Dented leaves on the pipe vine!

Dented leaves on the pipe vine!

Photo: Colourbox

Our pipe vine, which is planted on the west gable, had dented leaves last summer. What could it have been and how do we prevent this this year?

Response: Since you did not find any vermin, it was most likely the hot, dry summer that caused the dented leaves. Dry air and westerly winds damage the leaf edges. Then when the leaf grows, it is tightened into a "hospital cap". The dried edges tighten.

If the problem reappears this summer, it could be that the pipe vine is too windy. It may need to be moved or replaced.

Curly leaves on the geraniums

Hey! The leaves curl on several of my geraniums Some leaves almost contract into a small ball. No stains, discolorations or necrosis, just this little extra dented. Can't find any small animals or messes either.

But the plants seem sadder and less flower-loving. Unfortunately, they have been very close during the year due to lack of space. Last spring I made myself and bought geranium soil for them when I replanted and I think that may be when this started. I expected them to be finer with the fine soil, but then it was just the opposite.

Can't think of anything else I did differently during this time. What has happened? Is it a virus? Does everything have to be thrown away? Katarina

The most common disease that causes such leaves on geraniums is stalk bacteria, the stem begins to rot down at the soil surface. See if you see anything like that.

If your geraniums otherwise look healthy except for these curly leaves, it may be a lack of certain nutrients or vice versa - too much of a nutrient such as nitrogen. The most common deficiency is potassium deficiency. If you give the geraniums a balanced fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a ratio of 15-30-15, they may feel better about it.

If you suspect that the soil is the culprit and do not see any disease such as the one above, you can try switching to regular flower soil with leca beads in it and see if it gets better. But feel free to insulate them with dented leaves until you see if they get healthy.


A sunny window: Southeast location, or south facing location with at least five hours of full sun per day is ideal.

Soil: Sowing soil and planting soil or flower soil, preferably made from small leca balls. Instead of sowing soil, you can mix flower soil with 30-50% sand.

Pots: For each plant, a small pot (7-8 cm in diameter) is needed to sow in, a 5-liter pot and a 10-liter pot (preferably 20-liters if you have space).

The flowers are large and beautiful and should not be pollinated, it will be cucumbers anyway. Parthenocarp varieties only produce cucumbers without seeds inside. This is the 'Participate' type.

Cucumber seeds of a parthenocarp variety of mini-cucumber: Parthenocarp means that the variety only gets female flowers and that it should not be pollinated. If parthenocarpic varieties are pollinated by non-parthenocarpic varieties, there is a risk that the cucumbers will become bitter and malformed. Therefore, never grow parthenocarpic varieties in the vicinity of varieties to be pollinated.

Suggestions for cultivable parthenocarp varieties: Beth Alpha, Delistar, Deltastar, Iznik, Picolino.

Transparent plastic bag or plastic foil.

Nutrition solution: I prefer Blomstra indoors but for example diluted urine or nettle water also works great.

The strings for tying and support pin.

Shower bottle.


In the store you see only a very small part of the broccoli plant. The plant is large and rich in leaves, which grow on strong stems that branch out. Top shoots are called the large collection of flower buds that form at the top of the plant. When it is harvested, lots of small side shoots form along the stems. These are also picked and eaten. The broccoli leaves are also very good and can be eaten as black cabbage. In addition, the stalk is a delicacy, it is peeled and the inside is eaten raw or cooked. Broccoli needs a lot of space in the country and is usually grown from seed in a pre-cultivation, ie the plants are sown in pots and then put out in the country.

Lace bowl can be both green and white and red, it is the fine variety 'Kalibos'.


Leca balls at the bottom of the trough give the roots the opportunity to grow into the water that is in the trough. Photo: Lotta Flodén

• High-power lighting, preferably 200W / sqm, is a must to get chubby plants. Ordinary fluorescent lamps with cold white or warm white light work excellently. I used a ramp with 4 x 54W t5 fluorescent lamps for a surface that corresponded to the surface of the ramp, about 120 x 30 cm.

• Liquid nutrition. I use Blomstra which contains all 14 nutrients that plants need in the right proportions.

• Small plastic pots, I used square, about 7 x 7 cm.

• Trough, plastic box or the tray to put the pots in.

Leca balls to put in the bottom of the troughs.

• Seeds for your favorite varieties.

• Possibly sand to mix the sowing soil with.

The description shows how I do, but there are certainly other ways that work just as well.
Feel free to place the crop in a window where there is no switched on element underneath, or in another slightly cooler space. The warmer the placement, the higher the effect required on the light. Lettuce grows best where the temperature is below 20 ° C.

Mini greenhouses are perfect to use for window cultivation. When the seeds have germinated, just remove the lid, thin and wait for the first harvest. Photo: Lotta Flodén

Fill the trough with 2-3 cm leca balls.

• Decide how many pots you want.

Fill them with sowing soil, preferably mixed with 1/3 sand.

Sow 2–4 seeds in each pot. The most practical is to keep one plant per pot. Lettuce works with two in each, while for example lettuce sports lacquer must have one pot per plant.

Place the pots in the troughs. Tall plants, such as lettuce, are placed at the back of the trough.

• Label the seed carefully if you want to know which plants are which.

• Keep the soil moist but not wet.

• Put a few short sticks in the middle of the trough and put plastic wrap with holes in it over the seed or something else that makes it even moisture while the seeds germinate. My troughs belong to mini-greenhouses, so they had transparent lids with ventilation.

• When the first leaves appear, the lamp must be on for approximately 14–16 hours / day.

• The lamp should be as close to the plants as possible without burning or getting too hot.

When the character leaves appear, it's time to fertilize. 1-4 ml of fertilizer per liter of water at each watering works well.

Throughout the winter, I was able to enjoy freshly picked lettuce for the breakfast omelette! Photo: Lotta Flodén

At first I watered from above, but when the leaves got bigger I watered from below so that it became a water reservoir at the bottom of the trough. The water level in the trough must not be above the bottom of the pots for more than an hour.
After a while, the roots find their way into the leca balls and the water in the trough and have room to spread. Therefore, it is very important to check the water level in the trough, so that it does not become too low. You should check morning and evening. A single forgotten watering can kill several plants.

One month after sowing, you can start harvesting the first leaves. Then it may also be time to sow some reserve plants if you have space.
My plants gave a harvest for just over three months, then the remaining plants went out into the garden.
Get in the habit of looking through the crop every day. Is it growing badly? Do the leaves turn yellow? Then it may be time to increase the nutrient dose a bit.
Always harvest the outermost leaves and mainly choose the leaves that obscure other plants. The salad sports sheet is harvested above a pair of leaves.

1. Pickles ‘Intrigue’. 2. Kale ‘Lord Kale’. 3. Spinach ‘Toucan’ F1 RZ. 4. Crispy salad ‘Telex’ RZ. 5. Red oak leaf lettuce ‘Dexan’. 6. Salad sports lacquer ‘Green Purslane’. 7. Tatsoi. 8. Parsley. 9. Roman salad. Photo: Lotta Flodén

Basil, Salad, Large-leaved

Aromatically fragrant basil with large, green, dented leaves and a lot of flavor. Delicious in various dishes and nice as a decoration. Pinch off the entire top and use the leaves. Do not let it bloom. Basil is a heat-loving plant and is therefore suitable for growing in a pot in a sunny and warm location. Can also be sown in batches and grown indoors all year round, but then needs extra lighting during the dark season. Thrives in nutrient-rich, well-drained soil.

Pre-cultivation: For planting when the lowest night temperature is 15 ° C. So sparse in moist sowing soil. Set at room temp. Transplant 1 plant / pot in fertilized soil. Use extra lighting for early sowing.

Plant distance, cm: 30

Row spacing, cm: 30

Height, cm: 35-45

Plant position: Solar

Number of seeds: 70
Sufficient: 25-30 Pl

Control of aphids in the garden

Both the fully formed ladybug and its caterpillar have aphids on the favorite menu.

In a nature-friendly, species-rich garden, therefore, infestation rarely becomes a major problem. There are plenty of so-called useful animals here that keep them in balance. These include ladybugs, gold dragonflies and parasitic thistles. Here you can read about how to recognize them and how to get a garden in natural balance. In indoor cultivation, we use these effective predators (predators) as biological control.

  • Pick / pinch / cut off infected plant parts and throw in the rubbish.
  • Get in the habit of squeezing lice that you see. It is especially useful at the beginning of the season.
  • Spray with a hard jet of water against lice, especially effective on perennials such as roses, currant bushes and young apple trees.
  • Spray infested plant parts with pesticides or insecticides. The plant care products contain fats that clog the lice's skin, which is their respiratory organ. The insecticides contain pyrethrins, which are natural insecticides found in, among other things, rose collars. Repeat a few times every few weeks and be sure to shower in all nooks and crannies. If perennials are attacked annually, spray preventively at bud budding with pesticides in the spring. Here you will find recipes for homemade pesticides.

A good spray bottle provides an effective spread of the plant care product. Do not forget the underside of leaves and nooks and crannies as in the folds.

Video: Cool Plant. Dutchmans Pipe Vine