Detailed description of florence strawberry
The fruiting period of many types of strawberries is rather short, which does not allow enjoying the strawberry aroma and delicate taste to the fullest. Therefore, many people combine the cultivation of early berries with late-ripening varieties. The quality of their fruits is not inferior, and in some cases exceeds the June harvest. These include the strawberry florence.
Description of the variety of strawberry florence
The new variety was bred by British breeders at an experimental station in East Mollingsk. Florence is characterized by a late fruiting period, high yield... The plant forms a vigorous, but not spreading bush with a lot of whiskers.
Leaves are dark green glossy. Peduncles are extended above the level of the leaf, which makes it convenient to treat bushes from pests and diseases. The berries, according to the description, have a beautiful conical shape and a deep red color.
Florence strawberries bear fruit in one place without reducing yield for at least 5 years. This allows for less frequent updating of the beds.
The plant develops normally both in greenhouse complexes and outdoors... The root system is resistant to various diseases. On berries, spots and fungus are extremely rare. The culture loves moderate heat, does not tolerate hot climates.
Frost resistance allows strawberries to be grown even in the northern regions. Tubers easily tolerate winter, you just have to properly prepare the garden for frost.
The beginning of the ripening of culture - from the second half of June to the end of July... The fruiting period depends on the care and climatic characteristics, on average it lasts 3-4 weeks. The yield on farms reaches 35 tons per hectare, which is about 1 kg per bush.
Characteristics of berries
The elite variety of strawberry florence differs from other representatives of strawberry by its beautiful cone-shaped large berry, the weight of which reaches 35-60 g... Delicate red pulp tastes sweet with a subtle hint of sourness.
The fruits can be eaten raw and after heat treatment (jam, preserves, confiture). Harvesting for the winter using freezing does not reduce the beneficial qualities of the berry.
Florence is well preserved, does not lose presentability during transportation. Without mechanical stress or damage, it does not let the juice go. This allows farmers to deliver strawberries to distant regions without losing their presentation.
To keep the fruits for a long time, it is recommended to harvest in dry weather. after noon (in the evening).
Breeding history and growing region
The hybrid is obtained by crossing popular varieties Vima-Tarda and Vikodawhich makes a good pedigree. British breeders have worked for a long time on the development of high-yielding late-fruiting strawberries for industrial and dessert purposes.
One of the main goals was to achieve strong immunity. In 1997, their labors were crowned with success. The copyright holder is HRI East Malling.
The soil requirements of the English aristocrat are small, so a crop can give a good harvest on loam or sandy soils.
On clayey areas, it is also possible to grow florence, but subject to timely fertilization of the soil (humus) and irrigation.
Advantages and disadvantages
Each variety has its own advantageous qualities and nuances of cultivation technology. To avoid unpleasant surprises when planting, nursing or picking strawberries, you should familiarize yourself with the pros and cons.
- does not require frequent updating of the beds, the bush retains its qualities in one place more than 5 years;
- berry of large size, beautiful regular shape and pronounced taste;
- keeps its presentation for a long time, easily transfers transportation;
- does not lose its properties when frozen;
- the culture is resistant to weather disasters (survives in the heat, with prolonged rains);
- versatility of the variety (suitable for growing in open ground and in greenhouse conditions);
- strawberries are resistant to many diseases.
- when landing, you need to observe some features;
- culture demanding on bait;
- frequent rains have a bad effect on the vegetative activity of the plant.
The Florence variety has good resistance to decay of the heart, which reduces the cost of processing and improves the environmental friendliness of ripe fruits.
Requirements for planting seedlings
It is better to choose young seedlings in separate pots... Such specimens with a closed root system quickly adapt to new conditions and take root.
You can plant tubers in spring and autumn, but the ideal time is the beginning of September, when there is still no frost at night. If the planting is carried out in the spring, then it is necessary to cover the bushes with geotextiles at night.
For strawberries, you need to choose a site on a hill so that groundwater and heavy rains do not provoke root rot.
The preparation of the beds begins with digging up the soil. It follows from it remove old roots and weeds as well as debris... Any strawberry variety loves nutritious soil, therefore, a month before planting, fertilizers (organic matter, mineral bait) are introduced into it.
Before planting, the surface of the site is crumbled dolomite flour for deoxidation. After processing, the land is settled for a couple of days. This is necessary to stabilize soil processes and enrich with nutrients.
The sizes of the formed bushes are considerable, therefore the holes are planned at a distance 30-35 cm apart.
In the process of growth, plants need space, and close proximity will inhibit development and reduce yields. In addition, the density of greenery provokes the formation of various diseases.
In a prepared hole 10-15 cm deep, a small mound should be made and a seedling should be installed on it. The neck of the root should be flush with the ground. Mulch is laid on top around the bush. Planting ends with abundant watering.
It is not difficult to take care of the Florence variety; the plant does not require a special regime for itself. But there are still some nuances.
Watering should be regular with varying intensity for each stage of development.
After planting, the seedlings are watered every 3 days... For 1m2, approximately 10 liters are required. After full adaptation, the interval between irrigations increases to 1 week. But it is worth adhering to the normative indicators in this matter.
Several factors affect the regularity of watering:
- soil type;
- the presence of mulch or a special shelter made of agrofibre.
During the flowering period, moisture is especially necessary for the plant. And at the initial stage of fruiting, irrigation is reduced. It is enough to water the beds once a week, or even two. The condition of the soil should be checked periodically to keep it from drying out... With abundant watering during the ripening of the fruit, strawberries lose their taste.
After harvest, the cut bushes should be moderately moisturized until the end of the season. This will help the tubers survive the winter.
Irrigation of the florence variety is recommended by the method sprinkling or using the system drip irrigation.
For the normal development of the tuber, fertilizers should be introduced regularly... In the spring at the beginning of the season, it will be appropriate to use nitrogen, which improves the formation of the aboveground part. When buds and ovaries appear, it is time to introduce a bait based on phosphorus and potassium.
The season ends with feeding the soil with humus or fermented manure. So the roots will get stronger and gain strength before wintering.
Preparing for winter
One of the important stages of the preparatory work is considered hilling followed by laying mulch... You need to loosen the soil in early September, and you can mulch after a month.
A shelter made of agrofibre will help to survive the cold winter and temperature drops. It can be replaced by peat (straw), lined with a thick layer on top of shorn bushes. If the region is characterized by a warm climate, then there is no need for a protective layer.
A special role is given to the removal of weeds, the more thoroughly weeding is done, the cleaner the beds will be in spring.
When processing the site, each bush should be examined in order to remove damaged branches or shoots.
Under favorable conditions, strawberry florence will bear fruit in the first season after the fall disembarkation... In the second year, the fruits will appear on the bushes, even if the development was accompanied by bad weather.
Strawberries of the Florence variety reproduce in the usual ways typical of representatives of strawberries: by rooting a mustache, dividing a bush, and seeds.
Most often, gardeners use the vegetative method - daughter sockets... Selected quality whiskers are fixed in the soil with a bent wire or cut and placed in peat.
After 2-4 weeks, a root will appear, after which the shoot can be planted in open ground or in a separate pot.
Among the simple and affordable ways to propagate culture - dividing a bush... A healthy plant is selected that has reached 3-4 years of age. The root is cut into several parts and planted in a garden bed. The cut site is treated with ash or potassium permanganate solution. Clay dipping is also used.
Breeding method seeds longer and more time consuming. When using it, it is difficult to predict the quality of the seedlings obtained.
The bottom line is to dry the fragments of the skin with pulp for the subsequent production of seeds. Then they are sown along the grooves in a box with a substrate (soil + peat + humus) and moistened by spraying. The top of the container is covered with foil or glass.
With daily watering and good lighting, seedlings appear in 3-4 weeks.
When will it form on the shoots 2-3 leaves, you need to plant them in separate pots. When 5-6 leaves appear on the sprout, you can prepare seedlings for planting in open ground.
Diseases and pests
In general, florence strawberries are resistant to various diseases, but you should not relax. Under unfavorable conditions, the plant can get sick, which immediately becomes noticeable. by the changed appearance... You should not hesitate with treatment, otherwise the bush will die.
Verticilliasis is the most dangerous disease, capable of destroying most of the bushes.
The essence of the problem lies in the damage to the vascular system of the plant with dangerous spores. The bush sags in a short time, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. A dark ring forms on the root collar.
You can defeat the disease by cleaning the beds from unnecessary vegetation, affected parts of the bush.
After that, the beds are sprayed with a special solution. The following drugs are popular: Benorad, Fundazol. The disease can be prevented by treating seedlings before planting with a solution of potassium permanganate and periodically cleaning the beds from damaged branches and leaves.
Powdery mildew is formed due to the combination of warm temperatures and high humidity levels.
The foliage is covered with white dotted spots that look like dust, the antennae die off, the berries begin to rot.
You need to start treatment with cleaning the garden from the affected parts bush. After that, the plants are sprayed with a solution of whey, water and iodine.
Also, special preparations can be used for processing. Prevention consists in moderate watering and maintaining the distance between the tubers.
Gray rot is characterized by the presence brown spots on foliage and fruits, drying of plants and berries. For treatment, it is recommended to treat plants with drugs: Fundazol, Teldor, Bayleton.
Some unpretentiousness of strawberries does not mean that they will bear fruit without proper care. But chores and labors will be rewarded with a bountiful harvest. Having tasted the English beauty once, it is impossible to forget the aftertaste.
This berry is an English aristocrat: it was in Britain, at one of the experimental stations, by crossing two other varieties that a new one was bred, called Florence. It happened exactly twenty years ago. By the way, sometimes they confuse and call the berry Florence, but this name is fundamentally wrong. By combining varieties, scientists sought to achieve the ideal taste, aroma, and stable immunity of the berry. They succeeded in this to the fullest - it is for this reason that many gardeners prefer the above variety.
From the reviews and descriptions of the Florence strawberry variety (in the photo), it can be seen that its berries are conical, oval, rather large, of a deep red hue.
Strawberry variety Florence (Florence)
Florence is a non-repairable variety of garden strawberries (strawberries) of late ripening, one-time fruiting, universal use. It was bred in 1977 at the experimental station of the East Malling Institute in Great Britain, the author is D. W. Simpson. The pedigree of our hero includes such varieties as Tioga, Gorella, Providence, Redgauntlet, Wiltguard. Strawberries are valued for their large fruit, high yield, resistance to various diseases, excellent taste of berries and their excellent presentation. It is actively grown by farmers and summer residents in Europe, Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, and is popular in some other areas of the world.
The plant is tall, powerful, abundantly leafy, the bushes take a spherical shape. A lot of whiskers and horns are formed, although the adaptive ability decreases as the strawberries “mature”. The leaves of the variety are large, slightly corrugated, dark green in color. The flowers are white, are formed in large quantities, many fruits are tied. Peduncles are long and very thick, powerful, strong, located above the level of the leaves, under the weight of numerous large berries they lie on the ground.
Florence's fruits are very large, have a regular wide-conical shape, the largest specimens are rounded-conical. The peel is intense red in color, at the stage of full maturity acquires a pronounced maroon hue. Achenes are yellow, occur at medium depth. The flesh is red in color, rather dense, but not firm, without crunch on the bite, very juicy, with a magnificent bright aroma of wild strawberries. It is worth noting that the berries of this variety are distinguished by uniformity of shapes, due to which they attract the attention of buyers in the market.
Strawberry tastes great! The fruits are very sweet, but not sugary, with a bright, graceful acidity, giving the palate a spicy zest. According to gardeners' reviews, Florence berries are really very tasty, and, coupled with a great aroma and suitability for transport, make our hero a favorite for sale on the market. By the way, one of the advantages of the variety is that even in rainy or dry seasons, the taste does not deteriorate. The fruits are versatile in use, especially excellent fresh, suitable for processing and canning, and are also suitable for freezing.
The berries of the variety are really large, the average weight per season is 30-40 grams, specimens weighing 60 grams are not uncommon, and sometimes "giants" of more than 100 grams are formed. In terms of fruit size, our hero bypasses the reference variety of Elsant, and in terms of the percentage of marketable berries, he also surpasses it. There are very few substandard specimens, which will especially delight farmers, the yield of marketable products is very high. Florence's yield is really high, it is quite possible to collect about 1 kg of fruit from one plant and even more. With moderate agricultural practices, without strict control over the growing conditions and abundant fertilizing, the indicator is slightly less - from 500 to 700 grams per bush.It is worth saying, however, that strawberries do have enormous potential, so the amount of harvest depends more on how much effort you put into growing.
The variety ripens at a later date, but, depending on the weather conditions of the season, it can begin to bear fruit both earlier and a little later. In Great Britain, for example, Florence ripens 7-10 days later than Elsanta. On average, the start of fruiting occurs in early to mid-July. The variety is excellent for commercial cultivation as an extension of the berry turnover. When the early and mid-ripening varieties are already finishing fruiting, our hero only "starts to taste." Strawberries quickly give up the entire harvest, which is very convenient - the collection takes place in a short time, in one or two times. By the way, picking berries is easy and pleasant - thanks to the long peduncles, they are perfectly visible, besides, they ripen quite amicably. And one more attractive point - even at the stage of technical ripeness, the fruits have a great taste.
Florence can boast of excellent immunity, it is resistant to various viral and fungal diseases, it is very rarely affected by diseases of the root system, it is a little more susceptible to spots, but not critical. According to some reports, plants are moderately resistant to verticillary wilt, but they are not affected by it more often than other varieties. Thus, under favorable conditions, the variety can be grown without the use of chemicals, so it can be safely called suitable for organic farming. On the other hand, in rainy seasons, vulnerability to fungal diseases increases, berries can rot, so it is better not to forget about timely preventive measures.
In general, strawberries endure various weather disasters, but high-quality care will greatly affect its health and productivity. The winter hardiness of the variety is average, it is highly desirable to provide planting with good shelter in the winter. As for frost resistance, there are two points. Firstly, Florence blooms late, so spring frosts are not terrible for flowers, but the plants themselves can suffer with strong temperature changes, so it is better to take care of the covering material. Secondly, since the variety is late, in the northern regions it may simply not have time to give the harvest before the cold snap. The solution to the problem is still the same - the use of covering materials.
Drought resistance of strawberries is not bad, however, in the absence of moisture, the yield decreases markedly, so regular watering should not be neglected. In general, the best solution would be to install a drip irrigation system. This will help maintain an optimal moisture balance in the soil, which in turn will have a very positive effect on the quantity and quality of the crop. Heat resistance in plants is rather weak, shading is highly desirable. On the other hand, the berries are not baked in the sun, and if well watered, the heat will not affect the yield in any way. But still it is worth saying that Florence is zoned for the rather mild climate of England, where very high temperatures are extremely rare, so just in case you should play it safe and protect the plantation from the harmful effects of heat. As already mentioned, the taste of berries does not deteriorate even in rainy seasons, however, waterlogging can threaten an increase in the risk of diseases, especially fungal ones, so this nuance must also be monitored.
One of the advantages of the variety is its undemandingness to the soil. It can grow on almost all types of soil, however, it is important that they are fertile. So, before planting strawberries, the required amount of organic and mineral fertilizers is mandatory in the soil. In general, in terms of fertilizing, the scheme is quite simple - the better you feed the plants, the more harvest you can expect. Florence belongs to the group of commercial varieties, therefore, the disclosure of its potential is highly dependent on the intensity of agricultural technology. By the way, our hero shows the best results when grown indoors, the yield in this case can exceed the mark of 1 kg per bush.
In principle, strawberries are quite easy to care for, but they have several features that should not be neglected. First, plants react extremely negatively to thickening. The minimum distance between the bushes should be 35 cm, if possible, they should be planted more freely. So, the optimal planting density is 3 plants per 1 square meter of area. The second important point, which we have already talked about, is that the variety is picky about watering, but does not like waterlogging. And the main nuance is the need for high-quality plentiful nutrition.
Concerning Florence's longevity, opinions differ. So, some say that strawberries bear fruit consistently well for 5 years, others argue that the deadline for growing is 3 years. It is worth noting that it is still more advisable to use plants for no more than 3-4 years, and then renew the plantings in order to avoid a decrease in yield and a deterioration in taste. If we talk about commercial cultivation, then the optimal solution would be to use the variety in a two-year culture, a maximum of a three-year one, but no more. Every year the immunity of plants is weakening, and the cost of preventive treatments does not really pay off. In general, you can learn from the experience of European farmers - they practice growing strawberries in a one-year culture. On the other hand, Florence allows for an extension of up to two years, which beats other varieties. In a word, try different schemes, and you will definitely find the best one that suits your specific conditions.
It is worth making one small remark. Due to translation difficulties, there was a slight confusion with the name of the variety. Its original and officially registered name is Florence, which in Russian sounds like "Florence". Many sources, including Polish ones, decided to translate literally, which is why you can often find strawberries on the market both under the name Florence and Florence. In fact, they are one and the same variety.
What can you say at the end? This strawberry is really very good not only for a simple gardener, but also very promising for farmers and large agricultural firms. It has all the necessary qualities to proudly bear the title of "commercial variety", and in addition is famous for its excellent berry taste, which makes it very attractive for summer residents. Of the minuses - the exactingness to high-quality plentiful nutrition, and in general a relatively high whimsical care. On the other hand, Florence is by no means a sissy - currently the market is full of varieties and whims. In a word, feel free to try to settle our hero on your site, he obviously will not disappoint you!
Planting Florence strawberries
The best time for planting seedlings is considered to be the first half of September. The exact time depends on the climate. The colder it is, the earlier the landing is completed. The main thing is that there should be at least a month before frost.
Bushes root well and bloom almost immediately when spring comes. If the planting is carried out in the spring, which is also permissible, there will be no harvest in the first year of the harvest. Young seedlings must be wrapped in those regions where there is a possibility of night frosts.
Spring and autumn planting is carried out at an air temperature of +15 to +20 degrees. It is ideal for rooting. So that the seedlings can easily transfer planting, the event is held on a rainy or cloudy day. The place is chosen sunny or semi-shaded. Lack of lighting causes the berries to become sour.
The best soil for growing the Florence variety is loam and semi-sandy soils. Clay is also suitable, but only when it is enriched with a large amount of organic matter. Strawberries are not grown in areas with stagnant water, as they will simply rot.
Planting work is carried out in early September, but here you need to pay attention to the climatic features of the region. The colder it is, the earlier the strawberries have to be planted so that they can take root before winter. If the plant takes root well, then in the spring it will begin to grow rapidly and discard flower stalks.
The landing site should be bright with diffused sunlight. Only slight shading is allowed, but acidity will increase in the berries. Any soil with the addition of sand is suitable for Florence.
If clay soil is chosen, then it is imperative to add organic matter to it. It is not recommended to plant on swampy soil, as the berries will rot before they have ripened.
Preparation should take place one month before the intended planting. Procedure:
- Remove all weeds.
- For 1 sq.m. beds add 30 kg of humus.
- Smooth the organic matter over the site with an even layer, and then dig it up with the soil.
- If the level of acidity of the soil is increased, then add additional chalk.
- Form a bed 5 days before planting so that the soil has time to settle.
Landing operations are carried out in compliance with the following recommendations:
- Dig holes in the garden bed. Their size should correspond to the size of the root system. Most often, gardeners make recesses with a diameter of 12 cm. A distance of 40 cm must be observed between the holes. This distance cannot be reduced, since the Florence variety is characterized by a powerful structure of the bush.
- Moisten the soil in the recess with 300 ml of water at room temperature.
- Lower the planting material into the hole, spread the roots, and then sprinkle it with earth, lightly tamping it with your hands. If the planting has been done correctly, the growing point will be at ground level.
- Water the planted seedlings again, and to keep the moisture longer, lay a layer of mulch, 2-3 cm thick, near the bushes. For these purposes, sawdust or thoroughly rotted humus are suitable.
Professionals say that planting seedlings in the ground is preferable in the fall. From early spring, the strawberry plantation will need regular feeding at least once every 2 weeks. For fertilization, diluted chicken droppings will do. You need to dilute 500 grams of litter in 9 liters of water.
Many gardeners strive to grow this particular variety, since its berries have a rare property, like for strawberries - judging by the reviews, fully ripe berries can be stored for a long time without signs of spoilage.
Florence grows the first year from A + class frigo seedlings. I left it for fruiting. The berry is burgundy in color (like a cherry) .Round (or rather oval) shape. The taste is simple, without zest, with a raspberry flavor). The bushes themselves are handsome: powerful, densely leafy, with dark green foliage. Since the variety is late, it is very fond of wasps and crows. Liked the disease resistance. I didn't like the color and shape of the berry.
in my conditions, Florence froze, although all varieties were covered with lutrasil 60. Dropped 10%BoyTon, Kamchatka Territoryhttp://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=6991
Florence-late, large, comes out of winter with absolutely green leaves, moderately resistant to rot, but sourishLadoga, Leningrad regionhttp://www.tomat-pomidor.com/newforum/index.php?topic=7393.0
The main advantage of the Florence variety is that it is late ripening. In spring, the growing season begins later than other varieties, flowering is also later, which means that the flowers of this variety are guaranteed to escape from spring frosts. In the conditions of the Leningrad region, the beginning of fruiting of the Florence variety falls on July 10 and ends in early August. No other variety bears fruit this late. The Florence variety extends fruiting by 10 - 15 days. The first berries are large and very large (double), sometimes even hollow. The yield is high. Transportability is good. In the context, the berry is brightly colored. The berry is not very fragrant. The taste is sweet and sour, I would describe it as mediocre.Sirge, St. Petersburghttp://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=6991
Florence is a late ripening variety. Rounded red berry with a very interesting shade. There were no small berries until the end of the harvest. The bushes are powerful, the plants give a lot of whiskers (sometimes it is very tiring). The variety is liked by its disease resistance. There is no spot even in very wet weather. Transportability and taste suits me.Svetlana (Kharkiv)http://forum.vinograd.info/archive/index.php?t-3196.html
the variety is quite tasty, but sore and overwhelms with a mustacheLiarosa, Tatarstanhttp://club.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=1165
This variety was brought from Germany in 2006 from the famous strawberry Stefan Krege. Really decent grade. Especially in the first year, I was struck by the very large flowers and, accordingly, the berries. But Florence is demanding of a high level of agricultural technology and after the appearance in the collection of Vicat, who is not so capricious, he lost the palm to him. I also note Florence's great susceptibility to spotting. Forms large bushes, especially in the second year and is best planted less frequently.Nikolayhttp://club.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=1165
We tasted the berries of Florence, really liked both the taste and appearance!Nadin Sadistka, Orenburghttp://club.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=1165
Florence strawberries will require regular care from the owner - weeding, feeding, watering. But the labor expended will pay off with a bountiful harvest of unusually tasty and aromatic berries.