We are waiting for winter - we plant flowers: winter planting of annuals and perennials
The summer season begins in spring, and the gardener has a lot to do: fertilize the soil, form beds, plant vegetables, process bushes and trees. But you still want to decorate the site with flowers, but in the spring park, they often do not reach their hands. That is why autumn planting of flowers is so popular. True, not all cultures are suitable for such a procedure.
Why not in spring: features and benefits of autumn planting of a flower garden
The main difference between perennial and annual flowers is in the purpose of planting in the fall. Earlier flowering is stimulated, but in annuals it will occur a week earlier than those planted in the ground in the spring (but later than those planted with seedlings), and perennials will bloom in the coming spring, while when planted after winter, flowering may be delayed for a year.
To get a beautiful flowerbed in the spring, you can plant plants in the fall - this will speed up their flowering
The advantages of planting a flower garden in autumn are obvious:
- you do not need to grow seedlings all spring;
- due to stratification (placing the seeds in the cold), young sprouts in spring better tolerate return frosts;
- there is a natural selection of the strongest seeds, from which sprouts grow that are resistant to bad weather and diseases;
- after thinning in the spring, the remaining seedlings develop a deep root that helps the flowers survive drought better.
The disadvantages are insignificant, they relate to the germination of seeds, which can:
- freeze if you are late with landing;
- die during a mild winter with alternating thaws and frosts;
Winter thaws are detrimental to autumn plantings
- not all climb, so you need to plant with a margin.
How to plan your future flower garden
For winter planting, you must immediately prepare a flower bed. In this case, it is worth considering what the planned flowers like: sun or shade, wet or dry ground. It is best to plant plants with similar preferences together.
Preparing a place for a future flower garden looks like this:
- Remove the sod layer.
- Dig up the site, carefully selecting the roots of perennial weeds.
- Sand, peat, humus are added to the soil in quantities depending on the needs of the planted crops.
- They level the soil with a rake and outline the contour of the future flower bed. You can immediately dig in the border tape along the contour.
The flowerbed, fenced with a border tape, will not lose shape over the winter
How you can plant flowers before winter: 3 options
There are three options for placing seeds:
- plant immediately in place. In this case, the holes are made twice as deep as usual, since the soil will sag over the winter;
- plant them in a "school" for seedlings. It is most convenient to do this in a greenhouse or on a high bed;
- plant in containers. They will need to be buried in the ground.
Flowers planted with seeds in a container are buried in the ground before wintering
Preparation of open ground for flowers in autumn
Fertile soil for plants must be prepared in advance. After all, sowing seeds is carried out in frozen soil, and mixing cold components is both unpleasant and inconvenient. The top fertile soil layer is mixed with peat and sand, achieving a loose soil structure. Usually, heavy soils need more sand and peat, and light soils need more soil. Be sure to add humus, ash and complex mineral fertilizing. Fertilizer should be chosen with a high content of potassium and phosphorus.
Peat, sand and humus are added to the garden soil to create fertile soil.
Landing dates (October-December)
The main rule for sowing flowers with seeds before winter is not to rush to planting. We must wait until stable small minuses are established (up to –1–2 ° C). If you sow seeds in warm weather, they can germinate, and when the cold weather sets in, the seedlings will die. Approximate terms depend on the region:
- in central Russia - this is the end of October or the beginning of November;
- in the south, you can wait until mid-November or even early December.
Annuals for sowing in autumn
Cold-resistant crops that grow quickly are suitable for planting in the garden before winter: it takes one and a half to two months from emergence to flowering. From the varieties you need to choose the early ones.
Table: annuals suitable for autumn planting
|Name||Suitable varieties||What the plant loves||What a flower doesn't like||Application||Neighborhood|
|Matiolla (levkoy)||Cannot be grown after cruciferous|
|Nasturtium||Shady areas||It is possible near the beds with vegetables of the Cruciferous family to repel pests|
|Kosmeya||Cosimo Colarette; Colors of Montmartre; Sensation||Lots of organic||Anyone can be used as green manure|
|Aster annual||Fresh manure||Cannot be planted after asters, levkoes, tomatoes, potatoes|
Photo gallery: annual flowers for planting before winter
No matter how much I tried to plant kosmeya seedlings in order to get new varieties with interesting colors, nothing worked - the seedlings died before they were relocated to the ground. But the cosmea of an unknown variety, growing from time immemorial in the garden, constantly sprouts by self-sowing after winter. The frozen seeds are hardened in the fight against harsh conditions (the dacha is located in a lowland near a swamp) and every spring they drive out neat sprouts that are not afraid of drought, rain or cold.
Perennials for autumn planting on the site
Sowing seeds of perennials before winter is the same as for annuals, and at the same time.
Table: Perennials Suitable for Fall Seed Planting
|Name||Suitable varieties||What the plant loves||What a flower doesn't like||Application||Neighborhood|
|Aquilegia||The sun is too bright||Any|
Photo gallery: perennial flowers for planting seeds before winter
But perennials need to be sown much earlier with seedlings, bulbs or rhizomes, otherwise they will not have time to take root and properly prepare for winter. For example, for tulips it is September or the end of August in central Russia, October in the south.
Tulip bulbs are planted in early autumn
Rhizome perennials (Astilba, Iris, Brunner, Hellenium, Dicenter, Badan) can be planted until October, until frost begins on the soil, if the root system of the seedlings is closed. With open roots, you will have to plant these perennials early, in September, to give them time to root. In any case, the plantings need to be well mulched to preserve autumn moisture and shelter from the cold.
In order to free up more time in the spring for working in the garden, it is possible and necessary to organize flower beds in the fall. There are many annual and perennial flowers that grow beautifully when planted in autumn, becoming stronger and blooming early.
The first and most pragmatic argument in favor of autumn planting, transplanting, sowing perennial flowers is the release of considerable time in the spring, when there are many other works on the site.
When deciding what planting time to choose, one should not miss the moment that perennials begin to grow actively in the spring. The time for planting them before the start of the growing season is extremely short.
In addition, there are some features of flowering plants planted in autumn:
- they begin to bloom in the first year after planting
- overwintered plants undergo natural hardening, and the seeds undergo stratification, therefore, such flowers, in comparison with those planted in spring:
- have stronger shoots
- less susceptible to spring frost
- bloom 2-3 weeks earlier
- less susceptible to disease and pests
- melting snow allows seeds and plants to be saturated with moisture as much as possible, to begin active development as soon as the weather permits, while spring plantings may experience a lack of water in the upper layers of the soil, which dries up when the air temperature rises.
Some plants can only be planted and replanted in the fall. This is due to the fact that in the spring they simply do not grow roots. An example is the hosts of Siebold and Tokudama.
Siebold and Tokudama hosts are planted only in autumn
Choosing autumn flowers for planting in the country
To figure out what flowers are planted in the fall in the country for flowering in spring and summer, you need to have an idea of their life cycle. The season and temperature conditions play an important role in this process. And having chosen the necessary varieties of flowers, you can start planting them.
Planting flowers in the garden begins in September, which further strengthens their roots in the soil, as well as the ability to adapt to various diseases in order to raise their immunity. It should be noted that even from a lack of moisture, flowers planted in autumn will not die.
Important! Planting flowers should be completed one month before the onset of frost. What flowers to plant in the fall so that they bloom all summer?
We advise you to read these articles:
Many garden flowers reproduce by seeds that require stratification - they need to lie in the cold at sub-zero temperatures (or close to zero), we often buy seeds in the spring and keep them in the refrigerator for 2-3 months. But you can sow the same seeds (purchased or collected from your flowers) before winter.
In terms of timing, it is important to guess with the weather so that stable frosts are established, otherwise some of the seeds may germinate, but weak shoots will die by winter.
Before winter, we sow flowers such as: alyssum, aquilegia, asters, buzulnik, cornflowers, heuchera, godetia, gypsophila, Kutai carnation, delphinium, decorative onions, dimorphoteku, iberis, calendula, clarkia, cosmea, kochia, bathers, lavana, lava snapdragon, mallow, poppy, hellebore, marin root, seed nigella, primrose, peonies, pyrethrum, podophyllum, rudbeckia, bluehead, fragrant tobacco, phytolacca, phlox, chrysmantema, escholzia, echinacea, etc.
Among the perennial flowers that give a good growth of young roots, there are such as:
The easiest way to propagate perennial flowers is to divide their rhizomes. To do this, you need to dig them up and divide them into a couple of parts, based on their size. Then remove the dead roots and cut too long. Then plant them in a prepared bed and next year they will give good shoots.
Perennial flowers for summer cottages
When thinking about what flowers to plant in your garden, consider this option as well. According to their height, these flowers are divided into three main categories: undersized, medium-sized and tall. Let's take a quick look at each of them.
Several popular types can be attributed to unpretentious perennial flowers for summer cottages. These are, first of all, large-flowered flax, oak sage, cinquefoil, soft cuff, paniculata gypsophila, geranium, gentian, dwarf phlox and some others. They do not require strict daily care and can be safely recommended for planting in a summer cottage. They can be used when arranging flower beds or mixborders.
If we talk about the growth of such plants, then it is, as a rule, 0.3-0.8 meters. They are quite versatile, and such a significant gap in size makes them suitable for almost all types of flower beds.
Noting the names of medium-sized flowers for a summer residence, I would like to highlight the following types:
- Rhodiola rosea.
- Double monard.
- Panicled phlox.
- Peony (choose later varieties).
This group of perennial garden flowers includes several of the most popular names. Their height starts from 80 centimeters, which, on the one hand, somewhat limits the possibilities of their planting, and on the other, on the other hand, makes them more unique in comparison with their lower counterparts. Popular types:
- Tricirtis purple beauty.
- Helenium is hybrid.
- Veronica is long-leaved.
- Willow sunflower.
Remember! Such plants can be used for flower beds, as well as for flower beds.
The use of perennials in a summer cottage is justified for many reasons. One is that it can take a long time to lay out a beautiful, well-formed flower garden, especially a mixborder. Often we are talking about several years. Therefore, perennial plants will come in handy, just for such cases.
Reproduction methods of perennials
Perennials reproduce in one or two ways. If the perennial plant can be propagated by rhizomes or bulbs, then this method is usually preferable. When vegetative propagation is possible, seed germination is usually lower than that of flowers that propagate only by seeds. Any perennials can be planted in autumn, provided that simple conditions are observed.
When propagating by rhizomes, it is necessary to monitor the obligatory presence of a vegetative bud on the root, from which a new flower will grow in spring. The roots are planted to a depth of about 8 cm.
If the autumn is warm, then the roses may well bloom again. Let them bloom a little more! And do not cut off the fruits, let them form - this is good for the plant. This is a kind of signal for roses that a period of rest is coming and it is time for roses to get ready for winter.
In early October, the buds of fewer peas are removed. At the same time, you need to pay attention to all the shoots. They will need to be trimmed. But the pruning height depends on the type of rose.
- Hybrid tea roses, Floribunda, Grandiflora are cut to a height of 20 - 30 cm.
- Shrubs can be cut to a minimum
- Climbing roses are almost not cut off, only they are carefully removed from the support and carefully bent to the ground.
- Also, species roses and varieties from wrinkled roses are almost not touched.
After pruning the roses, they are spud and covered for the winter. This will help them survive the winter frosts more comfortably.
Why is planting flowers in the fall good?
- Plants planted in autumn grow more hardened, more resistant to diseases and pests, they are not afraid of spring frosts.
- Plants planted and sown in autumn grow faster in spring, develop better and give more abundant flowering.
- In the fall, we have much more free time in the garden and in the garden, this will allow us to leisurely choose a suitable place for a flower garden, if only it is planned, as well as to choose a more successful place for specific flowers already on ready-made flower beds. As I wrote earlier in the article on creating a mixborder, it is better to first draw a plan of the future flower garden on a sheet of paper, and then start creating it.
- In autumn, we can properly prepare the soil in flower beds and other flower beds, whereas in spring, with a heavy workload of planned work, it is not always possible to do this.
What flowers can be planted in autumn
In autumn, you can plant annual flowers, perennial ordinary and bulbous. Of the wide variety of all these plants, cold-resistant annuals, bulbous flowers, and some perennials are most often planted before winter.
- phlox drummond,
- godetia grandiflorum,
- Chinese carnation,
- poppy samoseyka,
- seaside malcomia,
- clarkia marigold,
When planting in autumn, it is necessary to take into account the fact that some seeds may not sprout, therefore sowing should be carried out more often than we do in spring. It is also very important to sow the seeds in the frozen soil, in late autumn. The site is prepared in advance, dug up, loosened, grooves or holes are made. The sown seeds are sprinkled with pre-harvested soil, which should be stored indoors. Or you can fill the seeds with purchased ready-made soil. If the seeds are sown in still warm soil, they can germinate and then die from frost. The sown seeds can be covered with leaf litter mulch or hay.
What perennial flowers to plant in autumn:
- oriental poppy,
- alpine aster,
In addition, in the fall you can plant roses, clematis, peonies.
Seeds of perennial flowers, as well as annuals, are sown in late autumn, in previously prepared grooves, after the ground is frozen. cover with dry sand from above. And planting of seedlings and divisions of perennial flowers is carried out in September.
Bulbous flowers are especially popular with gardeners. There are species and varieties that bloom very early, when there is still snow. It looks very nice!
What flowers to plant in the fall? Planting spring-flowering bulbous flowers is obligatory. From bulbous plants, we recommend planting in the fall:
Do not plant before winter:
They will not survive the cold winter temperatures and will die.
If you are afraid that the planted flower bulbs will be eaten by mice in winter, which is very often the case, I recommend planting imperial hazel grouse bulbs next to them. They scare away rodents, thereby protecting the planted onions of other plants.
Bulbous plants are planted 30 days before the onset of frost. So they will have time to take root in the soil, and the sprouts will not grow yet. Before planting, the bulbs are disinfected in potassium permanganate or fungicides. After drying, the bulbs are planted in the soil. But best of all, take into account the recommendations on the timing of the autumn planting of bulbs specifically for each flower. You can find out about this here: When to plant tulips, daffodils, crocuses and other bulbs in the fall. Except for all the listed colors. in the fall, they begin to divide and transplant many plants. These are irises, peonies, daylilies, phloxes, rudbeckia, delphiniums. The choice of what flowers can be planted in the fall is huge! Choose the flowers you like and decorate your garden.
Examples of beautiful flower beds in landscape design
The scheme for planting flowers in a flower bed largely depends on the timing of the blooming of their buds. Spring, summer and autumn perennials fully justify the hopes of summer residents, usually they are not too demanding in care. Beautiful examples will allow you to fully appreciate the various options for the layout of flower beds in areas of different sizes.
- An elegant garden arrangement of potted chrysanthemums creates the effect of a Japanese garden even in a small area. Different shades of double flowers are harmoniously combined without interrupting each other.