Detailed description and characteristics of producer watermelons
The producer is considered an early ripening watermelon variety. It is popular among farmers primarily for its yield, disease resistance and juiciness of the fruit. In this article, we will talk about the description and characteristics of watermelon producer. And also we will learn about the features of this type of agricultural technology.
Description and characteristics of the watermelon variety producer
Watermelon Producer was bred by the Americans at the end of the 20th century. The producer is believed to be an improved version of the Crimson Sweet watermelon. The difference between the new version is that it is better protected from such popular diseases as anthracnose and rot, so its yield is extremely high.
The producer weighs from 10 to 20 kg, depending on the growing conditions and technologies. The lashes reach 30-40 cm. It has an oval shape. The bark is of medium density, with alternating green and light green stripes. The pulp is bright red, intense color. The seeds are black in the core. The taste is sweet, sugar.
Scorik is grown in the southern regions of Russia - Krasnodar, the Caucasus. Also in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Tajikistan. It is possible to grow in the middle lane and even in Siberia, but only in greenhouse conditions with irrigation technologies.
Africa is considered the birthplace of watermelon. But the watermelons that are eaten now ("canteens") first appeared in Egypt. From there, they began to spread throughout the world. In the 20th century, scientists began to struggle with the task of making the watermelon more versatile - long-term storage while preserving its taste and richness. The Americans managed to do it successfully. This is how the first varieties of Crimson Sweet appeared, and from them an improved variety appeared - a producer.
Main growing regions: USA, Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, China.
Advantages and disadvantages
The positive features include:
- ripens early
- disease resistant
- Depends on weather conditions
- requires regular watering and special irrigation feeding
- inside does not always have time to keep up
Planting seeds for seedlings
It is best to choose early maturing seeds, with a vision period of about 90 days, or hybrids that are more resistant to cold weather. Seeds for seedlings should be planted in late April - early May.
A mixture of sawdust, earth and humus is suitable as soil, peat can be added. The proportion should be 3: 1. In order not to bother, you can buy special soil for melons in the country store. It contains all the necessary components.
Before starting planting, the seeds need to be prepared:
- Dip in a glass of water with 3% sodium chloride solution.
- Seeds that have settled to the bottom, rinse in gauze under running water
- warm up for 2 hours at a temperature of 55-60 degrees.
- hold in potassium permanganate for half an hour
- put in cheesecloth on the lock, wait for the beak.
It is better to plant seeds in separate peat pots, because there is a high probability of damage to the roots when planting in open ground.
- make holes in prepared pots with soil
- plant a sprouted seed
- For quick germination, cover with foil and place in a warm place.
Landing in open ground
In order to plant watermelon seeds in open ground, you need to choose a place. It should be sunny and warm. Onion plants, tomatoes, cabbage should not grow nearby. Also, you can not plant in a place where melons have already grown before. First you need to dig up the ground, free it from weeds. Fertilize with sawdust, humus.
- Make grooves
- Sift seeds to a depth of 5 cm at a distance of 2 cm from each other
- Drizzle with warm water.
Care and cultivation
Top dressing. A month after planting, when the whips already appear, you need to fertilize the watermelon with mullein (1: 6), superphosphate (1:15). The next feeding should be done when the ovaries are already there.
Watering... Watering should be done twice a day during active growth. Then it will be enough once a week. When fruits appear, watering stops.
Stability. Watermelon constantly needs heat. The optimum temperature is 25-30 degrees.
A haircut. Cut the tops of the shoots in time so that the fruits are large.
Watermelons are propagated by seeds. In nature, the fruit can fall, crack, and the seeds attach to the ground.
Seedless watermelons are propagated by pollination of mother and father varieties. There are no long-term offspring.
Features of aerotechnics
- Variety Producer is extremely moody. It is hard to bear the change of weather, any oversight in the care.
- Disease resistant stem rot and anthracnose.
- High productivity.
- The percentage of seed germination is up to 95%.
Diseases and pests
Despite the fact that the producer has immunity to rot and anthracnoseThere are many other pests and diseases to be aware of.
Melon aphid... A noxious insect that infects the stems of a watermelon. Black spots appear on them, the stems themselves curl. To save a watermelon, you need to completely remove diseased shoots.
Spider mite... As a rule, they appear when the seedlings are just planted. A cobweb forms under the leaves, where the tick sits. The seedling, in turn, begins to dry out gradually. In order to prevent infection on the entire plant, the affected leaves must be burned. Also regularly spray with pest control.
Powdery mildew... Type of fungus. The stems are covered with white spots, gradually drying out. When this fungus appears on a watermelon, you need to remove the diseased stems and spray with a solution of a caratan suspension.
Root rot... Painful fungi in the soil. The plant quickly withers and dies. To prevent this, you need to check the composition of the soil in advance (special laboratory, etc.)
General disease prevention
Before planting, you need to spray the soil with a disinfectant solution.
Inspect plants daily, remove diseased leaves and stems in time.
Many summer residents speak positively about this variety. First, because of the sweet and tasty fruit. Secondly, despite the intolerance to the change of weather, it is quite tenacious. Thirdly, it can be stored in a cold place for up to six months.
Characteristics of watermelon AU Producer
The variety AU Producer round-oval watermelon with a smooth shiny surface. The color of the fruit is variegated, with thorny dark and light green stripes. The berries are distinguished by their high taste and marketability.
The description of the varietal characteristics of the "Producer" from different seed producers may differ slightly. The average values of the main indicators are given in the table:
|Purpose||For fresh consumption|
|Cultivation area||Moldova, Ukraine, southern regions of Russia|
|Pulp||Red, juicy, grainy, high in sugars. The number of seeds is average. The seeds are dark brown in color, located mainly near the bark of the fruit.|
|Weight||8 - 18 kg, depending on agricultural technology and growing area|
|Disease resistance||High (anthracnose, powdery mildew, fusarium, stem rot)|
|The period from emergence to the stage of technical maturation||65 - 75 days|
|Seed germination||Up to 90 - 99%|
|Yield||High, up to 8 kg / m²|
Advantages and disadvantages
The fruits of the Crimson Sweet watermelon, judging by their wide popularity, are appreciated by consumers according to their recognized merits.
- Excellent taste properties
- High commercial performance
- Transportability and keeping quality of fruits up to 2 months
- Drought resistance of the plant
- Low sensitivity of the watermelon variety to anthracnose and fusarium.
In the watermelon of the Crimson Sweet variety, gardeners also find disadvantages, the cause of which, in most cases, is errors in cultivation.
- The wateriness of the pulp of a watermelon occurs when watering is continued when the fruit has already begun to ripen
- A large lash with numerous leaves and small fruits is formed if the plant was given an excess of nitrogen fertilizers or organic matter
- A watermelon scourge generates little fruit if it is in poor conditions such as depleted soil, peaty soil, or shade.
How to choose a culture
To the most productive include plants with the following names: F1 delicacy, Sugar baby, Ogonyok, Crimson Sweet, Chill, Charleston Gray. Productivity 35-100 t / ha.
The following varieties of watermelons are popular in terms of ripening:
- Among the early maturing: Dumara F1, Zenith, Ogonyok, Lunny, Honey Giant, Sugar Baby, Winner 395, Charleston Gray, Producer, Top Gun F1. Ripen in 60-80 days.
Seedless yellow inside varieties of watermelons are in demand: Elow Butterkal F1, Imbar F1, Lunny. From seedless red watermelons you can choose: F1 Sagas, F1 Prince Hamlet, F1 Majestic, F1 Regus, King of Hearts, Sandai Special.
The best varieties of watermelons are chosen from the sweetest: Astrakhan, Bykovsky - 22, Winner 395, Melitopolsky 60. And of the largest - Astrakhan, Palladin F1, Crimson Gloria F1, Carolina Cross, Charleston Gray, Russian size. In the open ground, watermelons are most often planted: Astrakhan, Volgar, Rose of the South-East, Melitopol 142, Yarilo, Ogonka, Radiant.
Transfer to the beds
The Producer Watermelon, as the variety description indicates, has an extensive root system that requires light aerated soils. Therefore, to transfer seedlings to open ground, you need to prepare certain conditions:
- the most favorable are sandy and sandy loam soils - melons will not grow in acidified areas
- the groundwater level should be low
- the earth must first be dug up, weeds removed, fertilized with humus, sawdust
- useful predecessors of the Producer variety are potatoes and legumes, and undesirable - melons
- it is also not recommended to plant tomatoes or onions next to the seedlings of the Producer variety
- an important factor affecting the effective growth and formation of the taste characteristics of the fruit is illumination
- watermelon planting scheme Producer for open ground - 1.4x1.0 m, and for greenhouses - 0.7x0.7 m
- the optimum temperature for intensive growth and rapid ripening is above 20 degrees.
It is good to plant a watermelon Producer in elevated places - they are more intensely illuminated and warmed up by the sun. Seedlings can be planted at an ambient temperature of 15 degrees, when the danger of return frosts is over.
Types of watermelons
All varieties of watermelons are conventionally divided into three varieties:
Each variety is unique in its own way, and in order to better understand each type, we will consider them in more detail.
Watermelon colocynth - lat.Citrullus colocynthis
The homeland of the watermelon is the North African countries, the states of the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea. Watermelon Colocynth is also called "bitter cucumber or apple", in the Bible it was referred to as "wild pumpkin". The species is actively cultivated.
Watermelon Colocynth is a herbaceous perennial plant.
- The shape of the leaves is round.
- Yellow flowers are solitary, unisexual, large in size.
- The fruits are small, with a green, firm and smooth skin, which turns yellow when ripe.
- The pulp is white, with flat yellowish seeds. The seeds have no smell.
Fruits are distinguished by numerous beneficial properties, as they contain protein, glycoside, chloroform, pectin and other useful substances. The seeds contain a large amount of fatty oil. Edible seeds, bitter-nutty taste.
He got to European countries thanks to the Arabs.
Watermelon Colocynth has been used as a remedy by local residents since ancient times. Extracts and powders made from the fruits of Colocynth help relieve constipation, Colocynth is effective for dropsy, and as a kidney stimulant.
Common watermelon- lat. Citrullus lanatus
The most common representative of its kind. More than 1000 species are known. The common watermelon is an annual melon crop grown in nearly 100 countries. It blooms in summer, the fruits ripen in late August and early September.
The fruit is a pumpkin, the shape of which can be of the following shape:
The skin color is usually light or dark green. On the surface of the fruit there is a pattern in the form of stripes, mesh or spots.
Common watermelon, Citrullus lanatus
- The flesh of an ordinary watermelon, usually reddish in color, occasionally yellow or white. The pulp is tasty, juicy and sweet. The size of the fruit varies significantly depending on the species and place of growth.
- Seeds are flat, differing in color.
- The stems of the plant are round, thin and flexible, up to 4 meters long, rather branched, curly and creeping. If the stem is young, it is covered with many soft hairs.
- The leaves are large, 5-18 centimeters wide and 8-22 centimeters long. The surface of the leaves is rough and hard.
- Watermelon flowers are unisexual.
The common watermelon is the most popular and widespread. It is actively cultivated in many countries with suitable climates. First-class taste makes it a desirable and beloved treat.
Plain watermelon description
Despite the popularity of the common watermelon, which is most familiar to the inhabitants of the CIS, its square analogue is becoming more and more popular. The high demand is due to its convenient form. After all, a square watermelon is not only easier to transport, but also more convenient to put in the refrigerator.
When you see a square watermelon in the market or in a store, you should not assume that it is any special variety. This is an ordinary watermelon grown in a special form.
The fruit of the future square watermelon is placed in a special shape when it is still the size of an onion. Plywood or boards of a certain size are used to make the mold. You can make such a box yourself, or you can buy a finished product.
Important! When growing square watermelons, make the box open on one side so that ripe fruit can be easily removed.
The fruit is placed in the mold through a pre-made hole, and the stem comes out. For good ventilation, holes with a diameter of up to 10 millimeters are cut on the sides of the box. Please note that the holes must be absolutely smooth and even. After all, sharp edges can damage the stalk.
The fruit is in the box until it becomes square. Then it is taken out and left in the sun for several days to acquire a bright green color. In this way, not only square watermelons are grown, but also similar pumpkins, cucumbers and zucchini.
As you can see, there are many types of watermelons, each of which is unique in its own way. They are actively grown in many countries, because watermelon is a wonderful berry loved by many, the fruits of which are not only tasty, nutritious and juicy, but also healthy,