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Secrets of getting early harvests of vegetables - winter sowing

Secrets of getting early harvests of vegetables - winter sowing


How to grow an early harvest of vegetables

In the spring, each gardener counts the days and weeks until the first greens and the first vegetables appear on their plot. Each first leaf of onion or dill, the first cucumber seems insanely tasty, fragrant and cannot be compared with imported ones, because your own is always tastier, and there is no need to talk about the usefulness of greens and vegetables grown by your own hands.

  • Early potatoes
  • Early carrots (parsley, parsnip)

Early potatoes

The growing season of the variety is critical. And if you want to have fresh potatoes in July, then find out all about planting material. So, the growing season (from planting to harvest) in early ripening varieties from 60 to 70 days; in the mid-early - 70-80, in the mid-ripening - 80-100 and in the middle-late - 100-120 days. To choose for an early harvest, you need early ripening varieties.

Tuber preparation

For planting, you need to use large or medium-sized tubers, smaller ones will yield a harvest at a later date. Of course, the tubers must be healthy. Start germinating 30-45 days before planting. Make a circular cut in the middle of the tuber, place the tubers in diffused light, the temperature should be in the range of 17 ... 18 ° С. With a circular incision, growth hormone moves throughout the volume of the tuber, and all eyes begin to germinate evenly. But five days before planting, the tubers should be covered with opaque material.


You can germinate in another way. Take a small bucket of healthy, smooth, medium-sized potatoes (about 50-60) and place in clean 2-3 liter jars. Place the jars on the edge of the table, close to the window, periodically turning them so that they are illuminated by the sun from all directions. Vernalization lasts 20-25 days, until mid-April. The tubers are reduced in size but produce thick green shoots. Thanks to this preparation, already in early July, you can enjoy young potatoes.

Do you want to get potatoes even earlier? To do this, you need to germinate the tubers in a humid environment. With this method, not only sprouts are formed on them, but also roots. Seedlings from such plantings appear earlier, and the formation of potato tubers takes place much earlier. Peat, humus, sawdust, etc. can be used as a substrate. A small layer of substrate is poured into boxes, baskets or other containers, tubers are laid out, covered with substrate again - and so two or three layers. The substrate must be kept moist for 15-20 days, the temperature should not be lower than 15 ... 17 ° C. With this method of germination, it is good to moisten the tubers and the substrate with a weak solution of copper sulfate (1-2 g per 1 liter of water) for disinfection.

You can also apply a combined method of germination: 25-30 days in the light, and then 7-15 days in a humid environment. Good results are obtained by dusting with wood ash - 1 kg per 50 kg of potatoes.

To get an early harvest, you should select a site that is early free of snow with well-cultivated soil, which is prepared in the fall.



Planting tubers

How to navigate in terms of planting? Light sprouts tolerate low temperatures well, such plantings always yield a crop earlier than those planted later at least a week and in warmer soil. According to popular belief, early potatoes should be planted when buds begin to bloom on birches.

It is important to place the rows correctly. Lack of illumination leads to stretching of plants, flowering is weak, tubers are formed small. The best option is to place plantings from northwest to southeast. Some gardeners are wary of planting thickening. But in our case, thickening is one of the conditions that accelerates growth and tuberization. Therefore, early potatoes should be planted much more often than late ones.

Early carrots (parsley, parsnip)

Most gardeners sow dry seeds in their beds. carrots, waiting for shoots for a long time, - its seeds germinate slowly and often give pampered shoots. The fact is that roots from the umbrella family (carrots, parsley, parsnip) belong to tightly similar crops, their seeds sprout only on the 15-20th day and grow very slowly. For a month and a half after sowing, seedlings have only 3-4 leaves.

there is different ways to speed up the seed germination process.

Winter sowing of carrots

Can sow carrots before winter - in the first days of stable soil freezing. If all goes well, you can win two or even three weeks. The fact is that the seeds will swell and germinate as soon as it gets warmer. But this is quite dangerous because if you have chosen the wrong sowing time, the seeds will sprout and germinate in the fall and freeze in winter.

Early spring sowing in the snow with dry seeds

Prepare the seeds at the end of March. Mix 8-10 grams of seeds with 3-4 kilograms of river sand and place in any dish with small holes (you can use a leaky saucepan) and, without covering it, put it in the snow. As the snow gradually melts, the seeds will swell, but not germinate, since it is still cold at night. The snow will protect the seeds from frost, and excess water will drain out through the holes in the dishes.

The grooved beds should be prepared in the fall. If the melting of snow is delayed, sprinkle ash or cover with foil so that you can sow in mid-April. It is necessary to sow seeds with sand, trying to distribute the seeds evenly - here, of course, you need to adapt. Sprinkle them with loose earth and on top mulch peat or well-rotted humus. The layer above the seeds should not exceed two centimeters.

At the first warming, the seeds sprout quickly and amicably. They germinate already at 2-3 degrees of heat and easily tolerate frosts of 3-5 degrees. With such an early spring sowing, the effect of early ripening of the crop is the same as with winter sowing, but there are no dangers. The only thing is that more seeds are required, because sowing seeds in this way is difficult to navigate.

Early spring sowing in the soil with germinated seeds

Sowing germinated seeds gives even better results. Seed germination is most reliable in wide, flat containers filled with wet sawdust. A layer of fabric is laid on wet sawdust, and already on it - seeds. From above, the seeds are covered with another layer of fabric, and preferably not one. These containers are placed in an ajar plastic bag. You can, of course, germinate simply in the tissue, but then the seeds dry out faster. Every day, the seeds should be thoroughly washed directly in the fabric by placing them under running water. It is a good idea if the seeds are initially moistened with Epin Growth Promoter.

As soon as the seeds germinate together, you can go to plant. If for some reason this is still impossible to do, it's okay, you just need to place the containers with seeds on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator right in a plastic bag (the bag should have a small hole). It is quite difficult to plant sprouted seeds by hand, therefore, sowing seeds using a liquid paste solution has long been invented. Everything is very simple. Remember how you usually cook jelly, only you will have to cook a lot of it - I cook a whole bucket. Attention! The kissel should be very liquid and flow easily.

After the jelly has cooled, you can start planting. Pre-make holes throughout the area where you plan to place the carrots. Then carefully put all the seeds in a bucket of jelly, take a stick for stirring the contents of the bucket and a regular glass as a tool, and then go to the garden. Stir your jelly thoroughly, quickly fill a glass with it and pour the contents of the glass into the hole, very quickly moving the glass along it. It all depends on the skill: you should move your hand extremely quickly during pouring, otherwise the seeds will be sown too thickly.

S. Shlyakhtina


Growing dill

Dill is one of the main green crops used in salads, first and second courses, and dry inflorescences and its seeds are used for preserving vegetables.

Dill contains many vitamins and minerals, but it should be used with caution during pregnancy and people with low blood pressure.

The homeland of dill is the Mediterranean, it has been eaten since ancient times in India, Egypt, South-West Asia, and dill "came" to Russia in the 10th century, where it is one of the most popular among green garden plants.

Dill belongs to the family of umbellate perennial plants; it reproduces in gardens after the first sowing, usually independently. This plant is unpretentious, but has some peculiarities when grown.

Dill growing rules

Dill, being a perennial crop, successfully tolerates frosts and rather low temperatures. Its seeds begin to germinate even at –3 ° C.

Dill can be sown with dry seeds and without preliminary treatments - after enough heavy rains, the first shoots will appear.

The seed germination process is slowed down by essential oils contained in dill in large quantities. In order for dill seeds to germinate faster, many gardeners process them before planting.

To do this, the seeds are wrapped in a cloth or bag and dipped in a container with water, the temperature of which is about 45 degrees. The seed pouch can be "dangled" in water like a tea bag to better dissolve the essential oils of the dill.

After the water has cooled, the seeds are dried on sackcloth or napkins - they are ready for sowing.

If you plan to sow dill in the near future, then the dill seeds are wrapped in one layer in a damp, breathable cloth and left to absorb moisture for a couple of days.

It should be taken into account that the seeds are not completely covered with water, but must be simultaneously in moisture and "breathe" air, as in living organic soil. After this procedure, the seeds are dried in the open air for 20 minutes and then sown.

It is worth noting that some gardeners grow dill not only by sowing in open ground, but also through seedlings.

Dill is a light-loving plant, so it can be safely grown in beds along with other plants, except for plants of the umbrella family - carrots, parsley, celery, parsnips ...

Dill is a fairly tall plant in adulthood, so it can also be used to partially shade other plants. The optimum temperature for planting dill should be from 15 to 20 ° C, however, a lower temperature is not terrible for him.

For planting dill, fertile soil is not required, the fertilizers that were used for other garden crops are quite enough for it, and in natural agriculture these are green manures, rotted mulch, compost ...

The high yield of dill indirectly depends on the moisture content of the soil, therefore, the area where it grows must be mulched. On dry land, this spicy crop will develop a stem early, which will reduce consumer qualities.

Very often, after planting, dill turns yellow and becomes dry. This is a sign that:

  • the seeds are sown too close to each other
  • the soil is heavy or acidic
  • the earth is not sufficiently moistened.

Preparation for sowing dill

Dill sowing sites are prepared in advance. To make the earth warm faster, they rake a layer of mulch and shallowly loosen the soil.

Before the sowing itself, shallow grooves are made using a flat cutter or a rake, the seeds are sown not thickly and sprinkled with a layer of soil, slightly tamping it.

After sowing seeds, you need to make sure that the soil is constantly moist, protecting it from drying out with a layer of mulch.

When to sow dill

You can prepare for planting dill in early April. During this period, there is practically no snow on the beds, and the warm weather stabilizes. In order for the harvest to be larger, and it pleases with its freshness for a long time, you need to sow the seeds every two weeks.

Sowing dill before winterat

In order to get fresh dill as early as possible, it is sown from autumn before the onset of frost. Dill beds are cleared of unnecessary plants, the soil is loosened, and the seeds are sown a little deeper than in spring. After sowing the seeds, the soil is covered with a mulch layer to prevent moisture loss and protect it from frost.

Usually, seeds sown before winter germinate 2 weeks earlier than spring ones. Therefore, if you have time for sowing in the fall, in early - mid-April, and even earlier in greenhouses, vitamin greens will be on your table!


Planting corn before winter

Many gardeners spend winter sowing of vegetables and flowersto get an early harvest. It has been established that seedlings of seeds sown before winter grow better, suffer less from unfavorable conditions and are less likely to be affected by diseases. Of course, the method of sowing seeds before winter has its advantages and disadvantages. How to prepare the soil, what crops can be sown before winter and how to sow, we will describe in detail in this article.

What can be sown before winter?

The goal of sowing vegetables before winter is to get the first harvest as early as possible. Although seeds germinate longer in early spring, since the temperature of the soil and air is still low, they sprout earlier than crops sown in spring. For spring sowing, you need to wait until the soil dries out, so that it can be dug up and the ridges are prepared - usually this is the second half of April - early May. At this time, seedlings are already developing rapidly on the ridges planted in late autumn, they still have enough moisture after the snow melts, the plants are hardened and are less attacked by pests, since they have not yet had time to multiply.

To get early harvests, vegetables are sown before winter - radishes, carrots, beets. Green crops grow faster after winter stratification - parsley, dill, black onion, lettuce, spinach, sorrel.

The harvest of vegetables sown before winter is harvested 2-3 weeks earlier than with spring sowing. Better to use early and mid-season varieties, as later crops will ripen as early crops when sown in spring.

There are tugovidny seeds, they lie in the ground for a long time until their shell collapses so that the sprouts break through - these are carrots, dill, parsley, paternak.

Only cold-resistant crops and seeds of perennials requiring stratification are suitable for sowing before winter (they germinate after a cold period).

Having sowed flower beds and flower beds before winter, in spring you will have less trouble in decorating the site. Flower shoots will appear after the snow has melted and will develop and bloom in accordance with the characteristics of the plants.

For winter sowing, the following annual flowers are suitable - summer adonis, alissum, Chinese aster, annual cornflower, Chinese carnation, large-flowered godetia, gypsophila graceful, delphinium, dimorphoteka, iberis, calendula, clarkia, eschsholzia, cosmea, keeled chrysanthemum, lavatera, duscholarrinosaur - purple, phlox, nigella.

Annual flowers are sown in spring for seedlings so that the plants bloom as early as possible, but such plants are not adapted to external conditions, they often fall ill and die. Seeds that have sprouted when sown in late autumn produce strong, hardy plants that are guaranteed to bloom in due time.

Perennial flowers, when sown in spring, usually bloom in the second year, and if they are sown before winter, then flowering can be obtained in the first year. Of perennial flowers, before winter, you can sow aconite, alpine aster, buzulnik, heuchera, gypsophila paniculata, dicentra, euphorbia, rudbeckia, popovnik, yarrow, lupine, lychnis, doronicum, peach and Carpathian bell.

Some perennial garden plants need mandatory stratification, it is recommended to sow them only in late autumn so that they germinate in spring - these are aquilegia, perennial delphinium, gentian, hellebore, lavender, primrose.

When should you sow vegetables and flowers before winter?

So that the seeds do not germinate and their tender sprouts do not die with the arrival of winter, sowing is carried out before winter when the top layer of the soil freezes. Usually such conditions are created at the beginning of November, the temperature is minus at night, and during the day it does not exceed + 4 ... + 5 degrees or about zero. Cold weather should be established for a long time, because if you sow seeds and a thaw comes, they will germinate.

If the first snow fell in a small layer, it will be even more convenient for you to sow, since the seeds are clearly visible on a white background. Therefore, it is not too late to sow the seeds of vegetables and flowers at the end of November - in December, when the snow layer does not exceed 25 cm. Furrows in the beds do not need to be done, since the snow that has fallen is trampled down, grooves are made in it, which, after sowing, are covered with prepared loose soil from peat and humus, from above are additionally covered with snow.

How to prepare the beds for sowing before winter?

For winter sowing, the beds are prepared in advance, since it will be impossible to do this on frozen soil. Digging of the site is done in September - October, after harvesting the main garden crops. It is good if the site for crops before winter is located on a hill without shading, this will exclude flooding of the ridges with melt water, on high beds the snow will melt first, the soil will warm up faster and seedlings will appear.

The earth is dug up on the bayonet of a shovel, humus and mineral fertilizers are added for digging. The beds are formed and the sowing grooves are made immediately. The depth of the grooves depends on which seed you will use for sowing. For large seeds, the grooves should be 4-5 cm deep, for medium ones 2-3 cm, for small ones - 1 cm.

If the grooves in the beds are not immediately made, then it is difficult to dig them through the frozen soil. To keep the grooves made clean from snow and debris, the beds are covered with any material.

Seeds sown before winter are not recommended to be covered with ordinary soil, since the surface of heavy clay soil is covered with a crust in spring, through which it is difficult for sprouts to break through. If you cover the seeds with a light, loose mixture of humus and peat, then the seedlings will appear quickly and amicably. The substrate for filling seeds in buckets is stored in a barn so that it does not freeze with the onset of cold weather and does not get wet from rains.

How to sow before winter?

With the onset of stable frosts, you can begin to sow the beds before winter. You do not need to spill grooves, soak the seeds or water them after falling asleep from above.

If the beds with grooves are covered with snow, then it can be swept away or compacted by swatting with a board or a shovel, then digging grooves through the snow.

Podwinter crops give less germination, therefore, when sowing, the number of seeds is usually increased by a quarter, and in spring, thickened seedlings are thinned out. The sown grooves are covered with a prepared substrate of peat and humus, it must be dry and not frozen. The soil is slightly pressed from above and, if possible, the ridges are covered with snow or a layer of dry leaves and spruce branches. The covering layer must be removed in early spring.

After sowing, at the beginning and end of the grooves, it is recommended to make marks, for example, stick sticks. So that in the spring you can loosen the aisles without fear of damaging the seedlings.

In the spring, as soon as you see the first green sprouts on the ridges, fertilize with nitrogen by watering the ridges with 20 grams of urea per 10 liters. Two weeks after germination, you can repeat the feeding with a full mineral fertilizer by dissolving 30 grams per 10 liters of water.

Advantages and disadvantages of winter crops:

- In nature, plants reproduce by self-sowing, seeds that fell into the ground in autumn after a cold period in spring germinate and develop actively. Under natural conditions, plants become hardened, form strong, get sick less, of course, in such conditions only cold-resistant crops can grow that can withstand slight frosts in spring.

- Plants sown before winter have a better root system than plants grown in seedlings at home, so the former better tolerate unfavorable conditions - temperature fluctuations and drought.

- Annual flowers from podzimny crops bloom a week earlier than plants with spring sowing.

- In the spring you will have less trouble in growing seedlings, there will be more space and time for growing seedlings on the windowsills of the main vegetable crops.

- In the hottest spring season for gardeners, there is no need to worry about soil shoeing and sowing to get the first harvest. Podwinter crops will sprout when favorable weather conditions come for them.

Disadvantages of winter crops:

- After wintering in the soil, the germination of seeds decreases, therefore, for sowing before winter, the number of seeds is increased, and it is best to use fresh seeds collected in the fall. This rule does not apply to seeds requiring stratification, as they need wintering at sub-zero temperatures in order to germinate.

- It is difficult to determine the time for winter sowing, sometimes after prolonged cold weather a thaw comes, then the seeds can wake up and die.

- Heat-loving plants from southern latitudes are not suitable for winter crops, their seeds will die at sub-zero temperatures.

- Vegetables grown during winter sowing are not stored, as they ripen early and are eaten in summer.


What to plant in the garden before the end of summer A lunar landing calendar for August 2020?

August is the height of the vegetable season. The lion's share of the time is taken up by the collection and processing of the crop, and you still need to find the strength and time to work with the beds. On the vacated beds, you can always plant siderates (plants that interfere with the growth of weeds, and then are embedded in the soil in order to improve its structure and fertilize).

But, perhaps, you want to increase the yield from the dacha by 5–6 acres and collect a second crop on these soils. When sowing again, you should follow the rules of crop rotation and select plants belonging to different species that do not have common diseases and pests with their predecessors. To plan work in the garden and in the garden, to decide what and when can be planted in a greenhouse and open ground in August, our Lunar calendar of re-planting for gardeners and gardeners for August 2020 will help. It describes in detail the timing of all gardening work.

Moon phases and favorable days for landing in august 2020

Moon phases in august 2020

  • The moon grows from 1 to 2 August
  • Full Moon August 3rd
  • The moon decreases from 4 to 18 August
  • New moon august 19
  • The moon is growing again from 20 to 31 August

Favorable landing days in August 2020

The table shows the most favorable days for sowing seeds:

Culture Favorable days for sowing seeds

  • Cucumbers 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 24, 25
  • Eggplant 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 24, 25
  • Sweet pepper 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 24, 25
  • Garlic 1, 2, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29
  • Bow 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 24, 25
  • Carrots 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16
  • Tomatoes 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 24, 25
  • Radish, radish 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16
  • Different greens 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 24, 25
  • Cabbage 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 24, 25
  • Potatoes 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16

Auspicious days for sowing and planting flowers
Annual flowers5, 6, 7, 15, 16, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Biennial and perennial flowers1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29
Bulbous and tuberous flowers5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 22, 23
The most suitable days for planting strawberries
Unfavorable days for sowing seeds

Attention! The table shows the most favorable days for planting and sowing seeds, but this does not mean at all that on other days planting cannot be done. You should not plant anything only on prohibited days.

Lunar sowing calendar for August 2020 for gardeners and truck farmers (table)

The table shows the phases of the moon, its position in the signs of the zodiac and recommended work for gardeners - gardeners - flower growers for each day of the month.

August 1, August 2
Growing Moon in Capricorn

Capricorn - Zodiac sign of average fertility (Root Days)

The gardener's calendar recommends:

  • Sowing long-fruited radish.
  • Planting cucumber seedlings in a greenhouse.
  • Sowing kohlrabi, cauliflower for growing in a greenhouse.
  • Favorable days for planting and transplanting perennials.
  • Planting rosettes and rooting strawberry whiskers.
  • Planting fruit shrubs and trees with a closed root system.
  • Not recommended - work with plant roots.

August 3rd

Full moon

Moon in Aquarius

The lunar calendar of gardeners, gardeners, flower growers does not recommend working with plants on a full moon.

4 august
Waning Moon in Aquarius

Aquarius - barren zodiac sign (Days of the Flower)

The gardener's calendar recommends:

  • Not recommended - sowing and planting of most crops, as well as watering and feeding.

August 5, August 6, August 7
Waning Moon in Pisces

Fish - fertile zodiac sign (Days of the Leaf)

The gardener's calendar recommends:

  • Sowing cucumber seeds for growing on a windowsill, in a greenhouse.
  • Sowing Chinese cabbage in pots for autumn growing.
  • Sowing radish, daikon, radish, leafy vegetables.
  • Planting potatoes.
  • Good days for planting any flowers, but especially corms.
  • Planting strawberries, shrubs with a closed root system.
  • Not recommended - pruning and processing of the garden with chemicals.

August 8, August 9
Waning Moon in Aries

Aries - infertile zodiac sign (Days of the Fetus)

The gardener's calendar recommends:

  • Not recommended - sowing and planting, pruning and shaping, transplanting, rooting, pinching, watering and feeding.

August 10, August 11, August 12
Waning Moon in Taurus

calf - fertile zodiac sign (Root Days)

The sowing calendar for August 2020 recommends:

  • Sowing of leafy greens (watercress, sorrel), radish, radish, daikon.
  • Sowing seeds of distillation crops to obtain greens in the autumn-winter period.
  • Favorable days for planting corms and perennial flowers.
  • Rooting the mustache and planting strawberries.
  • Planting fruit trees with a closed root system, rooting of cuttings.
  • Not recommended - loosen the soil in the root zone, replant the plants.

August 13, August 14
Waning Moon in Gemini

Twins - unproductive zodiac sign (Days of the Flower)

The gardener's calendar recommends:

  • You can plant flowers with ampelous or curly shoots.
  • Not recommended - picking and replanting seedlings.

August 15, August 16
Waning Moon in Cancer

Cancer - fertile zodiac sign (Days of the Leaf)

The gardener's lunar calendar recommends:

  • Sowing radish, root parsley, lettuce.
  • Transplanting cucumber seedlings into a greenhouse (in the northern regions).
  • Planting annual and bulbous flowers.
  • Planting strawberries.
  • Not recommended - store potatoes and other root vegetables.

17 august
Waning Moon in Leo

a lion - infertile zodiac sign (Days of the Fetus)

The gardener's lunar calendar recommends:

August 18, August 19, August 20

New moon

Moon in Virgo

During the new moon, all plants are extremely vulnerable, so the lunar sowing calendar of gardeners and gardeners for August 2020 does not recommend working in the garden on these three days.

August 21
Growing Moon in Virgo

Virgo - Zodiac sign of average fertility (Root Days)

The gardener's lunar calendar recommends:

  • Preparation of beds for winter crops.
  • Auspicious day for planting annual and perennial flowers, rooting cuttings.
  • You can sow the lawn.
  • Not recommended - soak the seeds

August 22, August 23
The growing moon in Libra

Libra - Zodiac sign of average fertility (Flower Days)

The gardener's lunar calendar recommends:

  • Planting cucumber seedlings indoors (in the northern regions).
  • Sowing kohlrabi, cauliflower in a garden for autumn growing in a greenhouse.
  • Auspicious day for planting all kinds of flowers and rooting cuttings.
  • Planting strawberries.
  • Planting trees with a closed root system.
  • Site preparation for planting raspberries, bushes.
  • Not recommended - the use of pesticides.

August 24, August 25
Growing Moon in Scorpio

Scorpio - fertile zodiac sign (Days of the Leaf)

The sowing calendar of gardeners, gardeners recommends:

  • Planting cucumber seedlings in a greenhouse.
  • Sowing lettuce, spinach, onions on a feather, cucumbers, kohlrabi, cauliflower for transplanting into a greenhouse in the fall.
  • Sowing siderates.
  • Good days for planting annuals, perennial flowers and roses.
  • Planting strawberries.
  • Not recommended - dig up potatoes, prune and propagate plants by dividing roots and corms.

August 26, August 27
Growing Moon in Sagittarius

Sagittarius - unproductive zodiac sign (Days of the Fetus)

The gardener's lunar calendar recommends:

  • Sowing kohlrabi, cauliflower for growing in a greenhouse.
  • You can plant ampelous and curly flowers, root cuttings.
  • Not recommended - cut and water the plants
August 28, August 29
Growing Moon in Capricorn

Capricorn - Zodiac sign of average fertility (Root Days)

The gardener's lunar calendar recommends:

  • Planting cucumber seedlings in a greenhouse.
  • Sowing cucumber seeds for growing in the fall in a greenhouse or on a windowsill.
  • In open ground - sowing kohlrabi, cauliflower, root crops: radish, daikon, radish.
  • Good days for planting and transplanting perennials.
  • Planting strawberries, gooseberries, currants, fruit trees with a closed root system.
  • Not recommended - work with plant roots

August 30, August 31
Growing Moon in Aquarius

Aquarius - barren zodiac sign (Days of the Flower)

The gardener's lunar calendar recommends:

  • Not recommended - sowing and planting of most crops, watering and feeding.

What else can you manage to plant in the garden in August?

The beds in the garden are gradually vacated in August, so they need to find a new use as soon as possible. After all, bare soil is very vulnerable: under the negative influence of wind and sun, the soil dries up, blows out and becomes overgrown with weeds.

In order for the land to continue to work for itself and the summer residents for the good, you can plant it with green fertilizers - siderates or re-sow healthy vitamin vegetables.

An important condition in agricultural technology for repeated sowing is to choose the right place for planting. To reduce the risk of developing diseases and improve the nutritional conditions of vegetables when re-sowing, it is recommended to take into account the rules of alternating vegetables or sow seeds in the old aisles.

What to plant in August in the open field

In order for the vegetables to succeed in August and the crops were not in vain, it is necessary to choose the right, quickly ripening crops with a short growing season, correctly determine the variety. Of course, the earliest, ultra-ripening varieties will do. Well, the climatic zone of cultivation should not be ignored. It may be necessary to cover something and save from the first autumn frosts. And if the space is vacated in the greenhouse - it's time to use it successfully, in such a warm "hut" even cucumbers will have time to ripen by the October table.

Salads

Salads are a traditional culture for re-seeding. They begin to sow them very early and continue to cultivate until the onset of autumn. Due to their unpretentiousness and short growing season - only 25-70 days - they grow quickly and fall from the garden to the table regularly throughout the season.

Romaine lettuce

  • At the very beginning of August, you can sow romaine lettuce.
  • In cultivation and care, it is unpretentious, except that after the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings will need to be thinned out, leaving one plant for every 20X20 cm.
  • In the fall, romaine is dug out of the garden right by the roots and buried in boxes.
  • In this form, it will remain in the basement until January.

Mustard salad

  • Lettuce (leaf) mustard can be sown until mid-August.
  • Moreover, at the end of summer, it grows especially well.
  • The plant is resistant to drops in temperature and ripens quickly, so it guarantees a second wave of harvest.

Herbs and spices

Greens are always held in high esteem by both beginners and seasoned summer residents. Green crops sprout quickly and until mid-autumn with fresh vitamins. Parsley, dill, basil, lettuce, mustard, coriander are the traditional bright decoration of the autumn table.

  • Dill sown in August does even better.
  • He will quickly give fresh juicy young greens, which will decorate the table and come in handy for autumn preparations.

  • When sowing spicy coriander in August, the plant does not form an arrow, it is not troublesome to grow it, but the spice for pickling and canning is always at hand.

  • There is conflicting opinion about spinach.
  • Novice gardeners love this culture and plant actively in August.
  • But summer residents with experience noticed that in September, spinach disappears and deteriorates.
  • In the greenhouse, even when planted in August, spinach works better.

  • At the very beginning of August, you can have time to sow kohlrabi with a short growing season, pak-choy.
  • When growing pak-choy cabbage at the end of summer, it will need less care: watering can easily be replaced by mulching the root zone.
  • At the same time, rather large bushes with a diameter of up to 50 cm and a height of approx. 40 cm.
  • Collard greens, Peking cabbage, can be sown outdoors until August 10. After sprouting, the cabbage will need to be thinned out, and the harvest will be expected in October-November.

Roots

In August, you can sow some early maturing root crops for fresh consumption and winter storage.

  • Radish is the earliest root crop, which pleases with fruits three weeks after sowing.
  • From sowing in August (8-10 numbers), root crops work out even better - radish almost does not shoot and gives a consistently high yield.
  • It is better to pick fresh radishes early in the morning and do not delay harvesting - they quickly outgrow and lose their taste.
  • The non-gouging cone-shaped radish varieties can be stored for up to 3 months.
  • Radish can be sown in areas freed from early crops, after garlic and peas

  • The optimal time for planting sowing radish, Chinese (Loba) and Japanese (Daikon), winter - the first decade of August, from 5 to 10.
  • Root crops grown at the end of summer are less damaged by the cabbage fly.
  • For sowing in August, you need to take early varieties.
  • It will not be too late to sow sharp black and white radish, while the soil is abundantly soaked, and the seeds are left dry.

Beets and carrots

  • Carrots and beets can also be sown in August.
  • You need to choose early ripening varieties, so that they had time to form before the raids of the first frosts.
  • Root crops will grow small in size, but they will enrich and diversify the autumn menu, for example, young beet leaves.

There are such early ripening 40-day potato varieties that will be harvested in September-October.

Siderata
  • In August, some areas are already vacated after the young potatoes have been dug up.
  • There you can sow green manure, which in the fall is embedded in the soil as green fertilizer.
  • Planting white mustard, rapeseed and oil radish will rid the area of ​​potato diseases and wireworms.
  • Oats, phacelia, peas or mustard restore soil fertility, enrich the soil with organic matter.
  • In autumn, green fertilizers are mowed, crushed and embedded in the soil.

What can be planted in a greenhouse in August

In addition to the crops already recommended for open field crops in August, thermophilic early ripening vegetables, such as cucumbers, Chinese cabbage, broccoli, can be selected for greenhouse planting. They will not work for blanks, but they will extend the summer season until October.

Planting perennial vegetables

From planting in August, you can expect not only quick momentary fruits, but also prepare to meet the harvest for next year. Sorrel and parsley sown in August will overwinter under the snow and spring up with fresh greens in early spring.

Features of repeated crops

Sowing agrotechnics of all of the above types of vegetables does not differ from spring plantings.

Preliminary work

Remove plant debris, weeds and water from the vacated beds. Anyone who has a ready-made working solution "Baikal EM-1", add to the soil for irrigation at a concentration of 1: 100, that is, add 100 ml of a base solution (not a concentrate) to 10 liters of water. During this preparatory period, EOs will rapidly multiply in warm soil and successfully disinfect the soil from most representatives of negative microflora.

Soil preparation and sowing

As soon as the soil is ripe, loosen it 10-15 cm. At the same time, remove some of the weeds. In the garden bed, cut furrows or 3-row strips 2-3 or 3-4 cm deep on sandy loam soils. Apply nitrophosphate under irrigation of the furrows, but it is better (if any) kemira, kristallon or other complex fertilizers containing microelements. You can add planriz solution or tank mix with trichopolum and epin.

This soil preparation system can be used for all crops planted with the second rotation. It will not only fertilize the soil, but also activate beneficial microorganisms that will suppress the development of a number of fungal and bacterial diseases, will help the seeds to start growing faster. After such soil preparation, seedlings of sown crops will appear 2-4 days earlier, which is important at the end of summer.

Sowing and care

While preparing the beds, put the seeds to be sown on the kelchevka. It is better to moisten seeds for kilchevny with a solution of root or other stimulant.

Sprinkle the sown seeds with dry soil or sand and mulch with fine mulch (peat, sawdust, crushed shavings). With abundant watering before sowing, mulching will prevent the formation of a soil crust, retain moisture, which will allow you to get good friendly shoots.

When the seedlings reach 1-2 leaves, break through the crops (except for spicy flavors, onions, peas), leaving a distance of 1.5-2.0 cm. The main care is sufficient watering. Do not allow the soil to dry out with the formation of a crust. Do not overdo greens and spicy flavors. Carry out selective cutting when they reach 10-15 cm in height. Carry out the first thinning of the onion when the feather reaches 10 cm in height. There will be fresh onions and faster feather growth. Leafy salads with thickened planting arrows. When thinning, leave at least 5-6 cm between plants for better foliage development.

The second thinning of root crops coincides with bunch ripeness. With sufficient fertilization for sowing, fertilizing is usually not carried out. Protective measures against diseases and pests (aphids, fleas and others) can only be carried out with biological products. Plants are sprayed as recommended using biofungicides and bioinsecticides. Ashes can be used against fleas by pollinating plants and soil through gauze.

Conclusion

What can be planted in the garden in August?

  • It depends on when the first frost occurs in your area, because the plantings should have time to ripen before that time. For this, it is better to choose early ripening varieties.
  • Also, when choosing what to plant in August, remember that re-sowing of garden crops must be selected in such a way as to have time to prepare the soil for spring planting.

We wish you rich harvests all year round!


General sowing rules in late autumn

To plant seeds in the fall, you need to follow a number of rules. It:

  • landing dates
  • seat selection
  • preparation of the garden
  • selection of seeds
  • shelter from the cold.

Seat selection

For planting vegetables before winter, choose a high bed or make it one yourself, in order to avoid spring soaking and rotting of seeds. The soil should be loose and light, clayey heavy soil over the winter is even more compacted and makes it difficult to germinate. After harvesting vegetables, 1-1.5 months before winter sowing:

  1. The bed is dug deeply.
  2. Weeds are removed.
  3. The necessary organic (compost and humus) and mineral fertilizers (no nitrogen) are introduced.
  4. Add 100-300 g of lime to reduce the acidity of the soil.
  5. Loose with a rake.

If the sowing of vegetables before winter will be carried out after the first frost, grooves are made in advance and the ground is covered with a film to prevent them from erosion.

Landing dates

The main link in the chain for a good harvest is the timing of stable cold weather on the territory of residence. Warm and humid days will give the seeds an impetus to germinate, which will lead to the death of the future harvest. Failures of young gardeners associated with non-compliance with planting dates lead to a reluctance to plant seeds of garden crops before winter. So, in the Leningrad region, before winter, planting is carried out much earlier (by 1.2 weeks) than spicy herbs and greens are planted before winter in the Moscow region with its more southern location and a much less harsh climate. The optimum temperature for planting will be from +3 to -2.

Seed preparation

The seeds of some vegetable crops can be planted before winter, but before that it is necessary to check their quality.

Seeds suitable for planting before winter:

  • resistant to flowering and shooting
  • pelleted, which will reduce their consumption when planting
  • winter hardy.

For autumn planting, the planting density should be increased by 30%.

Table with autumn sowing dates for vegetables and herbs:

Greens and root vegetables

It is difficult to imagine a vegetable garden without greenery growing in it. Every amateur gardener wants to grow vitamins for the table as early as possible. To get spring vitamins right after the snow melts, you can plant greens in the fall. In this case, the seeds:

  • are quenched
  • the plant does not get sick.

In the middle lane, they are planted in the fall in the garden:

When planting lettuce before winter, you need to choose leafy varieties, half-cabbage ones may not give the expected harvest.

Vegetable crops that can be planted in the fall include:

To sow cabbage before winter, choose medium-ripe or late varieties, the early one is not suitable for such planting. Among the advantages of autumn planting, it is worth noting:

  • harvesting 2.3 weeks earlier than when planting in spring
  • getting moisture by seeds from the spring melting of snow and sprout quickly
  • freeing up spring time for growing seedlings of other crops
  • improved taste and juiciness
  • resistance to diseases and less losses from pests.

Of the minuses, you can note:

  • higher seed consumption
  • preparation of beds for planting at the end of summer
  • the need to shelter seedlings from frost in early spring
  • the need to accurately determine the timing of landing.

To plant beets in the fall, varieties are selected that are intended for autumn sowing and are resistant to shooting. Only a sunny place is suitable for beets; in the shade, it forms tough root crops of small size with less sugar. The bed is prepared for sowing in advance, grooves are made at a distance of 30 cm from each other and a depth of about 5 cm. They are waiting for the temperature to settle from - 2 to +5 degrees. Beets are sown more frequently than during spring planting. Furrows are covered with pre-prepared soil, mulch in the form of peat, humus, compost is added on top and covered with branches of coniferous trees.

You can also plant beet and carrot seeds before winter. Early and cold-resistant varieties are suitable for planting. The preparation of the planting site is done in the same way as for beet beds.

Planting garden strawberries

Also planted in the winter in the garden and garden strawberries. You should not linger with these works, since young bushes should take root and leave strong and healthy before winter. They are engaged in transplanting in late August - early September. The strawberry bed is prepared 2 weeks before planting, so that the soil has time to settle. When digging, add compost or humus, ash, mineral potash-phosphorus fertilizers. The distance between the rows when planting is about 50-70 cm, depending on the variety, between the bushes in a row there should be at least 30-40 cm.

Autumn planting of flowers

You can sow not only vegetables, but also flowers before winter. Preparing the land follows the same principle as for vegetables. The difference is in the seeding depth, which depends on the seed size.


The quality of the seeds of the culture plays an important role in obtaining seedlings. Carrot seeds are small, contain essential oils and germinate very slowly. Moreover, the seeds remain viable for only 2-3 years. To obtain friendly shoots, it is necessary to carefully prepare and level the site since the fall. It is better to use pelleted annual seeds for sowing. In addition, carrots are characterized by low vigor in the early stages of development. Therefore, during this period, the main task is to ensure friendly seedlings and prevent their clogging.

Of great importance when growing carrots is the choice of the sowing period, which depends on the variety and intended purpose. So, to obtain early production, early and mid-season varieties are used, which are sown in early spring, with the first opportunity to go out into the field. At the same time, sowing is carried out in a short time in order to use the moisture reserve in the soil.

Secrets of obtaining high yields of carrots: podwinter sowing can be used to obtain bunch of products.

In this case, sowing is carried out before winter until the soil freezes, so that the plants do not germinate. Late-ripening varieties (growing season - more than 120 days), which are intended for storage and processing, are sown from mid-April to late May. At the same time, irrigation must be used to obtain friendly seedlings, especially in drought.

For the southern regions on drip irrigation, a possible option for re-sowing (after crops that are harvested early: early cabbage, cucumber, beets for beam production) in order to maximize the use of the field area. In this case, sowing is carried out with early varieties or hybrids, but no later than July 20.


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