Makodes (Macodes) - precious orchid, is a representative of the Orchid family. The homeland of makodes is the hot and humid tropical forests of the islands of the Malay Archipelago, Oceania, New Guinea, and the Philippines.
Literally translated from Greek, the name of the plant means "length". This word was used to describe the structure of the flower lip.
Makodes is classified as a precious type of orchid due to its highly decorative leaves, velvety to the touch with an intricate vein pattern. Such orchids in the wild lead an epiphytic or terrestrial lifestyle. Orchid leaves are so beautiful that they seem to be laced with veins of precious metal - silver or gold. There are also leaves with veins of shades of red copper or bronze. The color of the leaves is green, brown, olive and even black. The combination of shades of leaves and veins creates a spectacular houseplant. Makodes blooms with small nondescript flowers collected on a peduncle.
Caring for makodes at home
Location and lighting
Makodes does not tolerate bright sunlight. From them significant burns appear on the precious leaves. The orchid will feel best in a darkened place. In winter, when daylight hours are short, the Makodes needs additional lighting. To do this, the plant must be placed under a fluorescent lamp and the daylight hours must be extended to 14 hours a day.
The daytime air temperature for optimal growth and development of makodes should vary from 22 to 25 degrees. This rule applies to both cold and warm seasons. At night, the temperature should not drop below 18 degrees. The leaves are very sensitive to temperature extremes. Too low a temperature leads to the fact that an unusual burgundy shade appears on the leaves.
Makodes originated from the rainforest, which never lacks moisture. Therefore, the optimal level of air humidity for a plant varies between 80-90% and should not fall below. If this happens, then the orchid will begin to slow down growth, lose the decorative color of the leaves. A wonderful place for growing makodes is the florarium.
The orchid can be regularly sprayed with a spray bottle that will create a fine spray. Water for such a procedure must be distilled or settled, not lower than room temperature. It is important that the water is not hard, as sediment may remain on the leaves.
In the spring-summer period, makodes is in a herd of active growth and development, therefore, during this period, the flower will be grateful for an arranged warm shower with a water temperature of 35 degrees. After the procedure, the leaves of makodes are wiped with a soft napkin or rag, and only after they have completely dried, the plant is transferred to the room.
Makodes needs regular abundant watering throughout the year. The soil in the pot should not dry out, since the orchid is very sensitive to drought. But it is also not worth arranging a swamp in a pot, since this is fraught with rotting of the root system. The bottom irrigation method is best, for which soft, settled water at room temperature is used. It is important that no water gets into the leaf axils when watering, otherwise the plant may begin to rot.
If the temperature in the room is below 18 degrees, then it is better to wait with watering at this time. At such a low temperature, the roots of the plant do not take water from the soil, but begin to rot. Therefore, first it is worth raising the ambient temperature in the room and only after that water the plant.
The soil must be nutritious. The optimal soil for makodes consists of peat, leafy soil, charcoal, chopped fern roots, and small pieces of pine bark. You can put sphagnum moss on top. The substrate can be made by yourself or you can buy it ready for orchids at a flower shop.
Top dressing and fertilizers
It is necessary to feed the precious makodes orchid only during the period of active growth and flowering about 1 time per month. Orchid fertilizers can be used as top dressing. If there is an excess of fertilizers in the soil, the leaves will lose their beauty and decorative color.
Makodes are transplanted as needed immediately after flowering is complete. If the roots of the plant are completely entwined with an earthen ball, then such an orchid needs to be transplanted into a wider pot. After transplanting, Makodes is placed in a warm, lighted place with a high level of air humidity, thus helping to better adapt to new conditions.
For makodes grown outdoors, the dormant period begins in October and ends in February. If makodes grows in a greenhouse or is under fluorescent lamps all year round, then such a plant does not have a dormant period. At the onset of a dormant period, Makodes must be kept at an air temperature of 18 to 20 degrees.
Reproduction of makodes
Makodes can be propagated in the following ways: cuttings, dividing the rhizome, stem segments.
Cuttings makodes can be propagated throughout the growing season. The cut of the cutting is sprinkled with activated charcoal, dried and planted in wet sphagnum moss. To deepen the cutting is necessary at the very base of the leaf. It is important not to miss the depth of the leaf itself on the handle.
When makodes is propagated by stem segments, they are also rooted in sphagnum. If the method of dividing the rhizome is chosen, then at least 3 shoots should be left.
Diseases and pests
Among the pests of the precious orchid, the most common are the whitefly, mealybug, scale insect, spider mite.
Popular types of makodes
Makodes petola - a precious orchid with wide ovoid leaves, velvety to the touch of a rich emerald color. The veins on the leaves are golden in color, shimmer in the sun. Creeping shoots, fleshy, rhizome reaches 5 cm in diameter. The width of the leaves is about 5 cm, the length varies from 6 to 8 cm. Flowers, like other types of precious orchids, are small, collected in inflorescences in the form of a cyst, up to 15 pieces. Shades of colors are red with an admixture of brown. The peduncle can reach about 20-25 cm in height.
Makodes orchid - proper care and cultivation
Orchid: Macodes Petola. Recent acquisition
Features of orchid care
- At the end of winter and spring, orchids begin a period of active growth. At this time, you need to provide them with good lighting and a sufficient amount of water.
- In summer, orchids develop intensively and need regular watering and feeding. To supply the plant with the necessary nutrients during the growing season, there are special fertilizers.
- In late summer and autumn, pseudobulbs ripen, shoots and flowers are laid. At this time, it is recommended to lower the temperature by 4-6 ° C, less intensive watering.
- In autumn and winter, the stage of dormancy and flowering begins. Many orchids flower at the beginning of the dormant period or during dormancy. Winter care comes down to increasing lighting and decreasing watering.
Features of growing and caring for precious orchids at home
When caring for precious orchids, every effort should be made to delay the flowering period. Although there are amateurs who keep the inflorescence. Most growers are of the opinion that this hopelessly spoils the appearance of the orchid. If you maintain a certain temperature and light, you can achieve a delay in flowering, but sooner or later a modest flower appears at the top of the plant.
Precious orchids are very sensitive to light intensity. They tolerate sunlight well only in the morning and evening. A lack of light provokes a strong elongation of the shoots, and an excess leads to a loss of bright color of the leaves.
It is especially beneficial to grow orchids on east-facing windows.
Advice! Protect your precious orchid from direct sunlight.
Almost all orchids of the variegated family prefer artificial lighting. The plant can thrive well in unlit areas. If there is not enough light, sparsely located small leaves will begin to appear.
It is better to water the plants in the morning or afternoon and do it with care, avoiding water getting into the leaf axils.
If the orchid grows in a closed small greenhouse, watering should be reduced to a minimum (no more than twice a month), since the substrate retains water for a long time in a greenhouse. Many growers prefer bottom watering to orchids when the soil is getting moisture through the drainage holes. In low humidity, the tips of the leaves begin to fade. The orchid should be regularly sprayed with water.
At different times of the year, the plant needs its own temperature regime. Are considered favorable for summer 25-28 ° С - during the day and 18-22 ° С - at night. In winter, it is permissible to maintain the temperature within
Violation of this regime provokes the appearance of inflorescences. This means that the shoot stops growing. New leaves stop appearing and the plant quickly loses its beauty.
Containers and soil
Orchids grow well in low and wide bowls. At the bottom, as a drainage, lay out small pieces of foam and cover them on top with a substrate, on top of which sphagnum moss is lined. A pot change is needed every few years, as the plant develops.
You only need to fertilize orchids with special fertilizers, which can be bought in specialized stores. The dosage should be adhered to, avoiding excess. Fertilizers are added no more than once every two or three weeks. If the orchid is overfed, the pattern on the leaves loses its beauty.
Orchids growing at home need to be replanted annually. Some types can be retaken after two years. The composition of the soil is complex, therefore it is recommended to purchase it in specialized stores.
The approximate composition of the mixture: peat, pine bark and needles, humus. Styrofoam balls work well as drainage.
After transplanting, the flower needs comfortable conditions. To do this, transfer it to a room with high humidity. Keep it warm and draft-free. Return the plant to its original location after a week.
There are several ways to propagate precious orchids. For planting, a stalk of an adult plant or part of the stem is taken. Another way is to divide the bush. It is used when a plant is going to be transplanted. The overgrown bush is divided into several parts. It is important that each part of the bush includes three branches. The soil for planting is prepared in advance.
Improper care is the main cause of plant diseases. Besides orchids can be affected by root rot... This is reflected in the yellowing of the leaf plates and the appearance of an unpleasant odor from the roots of the plant. Stem rot affects the stem of the orchid itself. Plant transplanting can help. White rot attacks the stem from the inside. Unfortunately, saving an orchid affected by white rot will not work. It must be destroyed. To prevent such a formidable disease, you need thorough disinfection of the soil and pots, regular watering, and fertilization of the flower.
What are precious orchids, their common characteristics. Species suitable for indoor culture
Precious orchids belong to the Orchid family... In Madagascar, in East Asia, they can be seen in their natural habitat. More often there are specimens of leaf plates which are colored green. But there is a species with variegated leaves. Precious orchids belong to this very species, and have received a second name, which is not so sonorous - "variegated orchids".
The beauty of the leaves immediately attracts attention. Not surprisingly, precious orchids are not grown for their flowers, but for their gorgeous leaves. Inflorescences of precious orchids can be called nondescript, but they exude a very subtle, heady aroma, different for each type of orchid.
The color of the leaves depends on belonging to a particular species and can be cherry, silver, black or dark green with sparkling veins. They are clearly visible on the velvety surface of the leaf and are woven into bizarre patterns of threads from copper to silver. Often, precious orchids are called "miracles of nature."
Despite the abundance of species of orchids with variegated leaves (about 200), the group of plants that can be grown indoors includes only 6 species.
This is not to say that they are all popular. The leaders in this list are Ludisia and anoectochilus. Many growers prefer to breed Macodes in their greenhouses. Species such as dossinia and goodyera are less common in indoor collections, but the color scheme of the leaves of these precious orchids is also admirable.
Precious orchids for beginners
Orchids are a unique family that can grow in a wide variety of climatic conditions. The whimsical leaves of the precious orchids attract amateur flower growers. They make not always successful attempts to breed these unusual plants at home. Unfortunately, orchids are very finicky, they require constant attention and knowledge of some nuances. Beginners should be aware that this is not a cheap pleasure. The plant grows well only on special substrates. To maintain humidity in the room where the orchids grow, you will need to purchase air humidifiers. In addition, special containers will be required where precious orchids will grow.
If you are not afraid of the difficulties of growing and the high cost of this hobby, feel free to start creating your collection of precious orchids.
Even experienced growers are forced to re-learn some of the orchid care techniques. therefore for a start, you should not chase rare orchids, but opt for the most unpretentious specimens orchid family. It will take time to learn and get used to the peculiarities of indoor orchid cultivation. It is no secret that many of these gorgeous plants die already in the first time after purchase, and disappoint inexperienced growers.
Get your first precious orchid from a trusted flower shop.
It is there that you can buy a hybrid adapted to the conditions of the apartment.
Pay attention to the condition of the plant:
- the leaves should not have dried edges and brown spots
- make sure the potting medium is free of mold
- sometimes roots are visible in a transparent pot. Healthy people do not have a flattened dense appearance
- it is worthwhile to first study the information about the flower you like
- stock up on a spray bottle, and if necessary, a lamp for additional lighting
- buy a substrate. It includes pine bark.
Don't buy your first mail-order orchid. The resuscitation process takes experience. There are many features of plant recovery after conservation.
The first orchid in your collection may well be Ludisia.
Another name for the flower is "Diamond".Compared to other representatives of this species, it is not so miniature. The foliage of the plant resembles an oval in shape, but with sharp tips.The pattern attracts with its contrast. On a leaf blade of olive or purple color, silvery streaks, symmetrical relative to the center of the leaf, appear.
The flowers of Ludisia are small and slightly creamy, which gives the plant a special sophistication and grace.
Several varieties of the flower are known:
- Ludisia "Discolor". This specimen is considered quite rare among precious orchids. Characteristic features: creeping stem, silvery velvet leaves with veins forming a peculiar pattern
- Ludisia "Tanlaniana". The leaves of the plant are wide with a mesh pattern in the center.
- Ludisia "Alba". Looks simpler than other relatives. There are no dark shades in the color. Longitudinal leaves are decorated with white stripes.
- Ludisia "Velvet". The plant is distinguished by velvety emerald leaves. Thin red streaks run through both sides of the marvelous leaves.
Precious orchids for experienced flower growers
Experienced flower growers cope with the cultivation of more capricious specimens of precious orchids and do it with great pleasure. According to them, precious orchids are those plants that must be seen alive in order to appreciate all the beauty of this amazing flower.
This is a kind of creeping precious orchid. The height of the shoots reaches eight centimeters. A feature of the plant is intense branching. The leaves of the plant are in the form of an oval. They are bordered by a velvety, amazingly beautiful edge. It seems that the plant is enveloped in golden lace.
The leaf is almost eight centimeters long. Leaves range from light green to dark green with gray and emerald splashes.
Peduncles of "Makodes" are long with small beige flowers.
This is one of the miniature representatives of precious orchids. Its height barely reaches 150 centimeters. The leaves are green with a deep brown tint, adorned with sparkling gold and silver veins that accentuate the glossy texture of the leaf plate. The plant is characterized by a dense rosette with large leaves.
Makodes - gardening
For a long time I looked at these exotic, proud, beautiful flowers, but somehow I was afraid that I would not be able to provide them with proper care. But on New Year's Eve the opportunity presented itself to receive an orchid as a gift. This is how my first Phalaenopsis orchid appeared, a yellow stately handsome man with two peduncles and all covered with buds. My joy knew no bounds! It bloomed for almost four months. In the photo, just he, you can appreciate his beauty. He is resting now.
Then, literally a week after the first acquisition, another Phalaenopsis orchid appears, this time in white. But in this case, the happy ending did not end there. My son dropped a pots with a flower and most of the fragile roots broke off. Plus (as I later understood) the growth point was damaged and the orchid began to die before our eyes. Here I shoveled a lot of information about orchids: “What happened? How can I help? ... ", but unfortunately all my attempts to revive the orch were useless, having existed in the greenhouse until the middle of summer, the sick orchid said goodbye to me ...
But as the saying goes, there is never a silver lining - having visited a large number of sites and forums, I realized that apart from phalaenopsis, this is not the only orchid, there is still a huge number of orchids, and besides, no less beautiful. And then my orchid mania began. Since our city is small and non-flower shops do not please with a rich assortment, I began to order orchis by mail.
I will say right away, from what I ordered by mail, half of them died over time. I ordered it in Tyumen, apparently some plant was sick and several orchids died from black rot, although at first the roots began to grow and new growths began. Several phalaenopsis from a private collection came with already damaged root systems and could not be saved either.
But to my delight, most of the specimens I purchased have been successfully preserved and even some of them delight me with the appearance of peduncles.