Brassia (spider orchid)
A plant like brassia (Brassia) is perennial and belongs to the family orchid... In the wild, such an orchid can be found in tropical America, and it prefers to grow in moist forests. There are almost 30 species in this genus, which are very similar to each other.
This orchid differs from others in that it has extremely unusual flowers, because of which it is also called the "spider orchid". They are painted in yellow in various shades, and on their surface are convex brownish specks. You can also find species with almost brown flowers with green-yellow spots. The sepals are up to 15 centimeters long and have an elongated shape. As a rule, there are from 6 to 8 flowers in an inflorescence, and in some cases even more. Outwardly, this inflorescence is very similar to the centipede insect.
The single-membered pseudobulbs of this flower are thick and most often hidden under the leaves. Lanceolate-shaped, the leaves are fan-shaped. After the end of development, the pseudobulb dies off, and another forms and grows near its base.
This flower has many benefits. So, it is unpretentious, grows well and develops in indoor conditions, and also its flowering lasts all year. Brassia verrucosa is often sold in stores, the fact is that it is the most undemanding to care for. It is so easy to grow such a plant that even an inexperienced florist can handle it.
The flowers of such an orchid are very fragrant, and its aroma is more than specific and similar to the smell of vanilla. A large number of flower growers consider such a fragrance to be very pleasant, but others do not like it, which is often the subject of disputes between them on flower forums. In flower shops, brassia hybrids are most often offered, which differ not only in appearance, but they also have different aromas.
Brassia-orchid spider. Maintenance and care.
Spider orchid care at home
This plant is very fond of bright light, but it should be diffused. It is recommended to place such an orchid on the windowsills of windows located in the eastern or western part of the room. If the brassia is placed on the south window, then it will need a little shading. In the northern part of the room, it can be placed only in the summer, since in the cold season it will not have enough light, and therefore it will not bloom. Also, in winter, the plant needs additional lighting, because it needs a day of light with a duration of at least 10 hours.
The flower feels best at a temperature of 23-25 degrees. But at the same time, and at ordinary room temperature, it grows and blooms well. It can even be grown in a fairly cool room (15 degrees). To stimulate flowering, brassia needs a difference between day and night temperatures, and the difference between them should be about 5-6 degrees. Also, experts advise, during the ripening of new bulbs (the beginning of their rounding), reduce the temperature in the daytime to 17 or 18 degrees, which also helps to stimulate flowering.
It is best to transfer the plant to the balcony during the warm season (from May to September). There he will definitely have enough light, and this will also provide the necessary temperature fluctuation.
In the wild, this flower grows in tropical rainforests. Therefore, in order for a plant to feel good in indoor conditions, it needs a very high air humidity (the higher the better). Low humidity in winter can be very damaging to the plant. It is necessary to place the brassia during the autumn-winter period, as far as possible from the heating pipes. It is also recommended to spray the plant as often as possible, and a humidifier can also help.
How to water
In warmer months, it is recommended to water the plant by lowering the flower pot in a bucket filled with water (hold for 20 to 30 minutes). When the pot is pulled out, you need to wait until the excess liquid drains. In winter, watering is more rare, but at the same time, make sure that the pseudobulbs do not shrink.
Experienced flower growers recommend that you systematically check whether flower stalks have formed. After they are found, it is necessary not to water the brassia for 7 days. The soil in the pot should dry out almost completely. If you continue with regular watering, then instead of peduncles new bulbs will begin to grow.
For planting, a special soil mixture for orchids is used. You can make it yourself by mixing sphagnum moss, pine bark and high peat for this. It is also recommended to add chunks of charcoal, and add more moss.
Brassia does not need regular transplants. This procedure should be carried out only when necessary. So, a plant is transplanted if it no longer fits in a flower pot, and the bulbs hang over the edge. During transplantation, it should be borne in mind that the bulbs grow only from a certain side. Therefore, it is necessary to leave more free space on the right side. It is recommended to plant a flower deeper. There should be some free space on top of the pot. The fact is that young bulbs are formed slightly higher than the old ones, and you will need to fill up the earth.
Orchid Brassia. Planned transplant.
Fertilize the soil once every 4 weeks in the spring and summer. Use orchid fertilizer for this and follow the instructions attached to it. Top dressing is carried out together with watering or while spraying the leaves. In winter, top dressing is not carried out, especially if the room temperature is low. The flower must be provided with a short rest period.
In the event that the bush has grown too much, then it is carefully divided. In this case, it is taken into account that each division must have at least 3 pseudobulbs, which must be mature.
Pests and diseases
Spider mites can settle. To remove it, you need to give the flower a warm shower (water temperature is about 45 degrees).
Root rot may appear if there is too much water in the soil, and even the room is pretty cool. The foliage turns yellow and withers. Then it dies, and the flower itself dies.
BRASS: a more or less SUCCESSFUL ORCHO EXPERIENCE
Types of brassia with a photo
In the genus brassia, there are more than fifty varieties. In culture, the following are most often found:
The most common and unpretentious type. A plant up to 50 cm in height produces an inflorescence with pale greenish-yellow flowers. The tapered petals have a glossy surface. Flowering occurs at any time of the year.
The buds of this species are somewhat larger than the others and have a rich yellow color with purple specks. The aroma of flowers is dominated by vanilla notes.
It has elongated, curved peduncles with pale lemon flowers. The bloom is accompanied by an intense aroma.
The flowers resemble small stars, they cover the plant abundantly.
Brassia summer dream
An orchid with pale yellow flowers, the size of which reaches 15 cm.
The orchid is distinguished by elongated inflorescences with small yellow flowers covered with brownish dots.
There are also hybrid varieties of orchids:
- miltassia (a mixture of brassia and miltonia) - has arachnid purple flowers with shortened sepals;
- baquerara (a hybrid of brassia, miltonia, odontoglossum, oncidium) - a plant with very bright, variegated flowers;
- brassidium (a mixture of brassia and oncidium) - flowers also have the form of variegated spiders with short legs.
Cambria orchid - home care
Cambria, an orchid that cannot be found in natural, natural conditions. She is completely the creation of human hands. Miltonia, brassia, wilsonara, oncidium, and beolara "took part" in its creation. From each of their donor progenitors, the Cambrian species have taken the very best. One is the beauty and unusual colors of flowers, the other is their scent, the third is both. What is important, the cambrian orchid is unpretentious. Caring for cambria is no more difficult than for phalaenopsis. Therefore, it can be safely recommended to novice growers.
A little about the plant
The people often call Cambria the "Star Orchid" because of the shape of the flowers, although round-shaped flowers are also quite common. Cumbria belongs to the sympodial type orchids. That is, it grows as a bush and has several pseudobulbs. Like many orchids of this type (cymbidium, miltonia, dendrobium, etc.), cambrian leaves are narrow and long. It is distinguished by its presence at the base of the leaves of a well-defined circular pseudobulb. Depending on the species, the size of cambria flowers ranges from one to ten centimeters.
Description of brassia orchids
The brassia flower belongs to the Orchid family. Belt-shaped leaves originate from pear-shaped bulbs. At the ends, the foliage tapers and turns into a lancet. The bright green plates have a smooth surface and a strong structure. A lush rosette is formed from the connected leaves. Bulb build-up occurs gradually. As soon as the old bulb dies off, a young growth forms in its place. Shortened creeping stems. Bulbs are located very closely and practically cling to each other. Often, in adult bushes, tightly pressed bulbs turn into a kind of ladder.
The inflorescence consists of unbranched compressed buds that are attached to the peduncle. The number of buds, as a rule, does not exceed 15 pcs. There are also species in which the number of axillary flowers is much smaller. The arrow of the peduncle grows 15-50 cm. In addition to the petals, the flower contains narrow sepals up to 15 cm long. The ends of the sepals resemble thin threads. The short petals are characterized by a rounded shape. The column and the large lip have no points of contact.
There are white, yellow, purple and brown types of brassia orchids. The bud head is colored with small brown spots. The blooming perennial exudes a rich aroma that is similar to that of daffodils.
Brassia is one of my favorites. An unusual orchid and very unpretentious to care for. The only drawback is that it requires high humidity. For those who are thinking of breeding Brassia or not, I will say that it produces a peduncle up to half a meter long. Therefore, you immediately need to think about the location of the flower.
When I want my Brassia to bloom, I artificially create a temperature difference. In winter, I open the window where it stands, and in summer, I take it out onto the balcony at night. I regularly spray it with water from a spray bottle, I feed it once a month with fertilizer for orchids.
Brassia is not a whimsical houseplant. And the pointed flower stalks delight the eye with their bright colors. With proper care and attention, the owner will receive a healthy, beautiful and regularly flowering plant.