We decorate mixborders in the garden with our own hands: features of creation and care
Create do-it-yourself mixborders (or free-form flower beds) – a great opportunity to arrange a beautiful flower bed on your site. Such a flower garden will delight you with a riot of colors, the main thing is to properly care for it. Consider the features of creating such a flower bed, as well as annual and perennial plants that are suitable for decorating mixborders.
Mixborders: what, where and how?
Getting ready for the season - we not only buy seeds, bulbs and tubers with rhizomes, but also decide how to mix it all. I hope my collection of information taken from the Internet will be useful not only to me. Here I will show the plants that I will plant on my site this year.
How to make a flower bed correctly, a mixborder is a whole science! I am not an agronomist and not a landscape designer, so I draw my knowledge from the Internet, and photos are mainly from Instagram subscriptions.
Happy viewing. Please do not judge strictly, I tried very hard to blind this post))) At 3 in the morning I finished
To enjoy the flowering of dahlias already at the beginning of summer, the tubers must be prepared for planting in advance. Around April, they are dropped into moist, organic-poor soil (sand, coconut fiber, peat-based soil mixture) and placed for distillation in a greenhouse, greenhouse, or simply on a window sill in a room. In May, rhizomes with green shoots that have appeared are planted under the open sky in a permanent place. With this approach, dahlia bloom occurs a month after planting, while in the absence of preliminary forcing, the first flowers are observed not earlier than the end of July.
If you plant tall dahlias, then prepare supports for them in advance so that the stem does not break. I will plant exclusively for cutting, like the following beauties:
This flower most of all loves well-lit areas protected from winds and drafts with loose sandy loam or loamy soils that have a slightly acidic reaction. When growing gladioli in regions with hot climates, it is allowed to plant them in areas with partial shade. In any case, they should not be planted in the same place all the time. From time to time the landing site needs to be changed. When planting this flower, in no case use rotted organic fertilizers. But the sand added to the planting holes, on the contrary, will be very appropriate, as it will help prevent bulb rot.
This season I will plant not only along the fence, but also, as in the photo above, in large pots. It should be convenient - the plants support each other, varieties can be grouped, but it's a pleasure to dig out for the winter. I want to do the same "trick" with calla lilies
Delicate and snow-white calla lilies can grow well both in an apartment and in the open field, while making any flower bed or plot simply incredibly beautiful. Calla lily plant stem height can vary from 30 cm to 150 cm, depending on the particular flower variety.
The calla flowers themselves exude a very pleasant aroma, somewhat reminiscent of the smell of vanilla. Calla lilies begin to bloom in May and lasts for three months. Calla is popularly used as a living barometer. Water droplets appear on the covering leaf of the plant before the rain, resembling tears.
The best place for calla lilies to grow will be a site near small bodies of water, ponds or lakes, where soil moisture is increased. Make sure that the area is not heavily shaded, otherwise the calla will lose the color of the bedspread.
Lilies are perennial bulbous, very delicate and beautiful flowers that are very common among amateur flower growers. Planting garden lilies is not particularly difficult: the plant does not require special conditions. Plant height (depending on the variety) is one of the main criteria that influences the choice of a landing site. Tall lilies look good in the back of a flower garden or individually, low varieties are more suitable for planting on an alpine slide. The ideal spot for a lily is where partial shade reigns. These plants tolerate being in sunny places well, but there is a risk of drying out from an excess of heat and lighting without regular and abundant watering. In the photo (taken from instagram) lilies (1) are perfectly combined with:
- 2 rose
- 3 weigels
- 4 bearded irises
- 5 petunia
- 6 phlox subulate
Begonia will look good in a flower garden and in flower pots and hanging planters. Universal babies (height 25-40 cm, depending on the variety), which will decorate not only the garden, but also balconies and apartments. Unpretentiousness, bright flowering throughout the season makes them leaders in city flower beds
The ranunculus flower can reach a diameter of 7-10 cm, the petals are located tightly to each other, outwardly it somewhat resembles a peony, and when it finally blooms - a rose. Some ranunculus varieties look like blossoming poppies. Ranunculus does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil, therefore, it is imperative to lay good drainage in the planting hole, with a layer of at least 10 cm, from small stones or broken bricks. This plant is not afraid of bright sunlight, but it feels much better in partial shade (colors will be brighter, and flowering will last). In a windy area, it is better not to plant ranunculus; also, before planting, you need to be sure that the cold will not return. Depending on the weather conditions in your region, you can start planting tubers by the end of April / mid-May.
Planting material should first be placed in wet sawdust or filled with water at room temperature. You can add a little potassium permanganate to the water or the drug "Kornevin", "Epin", "Zircon" - to stimulate growth. The tubers of the plant are a small "bud" with sharp tips, when planting, these tips are buried in the ground (down) to a depth of about 6-8 cm, the distance between the bulbs should be at least 10 cm. After falling asleep with soil, for greater reliability, the place of the future the flower garden can be covered with straw or special material (spunbond). The first flower stalks will appear after a couple of months, and a little later you will be able to admire your own flowering ranunculi.
When growing at home, the most basic rule is the presence of good lighting + moderate watering (top, without waterlogging the roots). After the flowering period is over, the container with the flower is transferred to a cool shaded place, where the ranunculus will still grow for some time, gradually falling into a dormant period. Before "falling asleep" the foliage, the stems of the plant turn yellow, dry out - this is a normal phenomenon. All this time, the flower should be in a room where the mercury column does not exceed +15 .. + 17 ° C. After the outer part has completely dried, the plant should be transplanted into fresh soil, and after about a month you can see new sprouts.
I plan to grow wow, like gladioli for cutting - very beautiful bouquets are obtained))) Therefore, I will grow them in a sunny place closer to my beds - I also want beauty there.
Daylilies are rhizome herbaceous perennials with fibrous fleshy roots. The xiphoid-curved leaves form dense bushes. The flowers are similar in shape to those of lilies, large, often funnel-shaped, six-partite, with a small tube, collected in 2-10 sprawling inflorescences. Each flower lives for one day, but the many flowers on an adult plant provide long-lasting flowering. In cloudy cool weather, flowers live up to six days. The total flowering time of the bush is 25 or more days. Daylily is one of the most undemanding perennials. Winter-hardy, drought-resistant, hardy. Retains decorativeness from spring to late autumn. For the winter, you can not cut it, just add peat compost to the bushes. In one place it can grow for a very long time, forming large, wide bushes. Bloom from June to August. Daylily is a very plastic plant, it can grow in the shade, partial shade, but only in a well-lit area will its flowering be massive and abundant. Ordinary garden soils are fine for growing daylilies. A powerful root system allows the daylily to get moisture from the depths and not be afraid of surface drying of the soil. The possibilities of using the daylily are practically unlimited. Daylilies planted in small groups against the background of coniferous or deciduous trees and shrubs look good. My varieties:
- Little Show Stopper plant height 45 cm, double flower, deep pink with a yellow throat, re-flowering. Flowering July-August.
- Double Dream plant height 55 cm, salmon, terry, re-flowering. Bloom July-August
- Double River Wye plant height 65 cm, lemon flower, double, re-bloom. Flowering August-September
- Jockey Club plant height 60 cm, purple flower, up to 13 cm, with a deep yellow throat and lighter edges, terry. Blooms in June
- Little Carnation plant height 60 cm, flower bright yellow, terry up to 15 cm
On the mixborder (taken from instagram) daylilies (4) together:
- 1 thuja smaragd
- 2 panicle hydrangea
- 3 thuja / boxwood spherical (optional)
- 5 bearded iris
A site for planting most garden irises can be selected based on the size of specific species and varieties. The most high (from 1 m) and growing up to 0.5-1 m are suitable for long and medium-sized flower arrangements.
A suitable background for such irises is evergreen thuja, junipers, deciduous ornamental shrubs (gray spiraea, vesicle, barberry, forsythia, derain). And also berries: currants and gooseberries. Still quite large varieties of irises can be planted in a group in the middle of the lawn and fenced off from the lawn grasses with a curb tape, which must be buried in the ground. Almost any herbaceous perennials with similar requirements for lighting and watering can become irises' neighbors. For example, oriental poppy, badan, hosta, daylily, euphorbia, paniculata phlox.
More compact dwarf irises (0.1-0.5 m) they are good not only in flower gardens (in the foreground), but also in rockeries, on alpine hills, among other dwarf plants. For example, mountain pines, creeping junipers, saxifrage, creeping phlox.
Species that can grow on well-moistened soil, but without prolonged stagnation of water, include Siberian iris... He is sometimes called beardless. Height 0.3-1 m. Coloring By the way, landscape designers favor this type of iris more than bearded iris!
Alas, the flowering of irises lasts only part of the summer cottage season. The iris flower border is gorgeous but impractical. The Siberian iris bush with its green fountains of leaves looks good on the lawn. They can be combined with other perennials such as peonies, daylilies, hosts, oriental poppies.
Perennial phloxes are bright flowering herbaceous plants, indispensable participants in garden compositions. These plants are often planted in mixborders and rockeries, flower beds and borders. Both perennial and annual phloxes are frost and drought tolerant flowers. They don't react well to heat. Therefore, you need to plant flowers in a shaded place. At the same time, the flowering of phlox will not be plentiful, but rather long. Growing in partial shade, phlox flowers retain their natural and rich color, while in the sun they quickly fade.
Phlox, large hosta and daylily. Such a trinity looks spectacular throughout the growing season. First, the hosta will be the soloist, then the daylily will be in the foreground, and the exuberant flowering of phlox will be the final chord. An additional charm of the composition is given by the combination of various forms of the leaves of these plants.
Peonies herbaceous perennials with powerful fleshy root tubers, stems up to 100 cm tall. These plants are durable, they grow in one place for decades without transplanting. One of the few colors that are gorgeous on their own. Finding neighbors for such "self-sufficient" colors is not easy. During the flowering period, their lush splendor should not compete with the bright colors of their partners in the flower bed, and the rest of the time the carved green leaves become a wonderful backdrop for other flowering plants. Pink hats will look especially tender against the background of decorative greenery of thuja or barberry. Pomegranate carnations or blood-red heuchera will make a spectacular combination with white varieties, and daylily, honeysuckle, irises or poppies will only further emphasize their magnificence. My varieties:
- Bowl of Beauty Japanese shape. The height of the bush is 90 cm. The flower is pink-lilac, the staminodes are light yellow. Flower diameter - 20 cm. Fragrant. Early flowering period from June
- Karl Rosenfield height 85 cm. Terry, pink-shaped flower up to 20 cm, dark ruby with uneven edges of the petals. Flowering period: early July.
- Sarah Bernhardt height up to 90 cm. Large double dark pink flowers. Strong aroma. Flowering period is late.
Knifofia is a perennial herb height from 60 to 120 cm with a short thick rhizome. Dense xiphoid leaves are decorative all season, they are collected in a dense bright green or bluish-green basal rosette. Bloom from July to September. Knifofia blooms, as a rule, in the second year after planting. For landing, it is better to choose a sunny place protected from the winds. This overseas beauty is quite drought-resistant, and in hot summer conditions it gives abundant flowering. For the winter, the cniphophia must be well covered with dry foliage or peat, after cutting off the peduncles, the leaves are tied into a bunch and bent to the ground, and covered with spruce branches on top. In the spring, the cniphophia should be protected from excess moisture. Plants with a fiery red color are ideal partners for this beauty: crocosmia, dahlias, beautiful lobelia, brilliant sage, canna. The knifofia is also excellent in combination with cereals. Looks spectacular in a group planting against the background of a lawn, near water bodies and in mixed flower beds. I will plant in the center of the beds, and around buttercups
Cosmos are well suited for group plantings, they are often used as background plants in mixborders. The cosmos flower is especially appreciated as a plant for filling empty spaces. It develops rapidly, representing a beautiful green bush with thin graceful leaves. That is why it is often sown in new gardens, between newly planted shrubs and perennials. It is also important that this flower does not create a thick shadow, but only slightly shades other types of plants. Cosmea is also useful where the soil is not too fertile, and the sun dries up the earth. Cosmeya goes well with variegated annuals: marigolds, verbena, annual asters, phlox, chamomile. Perfect for a rustic garden. I will plant because of the chocolate aroma)))
Astilba can be planted in any flower garden, it will fit well into your chosen landscape design option due to its versatility. Due to the possibility of using plants of different heights, astilbe can be planted both in the first rows of a flower garden, and making out the middle or background of the design. It is appropriate to inscribe low-growing species in a landscape solution on an alpine slide. Tall ones will find use for decorating unsightly areas of landscape design, for example, they will be an excellent option for a green hedge, they will close outbuildings from prying eyes. In the design, you can arrange flowers along the paths, singly, and in groups.
Astilba is in harmony with thuja, junipers, looks great with hosts and ferns. A good combination will be openwork leaves of astilba and large whole leaves of hellebore, bergenia, podophyllum, rogersia, cuff.To decorate landscape design, it is planted next to daylilies, aquilegia, ferns, lilies, phlox, geraniums. Astilba loves damp places in the garden, when planted in sunny places, the flowering will be reduced to about two weeks, while the flowers can fade in the sun. My varieties:
- chinensis Maggie Daley Plant height - 40-50 cm, width - up to 70 cm. Dense lavender-colored panicles, very fluffy. Young foliage is bronze, later - bright green, by the end of summer it becomes darker. Flowering time - late, blooms later than many other varieties from July to August
- hybride Sugarberry Plant height 30 cm. Pale pink flowers are collected in graceful paniculate inflorescences. Blossoming June-July.
Hosts are irreplaceable plants in any garden. They prefer partial shade or shade, they look great both in mixborders and in single plantings. They grow rather quickly, the height of the bush depends on the variety, because there are babies among these mighty hosts (like these snow-white ones that change color during the season). The best combination with astilbe. Can be planted with a curb, alternating different varieties:
I planted hydrangeas and thuja last year, I hope this year it will be possible to show them. Globular thuja, creeping junipers and yellow barberry are still in the purchase plans, but a photo for an incentive)))
And, of course, I almost forgot to show allium - decorative bow:
I chose the highest variety up to 100 cm, flowers up to 15 cm in diameter. Very spectacular, but the foliage is not very attractive, therefore it is planted among peonies, hydrangeas - it blooms even before the decorativeness of the "companions". In the photo above with thujas - it is also very beautiful, especially when there are 5 bunch of things, the foliage is also covered with spireas and boxwood.
Thank you for scrolling to the end
Girls, if you have any comments and thoughts on the above, please share, do not pass by!
Beautiful mixborders from perennials for beginners
The creation of a mixborder from perennials begins with the selection of flowers. In this case, several important parameters should be considered:
Also of great importance is the seasonality of the culture. The best solution would be to choose universal (blooming all summer) plantings.
Let's dwell on them in a little more detail:
- Hosts... They have beautiful green leaves. They bloom with white or pink buds, they like shaded places.
- Astilbe... Incredibly beautiful corolla, painted pink. Decorated with scalloped edges. Bloom all summer.
- Heucheras... They stand out in a variety of shades of leaves - from maroon, pink to yellow, rich red and amber. Also available in green, purple, silver tones.
Another indicator that they are guided by when planting is the duration of the decorativeness of the culture. For example, Delphiniums delight with their beauty only in the springtime, and with the onset of mid-summer, the leaves begin to wither, the petals become dimmer. To hide all the shortcomings, it is better to plant such plants not in groups, but in combination with other crops. For example, you can “cover up” all the disadvantages of the Delphiniums with the help of Host.
In addition, a group of unstable ornamental plants is distinguished. These are flowers that, at the end of flowering, lose their decorative effect and do not restore it this season. These crops include:
The main rule when using such crops is to plant them in the background of a flower garden. Then, at the end of flowering, they will be hidden by other bushes that will spread out in the foreground.
Features of creating a mixborder: tips for beginners
To get a beautiful mixborder, it is not enough to know only the basic principles of its structure (elongation and multi-tiered). There are many more secrets that help to create an impeccable "free-form flower garden".
Inside the flower garden, plants should not be planted that do not get along with each other, that is, between which antagonistic relationships arise.
For example, roses and peonies, buttercup and bulbous plants, tulips and lilies can become bad neighbors. Almost no vegetation gets along with dahlias, so they should be especially carefully included in the mixborder.
If any species has a rapidly growing "invasive" root system that overwhelms its neighbors, it is better not to use it. But in the case when you really want to have this particular view in the mixborder, a separate piece of land should be isolated for it, fencing it with a curb tape.
It is difficult to provide favorable conditions for the growth of each plant when their requirements for watering and soil composition differ dramatically. It is better for novice growers to choose vegetation with the same needs for soil moisture, degree of illumination, and acid-base balance of the soil.
The first step to creating a mixed flower garden is to have a schematic sketch showing the location of each species. With this approach, it is easier to correlate the habit of plants so that they do not obscure the stands growing in front. Also, the plan of the flower garden will allow to allocate a certain area of land for each species, taking into account the size of its ground and underground parts (root system and crown).
A beautiful mixborder, if desired, can be created by every gardener. To do this, it is not at all necessary to resort to the services of professional designers, since you can use ready-made schemes with the optimal selection of plants. With a little imagination and finding out, analyzing information about various types of perennials, it is easy to independently compose a composition or make changes to ready-made schemes. A beautiful mixborder will always be able to decorate a personal plot, it is advantageous to highlight and emphasize the existing architecture and landscape.