Aloe: medicinal properties, method of use and benefits

Aloe: medicinal properties, method of use and benefits



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The genre Aloe belongs to the family of Asphodelaceae.

The peculiarity of aloes is that they are succulent plants (that is to say they have particular fabrics capable of storing large quantities of water), testifying to the fact that they are all native to arid areas.

There are several species of aloe but they are all evergreen plants, some of which are acauli with rosette leaves, others with a tall, simple or branched stem.

Aloe develops i flowers from spring to autumn depending on the species and the varieties that form on the top of a long stem, simple or branched or in clusters and the plant does not die after flowering unlike the agave. They produce umbel, hanging, tubular inflorescences. The flowers are usually red, orange or yellow in color. They are self-sterile plants and therefore reproduce by cross-pollination.

Aloe has always been known as the plant with a thousand virtues and properties and the more or less high content of active ingredients varies according to the species of aloe and the ones that are most used for their therapeutic properties are:

Aloe barbadensis (aloe vera)


Aloe ferox


Aloe arborescens


Aloe vera chinensis variety



Aloe is the plant with a thousand virtues and properties as it contains countless substances: aloin, emodin, very essential amino acids for humans, sugars (such as uronic acid), enzymes (such as amylase and lipase and others), vitamins (Vitamin E), minerals (such as Calcium) and numerous trace elements.

The properties of aloe can be summarized as follows: cleanses the body helping the liver, kidneys and lymphatic system in their purifying function; is stimulant of the immune system of the organism; and of help with bone and joint problems; stimulates and balances the digestive functions it is therefore useful in cases of gastritis and ulcers, colitis; it's a antioxidant and antitumor; has excellenthealing abilities.


Fresh leaves collected at the end of summer and well turgid are used for aloe.

Nowadays, aloe leaves basically obtain a gel that is obtained by dripping out a yellowish substance that would color the gel and also give it a bitter taste. Once this is done, the leaves are cold pressed and the squeezing product is homogenized and centrifuged to obtain the gel.


For external use, aloe gel is used as a healing agent for burns and wounds, as a soothing and calming agent, as a revitalizing and moisturizing tonic for the skin.

Fresh, open aloe leaves can be placed directly in contact with the skin to soothe minor burns and scalds.

Taken as a powder, aloe helps in the regularization of liver functions and helps in premenstrual syndromes.

Aloin is used by the pharmaceutical industry for making pharmacilxatives.

On the market, aloe is found in different forms: gel, ointment, lotion, cream, juice, extract, etc.


Aloe is a very ancient plant, known since ancient times for its therapeutic properties. The first evidence was found on a clay tablet found in Nippur near Baghdad and dated 2,200 BC.


Aloe should not be used by pregnant women and those with hemorrhoid problems.

Be careful not to confuse aloe with agave, which is very similar but does not have the same properties.

What is aloe juice?

Aloe juice is extracted from the leaves of different species of the genus Aloe, a plant known and appreciated for its numerous medicinal and health properties. It is not to be confused with the aloe gel and with its food derivatives (often called juices) in these products the anthraquinone component, typical of aloe juice proper and responsible for its laxative effects.
After extraction, the yellow aloe juice is condensed with heat, transforming it into a shiny mass, similar to a broken glass, with shades ranging from greenish-yellow to red-black.
To obtain it, the most superficial portion of the leaves is used on the cortical edges of the foliar mesophyll, immediately under the epidermis, in fact there are the specialized cells (pericyclic tubules) that contain it.

The properties of Aloe have been described since ancient times. The inner part of its fleshy leaves looks like a gelatinous pulp which, after careful processing, becomes a rich liquid, to promote the body's physiological purifying functions.
This Aloe Vera Extra, food supplement, contains 100% undiluted pure gel (liquid pulp), obtained from selected leaves, peeled by hand, processed and cold stabilized.
The product is cold worked under controlled conditions, without thermal shock, for maximum protection of the original components.

Aloe gel: a different product

The remaining part of the leaf, in particular the parenchymal tissue located in the central portion, is used to extract the drug known as "Aloe Gel". This product, particularly rich in mucilage, boasts health and therapeutic applications completely different from those of aloe juice, it is in fact used externally for its anti-inflammatory and healing properties, or for internal use, in case the soothing and protective action of the mucilages is sought. (useful in the presence of gastritis, colitis, esophagitis, etc.).

Aloe gel is presented as a viscous, transparent and colorless liquid particularly diluted (rich in water) and is used daily for internal use as a multivitamin, moisturizer and natural mineralizing agent - often with excessive enthusiasm, given the lack of randomized studies - also antitumor properties (due to the Aloe-emodin content, which in vitro has shown antineoplastic activity), immunostimulating and hypoglycemic properties.

Therefore, what we commonly call aloe juice is actually the diluted gel, while the real aloe juice is a glass mass used in minimal doses (a few milligrams) to combat constipation.

This Primitive Aloe Gel protects, repairs, moisturizes and soothes even the most sensitive, stressed and reddened skin, helping to restore its optimal conditions thanks to the natural bio-activity of the raw material.
Its processing guarantees maximum protection of the active ingredient: this is the first 100% pure Aloe gel without added water and with unpasteurized raw material, concentrated twice through the ReversOsmose process.
Any temporary stickiness, color or fragrance variations depend exclusively on the naturalness of the product. Primitive Aloe Gel is neither a drug nor a curative product, but a topical dermocosmetic gel that offers immediate relief. Formulated without added preservatives, using only those already present to stabilize the raw material of origin. The use of this product is contraindicated in case of individual hypersensitivity to it and to any of its components. Store in a suitable place. For external use.

Chemical composition

The active ingredients ofaloe vera are made up of cathartic anthraquinones, known as true exterminators of diseases, have the same effect as antibiotics but with less toxic effects.

water g 97,42
Fat g 3,8
Proteins g 6,86
Ashes g 14,4
Fibers g 59,1
Phosphorus mg 86,9
Potassium mg 446,4
Football mg 23,52
Manganese mg 0,92
Magnesium mg 803
Copper mg 1,85
Iron mg 21,36
Zinc mg 4
Sodium mg 2,1

Vitamins: vitamins B1, B2, B6, vitamin C, beta-carotene, vitamin J and folic acid.

Amino acids: Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan, Valine, Aspartic and glutamic acid, Arginine, Alanine, Glycine, Histidine, Proline, Serine Tyrosine.

The leaves of the plant also contain saponins, lignin, aloin, cinnamic acid, anthracene and many other substances. The complete composition of the gel and its property have not yet been clarified but its effects are sure benefits on the human body.


Aloe is also a valuable aid against constipation. The plant has been approved as a valid treatment against this disorder by the German regulatory commission for the use of plants in the medical field.

Dosages recommended to combat constipation range from 50 to 200 milligrams taken in liquid form or in capsules once a day for a period of about 10 days.

On the other hand, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in 2002 established that the evidence in favor of the effectiveness of aloe against constipation is not sufficient and therefore in America, aloe-based products are not sold to combat the problem.

The inorganic components of Aloe vera

  • Football: it is recognized as an essential and indispensable element for the human body. Perhaps comparable to iron, it is especially necessary for the development of bone tissue in young people or for the regeneration of damaged tissues. It is invariably in direct relationship with phosphorus. Excess calcium in the body can cause bone deformations, calcified deposits and hardening of the tissues. Calcium deficiency causes weak bone formations.
  • Potassium salts: they are essential elements to facilitate muscle extension and contraction, to retain water and for the balance of body chemistry.
  • Sodium: it is essential to maintain water balance.
  • Chlorine: less significant, in the sense that the minimum amount accepted by the body is not known.
  • Zinc: it is intimately associated with food proteins.
  • Manganese: another essential element for the human body
  • Magnesium: due to its properties and chemical composition it is related to manganese, but has different functions.
  • Copper: metallic element also present in the human body.
  • Chrome: it is important, especially for the activation of enzymes through the synthesis of fatty acids and cholesterol.

As for the benefits for the skin, in addition to its healing and refreshing effects, aloe has antiseptic, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties. It is able to form a protective layer that helps reduce suppuration and prevents the entry of germs through the wounds.

It's a lot also useful in case of acne and sunburn. Aloe vera can accelerate the healing process and prevent infections in case of wounds.

Its use should be limited to minor wounds, not deep and large wounds, as it may worsen them due to its ability to increase blood flow to the affected area.

Aloe juice: properties and use for health

The aloe juice is a natural supplement whose intake is recommended for the well-being of the whole organism. In particular we can resort to aloe juice for better cope with seasonal changes, to combat the action of free radicals e in case of problems with the digestive system.

What is aloe juice

The aloe juice you get from the leaves of the plant and the extraction process is similar to what happens for the gel, since what we find on the market is actually diluted aloe gel and not properly juice: after removing the epidermis, the pulp of the leaves is processed to obtain the juice of aloe, a slightly cloudy transparent liquid with an acrid taste.

Aloe juice is rich in vitamins, mineral salts, amino acids, polysaccharides and other substances responsible for the beneficial effects on the body.It is sold in herbal medicine and is normally taken once or twice a day: in the morning on an empty stomach and, possibly, in the evening. .

The recommended daily dose is approximately 50/100 milliliters of product per day, but it can vary depending on the brand. After opening, the bottle of aloe juice can be stored in the refrigerator for no more than a month.

Let's make sure the aloe juice we buy does not contain aloin, an anthraquinone molecule with a purgative action, aloin is normally removed during the manufacturing process precisely to avoidirritating effect on the intestinal mucosa.

The Aloe Vera supplement, properties and use

The use of aloe juice

Aloe extract is mainly obtained from the varieties of Aloe barbadensis and is used externally in the form of a gel and internally as a juice.

The aloe gel vera is mainly used forhealing action on the epidermis studies have not yet found a real responsible for this activity: it is hypothesized that it may depend on the presence of polysaccharides or lectins, or that it is due to the richness of water.

The juice, which is none other than that diluted gel, is instead used internally for anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating, antioxidant properties is diuretic it seems that the substances present in aloe also have antibacterial action is antiviral and some speculate that taking aloe juice can also help prevent some forms of cancer.

When to drink aloe juice

The anti-inflammatory action of aloe juice makes this product a suitable supplement in those suffering from inflammations affecting the digestive system: If you suffer from gastritis, gastric reflux, colic or other intestinal problems, it may be useful to take a measuring cup of aloe juice to calm the symptoms.

Thanks to its immunostimulating properties we can use aloe juice for raise the body's immune defenses and better defend ourselves from the attack of viruses and bacteria, thus preventing coughs, colds and other flu symptoms: for this purpose we will have to take aloe juice regularly starting from the first cold and continue during the winter months, suspending the intake for about ten about every thirty days.

We can then take the aloe juice for fill up on vitamins when we are not following a balanced diet or for replenish the mineral salts lost during sports or in very hot weather, or in case of dysentery.

To take advantage of the antioxidant properties of aloe instead we should drink the juice every day, taking two-week breaks every thirty or forty days: in this way we can fight the action of free radicals and the effect will be visible on skin and hair that will appear younger and healthier.