The Latin name for this flower is “Centaurea cyanus”, which translates as “blue Centaur flower”. According to legend, the Centaur, wounded by Hercules, healed with the help of a cornflower, applying it to the wound. Hence the name. Slavic mythology also has its own explanation. Allegedly, there lived a boyfriend Vasya and a mermaid fell in love with him. The mermaid's love turned out to be unrequited, and in anger she turned him into a flower.
The story is rather sad, which cannot be said about the flower. Its bright shades will not only decorate your lawn, but will definitely cheer you up. Moreover, this flower is completely undemanding to care. It can grow non-transplant for about 10 years in one place. And the cornflower blooms for a long time - all summer.
Description and types of cornflower
Cornflower garden - a beautiful, uncomplicated flower that does not require special care. It can be one-year, two-year and long-term. The colors are completely different: blue, purple, yellow, pink, white, depending on the variety.
White cornflower is in the European Red Book as a rare endangered species.
Field cornfloweron the contrary, it refers to a weed. They are actively fighting against him. This type of weed infests rye and is dangerous to horses.
In general, a cornflower grows up to 1.2 m!
Cornflower garden: planting, care and cultivation
Planting and breeding
For planting cornflower, you should choose a sunny place. This flower is very fond of the sun, although it can tolerate a little falling shadow from trees or fences. But it is better to choose a spacious place for planting so that the plants do not shade each other. Annual species reproduce directly by planting seeds in the soil in early spring. They sprout quickly, grow well and bloom well. Perennial species are more often propagated by dividing the roots or by cuttings after flowering, in August. Perennial cornflower can also be grown from seeds. To do this, they are planted in the ground in late autumn. After a few days, the seeds sprout.
Cornflowers do not like excess moisture, one might even say that they prefer very moderate watering. Summer rains are enough for them. Unless, of course, the summer is not very dry. Cornflowers do not tolerate waterlogged soil well.
Cornflowers prefer light loams. The soil should be neutral and loose enough. Sour soil must be treated with limestone: spread about 1 cm thick dolomite flour or limestone over the top layer. This procedure is carried out in the fall. Clay soils are lightened by adding sand to them.
To prolong the flowering of the cornflower, it can and even needs to be fed. This should be done 2 times a month. It is recommended to use 20-30 grams of complex fertilizer per 1 square meter of soil. With top dressing, the main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise yellowing of the leaves cannot be avoided. Perennial cornflowers are fed in the fall to increase winter hardiness.
In order for your cornflowers to look aesthetically pleasing and beautiful, you need to cut off faded flowers. If you don't, then next year you will be unpleasantly surprised when you find cornflower bushes growing anywhere on your site. In total, there are 2 ways to trim the stems: high and low. Using the high method, the stems are cut under the inflorescences, the low one - the entire stem is cut, leaving about 10 cm.If you are in doubt which one to choose, it is better to stop at the second method, the so-called top pruning. This will make the bush look neater and fluffier, compared to low pruning, which can be used to get bald spots on the flower garden.
Diseases and pests
These flowers practically do not get sick. If this happens, then the reason lies in improper care and excessive watering. If you nevertheless notice dark spots on annual cornflowers, then most likely this is fusarium. To treat this disease, it is necessary to treat the plant with a foundation. You can also spray cornflowers with a 3-day infusion of cow dung in a 1: 1 ratio. Helps in the fight against pests and diseases of ash. It should be sprinkled with leaves and shoots.
Perennial species do not cure at all. It is preferable to cut off the affected parts of the plant and burn it so that the disease does not recur next year.
The use of cornflower: medicinal properties
Cornflower contains a wide range of minerals, vitamins, flavnoids and coumarins. It has a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, choleretic agent. It is also used in the treatment of the gastrointestinal tract, cough, and the nervous system. A decoction of flowers has a positive effect on amenorrhea, normalizing the cycle, and also enhances lactation.
The garden cornflower is a beautiful, easy-to-care bright flower. It will decorate your flower bed, will not require much time and effort to care for, and its flowers can be used for medicinal purposes. If you are a budding gardener, then this is definitely the flower with which you will succeed. Although it is also grown by experienced gardeners. Many people love waslek for its unobtrusive beauty and unassuming care.
Description of scabiosa cornflower
Scabiosa cornflower is a herbaceous perennial plant, the height of which can vary between eighty and one hundred centimeters. The plant along its entire length is covered with rather short and papillary hairs, while the scabiose cornflower is more or less rough, and the plant will be green in color. The stems of the plant are either single or few in number. The stems will be erect and branched. As for the leaves of the scabiosa cornflower themselves, they will be pinnate, the lower leaves are located on relatively long petioles, the upper leaves will be greatly reduced, partly the leaves are heart-shaped. The flowers of the plant themselves are painted in pinkish tones of various shades, while the marginal flowers are slightly enlarged. The fruit of the scabiosa cornflower is an achene, its length will be about three and a half to four and a half millimeters, and the length of the crest is four and a half millimeters, the color of such a fruit itself will be whitish.
The flowering of the scabiosa cornflower falls on the period starting from June and continues until September. Under natural conditions, this plant is found on the territory of Ukraine, namely in the Carpathians and in the Dnieper region. In addition, scabiosa cornflower can also be found in the European part of Russia, in Belarus, in the Far East, as well as in Western and Eastern Siberia. The plant prefers meadows, mountain slopes, forest edges, shrubs, as well as river banks, along roads, in fallow lands up to the mid-mountain zone for growth.
Description of the medicinal properties of scabiosum cornflower
Scabiosum cornflower has very valuable medicinal properties. For this purpose, it is recommended to use the leaves of the plant and its herbs. Grass includes stems, flowers and leaves.
Such healing properties are explained by the fact that this plant contains rubber, steroids, sesquiterpenoid scabioside, caffeic acid, tannins, polyacetylene compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids, rhamnose, arabinose, phenols, prunisin, chlorogenic acid, and also D-glucose ...
It has been scientifically proven that scabiosum cornflower has very valuable sedative, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, anticonvulsant, and also antispasmodic properties. All this has been confirmed through experiments. For headaches, various allergies, hepatitis and epilepsy, it is recommended to use an infusion made from the herb of scabiosum cornflower. As for the decoction of the herb, it is recommended to use it as a lotion for a variety of dermatitis, as well as for a rash. In addition, a decoction of the herb scabiosa cornflower also has antifungal properties. In this case, the herb infusion should be used for strokes, epilepsy and malaria, and the herb infusion should be used as baths or lotions for scofulosis.
To prepare the infusion, you will need to take one tablespoon of dry crushed herbs in one glass of boiling water, after which such a mixture should be infused for two hours, and then strain this infusion. For headaches, epilepsy, hepatitis and allergies, this infusion should be taken three to four times a day, one or two tablespoons.
For external use with scrofula, the following should be prepared: take three tablespoons of dry crushed herbs in two cups of boiling water, and then infuse for two hours, after which the resulting mixture should be filtered.
Before we start looking at the flowers that look like cornflowers, let's learn a little about the cornflowers themselves. There are many types of them. Let's name only three of the most popular:
- Blue cornflower. The plant reaches a meter in height and is an annual or biennial. The stem is erect. Leaves, arranged in the next order, whole or variegated-dissected. The inflorescence is in the form of a scaly basket, in which there are two types of petals: long tubular-funnel dentate at the edges and short tubular in the middle. Blooms from June to September. It has a bright blue color. Its other name is field cornflower. It is considered a hard-to-remove weed.
- Garden cornflower. The description of this flower corresponds to the classic representative. It is a large flower with long and abundant flowering. Breeders have bred 3 different varieties, the main difference between which is the color of the flowers: Blue Boy - blue, Red Boy - dark pink, Schneemann - white.
- Mountain cornflower. The flower is distinguished by its long flowering duration and original color. The basket consists of purple and white short tubular petals in the middle and pale blue long reed petals at the edges.
The use of verbena in landscape design
Verbena in the garden looks very spicy. Its unique bud color and leaf shape contrast with other plants. Therefore, high varieties of culture are used to decorate the middle of flower beds, and undersized ones - their edges or for framing borders. Thanks to the large selection of colors and shades, you can create whole panels using only vervains or add bright accents to the composition.
Verbena can be used for container planting, in pots and boxes. Gorgeous buds and multi-colored coloring will add brightness and chic to the landscape. It is also used for the exterior of the house, growing on window boxes, planters and hanging baskets.
The flower is appreciated by lovers of flower decoration. Compositions with verbena and other plant species look very attractive. And herbalists have been using culture as a medicine since ancient times. Many argue that its scent relieves fatigue and improves mood. It is also a melliferous plant. Therefore, it is recommended to use verbena in the design of the site for amateurs to combine fragrant and aesthetically attractive views with useful and multifunctional ones.
A representative of the Astrov family. This unpretentious perennial serves as a garden decoration. Large purple, blue, cream, pink flowers are used in compositions of any style of landscape design. They resemble large cornflowers or small asters. There may be several of them on a branched stem.
Stokesia, whose cornflower-like flowers bloom gradually, giving the impression of a long flowering time. Long petals with deeply notched edges are arranged in several rows along the edges of the basket. They are adjacent to short tubular petals in the middle.
Cornflower care after planting
After sowing seeds, seedlings appear in 8-10 days. This is probably the most crucial moment. Do not allow the soil to dry out too much, and you also need to take care of getting rid of weeds. Too dense seedlings are thinned out. On this, perhaps, the care ends. There are no insects who want to attack the cornflower, and it does not suffer from powdery mildew even in a humid summer, but in this case it will bloom less abundantly.
Having sown these flowers, the terry cornflower will decorate the estate. Collecting seeds from such a plant will not be difficult at all. The seeds do not crumble, for some time they will allow themselves to be forgotten. Plucking directly from the baskets, they can be stored in this form even before sowing.
Sowing cornflower can be carried out in late autumn, slightly increasing the seeding rate. After 2-3 years, the color of the cornflower can return to the maternal form. The number of multi-colored flowers will become less and less, and the terry will be slightly lost. After 5-6 years, the varietal material must be renewed.