Dracaena Fragrans Info: Learn How To Grow A Corn Plant

Dracaena Fragrans Info: Learn How To Grow A Corn Plant

By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

What is a corn plant? Also known as mass cane, dracaena corn plant (Dracaena fragrans) is a well-known indoor plant, especially popular for its beauty and easy growing habit. Dracaena corn plant, which grows happily in a variety of conditions with very little attention, is a favorite of novice gardeners. Let’s learn how to grow a corn plant.

Dracaena Fragrans Info

Dracaena is a large genus with at least 110 species of shrubby plants and trees, including Dracaena fragrans, a slow-growing plant with glossy green, lance-shaped leaves. The leaves may be solid green or variegated, depending on the variety. The size of the plant also varies, ranging from mature heights of 15 to 50 feet (5 to 15 m.), with leaves measuring 7 to 59 inches (18 cm. to1.5 m.).

Native to tropical Africa, dracaena corn plant won’t survive frosty weather, although it is suitable for growing outdoors in the warm climates of USDA plant hardiness zones 10 through 12. Dracaena corn plant has also been recognized by NASA’s Clean Air Study as a plant that aids in removal of indoor pollutants, including xylene, toluene and formaldehyde.

How to Grow a Corn Plant

These tips on basic corn plant care will help get you started in successfully growing a dracaena corn plant.

Dracaena corn plant prefers temperatures between 65 and 70 F. (16-24 C.). Corn plant tolerates full to low light, but performs best in light shade or indirect or filtered sunlight. Too much light will scorch the leaves.

Water as needed to keep the potting soil evenly moist, as excessively dry soil causes the leaf tips to turn brown and dry. However, beware of overwatering. Slightly dry is better than soggy. Decrease watering during the winter, but never allow the soil to become bone dry. Water your corn plant with non-fluoridated water. Letting the water sit out overnight before watering allows much of the chemicals to evaporate.

Fertilize Dracaena corn plant monthly during spring and summer using an all-purpose liquid fertilizer for indoor plants. Don’t fertilize the plant in fall and winter.

This article was last updated on

Read more about Dracaena Plants

Dracaena Fragrans Features: An Overview

  • Dracaena Fragrans is a slow-growing tree-like houseplant. It typically consists of several thick stems that grow from the same root system.
  • The mature specimens reach15 m (50 feet) or more, with a crown of slender upright branches and large leaves.
  • Stems can reach up to 30 cm (12 inches) in diameter on mature plants. Young plants have a single branchless stem with a rosette of leaves.
  • Once the young plant blooms or is pruned, it will divide into several branches.
  • The leaves are glossy green, lanceolate, 20–150 cm (8-60 inch) long, and 2–12 cm wide. They closely resemble the foliage of regular corn.
  • The tinier leaves of the Dracaena are vertical, while the larger leaves droop due to their weight.
  • The flowers of the Dracaena grow in panicles (loose branching clusters) that can be between 15-160 cm (6-63 inch) long, depending on the size of the plant.
  • Initially, the flowers are pink, and when they open they are white with a fine red or purple central line on each lobe. They’re extremely fragrant and popular with pollinating insects and birds.
  • The fruits of the Dracaena are orange-red berries, 1–2 cm (0,4-0,8 inch) in diameter, and have many seeds.

8. Keep an eye out for common corn pests and diseases

Corn is a favorite of many pests. Prevention is usually the best defense. Plant disease-resistant varieties, encourage beneficial insects, and rotate where you plant corn each year. If cut worms were a problem in past years, drench the soil with parasitic nematodes a couple of weeks before planting.

Use floating row-cover to help prevent damage from birds, corn borers, or slugs. Check leaves for small holes regularly. If you find holes, spray with Bt each week as long as new holes appear. If worms have been an issue, place a few drops of mineral oil into the tip of each ear after the silk turns brown.

Watch the video: Dracaena Plant Care 101. Dragon Tree and Corn Plant