Three types of rhinitis in rabbits: treatment and prevention
Rabbit runny nose or rhinitis is one of the most common and unpleasant diseases for pets and their owners.
Much has been written about the causes of its occurrence, prevention and treatment methods, however a single, detailed and detailed instruction for the breeder will not hurt.
Why did the rabbit start sneezing and a runny nose?
Under the symptoms of a common runny nose and sneeze in rabbits several diseases can be hidden:
- allergic reaction;
- rhinitis is a dangerous infectious disease.
Rabbits are usually allergic to food or natural factors. In the vast majority of cases, allergic rhinitis is caused by ordinary dust.
The most dusty food is hay., from which the rabbit begins to sneeze. It is not recommended to keep cages with rabbits in dusty places, as the respiratory system of eared pets is very delicate and often reacts to unfavorable environmental factors.
Getting rid of allergies is not difficult, you just need to protect rabbits from irritating product, that is, dust. Other causes of allergies are extremely rare, and only narrow specialists are engaged in their study.
The second source of a runny nose is the common cold.... The reasons for its occurrence are associated with improper care:
- keeping rabbits in damp, cold and blown rooms;
- general weakness of the body caused by a lack of vitamins, a poor diet.
Rabbits get colds most often in early spring and in the autumn-winter period. In the warm season, with proper care, a cold is a very rare occurrence.
Rhinitis is caused by infection... It can be transmitted from a sick rabbit to a healthy one by airborne droplets or through the use of common utensils. Cases of transmission of infection to rabbits from other domestic animals (chickens, dogs) are known.
Weakened immunity, the presence of a chronic cold, contacts with others, including strangers, are fertile ground for the development and spread of rhinitis.
How rhinitis develops
The first symptoms of rhinitis are noticeable after a few days. after infection. It is possible to accurately determine the presence of the disease in 5-7 days. Rhinitis can occur in different ways.
The worst case is fatal in 1.5-2 months.
Development of chronic rhinitis is also possible.... In this case, it is difficult to determine the timing of the course of the disease. Practice knows cases when infected rabbits lived up to 1.5 years, and after slaughter, the meat in general was suitable for human consumption.
Why is chronic rhinitis dangerous? Danger of chronic rhinitis in the fact that it can turn into pneumonia and lead to complete dysfunction of the bronchi, which leads to the death of the animal. You cannot eat the meat of such a rabbit.
Symptoms of the disease
Sneezing and snot is the first and earliest alarm.... At the first hints of a sick rabbit, it is advisable to separate it from its fellows.
However, the appearance of snot is not yet evidence of the appearance of rhinitis. Most likely, we are talking about a cold.
In a healthy rabbit, the nasal mucosa is pale pink. If it turns red, it grows in size (inflamed), nasal discharge begins to acquire a yellowish, purulent tint, then these are sure signs of rhinitis at the initial stage.
In the future, even more pronounced symptoms appear, which are noticeable even to a person who is very far from rabbit breeding. The cheeks of rabbits are stained with dried pus.
A sick rabbit begins to scratch his nose diligently, which is why a characteristic crust appears on it. Breath holding, wheezing, high fever, refusal to eat, weight loss are obvious symptoms of chronic advanced rhinitis.
How to treat snot (infectious rhinitis) in a rabbit
Only a veterinarian can absolutely accurately determine the presence of rhinitis or a common runny nose in a rabbit., for which a blood test is performed. Therefore, treatment always starts with general measures, which are often more effective than medications.
Sick rabbit should be isolated, and all inventory is sanitized. Disinfection is carried out with ordinary boiling water.
If there is formalin in the house, then a 3% solution cope well with the destruction of the infection.
The second point is nutrition. The veterinary pharmacy always has vitamins that a rabbit may lack.... Adding them to food, as well as a variety of diets, will help boost immunity and increase the chances of recovery.
If the measures taken are not enough and the condition of the sick pet does not improve, then start treatment, for which folk remedies and medicines are suitable.
There are many methods of treatment, so let's focus on the main ones.
Instillation of penicillin or furacilin... The drugs are available and inexpensive, penicillin can be replaced by analogs of its own group. A solution of penicillin or furacilin is pipetted into the rabbit's nose.
The procedure can be repeated 2-3 times a day for 10-12 days. A single dose of 10-15 drops.
Adding biomycin to food... Biomycin is not an expensive and proven drug; after stirring it in warm water, it is added to food by the eared ones.
Standard dose for 1 rabbit is 1 mg per day... In case of serious diseases, the dose is increased by 2-2.5 times. The drug works quickly, so the rabbits will recover in 4-5 days.
Inhalation with essential oils or herbal decoction... The inhalation course lasts up to 7 days. For treatment are used: decoctions of mint, sage, fennel, thyme, eucalyptus oil, sea buckthorn, lavender, cloves.
When using oil, a dosage of 1 drop per 2 liters of water is maintained.
For inhalation, the rabbit must be planted in a small cage. with permeable walls. A saucepan or other container with hot broth is placed next to it (but inaccessible to the rabbit).
The cage and pan are covered (wrapped) so that the rabbit can breathe in pairs. The concentration and temperature of the broth are checked empirically.
If the eyes do not pinch and the temperature is tolerable, then this is the best option for a rabbit. Do not forget about the fresh air gap.
And the patient can be occupied, for which it is advisable to put a bowl with plain water and food in the cage. The frequency of inhalations is 1-2 per day.
After inhalation, nasal discharge will become more abundant.... To alleviate the condition of the rabbit, it is advisable to wipe them with a towel or paper napkin.
There is also a cold inhalation method.... It is performed according to the instructions sold with special devices. You can buy such a device at a veterinary pharmacy.
Vapors of sea salt are considered very effective for cold inhalations.
With rhinitis, antibiotic injections are also prescribed.... There are more than a dozen effective drugs. However, given the danger of antibiotics for a rabbit, it is advisable to inject them only after a blood test and consultation with a veterinarian.
An invalid diet
There are no restrictions on the diet of a sick rabbit with rhinitis. And here diversify the diet, add vitamins, greens to it (slightly dried) is desirable.
Herbs such as basil, mint, dill, chamomile will support the rabbit's immunity. Warm tea from these herbs can be given as a drink.
A rabbit with a runny nose needs even more warmth... Therefore, in the cold season, they do this: sick rabbits are taken to a house or other warm buildings.
What to do for prevention
The best way to avoid a runny nose - these are the right conditions for keeping pets, especially in winter. Warm room, no drafts, no dampness, vitamins and a varied diet.
As special preventive measures biomycin is added to the food of rabbits (0.5 grams per day for 1 rabbit)... Dill, mint, chamomile, wormwood, and basil also have antiviral effects.
Summing up, it should be emphasized that preventing rhinitis in pets is much easier than treating it later.
Moreover, practice knows a lot of examples when even antibiotics do not help the complete recovery of animals.
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Rhinitis in rabbits - causes of occurrence
Any pathology of an organ in the body of any animal does not appear just like that. Everything has its own cause. Rhinitis, found in rabbits, also appears under the influence of certain factors. Knowing these reasons, the owner may have prevent the appearance of an illness in your eared friend.
- Let's take a look at the main reasons why rhinitis appears in rabbits:
Rhinitis in a rabbit is often accompanied by conjunctivitis.
The first signs of an infectious rhinitis are easy to notice on the third day after infection:
- The rabbit develops white or yellowish green mucous nasal discharge,
- he starts sneezing, rubbing his nose heavily with his paws.
- The mucous membranes are injured, the nasopharynx swells, the hair around the nose falls out.
If you do not start the correct treatment, then in the future, in the rabbit:
- there is a cough
- eyes swell and fester,
- the nasal septa are bent,
- the temperature rises.
- The animal stops eating, becomes lethargic and lethargic, and quickly loses weight. In 70% of cases, this condition is no longer amenable to treatment.
With a cold rhinitis, nasal discharge is transparent and watery, the rabbit sneezes and shakes its head, but there are no serious consequences in the form of fever, coughing and loss of appetite. It is very simple to treat such a runny nose. With allergies, rhinitis goes away on its own if the cause that caused such a negative reaction is removed in time.
Rhinitis in rabbits treatment
Snotty rabbits, this combination of a stick, a head is absolutely mistaken, and today I will try to explain to you why, as soon as I discovered the first symptoms of the disease, and this discharge is common wear and tear of sneezing.
The lethargy of the animal, I immediately take out of my animal medicine cabinet for everyone, well, a well-known drug called the gate.
Tsilin? Furacilin has a very powerful antimicrobial effect, is well tolerated in rabbits and costs a mere penny.
Tableted, the drug formula can be purchased at any. The drug is brought to me personally by the pharmacy, always my mother, when she comes to visit us, a special thank you very much, for this for the procedure, we need a pipette of an aqueous solution.
Furacilina and a rabbit, although this jar at first glance resembles a urine test in a polyclinic, but in fact it is an aqueous solution.
Furacilin, which we will instill into the nose of our eared patient to prepare an aqueous solution. Furacilin, we need one furacilin tablet, which we grind into powder and fill with 100 milliliters.
A relatively rare cause of rhinitis. Look closely at the bridge of the nose for signs of damage. Be sure to look into your nostrils. Sometimes in the nasal passages, stuck plant seeds (feather grass, dandelion, burdock) and others are detected. Sometimes stuck foreign objects obstruct the movement of air in the nostril on one side, bilateral air obstruction is rarely detected. In this case, the rabbit breathes with its mouth open. Call your veterinarian immediately. Removing a foreign object from the nostrils and restoring the passage of air is possible only in a veterinary clinic, often under anesthesia.
Be sure to pay attention to the symptoms, behavior of the rabbit before buying. Slightly treated snot does not appear in any way outwardly, but the disease can give a new wave when the animal is placed in new living conditions for it.
- Take the rabbit by the ears and withers at the same time, then turn it over with its paws up. A healthy eared man will lie quietly on his back, the patient will try to roll over, will show dissatisfaction, resistance.
- Close the nostrils of the animal alternately for no more than 1.5 minutes. If you hear a whistle, wheeze, squelch, or the rabbit tries to remove its hand, then it is seriously ill.
Initial inspection upon purchase does not give a 100% guarantee of buying a healthy pet that has not had rhinitis before. Therefore, follow the diet and all preventive measures to prevent illness. This article will tell you about the diseases of decorative rabbits.