Anthurium: language of Anthurium flowers and plants
LANGUAGE AND MEANING OF FLOWERS AND PLANTS
The flowers of the Anthurium plant, given their heart shape, have become a symbol of love and friendship.
If you want to know more:
How to grow anthurium plants
How to grow Anthurium: all the tricks and secrets to know
One of the most particular houseplants is theanthurium or anthurium: here are our indications to get to know it better and to start growing this beautiful plant.
L'anthurium is a plant native to tropical areas and belongs to Araceae family. It is generally considered a houseplant, given that in our part of Italy it is difficult to find a suitable climate to favor its growth.
The characteristic of this plant is the presence of spat, a sort of upside-down leaf of bright color, from which the spadix, an elongated spike with hermaphrodite flowers. It is estimated that they are present at least 500 different species of anthuriums, distinguished by colors and shapes.
General characteristics of Anthurium or Anturio
L'anthurium andreanum it's a ornamental plant very decorative and resistant apartment, belonging to the Araceae family, native to tropical areas of South America, the same family of calla lilies.
Also called simply anthurium it's a perennial herbaceous plant rich in leathery heart-shaped leaves of an intense glossy green color that branching off from long and thin stems form a rounded bush, about 35-45 cm in diameter.
Some modified leaves of white, pink or ruby red color, called spate, envelop it spadix a showy cylindrical inflorescence of straw yellow color it produces sessile flowers.
The plant produces flowers all year round, especially from May to September.
Cut flowers keep for a long time.
If grown optimally, the plant can also flower all year round. However, the flowering period remains thesummer and lasts about a couple of months. It is generally used to support the stems with supports, because these tend to hang due to the weight. Anthurium is an indoor plant
Few enemies for anthurium
Cochineal: is the most frequent problem and manifests itself with whitish fluffiness under the leaf and at its intersection. The cochineal can be fought, in a "comfortable" plant such as anthurium with stems that can be spread out to the base without causing damage, with cotton balls or brushes soaked in alcohol, thus removing the insect hidden in the middle of the flockiness. These Homoptera insects belonging to the Coccidae family are plant parasites with wingless females, in case of attack they immediately isolate the plant so as not to spread the infestation to the neighbors.
Thrips: is the enemy more insidious, a very small beige insect, which "stings”The leaf, subtracting sap and deforming the lamina. The most serious damage is borne by the flowers, on which it causes malformations and color streaks. Thrips are insidious as the fight can only be preventive. In the apartment, to avoid chemicals distributed without reason, color traps are useful. Thrips are sensitive to the intense blue color: just insert some blue cards coated with glue in the vase or in the middle of the vegetation to trap the unwanted insect.
In photograph Anthurium Sommer Love. Photo by Alessandro Mesini
How to care for an Anthurium as a houseplant
To live healthy and lush in our homes, the Anthurium they need to indirect light, avoiding direct exposure to the sun's rays. They can tolerate even lower light levels than necessary, especially during vegetative rest. If you have plants exposed directly to sunlight, their leaves will whiten from excessive exposure. On the contrary, in case of insufficient light, the leaves will become long and thin, with an unattractive appearance. The lack of light will also lead to the decrease or complete cessation of flower production by the plant.
To take proper care of Anthurium, we must pay attention to the temperatures to which the plant is exposed. In winter, it is advisable to protect the Anthrium from drafty doors and windows. With temperatures below fifteen degrees the plants will suffer and eventually die. Likewise, excessive temperatures can also cause damage to the plant. Radiators, fans, air conditioners create problems if they are too close to the vegetation. Having a window open on a hot, humid day with a light breeze helps the plant stay healthy. Excessively high temperatures can cause burns on the leaf page, faded color of the flowers, reduced duration of the flowers on the plant. Too low temperatures cause slow growth,yellowing of the leaves, until the plant dies. Anthurium does not tolerate the frost and low temperatures.
Water and humidity
A irrigation adequate is the key to the care of Anthurium (and to the care of all yours indoor plants!). This houseplant requires limited quantities of water. Before wetting the jar of yours again Anthurium, let the soil dry out. It is advisable to keep the soil slightly moist during the growing season, from March to September, allowing the upper layer to approach dryness between waterings. Get into the good habit of checking it at least once or twice a week, gently digging your finger into the ground. It should be barely damp. If it still feels wet, wait a little longer.
Remember that your plant's irrigation needs largely depend on the unique light and humidity of your home or office and can also change a lot with the changing seasons and climatic conditions. In winter, your Anthurium may only require water every few weeks, while in summer it may require water most days. Get to know your plant and its needs, keeping an eye on it in the first weeks after you brought it home. Use your senses: what does the plant look like as a whole? What are the leaves like? What is the terrain like? Observing what the plant shows helps to fine-tune the care it needs.
Let's not forget one very important thing, the jar in which you grow your Anthurium requires a drainage adequate. The roots of Anthurium they should be moist but never wet. The pot must have sufficient drainage holes to drain excess water.
If after watering you wait for the potting soil to be completely dry before wetting again, you may have problems: slowing down the growth of the plant, burning at the tips of the leaves and roots. Likewise, excessive watering they can lead to root rot, yellowing of the leaves and / or brown spots on them.
L'humidity it is certainly an important factor to consider before bringing an Anthurium home. Some varieties require high humidity to thrive and could suffer a lot in its absence. There best location, in the house, where to keep your Anthurium, is in a well lit bathroom or near the kitchen sink. If this is not possible, you can always humidify the air near the plant, periodically vaporizing it or use a simple gravel bed, in a saucer under the pot.
With proper watering, some hybrids of Anthurium can be successfully grown in potting soil by treating them in a similar way to Philodendron, letting the soil dry between one wetting and the next. However, as Anthuriums, in nature, are epiphytic plants, which grow in moss hanging from tree branches, prefer something more like the substrate for orchids. It is usually a loose and transpiring mixture of soil, peat, pieces of bark and mulch, coal, gravel, perlite or pumice and sphagnum moss. The use of this type of substrate will make the cultivation of Anthurium.
Anthuriums benefit from regular but contained fertilizations. It is possible to administer fertilizer to your Anthurium once every 6-8 weeks from March to September. If you use a flowering plant compound you will help the plant produce flowers regularly.
Lot of Anthurium they are cultivated for the beauty of their unique flowers, with bright colors and almost lacquered luster. What we call the flower are actually many small flowers growing along it spadix (the thin finger-like center) while the heart-shaped outer "petal" is actually one modified leaf call spathe. Getting your Anthurium to flower again is possible, even if it requires some patience and attention. Bright but not direct light is required (a lower light will dissuade plants from flowering), constant, never excessive irrigation and regular fertilization. Once they have faded, remove the withered flowers from the plant, to save it energy and help it to flower again.
There propagation gives better results if performed during the repotting, in early spring by carefully dividing the roots. Gently divide the plant into equal parts, trying to follow the natural development of the roots. Make sure that every part produced by the division has healthy roots and at least 1 or 2 leaves.
Parasites and diseases
Anthuriums are sensitive to the usual pests that visit indoor plants, how aphids, mealybugs is thrips. Thrips are generally found mostly on new vegetation.
The best way to control these pests is to monitor the plants and treat them before the insects reproduce excessively. Some may be useful for this purpose insecticidal soaps, very useful for soft insects. In case of low humidity in the air, the mites.
To avoid the use of chemicals, the best method to adopt is to periodically clean the leaves of your Anthuriums.
To keep the plant healthy, it must be protected from drafts. Eliminate withered flowers. Apply fungicide treatments only if necessary. Eliminate leaves affected by diseases. Periodically dust the foliage with a damp cloth.
The different species of anthurium are grown for ornamental purposes the cut flowers are used for floral compositions, to set up churches and wedding banquets.
The varieties mignon white in color are used for the brides bouquet.