The aspidistra plant is a perennial native to the tropical forests of East Asia. This plant is also called "snake pointer", this name is due to the fact that snakes often inhabit it. When they crawl through the bush, they touch the foliage. In this regard, in the homeland of aspidistra, the rustle of its leaves is a sign that a poisonous predator is very close. This plant differs from others in its dense root system, the complete absence of stems, as well as bright green long leafy plates that have a smooth surface. Also, the flower is characterized by slow growth and very rare flowering. The bush can bloom only in the summer and only for one day. This plant is distinguished by its hardiness, it grows well and develops in places with a polluted atmosphere. And it also tolerates the lack of light well, as well as the low air temperature in the room.
Home care for aspidistra
Aspidistra is very popular with flower growers in many countries. The fact is that she does not differ in demanding care and does not need special conditions of detention. It is recommended to grow it for those novice florists who are only taking their first steps in floriculture or who do not have enough free time to spend on a "capricious" plant.
Most of the species of such a plant develops normally and grows even with poor lighting. In this regard, they can decorate even the most secluded corner of your apartment. But you should pay attention to the fact that species and varieties with striped foliage are more demanding on illumination and need a lot of light. If such a bush is placed in a shaded place, then after a while a spectacular pattern will disappear from its foliage. Also pay attention to the fact that in summer the plant must be reliably protected from direct sunlight.
In the autumn-winter period, the optimum temperature for such a flower is 15-17 degrees. However, the lower air temperature will not harm the aspidistra, but even short-term frosts cannot be allowed. If the room is warmer, then this will also not cause much harm to the plant, because it is able to quickly adapt to different levels of heat. However, if the temperature in the room is constantly above 20 degrees, then try to moisten the foliage from the sprayer as often as possible.
How to water
Watering such a plant is necessary only when necessary. Moistening the soil mixture in a pot is carried out only after its top layer dries. On average, in spring and summer, such a plant is watered twice or thrice every 7 days. In the cold season, the number of watering is significantly reduced and they are carried out most often once every seven days. When organizing watering of aspidistra, it is necessary to take into account the fact that it can be significantly damaged by both overdrying of an earthen coma in a pot, and stagnation of liquid in the root system of the plant.
Suitable soil mixture
The plant develops normally and grows in simple soil collected in the garden. However, if you want it to develop as quickly as possible, then to plant it, you will need to purchase a universal soil mixture saturated with nutrients from a specialized store. If there is a desire, then you can make an earthen mixture with your own hands, for this you need to combine turf, river sand, dung humus and leafy soil in a ratio (2: 1: 2: 2).
The plant has a delicate and fragile root system that can be easily injured during transplantation. In this regard, experts do not advise to carry out transplants very often, as a rule, this is done once every 3 years. It is recommended to transplant a flower from one pot to another in March or April.
First, prepare a new pot, it should be slightly larger than the old container. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at its bottom, expanded clay is perfect for this. The drainage layer must be sprinkled with a small amount of soil mixture. After that, carefully remove the plant from the container along with the clod of earth and transfer it to the prepared pot. Then fill in any voids in a new pot with fresh potting soil and lightly compact the surface. The transplanted plant must be watered.
Flowers in my house. Aspidistra transplant.
Aspidistra is fed only in the spring-summer period. If the plant is grown in a place with poor lighting, then it is enough to apply fertilizer to the substrate only once every 3 months. If it grows in a well-lit place, then feeding is carried out 1 time in 4 weeks. For top dressing, it is recommended to use water-soluble fertilizers for indoor flowers, which contain nitrogen in their composition. To feed such a plant, a nutrient solution is used, the concentration of which should be half that recommended by the manufacturer. Try not to flood the young foliage that has appeared on the root with the nutrient mixture during feeding.
Species and varieties with striped foliage do not need feeding. If you feed them anyway, then this will cause the pattern on the leaves to disappear.
As it grows and ages, the bush loses its decorative effect. This can happen due to the damage received, as well as when wilted and dried foliage appears. They are a breeding ground for a variety of fungi and pests. In order to preserve the decorative effect of the flower, all those leaf plates that look unhealthy or have begun to dry out should be systematically removed. Cut the foliage carefully at the very root. Pruning helps not only to improve the general condition of the flower, but also to stimulate the growth of new foliage.
When grown indoors, aspidistra bloom is extremely rare. For this to happen, it is necessary to provide the plant with the most suitable conditions for keeping. A distinctive feature of such flowering is that the formation of buds occurs on the roots. When the bud opens, a small, star-shaped, deep purple flower appears. The lifespan of one flower is only a day. When it withers, in its place is the formation of a round-shaped fruit, inside which a grain ripens.
Under natural conditions in tropical Asia, aspidistra bloom during the rainy season, which is observed in January – March. Indoor plant blooms either in spring or summer.
The flower has an unusual ability to adapt to the cold, but it must be protected from frost. Also, the plant is kept in a place that is reliably protected from drafts. At the very beginning of spring, the bush must be fed, this will help it gain strength before the new growing season. Also remember that if in winter the illumination is too poor, then this will have an extremely negative effect on the development and appearance of the flower.
Dividing the bush
The method of reproduction of aspidistra by dividing the bush is distinguished by its simplicity and efficiency. This procedure is carried out in the spring. Remove the bush from the pot and divide its root system into several parts. Make sure that each section has a rhizome and at least 5 leaf plates. Plant them in separate pots in a suitable substrate for such a plant. From above they are covered with a transparent cap and put away in a cool (not higher than 18 degrees) and dark place. Delenki will be in such a place until a young leaf plate begins to grow on each of them, which is a sign that part of the bush has rooted successfully. In order to avoid the appearance of rot on the parcels, they are treated with wood ash before planting.
Reproduction by a sheet plate
A leaf cut from the main bush can also be used for propagation. This method takes more time, but it is highly efficient. Cut off the leaf plate, while the length of the petiole should be about 70 mm. After the cut is slightly dry, the leaf is placed in a bottle filled with water. Wrap the neck with tape so that there are no holes through which air could penetrate. The stalk is removed to a warm and well-lit place. In order to accelerate rooting, it is recommended to add a growth stimulating agent to the water. After the appearance of the roots, the leaf plate is planted in a separate container filled with soil mixture, after which it is well watered. Until the young bush gets stronger, it is covered from above with a transparent cap, under which greenhouse conditions are created.
If the aspidistra is improperly looked after or not provided with suitable conditions for growth, this can cause various problems. For example:
- Withering foliage... This can happen both as a result of overdrying a clod of earth, and because of stagnant liquid in the root system. In order to rectify the situation, it is necessary to revise the irrigation schedule.
- Yellowing of leaves... This can be due to the natural aging of the plant, and also due to the fact that rot has appeared on the roots. If the plant has rotted, then you should temporarily suspend watering, and also treat the foliage with a solution of a fungicidal preparation, and the substrate in a pot with a solution of manganese potassium.
- Drying of sheet plates... This occurs when the room is too hot or the humidity level is too low. In order to remedy the situation, more frequent watering of the bush is carried out, and it is also systematically moistened from a spray bottle.
- Foliage loses its spectacular color... This is observed when the flower is in a too dark place or if there are too many nutrients in the soil mixture. Move it to a well-lit place and do not feed it.
- Faded foliage... If the leaves of the flower become pale, it means that it does not have enough light, move it to a more illuminated place (the plant is gradually accustomed to a new level of illumination). The flower can be left in the same place, but in this case it is provided with additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.
- Leaves don't grow... This indicates a lack of nitrogen in the substrate. To accelerate the growth of the bush, it is recommended to water it with a urea solution (1 gram of substance per 1 liter of water).
- Brown specks on leaf plates... They are formed both on the plate itself and on its edge. These are sunburns that appear when exposed to direct sunlight. Move the bush to a shaded area.
- Dark spots on the foliage surface... This suggests that the plant was exposed to a draft or hypothermia.
- Infectious chlorosis... When the aspidistra is affected by such a disease, the yellowing of the foliage begins, the petals of the flowers turn green and, in general, the color of the bush changes. The affected plant must be destroyed as soon as possible.
- Red spider mite... This small pest is very dangerous for the flower. In the affected bush, a large number of light-colored spots form on the front surface of the foliage, while a white cobweb can be found on the seamy side of the plate. Wash the foliage on both sides with a soap solution.
- Palm scale... Such a very small insect feeds on plant sap, which it sucks from the foliage of the plant. If a whole colony settles on a bush, then because of this, the foliage may begin to turn yellow and die off. When scabbards are found, they are manually removed from the surface of the leaves, and then the bush is washed with clean water.
My aspidistra (many words))
Types and varieties of aspidistra with photos and names
Aspidistra high (Elatior)
The name of this species is due to the fact that the bush is relatively large in size. Under natural conditions, it can reach a height of about 0.8 meters. When grown indoors, the height of such a flower, as a rule, varies from 0.6 to 0.7 m. The length of the leaf plates is about 0.3-0.5 m, and their width is 0.1-0.15 m, they have an oblong-pointed shape (outwardly similar to "sharp tongues"). Their surface is glossy, and the color is green. Over time, the shrub grows, becomes thick and something like a lush fountain. This species is characterized by extremely slow development. Within 12 months, only 3-5 new leaf plates grow on the bush. When grown indoors, flowering occurs very rarely and only in summer. Small purple-red flowers are formed on the bush, reaching no more than 30 mm in diameter.
Aspidistra Milky Way
Such an evergreen plant can reach a height of 0.4 to 0.6 m. If foliage growth is not limited, the shrub can become thick and large in diameter. This plant is highly drought tolerant, and it is able to withstand not very large cold snaps. The surface of the long, rigid leaf plates is decorated with a large number of cream specks. Such points are like small stars, which are innumerable in the sky. This color was the reason for choosing just such a name for this species, the fact is that "Milky Way" is translated as "Milky Way". This plant, like other aspidistra, is slow-growing, and it blooms quite rarely. When grown indoors, flowering is observed in the last winter or first spring weeks. Small purple flowers with sharp petals grow on the bush.
This species reaches a height of about half a meter. Over time, it can grow a lot, resulting in a dense bush. It differs from other species in its greater demand for care; for normal growth and development, it needs to provide an optimal level of lighting and humidity, as well as timely feeding. Dark green leafy plates adorn the vertical cream stripes. If the plant is kept incorrectly, then these very stripes may disappear from it. This happens due to excessively high moisture content of the substrate in the pot or as a result of excess fertilizing.
Large glossy leaf plates of such a perennial are colored dark green. Their shape is similar to the foliage of a lily of the valley, but they are much larger, for example, they reach about 50 centimeters in length and up to 15 centimeters in width. Differs in rare flowering. A flower is formed at the very rhizome. There are 8 petals in the bud, colored in crimson or yellow.
In this evergreen plant, leaf plates have long petioles (up to 30 centimeters), and their length can reach half a meter. There are many small white specks on their surface. This species, like many others, is distinguished by its undemanding care. It is very hardy and therefore grows well in cool climates in places with gassed air. Over time, the bush grows and becomes lush. At the base of the rhizome, a small purple flower grows once a year in the first summer weeks. After opening the bud, the flower reaches about 30 mm in diameter.
This species was discovered relatively recently. This plant is becoming more and more popular with flower growers every year. Its distinctive features are large flowers and long (about 0.8 m) oval leaf plates. And it also differs from other species in that it does not form a lush bush over time.Indoors, the bush rarely blooms, as a rule, this occurs in the middle of the summer period. 3-5 buds are formed on the main root, and from them dark purple flowers appear. After opening the bud, the flower reaches 50 mm in diameter. Unusually shaped long petals are outwardly similar to spider legs.
In nature, the species can be found in China in bamboo forests at an altitude of 700 meters above sea level. In these places, such aspidistra prefers to grow in the fields, it covers the entire territory with its lush leaves. When grown indoors, the bush also becomes a dense shrub over time. It has oval straight sheet plates, which are about 30 centimeters long and up to 8 centimeters wide. The foliage surface is decorated with arched longitudinal white stripes. The bush blooms in spring. One bud is formed on the main root, and from it a small flower of dark purple color appears.
The leaf plates of this type are green and narrow (no more than 30 mm wide). It has varieties that have yellow blotches on the foliage. The total height of the bush is about 0.6 m. In this species, during flowering, small red star-shaped flowers appear, their disclosure begins in the first spring weeks.
This species differs from others in that its short (length up to 20 centimeters) leaf plates have long petioles, the height of which is about 40 centimeters. On the surface of dense and wide leaf plates, there are specks of yellowish color. The beginning of flowering occurs in May, at this time paired buds form on thin roots, and then large flowers appear from them, very similar to those that are formed in large-flowered aspidistra. The opened flowers are purple or purple in color.
The healing properties of aspidistra
People living in East Asia have known for a long time that aspidistra has medicinal properties. Therefore, it is often used in alternative medicine. For example, if the gums are bleeding, it is recommended to chew on the fresh foliage of the plant. A fresh leaf of aspidistra is applied to a hematoma or a small wound on the skin.
The substances included in the flower have a hemostatic and disinfectant effect, and they also reduce swelling. A decoction of such a plant is used for diseases of the stomach and intestines, cystitis, diarrhea and sore throat.
Toning tincture: 1 tbsp. lukewarm water is combined with 1 tbsp. l. chopped aspidistra foliage. An hour later, the infusion will be ready, it will only be necessary to strain it. The remedy is drunk for three days, a couple of tablespoons in the morning and at lunchtime.
Remedy for periodontitis: cut off a leaf of aspidistra, rinse it in boiled water and slowly chew it until it is mushy. Wait a minute and spit out the resulting mass. The procedure is carried out once every 2 hours. If everything is done correctly, the inflammation will quickly go away, and the state of health will improve significantly.
Tropical plant Aspidistra: home care, photo, creating optimal conditions for the development of decorative culture
Aspidistra (Aspidistra) is a stemless perennial from the Liliaceae family. According to various sources, the genus has about 100 species. In nature, culture is found in South and East Asia, in Japan. In the subtropics, aspidistra is grown in the open field. In temperate latitudes - in greenhouses and apartments. The name of the plant comes from the words "aspidis" (snake) and "tra" (pointer). It is due to the fact that plants sway when a snake crawls through them, as if warning of danger.
A characteristic feature of the culture is a developed root system and the absence of a stem. Smooth and long leaf plates grow straight out of the ground. Aspidistra is a very hardy culture, capable of growing even in regions with a polluted atmosphere. It tolerates a lack of light and a drop in temperature; the culture is popular among flower growers. It is ideal for those who do not have the skills and time to care for plants.
- Types and varieties for growing at home
- High or Elatior
- Milky Way
- Home care
- Location and lighting
- Planting and transplanting
- Top dressing and fertilizers
- Watering and humidity
- Flowering period
- Reproduction methods
- Dividing the bush
- Sheet plates
- Seasonal care
- Care errors and their elimination
- Diseases and pests, methods of control
- Aspidistra in the house: useful properties
2.1 Sansevieria Hanni - Sansevieria Hahnii
Low-growing, short-leaved plants that form basal rosettes of spirally arranged thick, fleshy, often striped, triangular leaves. Plants are characterized by dense foliage. The color of the leaves varies and can be green with all kinds of specks and stripes - both longitudinal and transverse. The yellow-striped variations look extremely impressive. The flowers are creamy brown, with a sweetish aroma, but flowering rarely occurs in indoor conditions. Due to its compact size and unpretentiousness to lighting (Hanni sansevieria grows well with artificial supplementary lighting), this variety is very popular among flower growers.
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2.2. Sansevieria three-lane - Sansevieria trifasciata
It is a large evergreen perennial plant with high basal leaves (up to 1 m high). With proper care, this variety will last for many years. The leaves are thick, xiphoid, pointed, dark green with gray-green horizontal stripes. In spring or summer, adult specimens may develop small, fragrant greenish-white, fragrant flowers, but this phenomenon is rarely seen in indoor culture.
The three-lane sansevieria also includes a very beautiful variety - Sansevieria Laurentii - Sansevieria Laurentii - a tall, narrow-leaved plant with spectacular variegated leaves bordered with a yellow stripe. On the main green background in the center of the leaves, there are scattered dark, almost black stripes, and along the edges of the leaf plates there is a wide yellowish border.
2.3. Sansevieria cylindrical - Sansevieria cylindrica
An interesting species with high, sometimes gracefully arched, rounded, tubular leaves of dark green color with silvery transverse stripes. The leaves reach 3 cm in diameter, and grow up to 1 - 2 m in length.In the summer months, the plant throws out tall peduncles, at the top of which there is an inflorescence consisting of small greenish-white flowers, and this variety blooms at home much more readily than others ... Often, beautiful leaves of cylindrical sansevieria are braided into braids.
2.4 Sansevieria Futura Superba
A small species, often not exceeding 30 cm in height. Plants form a root rosette of thick, oblong leaves arranged in a spiral. The main tone of the leaf blades is silvery-green with transverse dark stripes. The edges of the leaves are white or yellowish.
2.5 Sansevieria Moonshine
The name of the variety - Moonlight speaks for itself - the leaves of this plant are colored in a silvery-green hue with barely noticeable dark transverse thin stripes. A dark green thin stripe runs along the edge of the leaf blades. The thick leaves of this sansevieria are 10 cm wide and 60 cm long.
2.6 Sansevieria Black Dragon
Low, almost dwarf plants up to 30 cm tall with triangular leaves collected spirally into leaf rosettes. The main feature of this plant is the beautiful dark green, almost black shade of glossy leaves.
2.7. Sansevieria Kirk - Sansevieria Kirkii
Very spectacular ornamental-leaved plants with large xiphoid leaves, reaching a height of 90 cm. A distinctive feature of the species are the corrugated edges of the leaf plates and an unusual, attractive bright color of the leaves. The surface of the leaves is covered with a bronze patina, and the edges of the leaves have pink and white thin stripes.
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Planting and transplanting
Aspidistra has a very powerful rhizome, so for planting you need a pot that is almost 2 times larger than the previous one. This is necessary so that the root system has room to grow. There must be drainage holes at the bottom of the pot to drain excess water, otherwise acidified soil can cause root rot.
The presence of drainage is another important condition for planting aspidistra.
Aspidistra is undemanding to the composition of the soil. It can grow in soil taken from a vegetable garden or from a garden. But we will not experiment and for planting we will purchase a universal substrate in the store. Or we will make it ourselves. To do this, mix equal amounts of sod and leafy soil, add the same amount of peat and coarse sand.
A resistant aspidistra transplant is very poorly tolerated, so they take the pot more freely. The plant is transplanted no earlier than after 3 years. And if the size of the pot allows (aspidistra does not grow too quickly), then even less often. In this case, the top layer of the earth should be removed annually and a fresh, more nutritious one should be added. The signal for the need to transplant the aspidistra is the rhizome, which filled the entire space of the pot and appeared above the ground.
Plants are usually transplanted in spring - in March.
Step-by-step transplant process
- Pour a drainage layer into the pot, on top - the substrate.
- We transplant the aspidistra using the transshipment method so as not to damage the root system. If you accidentally damage the root, sprinkle it with crushed coal.
- Put the plant in the prepared pot, fill it with the remaining substrate and slightly compact it. We do not deepen the roots!
When transplanting aspidistra, the transshipment method is used
The aspidistra bought in the store needs to be transplanted. But before that, give the plant 2 weeks for adaptation and quarantine.
Types of aspidistra home
Despite the large number of Aspidistra varieties, only one species of this plant is cultivated under indoor conditions - Aspidistra high (Aspidistra Elatior Blume).
The popular name is "friendly family". It is characterized by multiple foliage. Leaves are elongated lanceolate, shiny, dark green with light veins, 60-80 cm long, 13-15 cm wide.
The plant has no stems. Flowering is rare. Inflorescences are small, purple, forming fruits in the form of pear-shaped berries, inside which seeds ripen.