing issues and preemptively minimize potential problems.
We also include advice in “Other Topics” for things like harvesting raspberries, which is arguably the best part of growing your own fruit – second to eating it! Feel free to jump to any specific article in this guide using the “In This Series” menu, or follow along with the navigation markers at the end of each article.
Now you have a good list of thornless (or nearly thornless) raspberry varieties you can try growing.
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Some fruits take a lot of work, but raspberries are hardy and get few diseases.
- Yellow leaves: Raspberries can suffer from iron deficiency, especially if your soil pH is too high. Test your soil and make sure your pH is between 5.5-6.5. Add iron sulfate to the earth to remedy.
- Vanishing canes and leaves: My biggest problem growing raspberries is with my goats and fawns. They think raspberries are a delectable treat. Raspberry canes and leaves are nutritious, but I want all the goodies for me! During the fruiting season, I drape netting over my plants. This helps to protect them from my four legged buddies as well as birds.
- Rabbits: Bunnies also like to nibble on raspberries. Especially in winter when there is less fresh food. There are lots of ways to deter rabbits.
- Light spots: If your raspberries get full afternoon sun and they start to develop light spots, it’s probably sunscalding. Shade your plants in the afternoon or buy resistant varieties.
- Stunted plants: If your plants don’t get enough water they may suffer from water stress. This will cause reduced yields and smaller fruits. Be sure to give growing raspberries plenty of water.
Powdery mildew is sometimes a problem for raspberries. Make sure your plants have plenty of air circulation around them. If you do have powdery mildew on your plants dispose of the canes when you prune.
Cane blight can cause wilt and plant death. You’ll notice cankers on first-year canes that gradually expand and will begin to ooze. Cane blight can be prevented by giving plants plenty of space and watering at the base of plants. Don’t over-feed with nitrogen. Remove and destroy any infected canes.
Raspberry Leaf Spot
Raspberry leaf spot is caused by a fungus. It causes small dark spots that eventually develop into yellow spots on raspberry leaves. It can weaken plants and reduce your harvest. Make sure plants have plenty of air circulation by keeping plants pruned. You can also use a fungicide to control it.
Yellow rust is a fungus common on red raspberries. In the early spring, you’ll see yellow spots on upper plant leaves. As the summer progresses, the spots move down the plant. Fruit may die on the cane and plants may lose their leaves. Make sure plants have lots of air circulation to prevent it. Remove and burn infected leaves and canes. You can also plant resistant varieties.
Red raspberries are particularly susceptible to fire blight. It causes tips of canes to turn black and curl down. Eventually, leaves may wither and die, and fruit may turn brown and dry up. Remove and destroy infected canes and keep pests like aphids away using neem oil, because they can spread disease.
Cane borer is a beetle that attacks raspberries. You’ll first know you have it if the shoot tips of your plants start turning black in the early summer. If you see two rings below the dead tip, it’s a surefire sign that you have cane borer. To control it, cut the shoot at the bottom ring and destroy the pruned cane.
Raspberry mosaic is a group of different pathogens that attack plants. Because it can be caused by numerous viruses, the symptoms can vary. It can look like weak or slow-growing plants, loss of fruit or low fruit quality, or yellow spots on leaves. Aphids are the major culprit for spreading this disease, so do your best to keep them at bay. Look for resistant varieties if you struggle with raspberry mosaic.
Also known as a raspberry fruitworm, this small white and brown beetle feeds on fruit buds and new leaves. They overwinter in the soil and emerge in April or May to start snacking. Use an organic pesticide to control.
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