Clematis: is it worth replanting them in the fall and how to do it correctly

 Clematis: is it worth replanting them in the fall and how to do it correctly

Gardeners appreciate clematis for its wide range of uses in landscape design. The plant wraps around any support very beautifully, is decorative and unpretentious. Sometimes, for various reasons, it needs a transplant. Clematis is difficult to tolerate this procedure, so it is important to do everything right.

Why and how often do adult clematis need a transplant

Frequent transplantation of clematis is not needed. In one place, a plant can survive up to 25-30 years. This is valuable, since clematis does not tolerate the procedure even if the technology is observed. Over the next 2-3 years, you can not expect abundant flowering from it. Hybrids with a powerful taproot extending deep into the soil are especially affected.

What may be the reason for the need to transplant clematis:

  • The place where it grows now, for some reason, does not suit it.
  • The plant, for a long time "pulling" nutrients from the soil, depleted the soil to such an extent that even top dressing does not help.
  • Liana has grown excessively, it simply does not have enough space for development. In this case, clematis is divided during the transplantation process.
  • The shadow of trees and shrubs growing nearby now falls on clematis - over time, the height and volume of the crown also gradually increases.
  • Construction or landscape work is underway on the site - new buildings, structures, fences appear, because of which the place is no longer suitable for clematis.
  • Neighboring plants are affected by diseases or pests if it is not possible to eliminate the source of infection quickly.

The clematis transplant is poorly tolerated, but it cannot be done without it; it's good that with proper care and the right choice of place, they rarely need it

Arguments for and against the autumn clematis transplant

Clematis can be replanted in both spring and autumn. The second option is more suitable for warm subtropics, where there is confidence that frosts will not suddenly hit. Gardeners who prefer it put forward the following arguments in favor of such a decision:

  • the plant will definitely not suffer from the scorching summer sun (the absence of heat means that clematis will not have to be watered often and protected from direct sunlight);
  • in the fall, the soil is saturated with moisture, the roots in it begin to develop faster;
  • the risk of infection by fungi and pest attacks is minimized - their activity by autumn drops to almost zero;
  • in the fall, the gardener simply has more time - you can do everything right, and not hastily.

There are also disadvantages that need to be considered when making a decision:

  • You need to guess exactly with the timing. Too early transplanting provokes the development of the aerial part of the plant, which is completely unnecessary on the eve of winter. And if it is carried out too late, clematis will not have time to take root.
  • It's always a risk. There is a chance that clematis weakened by a transplant will not survive the winter.

For various reasons, a transplant may be required not only for the old, but also for the young clematis.

Video: personal experience of autumn clematis transplantation

Optimal terms for different regions

Taking into account how large the area of ​​Russia is, "autumn" is a loose concept. It takes a month and a half for clematis to develop roots in a new place. Consequently, approximately this amount of time should elapse from the moment of transplanting to the first frost.

In the south of Russia, winter comes almost in accordance with the calendar, so clematis can be transplanted even in early November. In the middle lane, plan the procedure for the first half of October. In the Urals and Siberia, it is desirable to hold it before September 20. The weather at this time is still relatively warm - 10–12 ° C. You should not rush to transfer... If clematis has time to start growing before the cold weather, young shoots will inevitably freeze in winter, this will greatly weaken the plant.

The lunar calendar also gives its recommendations. The days of the full moon and new moon are categorically not suitable for any plantings and transplants. It is best to do this on a waxing moon when it is in the signs of Taurus, Virgo and Scorpio.

Video: the right time for transplanting clematis in the fall and choosing a place

Preparatory activities at the new location

At the chosen place, the transplanted clematis will live a long time, so try to take into account all his "wishes":

  • Good light during the day and light partial shade during the hottest hours.
  • Draft protection. Strong gusts of wind easily break rather thin shoots, densely covered with large flowers. The obstacle should not cast a shadow on the clematis.
  • Adequate space. The root system of clematis is actively growing both to the sides and in depth. To feed the plant, an area of ​​at least 5–6 m² is required. When planting several specimens, 2–2.5 m are left between them. Note that the plants will need support.
  • Loose fertile substrate with a neutral acid-base reaction.
  • Groundwater at least 1.5 m underground. Waterlogged soil for the roots of clematis is destructive.

Abundant flowering of clematis is impossible without heat and light, but he does not like direct sunlight

With regard to "neighbors" and predecessors, clematis is picky. It easily gets along with any ornamental plants and has good immunity, so it rarely picks up diseases from them. Therefore, the choice of "companions" in the flowerbed is solely a matter of your taste.

Making out a flowerbed with clematis, you can not be afraid to plant next to unsuitable "companions" - this plant treats any neighborhood normally

In the chosen place, a couple of weeks before planting, a hole is dug with a depth and diameter of about 60 cm (for old plants - 10-15 cm deeper). An 8–10 cm drainage layer is required at the bottom. A nutritious mixture of fertile turf, humus and sand (3: 2: 1) is poured onto it with the addition of a special fertilizer for clematis or a complex agent for any decorative flowering (120-150 g).

Drainage is necessarily poured into the planting pit for clematis - it will not allow water to stagnate at the roots

The transplanted clematis is cut off, leaving 10-12 cm high "hemp" from the stems. The plant is removed from the soil by digging in a circle with a diameter of about 50 cm to a depth of a pair of shovel bayonets. It will not be possible to preserve the roots entirely with all the desire, losses are inevitable. You cannot pull and pull the plant by the stems, they pry it with a shovel or pitchfork and loosen it like a milk tooth. If clematis remains in the ground despite your best efforts, chop up the roots with a shovel.

It is impossible to dig up clematis without damaging the root system - some of the roots will inevitably remain in the ground

He is dragged to the new planting pit along with a lump of soil on the roots, transferring the plant extracted from the soil onto a sheet of plywood, a piece of durable polyethylene, burlap.

The procedure for transplanting a bush to another place step by step

The most difficult thing is to remove clematis from the ground and transport it to a new planting pit. Compared to this task, transplanting is very simple:

  • Moderately moisten the soil at the bottom of the pit by pouring about 10 liters of water into it. When it is absorbed, scoop up the soil in a heap.
  • At the top of this slide, make a recess in which an earthen ball on the roots of clematis will fit.
  • Treat all sections on the aboveground and underground parts of the plant by washing them with 2% copper sulfate or a solution of any other fungicide.
  • Place the clematis in the planting hole. Check the position of the root collar. If a plant is transplanted under the age of 3 years, it needs to be deepened by 10–12 cm, an adult clematis by 15–18 cm.
  • Fill the hole with earth. Water the plant. After about half an hour, the water will be absorbed, and it will be possible to fill up a near-stem circle with a diameter of about 50 cm with mulch.

The deepening of not only the root collar into the soil, but 2-3 growth buds provides active branching of clematis for the next year

Video: how to properly transplant clematis

How can you plant old clematis (dividing the bush)

Old (8–10 and more years old) clematis are divided simultaneously with the transplant:

  1. Shake off the soil from the roots, rinse off the remains with cool running water.
  2. Cut off any rotted, dried-out tissue.
  3. If possible, untangle the roots with your hands. Where this is not possible, cut with a knife. From one old clematis, 3-4 new ones are obtained. Each division should have 5–7 growth buds.
  4. Wash the "wounds" with a solution of any fungicide. Sprinkle on top with ash, crushed chalk, cinnamon.
  5. Plant clematis in the ground as quickly as possible. The longer you stretch, the more the roots dry out.

The procedure for dividing clematis itself is very simple; the main thing is to use clean, well-sharpened instruments for this and disinfect all sections

Video: reproduction of clematis by division

Further care of clematis in a new place

A significant plus of the autumn transplant - after it, clematis requires minimal care. The required dose of fertilizers has already been introduced into the planting pit, pruning has been carried out, as well as the prevention of fungal diseases. Mulch in the trunk circle prevents weeds from growing and prevents the rapid evaporation of moisture from the soil.

Mulching for clematis is a very useful agricultural technique, this applies to plants at any stage of development.

Since it usually rains in the fall, clematis can do without even watering. But if the weather is warm and dry for a long time, water it every 7-10 days. Young specimens take 15–20 liters of water, old ones - 2 times more.

There is no clear schedule for watering clematis, a transplanted plant cannot "send a signal" in the form of loss of leaf tone, so you have to decide whether it's time to water it or not, relying on your own intuition and weather forecast

Clematis are frost-resistant. Many varieties do not suffer when the temperature drops to -40 ° C. But it is still recommended to hedge and cover them. The "hemp" remaining from the stems a couple of days before the first frost is covered with mulch, forming a mound about 25 cm high. Throw spruce branches or fallen leaves on top, tighten with covering material and shovel up snow (as soon as it falls enough for this).

Winter shelter is required for transplanted and young clematis, in all other cases the issue is decided individually

A transplant for clematis is a big stress, from which it will go away for the next 2-3 years. The adaptation process will be facilitated by the correct choice of place, preparation of the planting pit, adherence to the process technology and competent care of the plant.

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When to transplant irises in autumn

The days when irises were randomly planted throughout the garden in small heaps or flower beds are long gone. Now some growers not only try to grow as many varieties of these flowers as possible, but also carefully plan their site in accordance with the flowering time, plant height, and care rules. All these factors are taken into account when drawing up a variety of flower arrangements, alpine hills and landscape decoration. Iris is the best suited for this purpose. Perhaps that is why it is often chosen as a component for decorating spring-summer flower beds and flower beds. And for good reason. Despite the fact that it blooms for a short time, but unlike many flowers of its extraordinary shape, the leaves perfectly retain their green, saturated color until autumn. Timely transplanting of irises in the fall is the key to beautifully decorated flower beds.

Another advantage of these garden flowers is a wide range of colors, from snow-white to dark brown. Their aroma is also varied: from delicate caramel with vanilla to chocolate. And despite the unpretentiousness of this flower in care, it is still necessary to transplant irises. Moreover, transplanting irises in the fall is the most prosperous period.

Why you need to transplant hydrangea

The plant grows annually, it is a natural biological process. After a few years, the bush begins to experience a lack of food and light. As a result, the flowers become smaller, the hydrangea takes on a faded appearance. This usually happens after 5-10 years, depending on the plant variety. He needs a transplant. Sometimes there are other reasons unrelated to the development of the bush. For example, you need to make room for other purposes, or the hydrangea did not fit into the intended composition.

You always want to preserve such beauty on the site, so you need to transplant the plant on time

Transplanting clematis in the fall - terms, rules, instructions with photos and videos - garden and vegetable garden

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Why is it necessary to transplant irises in autumn?

The opinions of flower growers regarding the timing of transplanting irises differ. Someone advises to plant plants in the spring, someone prefers to do it in the summer. More experienced flower lovers advocate transplanting irises in the fall. And they confirm their convictions with well-reasoned arguments.

  • By planting in early fall, you give them the time they need to root. When transplanting in the spring, you deprive them of this time, which immediately affects flowering.
  • With the arrival of spring, insects become active and actively reproduce. Many of them can cause irreparable harm to newly planted flowers. Indeed, immediately after transplantation, irises are most vulnerable. And in the fall, the number of pests is significantly reduced. Therefore, plants are also at lower risk.
  • There is a lot of hassle on the personal plot with the onset of spring. Transplanting irises in the fall will free up your precious time. It is important to choose the right time to plant the irises without haste. And with the onset of warm spring days, you will only admire your favorite flowers.

Variety reviews

Dolly is a favorite of many hydrangea owners. They appreciate it for its beauty and unobtrusive scent.

Flowers stand perfectly in cut, dried - retain their shape and extraordinary color. Needlewomen really like this.

Florists are interested in experiments with color: thanks to simple operations - feeding with a solution of aluminum alum (2 pcs per 8 l) or sulfate of iron, aluminum (20-40 g per bucket of water), both blue and pink inflorescences will begin to form on the shrub.

Landscape designers are happy to use Dolly hydrangea in garden compositions - compact inflorescences with rich color transitions create an excellent impression.

Novice and experienced growers note the ease of caring for this variety and the ability to quickly recover even in adverse climatic conditions.

Hydrangea Dolly is increasingly being used by hobbyists and professional gardeners to decorate gardens of all sizes. It has many advantages and no disadvantages at all. Let the beauty come to your site!