How to grow stalked celery from seeds
The most useful vegetable plant, rich in vitamins and minerals, is stalked celery. It is used in their diet by people who lead a healthy lifestyle and want to lose weight. Growing stalked celery is within the power of every gardener. The main thing is that the elementary requirements for the planting process and further care are observed.
Originally, stalked celery was cultivated as a medicine, and only nowadays it began to be actively used in cooking. This rare vegetable plant has a specific aroma, but its fresh greens are loved by many gourmets. The numerous beneficial properties of this plant prompted gardeners to grow celery in their summer cottage, and chefs to prepare various dishes in which the vegetable acts as a side dish or seasoning.
Preparing for planting celery
An open area for planting celery seeds must be prepared in advance. The soil should be fertile, loose, with excellent drainage properties. To do this, the land plot must be dug up by adding mullein or rotted compost to the soil.
Preparatory work must be carried out with planting material. It is better to plant seeds for seedlings in the first week of March. An earlier planting may affect the quality of the seedlings that appear, they are rather capricious crops. Tanks for planting seeds will require shallow, but spacious.
Seeds of stalked celery have one interesting property - the "older" in age they become, the more their germination becomes. Experienced summer residents and gardeners are advised to purchase seeds with a stock and keep them for 3-4 years before planting. From such seeds it will turn out to grow stronger and better quality seedlings.
Petiole celery is distinguished by a variety of varieties that can be selected according to the method of cultivation (for example, for home conditions), in appearance, in taste, in yield.
The main stages of the process of planting seeds for seedlings
Prepared wooden boxes or plastic containers must be filled with potting soil.
Using a sprayer, moisten the soil a little, then scatter celery seeds over its surface.
Each seed must be lightly pressed into the soil by one to 2 millimeters, and then cover the container with film or glass to create greenhouse conditions.
Seed germination will take approximately 15-20 days. All this time must be devoted to the proper care of future vegetable plants:
- Daily water treatments in the form of spraying and watering.
- Maintaining a constant temperature in the room (approximately 22-25 degrees Celsius).
- Regular ventilation throughout the day (2-3 times a day).
Such care must be continued after the appearance of young shoots, as well as until the moment of transplanting celery seedlings into open ground (after the appearance of 2-3 full-fledged leaves). Petiole celery grows very slowly, so it will take a lot of strength and patience to achieve this goal.
Planting celery seedlings in open beds
Before planting seedlings in the beds, it should get stronger well. Vegetable culture will not survive cold nights, let alone night spring frosts. That is why you should not rush to transfer the seedlings to the summer cottage. The most optimal time for this is early or mid-May.
The seedlings are planted at a distance of about 25 centimeters from each other, and the same width is left for the row spacing. It is advisable to protect plants below 5 centimeters in height with a plastic cover (from a plastic bottle or glass with a cut off the bottom and top of the bottle). Taller seedlings do not need such a covering. After that, the entire surface of the soil in the beds with stalked celery must be covered with a mulching layer (for example, straw or small sawdust). At this initial stage, the first feeding of vegetable plants should be carried out. Liquid fertilizers can be applied to the soil along with irrigation water.
Among the numerous varieties of stalked celery, those whose seeds do not require planting for seedlings have been bred. Seeds of the "Utah" and "Golden Pen" varieties can be planted directly on open beds, and thinning is carried out as young seedlings grow. The distance between grown and matured seedlings should not be less than thirty centimeters.
Stalked celery care
The vegetable plant needs regular, moderate watering. Irrigation water volumes may vary depending on weather conditions, on the presence of a protective mulch layer and on the needs of the crop itself. Celery will not tolerate an excess of moisture in the soil, so the water should not stagnate in the beds, but also the top layer of the soil should not be allowed to dry out. The soil should always be slightly moist.
Celery needs regular organic fertilizing, which is applied to the soil in liquid form three times a month.
When growing such varieties of celery that bleach on their own, it is very important to regularly apply hilling of crops. As the vegetable plant grows, hilling is carried out about once a month. The base of the celery, from which the leafy part grows, cannot be covered with earth, therefore the hilling process must be carried out carefully.
Problems and difficulties in growing celery
Petiole celery is one of the most capricious vegetable crops. Growing it requires patience, attention and adherence to all care recommendations. With minimal violations of the basic requirements, problems with the development and growth of a vegetable plant, as well as difficulties in connection with the appearance of pests, may arise.
- Insufficient soil moisture during watering will lead to the fact that the middle part of the celery stalks will become unusable. This will not be noticeable in the appearance of the culture, the growth and development of the plant will not differ from other specimens.
- When low-quality seedlings (overgrown or weak) are planted on open beds, peduncles are formed that cannot be eaten. For planting, it is necessary to select only healthy and strong seedlings.
- The decay of the core of the vegetable fruit occurs due to the appearance of bacteria. For a long time, the external state of the vegetable plant remains normal, although the processes of decay are quite active.
- The qualitative development of celery stalks also depends on many factors. For example, insufficient irrigation water, irregular irrigation, prolonged hot weather and dry climates can lead to cracks in the stem of the plant.
- Cracking of the petioles also occurs due to an excess of nitrogen in the soil.
- For the qualitative development of celery, high humidity is needed, which some pests like very much. The most common of these are snails and slugs. Timely clearing the beds from weeds will help reduce the likelihood of their appearance.
Delicious and healthy stalked celery can appear on every table if you make every effort and patience to grow it.
Sowing celery seedlings. Growing stalked celery
How to grow stalked celery from seeds
The issue of a healthy lifestyle always remains relevant. And therefore, the growing of vegetables and other garden crops, which play an important role for the human body, is increasingly common. Not deprived of attention and stalked celery, which is considered one of the most useful plants. And, besides the fact that the fruits of this culture are rich in trace elements and vitamins, they are also used for weight loss. Therefore, this article on the cultivation of stalked celery will tell you how to plant it and further care.
Celery stalk - perennial or annual
Smelly Celery is a plant with a two-year life cycle. In the first year, it forms a dense root crop without voids inside and a large rosette of leaves on large petioles. On the second, it releases a peduncle up to 1 m high and sets seeds. Harvesting - root crops, petioles and spicy leaves is carried out in the year of planting, the next they receive their own planting material.
Celery used to be grown as a medicinal plant, now its medicinal properties have faded into the background, the culture is recognized as a vegetable and is used in the cuisines of different nations. In the post-Soviet space, root crops have gained the greatest popularity, while in Europe, petiole varieties are usually bought.
Stem celery has a fibrous root system and forms a small, poorly visible root vegetable under the numerous lateral branches. He builds up a large rosette, a larger volume of which is occupied not by leaves, but by petioles. Their color can be green, lettuce, pink or reddish, the width is from 2 to 4 cm with a thickness of no more than 1 cm.In classic varieties, the stems are bleached before harvesting (depriving of light access) to remove bitterness and make them tender; do not need it.
Typically, each leaf rosette consists of 15-20 erect leaves. But there are varieties that give up to 40 branches, sometimes semi-spreading. The stems are wide at the bottom, tapering at the ends and ending in triangular pinnately dissected dark green leaves. The petioles are hollow inside, ribbed, with a pronounced groove on the part facing the center of the rosette. Their length depends not only on the variety, but also on the cultivation technique of stalk celery, and ranges from 22 to 50 cm.
Seeds are small achenes that remain viable for no more than 4 years (guaranteed - 1-2 years). A peduncle about a meter long appears in the second year of life.
Growing celery at home on a windowsill
Most often, leafy celery is grown in apartment conditions, but it is also quite possible to cultivate petiole and root varieties. The following varieties have proven themselves best:
As a planting soil, you can use a soil mixture based on equal parts of humus, peat and black soil. Seed material takes a long time to germinate, so it is best to germinate the seeds on a damp cloth in a cool place within a week. When sowing seeds, a distance of 5-6 mm is observed with a depth of 4-5 mm. Crops are irrigated using a household spray bottle.
Before the emergence of mass shoots, the plant must be provided with a temperature regime at the level of 25-26 ° C. After emergence, the room temperature can be lowered to 16-18 ° C. After the appearance of the fourth leaf, the seedlings are seated in separate planting containers. Care consists in timely watering and shallow loosening of the topsoil. Top dressing is carried out three times a month with nitrophos, diluted, at the rate of half a tablespoon per five liters of water at room temperature.
Green mass and celery roots contain dietary fiber, which normalizes all metabolic processes, and also reduces blood cholesterol
Planting seedlings in the garden
In mid-May, celery seedlings can be transplanted to the garden bed. Plants are placed at a distance of 15-30 cm from each other. For root and petiole varieties, 20 cm between adjacent plants is optimal.
Leaf celery is planted at a distance of 30 cm, being careful not to cover the growing point. It is not recommended to deepen the root celery seedlings in order to prevent the formation of lateral adventitious roots that disfigure the roots.
Choose the right neighbors celery. It is not recommended to plant celery next to corn, potatoes, parsley, carrots. But celery has a mutual help relationship with white cabbage: cabbage stimulates the growth of celery, and celery drives away white butterflies from cabbage. Plus, it goes well with bush beans, tomatoes, spinach, cucumbers, lettuce, and beets.
Celery care consists in timely watering, weeding and loosening. Phosphate-potassium fertilizers are applied twice per season, two weeks after transplanting celery into the garden and three weeks later.
Harvesting and storage
Petiole celery is harvested in late September-early October, earlier varieties - at the end of August.
Dug out after the formation of a large rosette and reaching varietal sizes. Varieties requiring bleaching are removed 3-4 weeks later. The main thing is not to be late with the harvest and carry out work before frost, otherwise celery will become unsuitable for food from exposure to negative temperatures.
Petiole celery is traditionally grown in trenches and the gradually growing stems are covered with earth.
This procedure is called bleaching - isolation from the sun's rays gives the petioles a delicate taste, the stems turn white, lose excess bitterness and spice. Many gardeners do not like this method - after it the petioles acquire a light earthy flavor, therefore they grow celery in the beds.
Growing in a garden does not make it possible to huddle tall stems with earth, but resourceful summer residents have found a lot of ways to bleach the petioles.
To do this, it is enough to collect celery leaves in a bunch, pull them off with a rope or a strip of fabric not too tight and wrap the stems with dense material that does not let the rays of the sun through. In this case, the material should fit snugly to the ground, and only leaves remain outside.
All kinds of improvised means are used as a wrapping material:
- thick paper
- corrugated cardboard
- tall boxes without bottom
- cutting large diameter plastic pipes
- dark plastic bottles with trimmed top and bottom.
How to store crops correctly?
Petiole celery is stored at home in different ways, depending on its further use. You can keep the stems fresh at a temperature of 0 + 2 ° С, for this you need:
- separate the petioles from the roots and leaves
- shake off the ground and rinse with running cold water
- dry and wrap in food foil (you can use a plastic bag, but the shelf life will be significantly reduced)
- put in the vegetable compartment in the refrigerator and set the desired temperature.
In this way, the petioles will retain their freshness and nutritional properties for a month or more. To prepare a seasoning for dishes, the petiole greens are laid out on clean paper and covered with the same paper sheet. Dry for a month and transfer the celery seasoning to a paper bag. Such a blank can be stored for a long time and used at any time of the year.
You can save fresh petioles for a long time in the following way:
- dig out the bushes with a small pitchfork and carefully remove from the soil along with a small lump of earth
- move to the basement and dig into the sandbox
- maintain the temperature + 4 + 6 ° С.
Of the whole variety of storage methods, everyone can choose the best one for themselves. Celery is good for health, the range of its use is wide and allows you to use the culture for the preparation of all kinds of dishes.
It may seem to some that it is difficult to care for an exotic vegetable. However, there are many more whimsical plants that are successfully grown in the beds of domestic gardeners.
To obtain a good harvest of juicy and tender petioles, you need to regularly water and loosen the soil, feed the plants, harvest the crop in time and determine it for storage.
Planting stalked celery in open ground
Plants are planted in the garden around mid-May. Moreover, the garden bed needs to be prepared in about two weeks: remove all weeds along with the root system, add rotted manure, carefully dig up and level.
On the day of disembarkation, it is worth preparing shallow grooves - about 15 cm deep, and a distance of 30 cm must be maintained between them. Before carrying out work, be sure to water the ground with water, which will make it much easier to carry out the transplant procedure. If it is difficult to get seedlings with a clod of earth, gently run a thin knife between the walls of the cup and the ground.
Planting should be carried out deeper than the seedlings were in containers, but remember that when planting, you must not deepen the "growth point". There should be a distance of about 15 cm between each bush in the furrow.
Some gardeners devote such dense plantings, however, they are planted in order to protect the plant stem from direct sunlight - due to this, the nutritional value and taste of celery increases. But more sun should fall on the leaves, because the process of photosynthesis passes through them.
It is a good idea to plant plants near the cabbage, as this will prevent the appearance of pests such as cabbage whites.
Harvesting and storage
Partial harvesting of celery stalks is possible during the summer, especially in the second half.
But for the full ripening of the stems, no more than five petioles are preliminarily removed from each bush.
After 20-30 days after wrapping, they begin to harvest the main part of the crop.
The main thing is to have time to collect all the stalked celery before the onset of cold weather, since this type of celery does not tolerate a drop in temperature. Usually this period falls in September-early October.
There is only one way to keep fresh petioles for as long as possible: dig up the entire bush by the root and drown the tuber in wet sand.
Usually, the stems are frozen or dried for consumption in winter.
Self-bleaching varieties of stalked celery are not subject to long-term fresh storage - a maximum of a couple of weeks in the refrigerator in a plastic bag or cling film.