Planting a pomegranate: basic methods and useful tips
Pomegranate is an amazing plant that has not only a large number of useful properties, but also a wonderful appearance. In addition, this crop is quite suitable for growing both outdoors and at home. In order to properly carry out planting, it is necessary to familiarize yourself not only with the instructions for its implementation, but also with information on the selection and preparation of planting material.
Planting pomegranate seeds
This method of planting a pomegranate is suitable for you if you want to grow a pomegranate as a houseplant.
Preparing pomegranate seeds for sowing
Only mature seed seeds are suitable for sowing.
The fruit from which you take the seeds should be bright red, ripe and free from defects (discoloration, rot, etc.). Only ripe seeds can be used for sowing. They are very hard to the touch and have a light creamy color. Green and soft seeds will not work as they are immature and will not germinate.
After removing the seeds, carefully remove all the pulp from them and rinse them in clean warm water, and then pat dry on a napkin or paper towel. The seeds must be completely dry or they may rot.
Pomegranate seeds are distinguished by a high, but uncomfortable level of germination, so it will not be superfluous to soak them in a solution of Zircon, Epin or Humate for 24 hours before planting, having prepared it according to the instructions.
Pomegranate is one of the most unpretentious plants and therefore its cultivation may seem attractive enough for novice florists. But I want to warn you: if you plan to use pomegranate not only for decorative purposes (for this it is better to plant an indoor pomegranate), but also to get a harvest from it, then it is better to buy seeds in a special store or use the seeds taken from the fruit of a varietal culture or a proven plant that grew in home conditions. The fact is that in stores they often sell hybrid fruits, the seeds of which do not bear the properties of the mother plant, which means that the harvest will turn out to be absolutely not what you want.
Sowing pomegranate seeds
Pomegranate seeds can be sown in one common container
For sowing, one common container is quite suitable. Make drainage holes at the bottom and add 2-3 cm of drainage material (expanded clay, fine gravel). Then fill the container with a suitable soil (composition: peat (1 part) + humus (1 part) + garden soil (1 part) + sand (0.5 part) + peat (0.5 part)). If it is not possible to prepare such a soil, then you can use a substrate recommended for growing citrus fruits. Do not forget to pre-disinfect the soil by spilling it with boiling water or moistening it and heating it in the oven for 30 minutes at a temperature of 70aboutS- 90aboutFROM. In this case, the thickness of the earth layer should be no more than 5 cm.
- Moisten the soil and make holes in it 1–2 cm deep at a distance of 5–7 cm from each other. If you used separate containers, then make a hole in the center.
- Put 1 seed in each hole and lightly sprinkle with soil, without compacting it.
- Cover the planting with plastic wrap or plastic bag and place in a warm, bright place, but not in direct sunlight.
As a rule, pomegranate shoots appear 10-15 days after sowing. When most of the seeds germinate, you can remove the film. Until that time, the crops will need to provide daily ventilation (10 minutes, 2 times a day) and timely moisten the soil.
Presowing measures and sowing pomegranate seeds in the ground - video
Punching pomegranate shoots
To stimulate the development of the root system and provide the plant with enough space for growth, it is necessary to pick and transplant.
The best time to transplant a pomegranate is from mid-April to early May, when the buds of the trees begin to swell.
Since with the growth of pomegranate shoots, their root system also develops, you will need to pick them when the sprouts that appear will form 2-3 leaves. Prepare clay pots of a small (0.5 - 0.6 l) volume: pomegranate is a plant whose root system is located close to the surface, therefore it is undesirable to plant it in deep containers. Also, the pots you choose must have a drainage hole.
- Pour 2-3 cm of drainage material (expanded clay, fine gravel) on the bottom of the pot.
- Fill the pot with soil (you can use a citrus mixture, but it is advisable to prepare a special substrate again: turf soil (4 parts) + leaf humus (2 parts) + peat (1 part) + sand (1 part)) and moisten.
- In the center, make a hole 5–6 cm deep.
- Water the sprouts well 2 hours before transplanting. When the time is up, carefully remove them. For more convenience, you can use a tablespoon. Try to keep the earth rooted.
- If the roots are excessively long and come out of the clod of earth, then you can cut them off by 1/3. This will give the plant less stretch.
- Place the sprout in the hole and sprinkle with earth.
- Compact and water the soil, and then set the pot in a bright place.
In the future, you will need to transplant the pomegranate for 3 years in a row, gradually increasing the volume of the pot to 4 liters, and then as needed (if the plant clearly does not have enough space to renew the soil, etc.). The pot should be prepared according to the same rules, and the transplant itself should preferably be carried out by transshipment. To do this, do not water the plant for several days, and when the earth is dry, turn the pot over and remove the pomegranate along with a clod of earth. Then place the clod in the center of the pot, cover the free space near the walls with earth and water.
It is better to transplant an adult seedling by transshipment in order to less injure the roots.
Planting pomegranate cuttings
This method of planting is more suitable for you if you want to grow pomegranates outdoors, but in practice it is also used for growing this plant at home, although it is quite rare.
Rules for harvesting and planting pomegranate cuttings - table
To get a good seedling, you must follow the rules for harvesting, storing and germinating cuttings.
Pomegranate is a thermophilic culture, so it is advisable to grow it outdoors only in the southern regions of Russia and Ukraine. If you live in colder regions, then try to choose a cold-resistant variety for planting.
As a rule, pomegranate cuttings are planted no earlier than mid-May in order to avoid the threat of return frosts, and provided that the soil at a depth of 10-15 cm warms up to +12aboutFROM.
Many gardeners prefer to immediately plant non-germinated cuttings in the ground, rather than bother with rooting them. For my part, I recommend rooting, especially to those people who first encountered the reproduction of a pomegranate or any other culture by cuttings and therefore could well have made mistakes when preparing or storing them. If the stalk does not take root, then it will be clear that it is not suitable for further cultivation, and you will not have to take up space for them in the pot or on the site and spend time and effort caring for it.
Temporary planting of cuttings
For survival, cuttings are recommended to be placed in a sunny area with light, well-drained fertile soils (loamy or sandy loam).
If you want to plant a rooted pomegranate stalk, then place only the roots in the hole, without covering the entire shoot with earth.
On average, it takes up to 2 months to root pomegranate cuttings.
- Dig holes so deep that when planting the cutting, 1 bud remains on the surface, at a distance of 15 - 20 cm from each other.
- Place a stalk in each hole, tilting it towards the south to give the sprouted stalk more light.
- Cover the hole with earth and spud the planting up to the uppermost bud.
- Water the planting gorgeously using the shower head.
In order for the cuttings to take root and germinate well, regular watering (once a week), loosening the soil and applying fertilizers is necessary. The rules are:
- The first week after planting - scatter 2-2.5 g of superphosphate over the surface of the planting pit.
- The third week after planting - water the cuttings with a solution of mineral fertilizers (urea (2 g) + superphosphate (2 g) + potassium chloride (2.5 g) + 10 liters of water).
- The fifth week after planting - water the cuttings with a solution of mineral fertilizers (urea (3.5 g) + superphosphate (2 g) + potassium chloride (3.5 g) + 10 liters of water).
- Eighth week after planting - water the cuttings with a solution of mineral fertilizers (urea (17 g) + superphosphate (12 g) + potassium chloride (20 g) + 10 liters of water).
It usually takes 1.5 - 2 months for rooting. After this time, dig up the seedlings and inspect them carefully. Shoots suitable for further planting should have a developed root system, at least 4 lateral processes and reach a height of 50 cm.
Planting seedlings in a permanent place
At the end of summer, after the seedlings take root (if you planted non-sprouted shoots) and get stronger, they must be transplanted to a permanent place that meets the same characteristics as the temporary placement site. In the event that you have purchased a new seedling, then it is better to plant it in early to mid-May.
To provide the pomegranate with the best conditions for growth, you need to properly prepare the planting pit.
- Dig a hole 60–80 cm deep and 60 cm in diameter. Fold the top layer of soil (15–20 cm) at the edge of the hole, and set the bottom layer aside. If you want to plant several plants, then place the holes at a distance of 1.7-2.2 m from each other.
- In the center of the hole, place a peg 1.2-1.5 m high for a garter.
- Pour a layer (7–10 cm) of drainage material (broken brick, gravel, expanded clay) on the bottom.
- Pour soil into the drainage layer (composition: removed fertile soil layer + humus or rotted compost (2 parts) + sand (1 part). You can also add 5-6 kg of rotted manure). The top of the slide should be level with the edge of the pit.
- Carefully place the seedling on the top of the hill and fill the hole with the remnants of the prepared soil. At the same time, try not to deepen the root collar (the place where the trunk passes into the root). Tie the seedling to the peg with a figure eight.
- Make a hole with a diameter of 20 cm around the seedling, forming a 10 cm high earthen rampart along the edges, and water.
Planting a pomegranate seedling - video
As you can see, planting a grenade does not differ in any difficulties, although it requires careful and lengthy preparation. But the result will certainly justify all efforts, and by following all the recommendations, you will get a healthy tree that will decorate your home or take its rightful place in your garden.
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How to grow pomegranate at home
Hello dear friends!
Pomegranate is an alien from the subtropics of Western Asia and the Balkan Peninsula. In the wild, it is also found in the south of our country - in the republics of the North Caucasus, Krasnodar Territory and even further north - to Astrakhan and Rostov-on-Don.
The modern name of the plant comes from the ancient Roman "granum" - a grain, since its fruits are filled with a large number of angular seeds, covered with a juicy shell. It is one of the oldest cultures cultivated by man. In the East, he is called the "king" - the round fruit has a real crown of toothed sepals.
Let's talk in this article about how to grow a pomegranate at home and how to care for this magnificent plant.
In culture, about 140 varieties are known, not counting local semi-cultural forms. There are also dwarf varieties, especially suitable for the bonsai culture. Pomegranate, although it prefers rich, breathable soils, may well grow even on stony and gravelly. Many varieties can withstand severe frosts - up to -20 degrees. The flowers of the pomegranate tree are numerous and very beautiful, they can be white, yellow, orange-red and purple in color, up to 5 cm in diameter. There are decorative varieties with double flowers. It blooms for a long time - from April to August. The fruits ripen in September-October, they can only be removed when fully ripe, since they do not ripen during storage.
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- Bloom: three years after landing.
- Lighting: bright diffused light.
- Temperature: during the period of active growth - 18-25 ˚C, during the rest period - 12-15 ˚C.
- Watering: during the growing season - often and abundantly, but during flowering watering is reduced. In winter, watering is infrequent.
- Air humidity: in the heat, evening spraying of leaves with warm water is recommended.
- Top dressing: from spring to autumn, twice a month, with mineral complexes for indoor plants with a low nitrogen content. In winter, the plant is not fed.
- Rest period: from late autumn to February. A plant in need of rest begins to shed its leaves.
- Transfer: young plants are transplanted annually, and those that have reached the age of three are transplanted only when the roots fill the earthen lump.
- Cropping: in February, to stimulate branching and shape the crown.
- Reproduction: cuttings, grafting and seeds.
- Pests: affected by mealybugs, spider mites, scale insects, aphids, moths and whiteflies.
- Diseases: branch cancer, root rot.
Secrets of indoor pomegranate care
Lovers of indoor potted flowers appreciate the decorative dwarf plant not only for its exceptional external qualities, but also because caring for indoor pomegranates does not require special skills.
... If you follow some rules and create a minimum of conditions for the dwarf shrub, it will thank you with lush flowering from November to the end of January.
In summer, indoor pomegranate perfectly "lives" in the garden or on the balcony. To avoid leaf burns, do not plant it on the sunny side. The best location is the tree-shaded east or west side.
Caring for indoor pomegranate at home. Photo
In the hot season, the plant requires abundant glaze
In order for a mini-shrub to increase the number of green leaves for caring for indoor pomegranates at home, it is better to choose nitrogen fertilizers
, and in order for the fruits to appear - phosphorus supplements. You can choose a mineral mixture at any specialized flower shop.
Loss of leaves from a plant may not always be a sign of poor health. Before winter, the pomegranate sheds its leaves, freeing itself from dense greenery. At this time, you definitely need feed
its potash fertilizer.
Caring for indoor pomegranates for adults and young people is different. Young plants often need watering, while adults can be watered every 10 days.
not a hot place, even a glazed loggia, is better suited. An important requirement is the absence of drafts and very low temperatures
plants should choose chernozem soil with the addition of sod. Complex primer is ideal
At the bottom of the pot into which the plant is transplanted, it is imperative to lay drainage
so that the roots do not rot.
Care of young sprouts
As soon as the first seedlings appear, the container with seedlings must be placed in a bright place. It is also necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out. It's better to water it by spraying from a spray bottle.
Seedlings with two or three true leaves are transplanted into separate pots. Young plants are planted in the ground, for the preparation of which you need to mix:
- leaf humus - 1 part
- turf - 2 parts
- sand - 0.5 parts
- peat - 0.5 parts.
The pomegranate has a shallow root system, so the tree can grow in small containers. The main thing is good drainage.
Care for young plants consists in abundant and regular watering, which is carried out as the earthen mixture dries.The soil in the pots should always be slightly damp. Excess water must be poured out of the pan.
Plants planted in autumn during the winter season will need provide additional lighting... Otherwise, with a lack of light, the seedlings will elongate or will not grow at all.