Features of keeping turkeys and caring for them - what is the difference with other poultry
In fact, the difficulties of raising turkeys are in most cases exaggerated. If you follow all the intricacies of growing small turkeys and know what conditions turkeys like to live in, keeping this bird will not give you any special problems.
Distinctive features of keeping turkeys
After hearing many flattering reviews about turkey meat and its benefits, many farmers are wondering: should they start breeding this large poultry? We managed to cope with chickens, and with geese too, which means that there should be no special problems with turkeys. Is it so?
In many ways, the conditions for keeping turkeys are similar to keeping other poultry, there are only some features that must be taken into account in order to achieve an excellent result and get a sufficient amount of eggs, fluff and meat from these birds.
The conditions for keeping turkeys are similar to keeping other poultry.
A cramped dark barn for keeping turkeys will not work - make sure that the house is spacious enough for the birds to walk freely. Turkeys need walks because of their high tendency to obesity. It is recommended to calculate the area of the house so that each bird has about one and a half square meters of floor.
Video about the conditions of keeping turkeys
The poultry room must be dry, warm, light (a dark room depressing turkeys) and ventilated, but do not allow drafts, because of which the turkeys can easily catch cold. This is especially true for small turkey poults - from dampness and cold age, they can die as a whole brood.
Keeping turkeys in winter is complicated only by the fact that birds will need to be protected from sudden temperature fluctuations and at the same time ventilate the room from time to time, preferably in warm calm weather. Try to keep the temperature in the house in the summer around +20 degrees, and in the winter to -5 degrees. Turkeys easily tolerate frosts only up to -15-20 degrees, but turkeys rush best at a temperature in the poultry house of +5 degrees.
Keeping turkeys in winter is complicated only by the fact that birds will need to be protected from sudden temperature fluctuations
Poultry house arrangement:
- at a height of 70 cm from the floor, install strong perches for turkeys from a bar with a section of 9x9 or 7x7 cm, so that each bird has about 50 cm of space;
- for laying hens in dark places, arrange nest boxes (for 5 birds - one nest) such that the turkeys do not sit tightly in them;
- be sure to provide baths filled with sand and ash for bathing birds in the poultry house;
- Lay a deep bedding of coarse shavings or straw on the floor and change it from time to time;
- equip feeders and drinkers and regularly clean them of food debris to avoid disease in turkeys.
Together with chickens and other poultry, keeping turkeys and small turkeys is strongly discouraged, otherwise they will easily become infected with unpleasant diseases that can be fatal to the susceptible body of turkeys.
Another distinctive feature of keeping turkeys is that they like to fly higher and rest on the roof of a barn or garage. In addition, in the summer they like to feed on fresh herbs in the pastures.
Together with chickens and other poultry, keeping turkeys and small turkey poults is strongly discouraged.
Features of caring for turkeys, turkeys and turkeys
Unlike chickens, turkey poults require a higher room temperature during the first days of life (if they are not reared under a brood hen), special feeding and more care. The features of growing turkey poults are covered in a separate article on our website.
Turkeys differ from the rest of the poultry in a sharply expressed hen instinct. Under natural conditions, this quality was necessary for the survival of turkeys, but with home breeding of turkeys, it only interferes - the turkey lays fewer eggs, refuses to eat and rapidly loses weight. Farmers have to take special measures to make the brood hen leave the nest:
- direct a bright light to the nest;
- add an active male to the turkey;
- lower the temperature;
- remove the turkey from the nest and send it for a walk.
Video about growing turkeys
Proper care of turkeys necessarily includes a special diet in accordance with the age of the turkeys. Feeding turkeys is different from other poultry. For example, turkeys need a large amount of animal proteins during their growth, and to ensure good egg production, turkeys need to ensure that a sufficient amount of vitamins enter their body along with the feed.
Much depends on how to care for turkeys, how to feed them, in what conditions they are kept: the taste of meat, egg production and quality of eggs, the health of adult turkeys and small turkeys. If you follow the general rules for keeping turkeys, you will easily succeed in breeding them.
[Votes: 1 Average: 5]
Breeding and caring for turkeys
From our article today, you will learn:
- Features of turkeys.
- How to arrange turkey nests.
- How to keep turkeys
- How to feed them.
- How to find out who will hatch a turkey or turkey.
Caring for turkeys and turkeys is just as difficult as caring for other poultry. First of all, it is necessary that the turkeys are early. Early broods can be obtained by keeping turkeys in slightly heated rooms during the winter. It does not follow from this that turkeys should always be in a warm room, on the contrary, in light frosts and dry winter days they should be released into the yard from sunrise to sunset, only a warm overnight stay is needed, and special attention should be paid to such an aspect as turkey diseases
Before you start a rabbit as a pet, you need to familiarize yourself with the characteristics and descriptions of each breed. List of popular types of decorative fold rabbits:
- 1. Lop-eared ram. The ram is the most beautiful of the fold-eared breeds. They look like a stuffed toy. Their weight ranges from 1.5-3 kg. The mother rabbit is able to bring 5-6 cubs in one okrol. In babies of this breed, after a few weeks, the ears begin to droop. The length of the ears of an adult is from 22 to 28 cm. The color of the coat is monochromatic, but it can have different shades. The lop-eared ram is non-aggressive and friendly towards people. Based on the reviews about this breed, we can say about their intelligence. Some rabbits of this breed remember their nickname well. They have the ability to quickly get used to a new owner and follow him everywhere.
- 2. French ram. This species made itself felt back in 1850. Representatives of this particular species are famous for their external data. Their ears can reach up to 70 cm in length and up to 15 cm in width. Such a length of ears gives the animal a lot of inconvenience, and the owners are forced to pick them up at the back of the head. They are deaf, so they are not afraid of loud and harsh sounds. The weight of these rabbits is 4–4.5 kg, but there are also giants of 10–11 kg.
- 3. English Folds. This breed has an ancient history. Owners of huge ears and short front legs.
- 4. Plush. These rabbits got this name because of some resemblance to a stuffed toy. They have a soft and short coat.
- 5. Hairy. This species differs from the rest in its long hair.
- 6. Dutch dwarf fold. This variety is widespread. Rabbits of this breed are usually kept as pets. The ears are 22-27 cm long and weigh about 1.5 kg. The coat color of the Dutch rabbit is varied, but with one condition: the hind legs and front part are white. Possesses high fertility. Can produce offspring of up to 6 cubs per okrol. Despite the friendly nature of this animal, traits of selfishness can be found in it.
- 7. Dwarf. Their peculiarity lies in the fact that reaching adulthood, they remain small in size.
Rabbit breed lop-eared ram
Decorative rabbit breed French ram
The lifespan of decorative lop-eared rabbits depends on health, conditions of detention and nutrition. With proper maintenance and care, animals can live from 12 to 15 years.
Purpose and character of the dog
Eski are non-aggressive breeds. With a light disposition, they are great even for keeping in an apartment. They get along well with kids, are friendly. Due to their careful behavior, they are sometimes compared to babysitters for babies.
Their gentle nature allows them to quickly become attached to their owners, they do not tolerate long separations, since they consider themselves full members of the family. When giving preference to a pet, do not forget that Eski bark loudly and at the same time have a sufficiently clear voice.
What and how to feed turkeys and adult turkeys
Newborn turkey poults are gentle creatures, therefore, at first they need increased attention and care. From the first day, they should be fed with a finely grated boiled egg mixed with corn grits. After 6-7 days, the egg can be removed from the diet.
Turkey poults need a balanced diet.
Also, turkey poults will benefit from cottage cheese, well pounded without lumps, chopped green onion feathers, grated carrots, porridge from various cereals. Nettle, clover, dandelion, alfalfa will also be very beneficial for them. You should feed every three hours, in small portions.
Attention. Their water should be warm, you can add a little sugar or glucose to it. Cold water can kill poults.
Adult turkeys also need to be fed a balanced diet. Their diet should contain amino acids, fats, animal proteins, greens and dry food.
In the summer, the situation is facilitated by the availability of walking. Turkeys in the pasture independently find grass, insects and other useful ingredients. Therefore, in the summer it will be enough to give them dry grain in the morning and in the evening and make sure that there is fresh and clean water in the drinkers.
The diet of adult turkeys includes: compound feed, herbs, proteins of animal origin.
In winter, turkeys are fed 3 times a day. In the morning and in the evening, a grain mixture consisting of corn, barley and wheat, and in the afternoon - a wet mash, with the addition of soybean meal, fish and meat and bone meal and greens. Carrots, acorns, walnuts, fir, pine or spruce needles, dry nettles, red rowan berries, if possible, should be added to the diet.
Severe frost does not favorably affect boxwood bushes. If the air temperature drops to 20 degrees below zero, some weakened plants die if timely measures are not taken and they are not covered.
Therefore, before the first snow falls, preferably at the end of autumn, it is necessary to wrap up the plants, for which burlap or other materials are used that can protect the boxwood from icy winds and exposure to direct sunlight on frosty days.
To prevent the trees from being damaged by unfavorable weather conditions, plant them in semi-shaded areas. It is better to select frost-resistant species.
It is forbidden to use cellophane film to cover the boxwood. Excess moisture is created under the film, which has a detrimental effect on plants.
Basic rules of care
The purchased bird should be kept in quarantine for about a month, observe it, find out what food it prefers. If infections are detected, make an appropriate examination of the droppings and carry out the necessary treatment, isolating the sick individual.
It is not recommended to place cages with birds near heating devices; in houses with stove heating, hang them from the ceiling - this can be dangerous due to the accumulation of carbon monoxide at the top. In the warm season, the birdhouse should be in the sun, but shaded corners should remain in the cage.
Cage cleanliness is essential for bird health... It is necessary to periodically clean out accumulated dirt on the perch and pallet, rinse them with hot soapy water. And also be sure to monitor the cleanliness of the feeders, drinkers and baths.
Pets do not like harsh sounds; they must be treated gently and calmly. It is better to get untamed birds out of the cage with a special net, so they are less frightened. When the birds get used to the home environment, they can periodically be released to fly around the room. Such birds feel more comfortable, which has a beneficial effect on their health.
Pets can become a source of positive and joyful life, brighten up the leisure of lonely people. This exciting hobby brings you closer to nature, has a positive effect on the human psyche and brings all family members closer together. For a start, it is better to buy an already tamed small bird that will not experience stress in captivity and will give its owner many pleasant minutes.