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Pachyphytum (Pachyphytum) - an interesting succulent for sunny premises, types and features of cultivation

Pachyphytum (Pachyphytum) - an interesting succulent for sunny premises, types and features of cultivation


An interesting decorative succulent for rooms with windows on the sunny side. According to the horoscope, the zodiac sign Cancer (June 22-July 22) includes plants: modest agraonema, Mason's begonia, hybrid fuchsia, bushy peperomias (silver, ivy, wrinkled), cotyledon wavy, haworthia pearl, gasteria warty, echeveria (Derenberg, gray, bristly, humpback-flowered), Kalanchoe (felt, Bekhara), sedum (thick-leaved, red-colored, Morgana, Adolphe), young (cobweb, cereal), calamus agave (American, filamentous), aloe (treelike, spinous, squat, variegated) and oviparous pachyphytum.

Natural climatic conditions for the growth of representatives of the genus Pachyphytum (family Crassulaceae) - desert landscapes of America. These plants are characterized by shortened stems and obovate (or almost round), oval in cross section, strongly thickened leaves of grayish-white color (waxy bloom) shadows silvery, and in bright light - pinkish) and red flowers.

Pachyphytums - perennial light-loving succulents - are placed indoors on windows with a southern orientation, even their location is permissible where they can stay in direct sunlight for a long time. Fresh air is desirable for these plants, although they tolerate dry air quite well.

In the summer, pachyphytum can be taken out into the open air (on a balcony or loggia). Even in the summer, relatively moderate watering is practiced (but more frequent if the plant is placed in the sun and the room is hot enough). Excess moisture in the soil is undesirable even during the active growing season (May-August).

In winter, watering is extremely rare (very careful); winter temperature should be within 11 ... 14 ° С. In a cool location at this time, some growers even refrain from watering (of course, if you have a good root system).

However, it should be noted that, although the plant normally tolerates the temperature of heated rooms, too warm conditions with low air humidity still negatively affect the formation of flowers. They are fed only in summer, monthly, using fertilizers suitable for cacti. When transplanting, a soil mixture (pH 4.5 ... 6) is prepared from equal parts of leaf and clay-soddy soil, gravel and sand (you can add a small amount of peat and lime).

Pachyphytum is propagated in spring and summer by leafy cuttings and side shoots, much less often by seeds. It seems to some growers that pachyphytum is easy to propagate by cuttings, but this opinion, in my opinion, does not correspond to reality.

This culture is considered a somewhat difficult to root plant. Before rooting, its cuttings must be dried for 7-8 days. This is done for the reason that, due to the high water content, its thick, succulent leaves easily rot, so the cuts need such a long drying time and some scarring of the wound. The stalk is planted in the soil only with its very tip. At the same time, it is strengthened in an upright position with some kind of support. They try to avoid excessive moisture of the substrate, but they do not allow it to dry out too much.

This February we had to observe a sad picture, when during rooting, they not only watered pachyphytum cuttings abundantly, but also covered them with a glass container. As expected, the lower part of all plants "amicably" rotted.

Therefore, let me remind you once again: pachyphytum is very afraid of waterlogging of the soil substrate both in winter and in summer. Experts consider it a plant that is resistant to diseases and pests. Of course, if the normal conditions of detention are observed.

In home floriculture, pachyphytum is perfect for creating succulent gardens, with knowledge of its cultivation, this is a completely unpretentious ornamental plant. Of the eight known species of it, the most striking representatives of this genus for our window sills are: oviferous pachyphytum (Pachyphytum oviferum G.A. Purp.), pachyphytum compact (Pachyphytum compactum Rose) and bracts pachyphytum (Pachyphytum bracteosum Line, Klotz et Otto)... Of these, the first type is more common on sale. The homeland of this group of pachyphytum species is called arid rocky areas in Mexico.

Pachyphytum oviparous (San Luis Potosi area) has an erect stem at an early stage of development, later it takes on the appearance of creeping (about 1 cm in diameter) with leaf scars. Leaves (3-5 cm long, 1.8-3 cm wide, 10-16 mm thick) are obovate, gray-blue with a waxy bloom and pinkish tinge, especially on young leaves.

Peduncle 5-15 cm long grows almost at the very top of the rosette. The flowers are greenish-white bell-shaped, drooping, with pink specks, covered with a bluish-white calyx. Bloom in July. The pachyphytum blooms for a long time, while the flowers open in turn, starting with the lower ones. As a rule, egg-bearing pachyphytum does not set seeds at home.

The dense (compact) pachyphytum has an erect stem up to 18 cm high, lodging with age. Leaves (4 cm long, 1 cm wide and 9-12 mm thick) cylindrical, pointed at the end, with pronounced edges, located along the entire length of the stem. They are dark green with a gray waxy bloom that does not completely cover the leaf, but with streaks, resulting in the appearance of a marble pattern.

In older leaves, the tip sometimes turns slightly red. In spring, a curl inflorescence up to 40 cm high with 3-10 hanging flowers 1 cm long appears. The corolla of a flower (bell-shaped) is formed by reddish-orange petals with blue tips, sepals are pink or green. In flower growers, this species is found much less often than others, since in a potted culture the plant blooms poorly, and in winter it often loses part of its leaves.

Pachyphytum bracts is characterized by an erect stem with a diameter of about 2 cm, higher than in previous species - up to 30 cm and above. Leaves 4-11 cm long, 2.5-5 cm wide, 3-10 mm thick obovate are located in the upper part of the stem. They have a strong waxy coating; turn slightly pink in direct sunlight.

With age, the lower part of the stem of the bracts pachyphytum becomes bare, a well-defined scar remains at the place of attachment of the leaves. Peduncle about 40 cm long grows from the leaf axil closer to the top of the stem. It contains flowers with reddish petals and 10 stamens, with yellow anthers. It blooms for a long time - from August to November, but flowers are not tied to seeds.

Sometimes pachyveria is on sale, which arose as a result of the crossing of pachyphytum and echeveria. This succulent has sharp leaves at the ends, collected in more compact rosettes than those of the pachyphytum, and the flowers have all shades from red to white.

Alexander Lazarev, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher, All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection


Succulents - photo

The unusual beauty and unpretentiousness of succulents give a wide scope for their use. Plants are able to decorate the local area, being a worthy element of a flower bed or flower garden. With their participation, they create the most original flower arrangements, including magnificent phyto-walls. Succulents look especially elegant in home florariums, which can be made independently using curly containers. Many pictures of our photo gallery will introduce you to the varieties of these interesting and sometimes funny plants. Happy viewing!

Everyone has heard of succulents since school, they can even name a few representatives. But, few people know that this group includes plants that do not have a common origin. They are combined together because they grow in similar conditions and they have tissues that store water. This article will consider succulent plants that have taken root in pots on the windowsill and do not require much maintenance, but only admiring their beauty.


Money Tree

Oval fat woman (Crassula ovata) or "money tree"

Perhaps the most "popular" representative of this family is oval fat woman (Crassula ovata), or "money tree"... Probably, a belief played an important role in her popularity - this fat woman is credited with the magical property of bringing good luck in financial affairs. She's also very beautiful. Indoors, it quickly grows to a meter in height and turns into a spectacular branchy tree with a thick trunk, densely covered with dense grayish-green leaves.


Botanical description

The lymphatic fat woman is strikingly different in appearance from its congeners. Indeed, the culture does not have a trunk, and numerous erect stems are densely covered with scaly leaves of a triangular-oval shape. They are located on the shoots in 4 rows. Thanks to this, the stems of the lycopod fatty woman, the photo of which is presented in the article, look like tetrahedrons.

The petals are painted in juicy green tones, but there are specimens with a red and yellow tint. Over time, the lower part of the stem fades and takes on a grayish tint.

The erect stems of the plant reach 25 cm in height. As they grow, they lie under their own weight and take root when in contact with the ground. Thanks to this, the plant grows rapidly in different directions. Therefore, it is often planted to create compositions in the role of a ground cover culture.


Flowers photo succulents

Kalanchoe, aloe, cacti, jerky, crassula, agave - these unpretentious plants are found in almost every home and office, but few people know that they all belong to the group of succulents. This category includes species typical of regions with arid climates, which accumulate moisture in modified stems and leaves. Thanks to this feature, succulents do without watering for a long time, maintaining an attractive appearance. Aesthetics and pickiness make them an excellent option for landscaping interiors, terraces, flower beds and even rocky alpine hills.

Translated from Latin, succulentus means "juicy" - this is how you can describe the appearance of representatives of the semi-desert flora. During the summer rainy season, they intensively collect water, due to which they endure dry subequatorial winters. Several families are ranked as succulents - these include cactus, fatty plants, agave plants, lily plants, euphorbia plants, and aizoon plants. Their exotic shape and bright flowers look extremely attractive in any setting, and the ability to do without watering for a long time saves time and effort in caring for these compact green spaces.

In the broadest classification, succulents are divided into two categories - stem, with a thickened and often ribbed stem (cacti, spurge) and leafy, in which moisture accumulates in fleshy leaves (fat, aloe, rejuvenated, and others). The biological characteristics of all these plants allow them to absorb water from any possible source: long roots pull it out from deep layers of the soil, ground branches collect dew, fluff on the surface is designed to condense moisture droplets from the air, and rain flows down smooth curved leaves directly to the outlet. ... All this means that sometimes guests from an arid climate still need life-giving watering and spraying, but this should be done very moderately and carefully.

In indoor conditions, species are grown for which a decrease in sunlight and temperature during the dormant period is not critical. The most popular indoor succulents are all kinds of cacti, as well as numerous names of Tolstyankovs, such as:

Eonium. The leaves of aeonium, rounded and slightly pointed to the tips, resemble multilayered dahlia or rose flowers in appearance. At the same time, they have completely unique colors - a green gradient along the jagged edges can be edged with pink or red, there are also dark purple, black, lemon, creamy green species. The stem of the indoor aeonium is very short, and the leaves are tightly pressed against each other, growing in a checkerboard pattern from the center to the edges.

Graptopetalum. The attractiveness of this plant lies mainly in its unusual flowering. Around May-July, twigs with beautiful pink five-petal "stars" appear from a squat rosette of fleshy leaves. In the center of the opened buds, bright yellow stamens on long legs sparkle, which give the blossoming flowers a special festive charm. This extravaganza lasts 2-3 weeks, and then the succulent returns to its standard appearance for fat women.

Pachyphytum. The Greek name Pachyphytum means "thick-leaved", which really can be considered the main feature of this succulent. Its dense leaves in the form of elongated and slightly flattened grapes are covered with a bluish waxy coating, which prevents moisture evaporation. The plant has the form of numerous pineal processes, which are interconnected by short, stiff stems. Pachyphytum blooms inconspicuously, releasing small pinkish shoots like slightly deformed ears.

Aichrizon. This succulent is also called the "tree of love". With its small dark green leaves, crown-shaped branches and dense stem, it really resembles a miniature tree. The associations with romance are probably due to the heart-shaped shape of the leaf blades. In the spring-summer period, aichrizon is covered with a lush cloud of small golden flowers, which are very similar to the panicles of St. John's wort. To form the crown, the tree is regularly pruned, and in the warm season it needs regular watering with small doses of water.

Monantes. A large number of small green bumps growing directly from the ground - this is Monantes. During flowering, a thin reddish stalk with a pale yellow "star" at the end rises from the center of each rosette. This succulent is valuable for its diminutiveness, and in compositions it makes an interesting background for larger plants.

Fat woman. Much more often this plant is referred to under the names "crassula", "tree of happiness" or "money tree". Its rounded leaves with a yellowish sheen look like coins, so this succulent is considered an amulet that attracts financial wealth and prosperity to the house.

Brigamy. A bright palm-like plant known under the names "Hawaiian palm", "volcano palm". In autumn, yellow star-shaped flowers appear at the green top, with which the succulent takes on an even more exotic look.

Portulacaria, or "elephant bush" - is a decorative mini-tree with a very powerful tree-like stem of dark brown color. In texture, it really evokes associations with the legs of elephants, but countless miniature light green leaves against the background of a thick base look very contrasting.

Argyroderma, which in translation sounds like "silver skin", owes its name to a unique color. The cold greenish tone of the dense leaves, due to the light gray waxy coating, seems even more mysterious. In shape, this plant repeats sea stones - the same smooth and oval-flattened, but dissected in the center. During the flowering period, the flaps open slightly, and in each there is an incredible beauty "aster" of orange, pink or bright yellow color.

Lithops, or living stones, cannot be immediately distinguished from pebbles. The gray, slightly mottled color completely disguises them in the natural environment.The succulent gives out belonging to the plant kingdom only during flowering, when bright "daisies" in yellow, orange, pink or white tones bloom among the rounded half-leaves.

Kalanchoe, with its rich and lush star-shaped inflorescences, is often purchased as a gift or just to decorate the interior. This succulent grows well in normal indoor conditions, tolerates both excess and lack of sunlight. Kalanchoe juice has anti-inflammatory, wound healing and regenerating properties, which is widely used in folk medicine and cosmetology.

Haworthia. It has fleshy, but elongated and pointed to the ends of the leaves with jagged thorns along the edges or woody white dots and "ribs" over the entire green surface. At the same time, young plants look quite peaceful, and over time they acquire an increasingly "frightening", prickly look. Due to its exotic texture, Haworthia can adequately decorate any floral arrangement.

Brought from an arid climate, succulents require rather harsh growing conditions. The slightest excess of comfort, oddly enough, leads these Spartan plants to a loss of decorativeness or even death.

Cacti, fat women and other guests from the desert latitudes respond positively to the indifferent attitude of the owners - they can even be left in the apartment unattended and without watering, and after a few months they can be found in the same condition. But succulents will delight in truly beautiful shape and flowering only if they are provided with an optimal, close to natural, climate.

For all of these species, the sun's rays are vital, although, for example, Tolstyannikov recommends not direct, but slightly diffused light. The scorching heat is preferred by desert and mountain plant species - cacti, aloe, Kalanchoe, dwarf shrub trees. For this reason, it is advisable to grow them on balconies and window sills on the south side of the house. In winter, succulents enter a dormant period, photosynthesis slows down, so a short daylight hours does not pose a big problem, but you still should not rearrange the plants in a dark corner.

Succulents need good ventilation for normal development. Air access to the roots should be provided by loose rocky soil. In general, the plants respond well to airing the premises, and in the summer it is recommended to plant them in a flower bed, or at least take them out with pots to a balcony, veranda or under a canopy. The natural humidity of oxygen has a positive effect, from which the leaves absorb the missing elements.

An excess of moisture for this botanical group is more destructive than its long-term shortage, therefore, it is worth exercising moderation and caution with water. During active growth and flowering, that is, from late spring to early autumn, succulents should be watered 1-3 times a week in small portions. In the off-season, the frequency should be about once a week and one and a half, and in winter, one or two modest watering per month is enough.

For summer, the optimal temperature in a room with cacti and similar accumulators of moisture are standard + 25… + 30C heat during the day and + 15… + 20C at night. During the dormant period, most of these plants like coolness, therefore, the temperature can be lowered to + 5C, although ordinary room conditions from + 15 ... + 20C are also suitable.

Any organic matter is categorically contraindicated for succulents, but mineral fertilizers with phosphorus and potassium will come in handy. It is best to buy a ready-made preparation for cacti and water the plants with it at the frequency indicated on the package during the growth period (spring-summer).

There are four main methods of propagation of this group of indoor plants: from seeds, from cuttings, by rooting parts of leaves, or the usual separation of daughter formations.

The process of growing seeds is the longest and most laborious, so only professionals use it to develop new varieties. Amateur flower growers are limited to very simple vegetative methods. So, for example, a cut off stalk or a fleshy piece of a leaf is enough to dry for 1-2 days, treat the cut with a growth stimulant, and then deepen it 1.5-2.5 cm into river sand, previously watered with warm water, and leave in a bright place for 2-3 weeks for rooting. Parts of the leaves can sometimes simply be put on wet soil without sprinkling them - soon roots will appear at the cut site, which themselves will begin to grow.

The soil for succulents should be poor in organic matter, so you should not add peat, black soil or humus to it. A clay-turf mixture is optimal, which can be additionally lightened with coarse river sand. For additional ventilation, it is recommended to add small pebbles or broken sea shells.

As a rule, the "ingredients" necessary for plants are placed in the container in layers: pebbles or other drainage on the bottom, then the soil itself, a layer of sand and again stones. Such a mosaic looks especially impressive in transparent florariums. So that succulents do not spend all their energy on growing roots, relatively small and cramped pots are selected for them, replanting only as the ground part grows once every 1-3 years.

The unusual beauty and unpretentiousness of succulents give a wide scope for their use. Plants are able to decorate the local area, being a worthy element of a flower bed or flower garden. With their participation, they create the most original flower arrangements, including magnificent phyto-walls. Succulents look especially elegant in home florariums, which can be made independently using curly containers. Many pictures of our photo gallery will introduce you to the varieties of these interesting and sometimes funny plants. Happy viewing!


Home plants succulents: species, names and photos

Next, photos and names of succulents that can be grown in indoor floriculture will be shown. These are the most common types of succulents with excellent botanical characteristics. Not all names of succulents are known to domestic growers. Some types and names of succulents are real exotic, which is not often found. However, domesticated succulents are gaining popularity due to their unpretentiousness and rapid growth. You can find out a lot of useful information about succulent plants on this page. Numerous photos of succulents are shown that illustrate each species.

The purple form of aeonium arboreal (Aeonium arboreum atropurpureum) has rosettes of purple-brown leaves on a branched stem.

Aeonium disc (A. tabulaeforme) flat rosettes.

The American agave (Agave americana) has two colorful varieties:

Marginata (green leaves bordered in yellow)

And Mediopicta (creamy leaves bordered in green).

Queen Victoria's agave (A. victoriae-reginae) is also popular - its triangular, dark green leaves 15 cm long are bordered with white.

The variegated aloe (Aloe variegata) has vertical leaves 15 cm long with noticeable stripes.

Aloe squat (A. humilis) is a blue-green dwarf with white teeth.

There are species with a trunk, such as the aloe vera (A. ferox).

Wood's Ceropegia (Ceropegia woodii) with thin stems about 1 m long and with sparse leaves is suitable for hanging baskets.

Wavy cotyledon (Cotyledon undulata) has stems 30-60 cm high and leaves with wavy edges, covered with a white bloom.

Round-leaved cotyledon (C. orbiculata) is a larger shrub with spoon-shaped leaves.

The tree trunk of the silvery bastard (Crassula argentea) can reach 1 m.

Pierced fat woman (C. perforata) and T. rocky (C. rupestris) have stems growing through the leaves.

In the lycopodiaceum (C. lycopodioides), the stems, like scales, are covered with fleshy leaves.

The fat woman (C. falcata) has propeller-shaped leaves.

Echeveria harms (Echeveria harmsii) and E. gibbiflora (E. gibbiflora) - shrubs with rosettes of leaves at the ends of the stems.

Echeveria graceful (E. elegans), E. bristly (E. setosa) and E. meat (E. carnicolor) grow as flattened rosettes.

Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbia tirucalli) has articulated stems. Milkweed come in different forms - like a cactus M. large-horned (E. grandicornis), globular M. obese, or plump (E. obesa), etc.

Faucaria tiger (Faucaria tigrina) has leaves 5 cm long, similar to the "mouth" with soft "teeth". The flowers are yellow.

Haworthia pearl (Haworthia margaritifera) forms a spherical rosette with a diameter of 15 cm. Haworthia has thick warty leaves.

Pachyphytum oviferum has rosettes of ovoid leaves.

Pachyphytum amethyst (P. amethystinum) has leaves with a lilac tint.

Sedum pachyphyllum is the most popular. Most stonecrops are low plants with branching leafy stems.

But there are also shrub species, such as stonecrop (S.prealtum).

The rejuvenated cobweb (Sempervivum arachnoideum) is hardy and has many varieties that require almost no maintenance.

Rowley's groundwort (Senecio rowleyanus) with pea-like leaves is a species for hanging baskets or the front of a composition.

Clove rootwort (S. herreianus) has oval leaves.


Spurge

This plant is also called euphorbia. It is a perennial shrub or tree type. The subtropics of Africa are considered the birthplace of milkweed. But it can also be found in South America, in Arabia, in the Canary Islands. Despite the variety of species of this succulent, they have some common characteristics.

Plants have a branched superficial root system, which is able to extract moisture even during dry periods. The height of the milkweed is from 5 cm to 2.0 m. The leaves of the plant can be of different shapes, sizes and widths. They are arranged alternately or collected in whorls. In some species, they are absent altogether.

The flowers of the milkweed are small, collected in spike-shaped or umbellate inflorescences. The color of the petals is monochromatic, it can be white, pink, red, purple, yellow.

  • Milius
  • myrtle
  • Diamond frost
  • ammac
  • triangular
  • tirucalli
  • rocky
  • Altaic.


Watch the video: Succulent Propagation Harvest--Pachyphytum compactum. Leaf u0026 Cuttings. Angels Grove Co