How to Grow and Use Elegantissima White Derain in Garden Design
Among the ornamental deciduous shrubs, the most attractive is the white eleganthissima turf. The plant is undemanding to care and easily lends itself to formative pruning, for which gardeners and landscape designers liked it. This article will show you how to grow this ornamental plant in your garden.
Derain Elegantissima (Elegantissima) is a deciduous shrub belonging to the Cornelian family. It got its name for the elegant appearance of the crown and the variegated color of the foliage. This decorative form is most often used in landscape design of plots, gardens, urban landscaping, as it looks advantageous in any composition.
The plant has very thin and flexible shoots, intensively branching and stretching upward. Without regular pruning, it can reach a height of 3 m, growing in width by 4–5 m. The color of the shoots is brown, towards autumn it becomes rich red, so that the bush continues to decorate the garden even in winter. A feature of the variety is the large heart-shaped leaves of a grayish-green color with white or cream strokes and an openwork edging along the edge.
The first flowering of the shrub occurs at the age of three. In the future, it blooms twice a year - in early summer and in September, forming dense inflorescences, consisting of many small white flowers. After flowering, fruits are formed on the shoots - round berries with a diameter of about 8 mm. They ripen in time for September, when the bush blooms again, which gives it an additional decorative effect.
The fruits of the plant - small yellowish-white drupes - are inedible and not used for food.
Video "Cultivation of white Elegantissim turf"
This video tells about the features of planting and caring for an ornamental shrub.
Planting rules for ornamental shrubs
When properly planted, a shrub can grow in one place for up to 50 years, but for this you need to take into account the following requirements.
Young bushes with an already formed root system are recommended to be planted in the fall, 1.5–2 months before the onset of constant cold weather. During this time, the plant will have time to take root and adapt to new conditions. Potted seedlings can be transplanted into the soil in the spring, but in this case they must be lowered into the hole along with an earthen clod, which will protect the roots from damage and speed up the rooting process.
Site and ground requirements
All types of turf take root well on any soil, except for clay and sandy loam. Loose fertile soil fertilized with organic matter is ideal. Planting is also possible on poor soils, but regular feeding will be required. A significant plus of the variety is immunity to groundwater, but this should not be abused. If you have to place the bush in the wrong place to create a composition, you should take care of drainage in advance.
For better development, the shrub is recommended to be planted in open, lighted areas or in light partial shade.
Slight shading is even desirable for this variety, since its foliage may become too faded under direct rays. In the shade, on the contrary, the white edging on the leaf plates will become narrow and unobtrusive, due to which the plant will lose its decorative effect.
Seedling planting algorithm
A planting hole is dug in 2 weeks. It should be about 1.5 times wider than the seedling's earthen ball. Humus or compost is placed on the bottom, as well as mineral fertilizers. This composition will provide the plant with essential nutrients for the next few years. To make the soil compact, water is poured into the pit.
The landing algorithm is as follows:
- The seedling is watered and after 10-15 minutes it is removed from the pot along with a lump of earth. Plants with open roots are immersed in water for a couple of hours before planting.
- Carefully, supporting from below, the seedling is transferred to the planting hole and set in the center so that after planting the root collar is not below the soil surface.
- Next, the bush is covered with earth, periodically tamping it.
- Seal the trunk circle and water abundantly.
For an autumn planting, nothing else needs to be done. If this happens in spring, then the near-stem zone is mulched so that the soil does not dry out, and the seedling is shaded from the sun for the first 3-4 days.
Features and secrets of growing white turf
Shrubs of white deren are unpretentious and do not require any special care. To maintain the decorativeness of plants, it is enough to perform just a few activities.
Watering and feeding
Only recently planted shrubs need regular watering. Adult bushes have enough moisture from precipitation and melting snow, but in abnormally hot weather they also need to be watered at the rate of 2 buckets per 1 plant. Watering is done in the evening or early in the morning, which allows you to protect the leaves from burns.
The first top dressing is applied after 3 years. Until this time, the plant consumes fertilizers laid down during planting. Bushes are fed infrequently, about once every 2-3 years, and even then - in case of illness or weakness. You can fertilize with both mineral mixtures and humus, humus or compost. You don't need a lot of organic matter - just add 100 g for each bush.
Pruning and shaping the crown
The shrub grows about 50-60 cm a year, so it needs to be cut and cut several times a season. This can be done at any time interval, except for the period when there is an active movement of juices. The first pruning of the bush is carried out 3 years after planting. It involves the removal of all damaged branches, as well as the removal of ⅓ part of the crown in order to further form it.
The scheme for subsequent pruning depends on what shape you want to give the shrub. Broken and protruding shoots are usually clipped regularly. The bush is cut more thoroughly in the fall, thinning it and removing 3-4 leading shoots. This procedure promotes abundant flowering.
Once every 3-4 years, all shoots are cut to a height of 15-20 cm in order to rejuvenate the bush.
Preparing for winter
Despite the fact that the roots of the white turf are superficial, it is on the list of the most winter-hardy plants. Even in the northern regions, shrubs can winter without shelter, as they normally tolerate severe frosts, and in case of freezing they quickly recover. The only exceptions are young seedlings planted in autumn. In harsh climates, it is better to cover them in the first winter.
Reproduction of the white elegantissim deren
The ornamental shrub reproduces well in three ways.
Seed propagation is a lengthy process. For sowing, fresh material collected in the fall is used. The seeds are stratified - they are kept in the cold for a couple of months, after which they are planted in a substrate to a depth of 3-5 cm. Sowing is done in a greenhouse in spring, but you can also sow directly into the ground before winter, then stratification is not needed - nature will do everything by itself. Seeds germinate for a very long time, 2-3 years, and it takes up to 8 years to grow an adult bush.
The plant reproduces best by root layers. To do this, in the summer, you need to bend the lowest young shoot to the ground, fix it, sprinkle it with earth and water it from time to time. By the fall, a root system will form on this layer, after which it can be separated with a pruner and transplanted to a new place.
The material is harvested at the beginning of summer from slightly stiff, but still flexible shoots, or those left over from spring pruning. Cuttings are planted in a humidified substrate at an angle of 45 °, the container is transferred to a greenhouse, where high humidity and air temperature are maintained at 25-30 ° C. By the fall, the cuttings develop roots, after which they are transplanted into pots and kept in the basement until spring planting.
Use in landscape design
Due to their flexibility and ability to tolerate pruning, white turf shrubs are very widely used in the design of backyards:
- they make beautiful "living" arches and dense hedges of different heights, which can be used to divide the space into zones or hide an unsightly building;
- with the help of a haircut, they are easily transformed into decorative garden elements: a ball, a cube, a hemisphere and other figures;
- in a group composition, they stand out in contrast due to light foliage;
- several trimmed plants look harmonious at the front of the house;
- low plants can be used to frame garden paths;
- a group composition of several shrubs, planted in the form of an island, looks elegant;
- the bush can be planted in the middle of the lawn, where it will create a vivid contrast to the emerald grass.
The variegated shrub looks most profitable in composition and against a background with openwork ornamental plants, for example, conifers.
In short, the Elegantissima variety is a versatile crop that can decorate any territory, both in summer and winter. Despite its elegant and rather fragile appearance, it is a very hardy plant that can grow and decorate a garden in almost any region.
Characteristics of the white dogwood shrub elegantissima: cultivation + Video
Dogwood white Elegantissima refers to shrubs that are very easy to care for. It is convenient to use it in landscape design, because it has a high survival rate in a new place. This shrub is widely used in cultivation as a hedge. The northern regions of Russia are not an obstacle to cultivation, this plant tolerates frost perfectly.
Thanks to proper pruning, you can decorate the garden area with these shrubs, and refine the recreation area.
Differences from other varieties
Different varieties of deren have many similar botanical features, but the popular types "Elegantissima", "Sibirika Variegata" and "Aurea" differ significantly from each other.
- By the size of an adult plant - "Elegantissima" can grow in height up to 3 m, and "Sibirika Variegata" and "Aurea" only up to 2 m, in diameter they can grow up to 5 m and up to 2-2.5 m respectively.
- By color of leaves - “Elegantisima” has leaves of a light olive-green color that does not change in autumn, “Sibirika Variegata” has dark green, towards autumn with a purple tint, and “Aurea” leaves change color several times during the season - at first they are burgundy-brown , then gradually turn green, then become lemon yellow, and in the fall again red. This property of the Aurea variety is very popular with gardeners.
- The color of the inflorescences "Elegantissima" is white, "Sibiriki Variegata" - cream, and "Aurea" flowers are creamy white. When blooming, bushes of all varieties of deren with a pleasant strong aroma attract many bees to the inflorescences.
I must say that "Elegantissima" grows faster than its "sisters", forms a more lush crown and usually has much more berries on it.
Planting and caring for Shpet's lawn
Planting deren Shpet does not require any special skills. The plant grows well on loose, rocky, clayey or heavy soil. The only thing to consider is the acidity of the soil. It is better if the soil is neutral.
White turf can be planted in early spring or late autumn. Work is planned before the start of sap flow or after leaf fall. Experienced gardeners prefer autumn planting for a number of reasons:
- the shrub does not need additional care
- root formation is easy
- the survival rate of planting material is higher
- in spring, the plant begins to grow rapidly.
If planting is planned in the spring, then the earthen lump must be preserved as much as possible. Thus, the stress from the transplant is less noticeable. The plant adapts quickly.
Planting rules for deren Shpet
Shpet's unpretentious sod grows well near fences, in the shade of trees, buildings, but the variegated color of the leaves in this case fades. To preserve all the decorative qualities of the shrub, it is better to give it the brightest place in the garden.
For planting, use seedlings younger than 4 years old. Their survival rate is almost 100%, the shoots tolerate pruning well and give a lot of green growth. To make the derain easier to transfer, it must be placed in a bucket of water a few hours before. The root system is saturated with the necessary moisture.
The size of the pit for planting Špet deren should be ¼ larger than the root system. If the soil on the site is swampy, then drainage must be laid, broken brick, crushed stone, pebbles or other material will do. When the soil is dry and the water table is deep, sand is sufficient for drainage.
The seedling is placed in a prepared hole so that the root collar is level with the soil. The voids are filled with soil mixed with humus or compost. After planting, the soil is tamped and watered abundantly. To maintain soil moisture, the trunk circle is mulched with organic matter.
Watering and feeding
Further care for Shpet's lawn is reduced to proper watering and top dressing, loosening the soil.
Young shrubs and newly planted plants need abundant watering. The soil under them is moistened several times a week. An adult perennial is rarely watered. It is enough to moisten the soil only in extreme heat. The interval between watering is 1-2 weeks, while the water rate per plant is at least 20 liters.
Top dressing of Shpet deren is done if necessary. If the plant is grown in fertile soil, then no additional fertilizer is needed. In order for the leaves to retain their decorative appearance, in the spring, complex mineral fertilizers are applied under each bush. In the fall, they are fed with organic matter.
During the first 3 years, the lawn grows randomly, after which they begin to do annual pruning, otherwise the lower part of the plant is exposed. To make the bushes look compact, only strong branches are left, shoots and weak shoots are cut out.
If the turf is grown as a hedge, then pruning is done 2 times a season. In July, the crown is thinned out, and in August, the plant is thoroughly cleaned.
The bushes need to be rejuvenated every few years. Derain of Shpet is cut completely, to a height of 20 cm from the soil level. This procedure stimulates the formation of new green shoots.
In landscape design, you can observe the bizarre forms of a bush in the form of a column, arch or ball. In addition, the lawn looks good as a standard plant.
Preparing for winter
Shpet's Derain is a frost-resistant plant, therefore it does not need special preparations for winter. However, this only applies to mature bushes. Young and newly planted seedlings must be covered.
The root zone is spud and insulated with dry leaves. The shoots are covered with non-woven material. In winter, they additionally throw snow under the bushes and tamp them well.
Shrub pruning and possible diseases
The shape of the plant is given when it serves as a hedge or decorates a garden gazebo. For an adult plant, this sanitization is practically incapable of causing damage, even if you regularly cut and level new shoots.
Pruning is required in early spring so that the aged lower branches are not exposed at the time of the appearance of the first foliage and flowering.
When cutting new shoots, you can use them as additional seedlings or plant them in an existing composition. Sanitary pruning is recommended twice a year as a preventive measure for sod care.
- Formative.This type of pruning allows you to adhere to the shape of the bush necessary for the already created landscape design. Basically, work is carried out with the crown of the plant, and in early spring they are performed only so that young shoots rush in the right direction
- Anti-aging. Pruning is done radically. Old and diseased branches are removed, giving the opportunity to grow young and healthy
- Decorative. It differs somewhat from the formative one in that it can be applied to several plants at once. Most often, these types of work are carried out when forming a hedge or curly shearing of bushes (topiary art)
- Sanitary. It is performed in cases where the derain has suffered diseases associated with damage to branches and leaves. Also, during such pruning, internal cross shoots are removed, which do not allow the shrub to actively develop.
Among the known diseases to which white turf is susceptible, the most common is the defeat of the shrub by fungal infections or the attack of leaves and stems from parasites and caterpillars.
You can cure Elegantissima using conventional fungicides or insecticides.
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The sod bush can get sick with phyllostic spotting. In this case, brownish spots with a distinct red border are formed on the foliage. Later, the affected tissue in the center of the leaf turns pale. In early autumn, brownish fruiting bodies are formed.
Sod leaves fall off, thus becoming a source of infection. The bush withers, loses its decorative effect.
For prevention, it will be correct to remove all debris and litter under the plants, especially in winter. In early spring, it is worthwhile to carry out preventive spraying with Bordeaux mixture. Moreover, it is better to carry out such a procedure for all plants in the garden.
If the plants are sick, then you can use the same remedy or its analogues.
Dogwood may be affected by cercosporous spotting. At the same time, many black or brown spots appear on its foliage, which have an even darker border. The center of defeat subsequently brightens and falls off. The system of protective measures is the same as for phyllostic spotting.
Ascochitous spotting of sod appears as elongated large dark brown blots of irregular shape with a wide red border. The affected tissues turn white and dry out over time. Treat like other fungal diseases. Of the drugs, Abigo-peak, Hom and Kuproksat are suitable.
Sooty mushrooms are dangerous for turf. They appear as a dark coating. It will be properly washed off the plant, because such a film clogs the pores of the leaf, interfering with respiration and normal photosynthesis. In this case, one root system cannot cope with maintaining the life of the entire plant.
You can treat as listed above diseases. But, there is one important nuance: such a disease is always accompanied by an attack of sucking pests. Therefore, a whole system of measures is required to get rid of the problem.
Sucking pests include green turf aphids. Usually has a dark green color, rather small, only a few millimeters. It is collected from the back of the foliage, sucking the juices out of it.
This insect spends the winter right on the bush, therefore, processing is required both in the fall, in preparation for the dormant period, and in early spring. Of the drugs, you can use Fufanon, Iskra, Inta-Vir, Fitoverm.
Young dog grass is affected by spider mites. The danger is highest during dry summers. For prevention, it is sometimes worth watering by sprinkling. In case of defeat, you can use Neoron and Actellik.
The main advantage of the Elegantissim deren is its attractive appearance. But do not forget that the vital energy of the plant and its decorative effect are determined by the growth conditions and agrotechnical aspects. Consider the basic rules for planting and growing ornamental shrubs.
Timing for landing
White turf can be planted both in spring and autumn. Autumn planting is performed at least 3-4 weeks before the expected date of the first frost. So don't forget to keep an eye on the weather forecast.
For the northern regions, where winter comes much earlier, the spring planting option is preferable. Otherwise, the young bush may not survive the winter.
Site and ground requirements
Ornamental shrub is unpretentious to the place of growth. Can grow in full sun, partial shade and shade. However, when grown in the shade, there is a deterioration in the decorative characteristics of the plant.
Elegantissima prefers a moist and fertile environment. The shrub grows best in peat-rich loams, as well as in slightly alkaline substrates with a good level of moisture. White Derain can be grown in lowlands, since it is not afraid of high soil moisture.
The landing pit is prepared in advance - at least 10-15 days before the planned landing date. The size of the planting pit should be 1.5 times the root system of the seedling.
Despite the moisture-loving shrub, stagnant water in the soil will not do anything well. Therefore, it is better to lay out the bottom of the pit with drainage material. It can be expanded clay, gravel, crushed stone or broken red brick.
The next step is to improve soil fertility. The excavated soil is mixed with humus, peat and mineral fertilizers. The planting hole is poured abundantly with water (just before planting). When the water is absorbed, the seedling is carefully removed from the container, without removing the clods of earth from the rhizome, and set in the center of the hole. Sprinkle the plant with soil. The near-trunk area is carefully tamped and watered.
Watering and feeding the plant
Watering the Elegantissim turf is necessary as the soil dries out. The ground under the bushes should be slightly damp at all times. It is necessary to avoid both waterlogging and drying out of the soil.
On average, 2 buckets of settled water are poured under one adult bush. Watering is best done in the early morning or late evening, when there is no scorching sun.
Unlike other ornamental shrubs, Elegantissima white turf does not need frequent feeding. Fertilizers need to be applied no more than 1 time in 3-4 years. Mineral or complex mixtures for decorative deciduous plants can be used as top dressing.
The first pruning is carried out 3 years after planting the seedling. All shoots are removed by a third. In the future, the shrub must be cut off annually, periodically removing dry and damaged branches. The formation of the crown depends on the preferences of the gardener. The plant can be shaped like a ball, hemisphere, or even a standard tree.
It is not recommended to cut the shrub during active sap flow. The juice dripping in the places of the cuts can lead to rotting of the shoots.
Preparing for winter
Due to the high threshold of winter hardiness, Elegantissima does not need shelter for the winter. The plant is not afraid of frost. In case of freezing, young shoots quickly recover.
As gardeners with rich experience advise, only seedlings planted this year can be insulated. Young bushes need to be sprinkled with dry opal foliage and wrapped in burlap.
The reproduction of the variegated turf shrub should begin with the preparation of planting material, and more specifically, cuttings. This is much faster than using seeds from berries - you can save at least two to three years.
It is desirable to select young branches - green or slightly lignified. Of course, the bush from which they will be cut must also be strong and sturdy. You can check the freshness (and therefore suitability for planting) of the branch by bending it. The overripe will break, and the immature will not straighten up when released. If the branch did not break and immediately returned to its original position, then it can be cut. Use a sharp pruning shear to ensure a perfectly straight cut, not worn out.
If you cannot immediately plant the stalk, then it is advisable to wrap it in a damp cloth so as not to dry out. It is advisable to put it in a container with water for several days - when small roots appear, you can proceed to the next step, namely, propagation of variegated turf by cuttings.