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Zone 7 Vegetable Planting: When To Plant Vegetables In Zone 7

Zone 7 Vegetable Planting: When To Plant Vegetables In Zone 7


By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

USDA plant hardiness zone 7 isn’t a punishing climate and the growing season is relatively long compared to more northern climates. However, planting a vegetable garden in zone 7 should be carefully timed to prevent potential frost damage that may occur if veggies are in the ground too early in spring or too late in fall. Read on for helpful tips on vegetable gardening in zone 7.

Zone 7 Vegetable Planting

The last frost date for zone 7 is usually between late March and mid-April, with the first frost date in autumn occurring in mid-November.

Keep in mind that while it’s useful to know weather patterns, first and last frost dates can vary considerably due to topography, humidity, local weather patterns, soil type and other factors. Your local cooperative extension office can provide average frost dates specific to your area. With that in mind, here are a few approximate dates for vegetable planting in zone 7.

When to Plant Vegetables in Zone 7

Below are some general guidelines for vegetable gardening in Zone 7.

Spring Vegetables

  • Beans – Plant seeds outdoors in mid- to late April.
  • Broccoli – Plant seeds indoors in mid- to late February; transplant in early April.
  • Cabbage – Plant seeds indoors in early February; transplant in mid- to late March.
  • Carrots – Plant seeds outdoors in late March.
  • Celery – Plant seeds indoors in early February; transplant in late April.
  • Collards – Start collard seeds indoors in late February; transplant in mid- to late March.
  • Corn – Plant seeds outdoors in late April.
  • Cucumbers – Plant seeds outdoors in mid- to late March.
  • Kale – Plant seeds indoors in early February; transplant in mid- to late March.
  • Onions – Plant seeds indoors in mid-January; transplant in mid- to late March.
  • Peppers – Plant seeds indoors in mid- to late February, transplant in mid- to late April.
  • Pumpkins – Plant seeds outdoors in early May.
  • Spinach – Plant seeds indoors in early February; transplant in early March.
  • Tomatoes – Plant seeds indoors in early March; transplant in late April or early May.

Fall Vegetables

  • Cabbage – Plant seeds indoors in late July; transplant in mid-August.
  • Carrots – Plant seeds outdoors in mid- to late-August.
  • Celery – Plant seeds indoors in late June; transplant in late July.
  • Fennel – Plant seeds outdoors in late July.
  • Kale – Plant outdoors in mid- to late August
  • Lettuce – Plant seeds outdoors in early September.
  • Peas – Plant seeds outdoors in early August.
  • Radishes – Plant seeds outdoors in early August.
  • Spinach – Plant seeds outdoors in mid-September.

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Zone 7 Planting Guide

When to Start Planting According to Your Hardiness Zone
The United States is broken into 13 hardiness zones. Each zone has specific requirements for when certain plants should be started. The zones were created based on the area’s lowest average temperature. Zone 7 has a medium length growing season. In general, it lasts from April to November. If you live in zone 7, we recommend starting seeds indoors before the first frost date. Knowing when to transplant these seeds will be key to having a successful harvest For more information on what plants are suitable for zone 7 and when they should be started, check out our zone 7 graph below.

Garden Planting Chart (start seeds in a controlled environment before these dates as indicated)
Vegetable Start plants this long before planting (for your region) Zones 5 & 6 Zones 7 & 8 Zones 9 Zone 10 Days to maturity / harvest
Artichokes Crown
(globe) pieces
Asparagus 1 year Apr 5 – 25 Jan 15 – Mar 15
Mar. 15
2nd seas.
Nov & Dec.
Beans (lima) May 10 – 25 Apr 1 – June 1
June 1″
Mar – Aug Feb – Apr 65-75
July 1 – Aug 1 Aug – Sep Sep
Beans (snap) May 10 – 20 Apr 1- May1 Mar – Apr Feb – Apr 50-60
July 15 – Aug 10 Aug – Sep Aug – Sep
Beets Apr 1 – 15 Feb 15 – Apr 1 Sept – Mar Oct – Mar 55-65
Aug 1 – Sept 20
Broccoli 6 weeks Mar 25 – Apr 5 Feb 15 – Mar 15 Aug – Feb Aug – Jan 60-80
Sep 25 – 30 Aug 1 – Sep 1
Brussels sprouts 6 weeks Feb 15 – Mar 15 Sep – Nov Oct – Nov
Aug 1 – Sep 1
Cabbage 6 weeks Apr 1 – 20 Jan 15 – Mar 15 Sep – Feb Sep – Jan 65-80
Sep 20 – 30 Aug 15 – Oct 1
Cantaloupes 4 weeks May 10- 20 Mar 25 – Apr 20 Mar – Apr Feb – Apr 80-90
not recommened
Carrots Mar 25 – Apr 10 Jan 15 – Mar 20 Sep – Mar Oct – Mar 70-80
or Sept 20-30 Aug 20 – Sep 15
Vegetable Start plants this long before planting (for your region) Zones 5 & 6 Zones 7 & 8 Zones 9 Zone 10 Days to maturity / harvest
Cauliflower 6 weeks Apr 1 – 20 Mar 1 – Apr 1 Jan – Feb Oct – Jan 55-60
Sept 20 – 30 Aug 1 – Sep 1 Aug – Oct
Celery 9 weeks Jan – Mar Aug – Feb
Chard
Chinese 4 weeks Oct – Feb Oct – Jan
cabbage
Chives 6 weeks
Corn (sweet) May 1 to Jul 20 May 15 – Jun 1 Mar – Apr Feb – Mar 80-100
June 1 – Jul 20 Aug Aug – Sept
Cucumbers 4 weeks May 10 – 30 Apr 1 – May 15 Feb – Apr Feb – Mar 60-65
(slicing) Aug 20 – Sept 1 Aug – Sep Sep
Cucumbers 4 weeks
(pickling)
Dill
Eggplants 9 weeks May 15 – 25 Apr 1 – May 15 Feb – Jul Jan – Mar 70-90
July 10 – 15 Aug – Sep
Endive 6 weeks Feb – Mar Jan – Feb
Sep Sept
Garlic
Kale Mar 25 – Apr 5 Feb 1 – Mar 10 Sep – Feb Sep – Jan 50-70
Aug 10 – 30
Vegetable Start plants this long before planting (for your region) Zones 5 & 6 Zones 7 & 8 Zones 9 Zone 10 Days to maturity / harvest
Kohlrabi Apr (early) Sep – Mar Oct – Mar
Sept (late)
Leeks Sep – Mar Sep – Feb
Lettuce (head) 5 weeks Apr 1 – May 15 Jan 15 – Mar 1 Feb – Mar Sep – Mar 60-85
Sep 1 – 15 Sep 1 – Oct 1 Sep – Oct
Lettuce (leaf) 5 weeks Apr 1 – Jun 15 Jan 15 – Mar 1 45-65
Sep 1 – 15 Sep 1 – Oct 1
Okra 8 weeks May 10 – 25 Apr 1 – June 1
June 1″
Mar – Jul Mar – Aug 55-60
June 15 – July 1
Onions 10 weeks Mar 25 – Apr 15 Jan 1 – Mar 15 Sep – Dec Sep – Dec 100-120
Sep 1 – Dec 31 Sep 1 – Dec 31
Parsley 10 weeks Sep – Mar Oct – Feb
Parsnips
Peas Mar 25 – Apr 10 Jan 15 – Feb 15 Mar – Aug Mar – Sept 60-80
Peppers 10 weeks May 15 – May 30 Apr. 1 – June 1 Feb – Apr Jan – Mar 65-80
Jul – Aug Aug – Sep
Potatoes 6 weeks May 15 – Jun 5 Apr 15 – Jun 15 Mar – Jun Feb- Jun 90-150
(sweet)
Vegetable Start plants this long before planting (for your region) Zones 5 & 6 Zones 7 & 8 Zones 9 Zone 10 Days to maturity / harvest
Potatoes (white) Apr 1 – Apr 15 Jan 15 – Mar 1 Jan – Mar Jan – Feb 70-90
Pumpkins May 15 – 30 Apr 1 – Aug 1 Mar – Apr Feb – Mar 85-90
Aug Aug
Radish Mar 25 – May 1 Aug 1 – 20 Jan 15 – Apr 1 25-30
Sep 1 – Oct 15
Rhubarb Crown
pieces
Rutabagas
Spinach April 1 – 20 Jan 15 – Mar 15 Oct – Nov Oct – Nov 40-45
Aug 10 – Sep 20 Sep 1 – Oct 15
Squash 4 weeks May 15 – 30 Apr 1 – May 15 Mar – Apr Feb – Mar 50-55
(summer) Aug 1 – 20 Aug – Sept Aug – Sept
Squash (winter) 4 weeks May 15 – 30 Apr 1 – Aug 1 March Feb – Mar 85-90
August Aug
Tomatoes 8 weeks May 15 – 30 Mar 25 – May 1 Feb – Apr Jan – Mar 70-85
June 1 – Aug 10 Aug Sept
Turnips Mar 25 – May 1 Jan 15 – Apr 1 Jan – Apr Jan – Mar 45-65
Aug 5 – Set 20 Aug 10 – Sep 15 Aug – Oct Sept – Nov
Watermelons 4 weeks May 10 – 12 Mar 20 – May 1 Mar – Apr Jan – Mar 80-90
July – Aug Aug
For many crops, the quantity of starts to plant should be divided into several plantings, 1 or 2 weeks apart.
This schedule was compiled from extension service materials and is incomplete. We will update it when possible. Look up your local USDA extension office for more information. This table cannot be republished without permission.

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