Dyschidia (Dischidia) belongs to the family of epiphytes Lastovnievy. The habitat of this plant in the wild is the rainforests of India, as well as Australia and Polynesia. Dyschidia is attached by aerial roots to the trunks and branches of another plant, braids it and thus is attached quite firmly.
When caring for dyschidia at home, you need a reliable support to which it will cling to aerial roots and grow like a vine. This plant is interesting in that it has two different types of leaves. The first are oval, thin, light green in color; the latter are dense, fleshy, can coalesce with each other and form something like a container for collecting and storing water.
Under natural conditions, ants and other insects can be found in such water lilies. The plant can feed from the axils of the leaves with water, launching part of the aerial roots in them. It blooms 3-4 times a year with white, red or pink small flowers. The peduncle has three flowers, it grows from the leaf sinus. The ampel method is used to grow dyschidia.
Dyschidia care at home
Location and lighting
Dyschidia fully grows and develops only with good lighting. It is worth shading the plant from direct sunlight, otherwise burns will appear on the leaves.
Since dyschidia grows in humid hot tropics, it will actively grow in room conditions at sufficiently high air temperatures - from 25 to 30 degrees in summer and at least 18 degrees in winter.
Dyschidia grows well only under the condition of constant high humidity, therefore it needs to be sprayed every day. For additional moistening, the pot itself can be placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay (sand), but provided that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water. A greenhouse, conservatory or terrarium is ideal for growing a plant.
In summer and spring, watering dyschidia should be moderate and carried out as the topsoil (2-3 cm) dries out completely. For irrigation, only soft, settled water at room temperature or slightly higher is suitable. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced, but not stopped at all.
For planting, a special soil for bromeliad plant species is suitable. It should be well moisture and breathable. Also, at home, dyschidia can be grown as an epiphytic plant: on the bark of a tree or special blocks filled with pine bark, sphagnum and pieces of charcoal. The container with the substrate must have a good drainage layer.
Top dressing and fertilizers
Dyschidia needs fertilization in spring and summer. The frequency of feeding is 1-2 times a month. For the subcortex, fertilizers are used for decorative deciduous plants.
Dyschidia is best replanted in spring. A young plant needs a transplant every year, and an adult - as the pot is filled with roots.
Reproduction of dyschidia
The plant can be successfully propagated both by seeds and cuttings. For propagation by cuttings, the stems are cut off about 8-10 cm. The sections are smeared with root and placed in a wet mixture of sand and peat. From above, the container is closed with a bag or glass. The temperature of the content of an impromptu greenhouse should be at least 20 degrees. The soil should be regularly moistened, and the greenhouse should be ventilated.
After flowering, seeds appear in the pods. They look like dandelion seeds. The soil for planting them should be light and nutritious. From above, they are slightly covered with earth, and the container is closed with a bag or glass and left at a temperature of about 20-25 degrees.
Diseases and pests
The pests that most commonly affect dyschidia include mealybugs and spider mites.
- If the root system of the plant begins to rot, then this may indicate an excess of moisture in the soil.
- Due to the overabundance of lighting, the leaves begin to change their color from green to red.
- At low air humidity, the antennae of the plant acquire a brown tint, and the bubbly leaves cannot fully develop.
Dyschidia - gardening
A hydrogel is a moisture-swelling polymer material capable of retaining moisture in the soil along with nutrients dissolved in it during irrigation or natural precipitation and gradually giving them to plants. Hydrogel belongs to a new class of substances capable of absorbing and keeping in a swollen state huge amounts (200-400 ml per 1 g of the drug, depending on conditions) of moisture. At the same time, on the indicated scale of swelling, moisture does not change any of its properties, except for physical mobility. More than 95% of the moisture accumulated in the hydrogel particles is available to plants. It allows you to get an excellent inexpensive moisture-containing mixture for the root system during storage, transportation and transplanting of seedlings, providing a supply of moisture for their survival and good engraftment. Correct application can reduce watering by 50-70% for potted plants, 15-40% for lawns, 20-40% for most crops. Reduces the loss of soil nutrients and applied fertilizers (especially nitrogen) by reducing their leaching from the soil.
Method of using hydrogel for seedlings:
Soak the hydrogel overnight (at the rate of 20 grams per 3 liters of water). Throw on a sieve, drain excess water. Then, depending on the size of the seeds, there are two ways:
1. Small seeds (like lobelia).
Take ready-made seedling soil and mix 3 parts of soil and 1 part of ready-made (swollen) gel. Fill the bowls with this mixture, and on top apply a layer of gel, rubbed through a sieve until smooth. Lightly tamp and sow small seeds, then spray with water from a spray bottle. Cover the dish with plastic wrap. Remove seeds that germinate in the dark for the duration of germination in a dark place. After germination, you can dive the seedlings into a mixture of ready-made soil with a hydrogel.
2. Large seeds.
Pour the prepared gel into bowls without mixing with the ground. Sow seeds, cover with foil and put in a dark place. When the seeds germinate, dive the seedlings into a mixture of the prepared soil with the hydrogel.
Hydrogel - an environmentally friendly polymer product, with neutral chemical reactions, non-toxic, improving the properties of the soil without harming it.
Simply put, a hydrogel is a substance that absorbs and retains moisture. The drug absorbs liquid, turning it into a gel, as a result of which moisture neither evaporates nor goes into the lower layers of the soil. More importantly, the soil does not lose its nutrients.
The main uses of the hydrogel are:
getting seedlings of higher quality and in a shorter time
gardening (garden and ornamental trees, shrubs)
artificial soil in hydroponics
As you know, during irrigation, most of the water with fertilizers is carried out into the lower layers of the soil. Unfortunately, a very small amount of moisture (about 10%) gets into the places accessible for plant roots through the capillaries. The use of a hydrogel as an additive in the planting soil allows you to create a supply of water and fertilizers necessary for the plant root system.
You can do it in another way: before planting, the roots of the seedlings are dipped in a gel-like solution. In this case, the gel envelops the roots, providing the necessary initial supply of moisture for plant development. The landing itself is done in the usual way.
Planting trees and shrubs
When planting perennial trees and shrubs, usually about 10 g of the preparation is poured onto the bottom of each planting hole (i.e., a hole), after which planting material is inserted into the prepared hole and soil is poured on top, compacted and abundantly watered with water.
The second method: before planting, dip the roots in a gel-like solution, as is the case with plant seedlings. This method, according to experts, is irreplaceable if the seedlings are subject to long-term storage or transportation before planting. The gel envelops the roots, not only providing a supply of moisture for the normal development of the plant, but also protecting against disease and damage during transportation.
The use of hydrogels is especially effective on unfavorable soils (highly saline, polluted, etc.), because in this case, high survival rate and normal development of seedlings are ensured.
There are two main areas of application of hydrogel in landscape design:
1) adding a hydrogel to the soil to optimize the water supply to plants and improve its properties
2) protecting the root system of seedlings from drying out during transportation or transplantation.
The unique properties of the hydrogel when growing lawns make it possible to achieve almost one hundred percent amicable germination of seeds, which will grow into a chic thick green "carpet", and this despite the fact that the frequency of watering is significantly reduced.
Lawn grass will grow anywhere: on sand, stones, in a shady area.
It becomes possible to perform complex relief work (alpine slides, high flower beds, flower beds, etc.). With a hydrgel, it is possible, without high costs and with high efficiency, not only to prevent side runoff and fertilizer carry-over down the profile, but also to provide the necessary water regime for soils and soils of elevated areas. The amount of polymer used will vary depending on the type of soil and local climatic conditions.
The use of hydrogel in indoor floriculture
One of the most popular uses for hydrogel is indoor floriculture. The hydrogel is introduced into the soil (2-3 g of the preparation per 1 liter of soil) and mixed thoroughly. After mixing, the resulting mixture is plentifully watered and the plants are planted in it.
Hydrogel use in hydroponics (artificial soil)
Hydrogel can be used in hydroponics as an independent element, in the form of artificial soil. Plants that love hydroponics grow well in a hydrogel. Plants look spectacular in a glass container. In this case, the hydrogel can be painted in the desired color.
To plant a plant in a hydrogel, it is recommended to wash the roots from the ground, pour the hydrogel into a vase up to 70-80% of the final volume and place the plant roots on it, then add the hydrogel to the top and slightly crush the upper layers for a more complete adherence to the roots.
For watering, experts advise using boiled or distilled water. It is necessary to water the hydrogel as the upper layers dry. Water is poured into a flower vase so that the dried hydrogel completely regains its original volume. Excess water (if any) is removed.
You can reduce the evaporation of water from the hydrogel by covering the surface with ordinary cling film. When adding mineral makeup to a hydrogel, it is better to use formulations specially designed for these purposes. Over time, mold may develop in containers. In this case, it is necessary to rinse the hydrogel
Plant as a gift
As a rule, flower lovers choose and purchase indoor plants for themselves. But more and more often they are bought as gifts for friends and acquaintances on some occasion or for some holiday.
Indeed, a living plant is a wonderful gift, beautiful and sincere.
In this case, let's try to choose gift plants for different people, taking into account their characters.
It gives him the greatest pleasure to amaze friends and acquaintances. You can try to surprise him too. Magnificent platitzerum, atmospheric tillandsia on snag, or dioscorea "elephant's foot", boviea, nepentes and Co., dyschidia. It can also be, for example, a spectacular takka or "black" zandechia.
He quenches his passion for distant lands by surrounding himself with objects and furniture in colonial or ethnic styles. Often such people collect shells, butterflies, or something else foreign. Such a person can be pleased with some colorful exotic plant. These can be palms, monstera or philodendrons, medinila, strelitzia, papyrus, echmeya and other bromeliads, globba, clerodendron, arrowroot and callatea, turmeric, passionflower. In fact, the list can be very long, you just need to decide on the size of the plant.
Only those plants will withstand such a host that can tolerate the lack of care and watering during his frequent and long trips. These are the most diverse cacti and succulents, "living stones" and "bottle" plants. Basically, the so-called decorative deciduous species, but among them there are beautiful or interesting blooming. For example, epiphyllum, adenium, ceropegia, stapelia.
Plants play the role of living sculpture or installation in his stylish home. For this role, not very demanding, but expressive plants are chosen. Phalaenopsis, Ethiopian feces, spathiphyllum, anthurium andre, sedum, sansevier, dracaena, yucca are just for him.
People of this nature do not like excessive pretentiousness. Their apartment is dominated by noble minimalism. Best suited for them plants as a gift with a Far Eastern flavor: azalea, cymbidium, dedrobium, grasses and mosses, thick dwarf trees, like some ficuses or "money tree". Large plants include bamboo and banana. And of course they will love bonsai.
Likes to surround himself with elements of luxury, be it stylish trinkets, antiques, incense, the best drinks, cigars. He will like only the most extraordinary plants. For example: orchids with extravagant flowers or "precious" leaves, camellias, gardenia, gloriosa, sprekelia, crystal anthurium, caladium, croton, cicas or zamia. Fragrant jasmine or stephanotis flowers.
Lover of comfort
Plants that are not burdensome to care for, which do not disturb the feeling of home comfort or those that create it, are suitable for such a person. These are, as a rule, "green" plants: maidenhair or nephrolepis, sigonium, chlorophytum, sparmania, sheflera. Soft silhouettes, rounded leaves. Of the flowering ones - Saintpaulia, Royal Pelargonium, Kalanchoe, Exakum. You can also give him a "home tree" - such as a ficus elastica or benjamin, a lemon tree or coffee, if, of course, you know that he does not have one yet, and there is a place for him.
Most romantics love and prefer flowering plants that evoke any romantic images or associations. It can be shrubs or trees, lianas or ampelous plants, herbaceous plants. Potted roses, fuchsias, hibiscus or abutilon, brunfelsia, bride and groom campanula, jasmine, stephanotis, buttercups. But, for example, a variety of ivy and ferns also fit well with the romantic style.
Such people love either plants with variegated beautiful leaves, or flowering species that differ in the variety of their flowers. Pelargoniums, begonias, saintpaulias, calceolaria and other flowers. The main thing is that there are bright and varied colors and color combinations. They do not shy away from simple plants or pronounced exotics, and boldly combine them. Therefore, the choice of plants in this case is simply limitless.
In conclusion, a little advice: having prepared a houseplant as a gift, make a small care instruction for it or a short but intriguing reference about it. The gift can be made even more original by immediately picking up a stylish suitable planter for the plant.
All these preparations, of course, will indicate how carefully thought out the gift, and it will certainly be warmly received.
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Rafflesa dyschidia is one of the rarest and most original indoor plants found in our strip. The thing is that anyone has heard of them, and few have seen them. Perhaps exotic lovers. However, this bright plant can create an original decoration for the home, become a bright accent, emphasize the originality and individuality of the owner.
Rafflesa dyschidia live in Malaysia New Guinea. They belong to the gusset family. This family is quite often used as home decorations, and is very loved for its unpretentiousness and unusual appearance. In addition to dyschidia, it also includes stappelia, guernia, ceropegia and other plants. Dyschidia raffleza is a powerful vine, the stem of which crawls along the ground, and can be more than five meters long. This type of vine belongs to root-growing plants.
The most original and colorful part is the leaves of the dischidia. They are very large, have an obovate shape with a pointed top. Also on the liana there are leaves of the second row - in the form of small jugs. The outside of these leaves is green, but the inside is purple or white. Large bag-shaped leaves are a reservoir for this plant. And this is its uniqueness. Also in these large leaves ants very often start and live, turning them into their home and perfectly coexisting with the plant.
Each fleshy large leaf of the plant has a small rounded dimple at its base, which serves to absorb rainwater. Branches in the form of roots diverge from the dimple in all directions, along which, like along grooves, water flows and accumulates inside the leaf. In addition to the leaves, the dischidia also has small yellow flowers that grow in inflorescences in the form of umbrellas. The petals of these flowers are as fleshy and solid as the leaves of the plant.
Since dyschidia naturally grows in hot sunny climates, it needs constant sunlight. However, it is not recommended to place it in direct sunlight; it is better if they fall from the side. The ideal temperature for her growth is between 24 and 26 degrees Celsius. Watering dyschidia is necessary quite often and a lot, but not overmoistening the soil. If dyschidia grows in a too humid room, its leaves may simply rot. It should be planted in soil consisting of peat and leafy soil, sand, broken brick and coal, with a large amount of mineral fertilizers.
Dyschidia belongs to the Grimaceae family. These epiphytic plants in nature they attach to the bark of trees with the help of aerial roots and grow on a plane. Therefore, when placing dyschidia in the space of an apartment, they need to be supported.
Dyschidia is a succulent liana with two types of leaves - small and large. Bloated, they resemble oxygen cushions. In anticipation of a drought period, these leaves play the role of reservoirs for the accumulation of moisture so that the plant can survive without loss for some time in the absence of watering.
These lovely plants bloom at any time of the year. My dyschidia has been growing for over a year. During the first flowering, I waited a long time for the buds to open, but after a while they began to dry out and fall off. Then I started looking for information in books on floriculture and browsing various sources on the Internet.
It turned out that the buds are the flowers! They do not open, as it happens in other plants, but remain on the stems in the form of small beads.
The dyschidia bush came to me in a real coconut! The slender roots of the plant have grown between two halves of a coconut. I did not disassemble this "structure" and disturb the roots, but decided to use a wicker basket on suspensions. I covered the bottom and sides of the basket with coconut fiber, and put the coconut with the plant growing in it inside.
The basket was hung in the openwork shade of asparagus on the east side of the glassed-in loggia.
Dyschidia is a thermophilic plant. The optimum air temperature for him during the year is 20-25 ° С. Even in winter, the temperature should not drop below + 18 ° С
Plant care is quite simple. I water it moderately, about once a week (the only caveat: I have to water it by immersion in a container of water in order to wet the coconut well). I spray the plant every day, dischidia are very much to their liking.
I don't know how long my vine will be able to grow in a coconut structure, but I think if the time for transplanting comes, then you can safely use any epiphytic substrate.